Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone

:) :) Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone :) :)

Poem, Artwork and Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 

:) :) Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone :) :)

Snow is cold

But our hearts are warm

Warmth keeps us alive

Love and kindness within us

Togetherness with warm hearts

Brings peace and happiness

To us all

:) Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone :)

From Ing, John, Mali, Jim and Kai

If you have time please visit my “Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone”, February 14, 2016 project on my website, the link is: http://ingpeaceproject.com/2016/02/14/have-a-happy-valentines-day-everyone/

Snow Day with Kai, Grandma Ing & Grandpa John’s Sculpture on Monday January 8, 2018

 

Last month, January 2018 the weather was very cold and snow fell a few times.  When Kai came to visit Grandma and Grandpa on January 8, we could not go to the park or even go to the backyard garden.  Kai and I sat by the window looking at the garden which was covered with snow, including Kai’s slide.

 

Kai said “Grandma, go out play with snow”  I could not deny the little one.  I said to Kai “We have to get dressed very warmly.  It is very cold outside”  After we got well dressed we went to Grandpa John’s closet to find a scarf.  Kai found Grandpa John’s colorful tie.  He said he would like to wear Grandpa’s tie.  So I tied John’s tie for him.  

 

Kai climbed down the steps carefully.

Kai went directly to his slide that was covered with snow.

 

Kai started to clean his slide.

Kai tried to get all the snow off of his slide.

 

Kai tried to play on his slide after he almost cleared all the snow.

 

 Then he came to me and said, Grandma, look, my mittens are covered with snow.  Then he took his mittens off.  I tried to get the icy snow off of his mittens and wanted to put them back on Kai’s hands.  But Kai did not want to wear his mittens.  I said “If you do not put your mittens on, then we have to go in the house.”  Kai did not want to go inside.  I was afraid of frost bite on his little fingers.  So what Grandma had to do, was put my arms around his west and carried him inside the house.  I could feel his little legs wiggling.  But when we got inside the house he just walked directly to his toys and played with them just like nothing had happened.  Love makes us do different things on different occasions. Sometimes we allow the loved one to do things that makes our loved one happy, and sometimes we will say no if that is for the good or well being of the loved one.  

  :) :) Happy valentine’s Day Kai. :) :)

:) :) :) Grandma and Grandpa always loves you. :) :) :)

:) :) :) Grandma Ing and Grandpa John :) :) :)

 

  John’s sculpture looks lonely all by itself in the garden with freezing weather and snow all around.

 Wednesday, February 14, 2018

:) :) Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Eve Everyone :) :)

:) :) :) :) From Kai, Mali, Jim, John, Ing and family :) :) :) :)

Poem and Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Beautiful rose

Beautiful rose

Nature creates

 

Beautiful world

Humans create

 

Let us shine

Our beauty

 

Smile, Kind worlds

And kind actions

That is human beauty

 

Let us have no tears

No fear of one another

 

Let our beauty shine

Just like a beautiful rose

Transporting happiness to our world

 

:) :) And Have A Happy Valentine’s Day Everyone :) :)

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, February 14, 2016

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Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland , Wales – Part 8

Photograph and Artwork by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 Ing’s “Peace Comes To You”Poem translated into Welsh By Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017

Sent: 09 October 2017 19:38
From: Lewis, Hywel                                                      Subject: poem

Pan fyddwch chi’n mwynhau diferion glaw,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
Pan fyddwch chi’n clywed adar yn canu,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
Pan welwch chi bysgod’n nofio mewn dwr glân,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
Pan fyddwch chi’n clywed plant yn chwerthin,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
A phan fyddwch chi’n hwmian wrth gerdded yn y goedwig

Ddaw heddwch i chi,,
A phan fyddwch chi’n eistedd yn dawel yn gwylio’r haul yn codi a’i osod
Gwrando ar y tonnau’n canu,
Yna ddaw heddwch i chi,
Gadewch i heddwch ddod atoch mewn gwahanol ffyrdd
Gadewch i heddwch fod gyda ni holl.

 Ings comments:
I was very lucky when I went to Swansea, Wales in October 2017. A friend came to visit us with her three daughters and her sister with one daughter. They made us very happy from their visit and all of them read my “Peace Comes to You” poem aloud for me to record their voices. They also wrote their peace comments from my Peace Project “What does Peace mean to you?” on my large Peace Poster. The girls enjoyed drawing artwork and writing their expressions on Peace. I was doubly lucky to have Mr. Hywel Lewis, who works at the Swansea Library, being kind enough to translate my poem “Peace Comes To You” into Welsh. Mr. Lewis also read my poem both in Welsh and in English for me to record. John went to Swansea many times to visit his sister but was unable to find anyone to translate my Peace Poem. John is Welsh, I thought that it is important for me to have a Welsh translation for my Peace Poem. I already have my Peace Poem translated into 28 languages and the Welsh translation added to this number made the total 29. I was so lucky, happy and grateful to receive this help, that I felt much better even though I had bad cold for the entire time of my trip to the UK.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, December 27, 2017

Mr. Hywel Luwis, Swansea Library, Seashore and Ing’s Peace Poem on Friday, October 13, 2017, Swansea, Wales

 

 Mr. Hywel Luwis was preparing to read my Peace Poem which was translated into Welsh by him at Swansea Library on Friday, October 13, 2017, Swansea, Wales.

 

 Display of writing and Posters in Swansea Library

A portrait of Dylan Thomas in the Swansea Library

 

A photo of Swansea Beach in old times in the Swansea Library 

 

I was lucky to catch this beautiful pink sky over Swansea Bay on Wednesday, October 11, 2017

 

 When I look at or think of Swansea beach at the back of the Library I always see the image of Mr. Hywel Luwis smiling, reading my Peace Poem in Welsh and English.

 

Swansea beach at the back of the Swansea Library on Wednesday, October 11, 2017

 

Swansea Library on Wednesday, October 11, 2017

 

Darkness consumes the light outside, but inside the library human minds are alert and consuming  all the knowledge the library provides.

 

 

Walking alone on the beach is not a lonely feeling, hearing the sounds of waves singing, the cool gentle breeze touching the skin, and the fresh air all around, is a time that one will never feel lonely, but comfortable in the arms of nature.

 

The knowledge in the sea is translated into languages for us to understand nature, to preserve it, for future generations to enjoy a healthy environment always.

 

Far away a standing lighthouse monument of old times, remains to guard against unseen dangers.

 

Swansea beach at the back of Swansea Library on Wednesday, October 11, 2017

Ing’s comments:

 A couple of birds enjoy soaring and surfing from the sky, and a human couple enjoys a leisure time walking. It is a beautiful sight to see and to feel.  But humans dump plastic waste, toxic waste and all kind of objects in the the sea killing sea animals and birds that mistake plastic as food. The birds and sea creatures eat this plastic waste and feed it to their babies, most of them will die from indigestion of plastic materials. Humans at present, have to wake up and be concerned about what they are doing. Consciously or subconsciously, they destroy the world with pollutants in the sea, and carbon dioxides from factories and the cars in the air.  This will contribute to human sickness with cancer and other diseases.  I try to encourage peace for mankind, but there is no longer peace in me when I see humans destroying the world, themselves and all living things on earth.     

Swansea beach at the back of Swansea Library on Wednesday, October 11, 2017

 

 The plants along the pathway to the entrance of the library

 

 

The pathway to the entrance of the Swansea library

 

 

The pathway to the entrance of the Swansea library

 

Swansea Civic Centre is located next to the Swansea Library.

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Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland , Wales –Part 7

Photograph and Artwork by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Ing’s “Peace Comes To You”Poem translated into Welsh By Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017

Sent: 09 October 2017 19:38
From: Lewis, Hywel                                                      Subject: poem

Pan fyddwch chi’n mwynhau diferion glaw,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
Pan fyddwch chi’n clywed adar yn canu,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
Pan welwch chi bysgod’n nofio mewn dwr glân,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
Pan fyddwch chi’n clywed plant yn chwerthin,

Ddaw heddwch i chi,
A phan fyddwch chi’n hwmian wrth gerdded yn y goedwig

Ddaw heddwch i chi,,
A phan fyddwch chi’n eistedd yn dawel yn gwylio’r haul yn codi a’i osod
Gwrando ar y tonnau’n canu,
Yna ddaw heddwch i chi,
Gadewch i heddwch ddod atoch mewn gwahanol ffyrdd
Gadewch i heddwch fod gyda ni holl.

 Ing’s comments:
I was very lucky when I went to Swansea, Wales in October 2017. A friend came to visit us with her three daughters and her sister with one daughter. They made us very happy from their visit and all of them read my “Peace Comes to You” poem aloud for me to record their voices. They also wrote their peace comments from my Peace Project “What does Peace mean to you?” on my large Peace Poster. The girls enjoyed drawing artwork and writing their expressions on Peace. I was doubly lucky to have Mr. Hywel Lewis, who works at the Swansea Library, being kind enough to translate my poem “Peace Comes To You” into Welsh. Mr. Lewis also read my poem both in Welsh and in English for me to record. John went to Swansea many times to visit his sister but was unable to find anyone to translate my Peace Poem. John is Welsh, I thought that it is important for me to have a Welsh translation for my Peace Poem. I already have my Peace Poem translated into 28 languages and the Welsh translation added to this number made the total 29. I was so lucky, happy and grateful to receive this help, that I felt much better even though I had bad cold for the entire time of my trip to the UK.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, December 27, 2017

 

 Ing’s “Peace Comes To You” Poem in English and Welsh translated into Welsh By Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017

 Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg, pronounced Welsh pronunciation: [k?m?rai?, ? ??m?rai?] ( listen)) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages. It is spoken natively in Wales, by few in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina).[10] Historically, it has also been known in English as “Cambrian”,[11] “Cambric”[12] and “Cymric”.[13]
The United Kingdom Census 2011 recorded that 19% of people aged three and over who live in Wales can speak Welsh, a decrease from the 20.8% recorded in 2001. An overall increase in the size of the Welsh population, most of whom are not Welsh speakers, appears to correspond with a fall in the number of Welsh speakers in Wales – from 582,000 in 2001 to 562,000 in 2011. This figure is still a greater number, however, than the 508,000 (18.7%) of people who said that they could speak Welsh in 1991. According to the Welsh Language Use Survey 2013–15, 24% of people aged three and over living in Wales were able to speak Welsh, demonstrating a possible increase in the prevalence of the Welsh language.[14]
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

 

Ing’s “Peace Comes To You” Poem in English and Welsh translated into Welsh by Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017 and Swansea Bay, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Welsh orthography: Welsh is written in a Latin alphabet traditionally consisting of 28 letters, of which eight are digraphs treated as single letters for collation:
a, b, c, ch, d, dd, e, f, ff, g, ng, h, i, l, ll, m, n, o, p, ph, r, rh, s, t, th, u, w, y
In contrast to English practice, “w” and “y” are considered vowel letters in Welsh along with “a”, “e”, “i”, “o” and “u”.
The letter “j” is used in many everyday words borrowed from English, like jam, jôc “joke” and garej “garage”. The letters “k”, “q”, “v”, “x”, and “z” are used in some technical terms, like kilogram, volt and zero, but in all cases can be, and often are, replaced by Welsh letters: cilogram, folt and sero.[75] The letter “k” was in common use until the sixteenth century, but was dropped at the time of the publication of the New Testament in Welsh, as William Salesbury explained: “C for K, because the printers have not so many as the Welsh requireth”. This change was not popular at the time.[76]
The most common diacritic is the circumflex, which disambiguates long vowels, most often in the case of homographs, where the vowel is short in one word and long in the other: e.g. man “place” vs mân “fine”, “small”.
Morphology
Main articles: Colloquial Welsh morphology and Literary Welsh morphology
Welsh morphology has much in common with that of the other modern Insular Celtic languages, such as the use of initial consonant mutations and of so-called “conjugated prepositions” (prepositions that fuse with the personal pronouns that are their object). Welsh nouns belong to one of two grammatical genders, masculine and feminine, but they are not inflected for case. Welsh has a variety of different endings and other methods to indicate the plural, and two endings to indicate the singular of some nouns. In spoken Welsh, verbal features are indicated primarily by the use of auxiliary verbs rather than by the inflection of the main verb. In literary Welsh, on the other hand, inflection of the main verb is usual.”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

 

Ing’s “Peace Comes To You” Poem in Welsh translated into Welsh
By Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017,  Swansea Bay, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Welsh numerals
The traditional counting system used in the Welsh language is vigesimal, i.e. it is based on twenties, as in standard French numbers 70 (soixante-dix, literally “sixty-ten”) to 99 (quatre-vingt-dix-neuf, literally “four score nineteen”). Welsh numbers from 11 to 14 are “x on ten” (e.g. un ar ddeg: 11), 16 to 19 are “x on fifteen” (e.g. un ar bymtheg: 16), though 18 is deunaw, “two nines”; numbers from 21 to 39 are “1–19 on twenty”, 40 is deugain “two twenties”, 60 is trigain “three twenties”, etc. This form continues to be used, especially by older people, and it is obligatory in certain circumstances (such as telling the time, and in ordinal numbers).[77]
There is also a decimal counting system, which has become relatively widely used, though less so in giving the time, ages, and dates (it features no ordinal numbers). This system is in especially common use in schools due to its simplicity, and in Patagonian Welsh. Whereas 39 in the vigesimal system is pedwar ar bymtheg ar hugain (“four on fifteen on twenty”) or even deugain namyn un (“two score minus one”), in the decimal system it is tri deg naw (“three tens nine”).
Although there is only one word for “one” (un), it triggers the soft mutation (treiglad meddal) of feminine nouns, where possible, other than those beginning with “ll” or “rh”. There are separate masculine and feminine forms of the numbers “two” (dau and dwy), “three” (tri and tair) and “four” (pedwar and pedair), which must agree with the grammatical gender of the objects being counted. The objects being counted appear in the singular, not plural form.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

Adelaide Dupont’s comments:
#welsh is a very #peaceful #language.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts: +Adelaide Dupont Thank you for your comment
Have A Wonderful New Year

Adelaide Dupont: +Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts I appreciate your #newyear #wishes!

 

Ing’s “Peace Comes To You” Poem translated into Welsh
By Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017 and “The Flag of Wales”

“The Flag of Wales (Y Ddraig Goch) incorporates the red dragon, a popular symbol of Wales and the Welsh people, along with the Tudor colours of green and white. It was used by Henry VII at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, after which it was carried in state to St. Paul’s Cathedral. The red dragon was then included in the Tudor royal arms to signify their Welsh descent. It was officially recognised as the Welsh national flag in 1959. Since the British Union Flag does not have any Welsh representation, the Flag of Wales has become very popular.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_people

 

 Ing’s “Peace Comes To You” Poem in English and Swansea Bay, Swansea, Wales, UK

Welsh syntax
The canonical word order in Welsh is verb–subject–object.
Colloquial Welsh inclines very strongly towards the use of auxiliaries with its verbs, as in English. The present tense is constructed with bod (“to be”) as an auxiliary verb, with the main verb appearing as a verbnoun (used in a way loosely equivalent to an infinitive) after the particle yn:
Mae Siân yn mynd i Lanelli
Siân is going to Llanelli.
There, mae is a third-person singular present indicative form of bod, and mynd is the verbnoun meaning “to go”. The imperfect is constructed in a similar manner, as are the periphrastic forms of the future and conditional tenses.
In the preterite, future and conditional mood tenses, there are inflected forms of all verbs, which are used in the written language. However, speech now more commonly uses the verbnoun together with an inflected form of gwneud (“do”), so “I went” can be Mi es i or Mi wnes i fynd (“I did go”). Mi is an example of a preverbal particle; such particles are common in Welsh.
Welsh lacks separate pronouns for constructing subordinate clauses; instead, special verb forms or relative pronouns that appear identical to some preverbal particles are used.
Possessives as direct objects of verbnouns
The Welsh for “I like Rhodri” is Dw i’n hoffi Rhodri (word for word, “am I [the] liking [of] Rhodri”), with Rhodri in a possessive relationship with hoffi. With personal pronouns, the possessive form of the personal pronoun is used, as in “I like him”: Dw i’n ei hoffi, literally, “am I his liking” – “I like you” is Dw i’n dy hoffi (“am I your liking”).
Pronoun doubling
In colloquial Welsh, possessive pronouns, whether they are used to mean “my”, “your”, etc. or to indicate the direct object of a verbnoun, are commonly reinforced by the use of the corresponding personal pronoun after the noun or verbnoun: ei d? e “his house” (literally “his house of him”), Dw i’n dy hoffi di “I like you” (“I am [engaged in the action of] your liking of you”), etc. It should be noted that the “reinforcement” (or, simply, “redoubling”) adds no emphasis in the colloquial register. While the possessive pronoun alone may be used, especially in more formal registers, as shown above, it is considered incorrect to use only the personal pronoun. Such usage is nevertheless sometimes heard in very colloquial speech, mainly among young speakers: Ble ‘dyn ni’n mynd? T? ti neu d? fi? (“Where are we going? Your house or my house?”).
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

 

Ing’s “Peace Comes To You” Poem translated into Welsh
By Mr. Hywel Lewis on October 9, 2017 and Swansea Bay at the back of Swansea Library, Swansea, Wales, UK
Photograph and Artwork by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Swansea Bay (Welsh: Bae Abertawe) is a bay on the southern coast of Wales. The River Neath, River Tawe, River Afan, River Kenfig and Clyne River flow into the bay. Swansea Bay and the upper reaches of the Bristol Channel experience a large tidal range. The shipping ports in Swansea Bay are Swansea Docks, Port Talbot Docks and Briton Ferry wharfs.
Each stretch of beach within the bay has its own individual name:
·Aberavon Beach
·Baglan Bay
·Jersey Marine Beach
·Swansea Beach
·Mumbles Beach
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Bay

 

 “The 1588 Welsh Bible: The Bible translations into Welsh helped maintain the use of Welsh in daily life. The New Testament was translated by William Salesbury in 1567 followed by the complete Bible by William Morgan in 1588.

The Welsh language arguably originated from the Britons at the end of the 6th century. Prior to this, three distinct languages were spoken by the Britons during the 5th and 6th centuries: Latin, Irish, and British. According to T. M. Charles-Edwards, the emergence of Welsh as a distinct language occurred towards the end of this period.[17] The emergence of Welsh was not instantaneous and clearly identifiable. Instead, the shift occurred over a long period of time, with some historians claiming that it happened as late as the 9th century. Kenneth H. Jackson proposed a more general time period for the emergence, specifically after the Battle of Dyrham, a military battle between the West Saxons and the Britons in 577 AD.[18]
Four periods are identified in the history of Welsh, with rather indistinct boundaries: Primitve Welsh, Old Welsh, Middle Welsh, and Modern Welsh. The period immediately following the language’s emergence is sometimes referred to as Primitive Welsh,[19] followed by the Old Welsh period – which is generally considered to stretch from the beginning of the 9th century to sometime during the 12th century.[19] The Middle Welsh period is considered to have lasted from then until the 14th century, when the Modern Welsh period began, which in turn is divided into Early and Late Modern Welsh.
The name Welsh originated as an exonym given to its speakers by the Anglo-Saxons, meaning “foreign speech” (see Walha)[citation needed], and the native term for the language is Cymraeg, meaning “British”.”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

 

Swansea Bay (1840)
Bartlett, William Henry, 1809-1854, artist. Armytage, James Charles, d. 1897, engraver. – This image is available from the National Library of Wales You can view this image in its original context on the NLW Catalogue
Abstract: A view of showing Swansea bay and a town. Ships are sailing in the sea and a lighthouse can be seen in the background.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Bay

 

Bilingual road markings near Cardiff Airport. In Welsh-speaking areas, the Welsh signage appears first. Photograph by Adrian Pingstone
The Welsh Language (Wales) Measure 2011 gave the Welsh language official status in Wales,[15] making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the United Kingdom, with English being de facto official. Thus, official documents and procedures require Welsh and English to be given equality in the conduct of the proceedings of the National Assembly for Wales.[16]
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

 

Trilingual (Spanish, Welsh and English) sign in Argentina

Gastón Cuello - Own work

Sign at former Gaiman Station of the Central Chubut Railway

Sign promoting the learning of Welsh: Alan Fryer

Defnyddiwch eich Cymraeg – Use your Welsh. Detail of 488575

Origins

See also: Celtic languages § Classification

Welsh evolved from Common Brittonic, the Celtic language spoken by the ancient Celtic Britons. Classified as Insular Celtic, the British language probably arrived in Britain during the Bronze Age or Iron Age and was probably spoken throughout the island south of the Firth of Forth.[20] During the Early Middle Ages the British language began to fragment due to increased dialect differentiation, thus evolving into Welsh and the other Brittonic languages. It is not clear when Welsh became distinct.[18][21][22]

Kenneth H. Jackson suggested that the evolution in syllabic structure and sound pattern was complete by around 550, and labelled the period between then and about 800 “Primitive Welsh”.[18] This Primitive Welsh may have been spoken in both Wales and the Hen Ogledd (“Old North”) – the Brittonic-speaking areas of what is now northern England and southern Scotland - and therefore may have been the ancestor of Cumbric as well as Welsh. Jackson, however, believed that the two varieties were already distinct by that time.[18] The earliest Welsh poetry – that attributed to the Cynfeirdd or “Early Poets” – is generally considered to date to the Primitive Welsh period. However, much of this poetry was supposedly composed in the Hen Ogledd, raising further questions about the dating of the material and language in which it was originally composed.[18] This discretion stems from the fact that Cumbric was widely believed to have been the language used in Hen Ogledd. An 8th century inscription in Tywyn shows the language already dropping inflections in the declension of nouns.[23]

Janet Davies proposed that the origins of Welsh language were much less definite; in The Welsh Language: A History, she proposes that Welsh may have been around even earlier than 600 AD. This is evidenced by the dropping of final syllables from Brittonic: *bardos ”poet” became bardd, and *abona ”river” became afon.[21] Though both Davies and Jackson cite minor changes in syllable structure and sounds as evidence for the creation of Old Welsh, Davies suggests it may be more appropriate to refer to this derivative language as Lingua Brittanica rather than characterizing it as a new language altogether.

Sculpture of Owain Glynd?r, the last native Welsh person to hold the title Prince of Wales

Primitive Welsh

The argued dates for the period of “Primitive Welsh” are widely debated, with some historians’ suggestions differing by hundreds of years.

Old Welsh

The next main period is Old Welsh (Hen Gymraeg, 9th to 11th centuries); poetry from both Wales and Scotland has been preserved in this form of the language. As Germanic and Gaelic colonisation of Britain proceeded, the Brittonic speakers in Wales were split off from those in northern England, speaking Cumbric, and those in the southwest, speaking what would become Cornish, and so the languages diverged. Both the works of Aneirin (Canu Aneirin, c. 600) and the Book of Taliesin (Canu Taliesin) were during this era.

Middle Welsh

Middle Welsh (Cymraeg Canol) is the label attached to the Welsh of the 12th to 14th centuries, of which much more remains than for any earlier period. This is the language of nearly all surviving early manuscripts of the Mabinogion, although the tales themselves are certainly much older. It is also the language of the existing Welsh law manuscripts. Middle Welsh is reasonably intelligible to a modern-day Welsh speaker.

The famous cleric Gerald of Wales tells, in his Descriptio Cambriae, a story of King Henry II of England. During one of the King’s many raids in the 12th century, Henry asked an old man of Pencader, Carmarthenshire whether the Welsh people could resist his army. The old man replied:

It can never be destroyed through the wrath of man, unless the wrath of God shall concur. Nor do I think that any other nation than this of Wales, nor any other language, whatever may hereafter come to pass, shall in the day of reckoning before the Supreme Judge, answer for this corner of the Earth.[24]

Modern Welsh

Modern Welsh is subdivided within itself into Early Modern and Late Modern Welsh.Early Modern Welsh ran from the 15th century through to the end of the 16th century, and the Late Modern Welsh period roughly dates from the 16th century onwards. Contemporary Welsh still differs greatly from the Welsh of the 16th Century, but they are similar enough that a fluent Welsh speaker should have little trouble understanding it. The Modern Welsh period is where one can see a decline in the popularity of the Welsh language, as the number of people who spoke Welsh declined to the point at which there was concern that the language would become extinct entirely. Welsh government processes and legislation have worked to increase the proliferation of the Welsh language throughout school projects and the like.

Welsh as a first language is largely concentrated in the north and west of Wales, principally Gwynedd, Conwy, Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych), Anglesey (Ynys Môn), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gâr), north Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro), Ceredigion, parts of Glamorgan (Morgannwg), and north-west and extreme south-west Powys, although first-language and other fluent speakers can be found throughout Wales.

Outside Wales

Welsh-speaking communities persisted well on into the modern period across the border with England. Archenfield was still Welsh enough in the time of Elizabeth I for the Bishop of Hereford to be made responsible, together with the four Welsh bishops, for the translation of the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer into Welsh. Welsh was still commonly spoken here in the first half of the 19th century, and churchwardens’ notices were put up in both Welsh and English until about 1860.[31]

The number of Welsh-speaking people in the rest of Britain has not yet been counted for statistical purposes. In 1993, the Welsh-language television channel S4C published the results of a survey into the numbers of people who spoke or understood Welsh, which estimated that there were around 133,000 Welsh-speaking people living in England, about 50,000 of them in the Greater London area.[32] The Welsh Language Board, on the basis of an analysis of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Longitudinal Study, estimated there were 110,000 Welsh-speaking people in England, and another thousand in Scotland and Northern Ireland.[33] In the 2011 Census, 8,248 people in England gave Welsh in answer to the question “What is your main language?”[34] The ONS subsequently published a census glossary of terms to support the release of results from the census, including their definition of “main language” as referring to “first or preferred language” (though that wording was not in the census questionnaire itself).[35][36] The wards in England with the most people giving Welsh as their main language were the Liverpool wards: Central and Greenbank, and Oswestry South.[34] In terms of the regions of England, North West England (1,945), London (1,310) and the West Midlands (1,265) had the highest number of people noting Welsh as their main language.[37]

In the later 19th century, virtually all teaching in the schools of Wales was in English, even in areas where the pupils barely understood English. Some schools used the Welsh Not, a piece of wood, often bearing the letters “WN”, which was hung around the neck of any pupil caught speaking Welsh. The pupil could pass it on to any schoolmate heard speaking Welsh, with the pupil wearing it at the end of the day being given a beating. One of the most famous Welsh-born pioneers of higher education in Wales was Sir Hugh Owen. He made great progress in the cause of education, and more especially the University College of Wales at Aberystwyth, of which he was chief founder. He has been credited[by whom?] with the Welsh Intermediate Education Act 1889 (52 & 53 Vict c 40), following which several new Welsh schools were built. The first was completed in 1894 and named Ysgol Syr Hugh Owen.

Towards the beginning of the 20th century this policy slowly began to change, partly owing to the efforts of Owen Morgan Edwards when he became chief inspector of schools for Wales in 1907.

The Aberystwyth Welsh School (Ysgol Gymraeg Aberystwyth) was founded in 1939 by Sir Ifan ap Owen Edwards, the son of O.M. Edwards, as the first Welsh Primary School.[52] The headteacher was Norah Isaac. Ysgol Gymraeg is still a very successful school, and now there are Welsh language primary schools all over the country. Ysgol Glan Clwyd was established in Rhyl in 1955 as the first Welsh language school to teach at the secondary level.[53]

Examples of sentences in literary and colloquial Welsh

English

Literary Welsh

Colloquial Welsh

I get up early every day. Codaf yn gynnar bob dydd. Dw i’n codi’n gynnar bob dydd. (North)
Rwy’n codi’n gynnar bob dydd. (South)
I’ll get up early tomorrow. Codaf yn gynnar yfory. Mi goda i’n gynnar fory
Wna i godi’n gynnar fory
He had not stood there long. Ni safasai yno yn hir.[82] Doedd o ddim wedi sefyll yno’n hir. (North)
(D)ôdd e ddim wedi sefyll yna’n hir. (South)
They’ll sleep only when there’s a need. Ni chysgant ond pan fo angen. Fyddan nhw’n cysgu ddim ond pan fydd angen.

In fact, the differences between dialects of modern spoken Welsh pale into insignificance compared to the difference between some forms of the spoken language and the most formal constructions of the literary language. The latter is considerably more conservative and is the language used in Welsh translations of the Bible, amongst other things (although the 2004 Beibl Cymraeg Newydd – New Welsh Bible – is significantly less formal than the traditional 1588 Bible). Gareth King, author of a popular Welsh grammar, observes that “The difference between these two is much greater than between the virtually identical colloquial and literary forms of English”.[83] A grammar of Literary Welsh can be found in A Grammar of Welsh (1980) by Stephen J. Williams[84] or more completely in Gramadeg y Gymraeg (1996) by Peter Wynn Thomas.[85] (No comprehensive grammar of formal literary Welsh exists in English.) An English-language guide to colloquial Welsh forms and register and dialect differences is “Dweud Eich Dweud” (2001, 2013) by Ceri Jones.[86]

Welsh emigration

Flag of the city of Puerto Madryn, Argentina, inspired by the Flag of Wales, owing to the Welsh immigration

There has been migration from Wales to the rest of Britain throughout its history. During the Industrial Revolution thousands of Welsh people migrated, for example, to Liverpool and Ashton-in-Makerfield.[72][73] As a result, some people from England, Scotland and Ireland have Welsh surnames.[74][75][76][77]

John Adams, the second President of the United States (1797–1801), whose paternal great-grandfather David Adams was born and bred at “Fferm Penybanc”, Llanboidy, Carmarthenshire, Wales[78] and who emigrated from Wales in 1675.

Other Welsh settlers moved to other parts of Europe, concentrated in certain areas. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a small wave of contract miners from Wales arrived in Northern France; the centres of Welsh-French population are in coal mining towns of the French department of Pas-de-Calais.[citation needed] Welsh settlers from Wales (and later Patagonian Welsh) arrived in Newfoundland in the early 1900s, and founded towns Labrador‘s coast region.[citation needed] In 1852 Thomas Benbow Phillips of Tregaron established a settlement of about 100 Welsh people in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil.

Internationally Welsh people have emigrated, in relatively small numbers (in proportion to population, Irish emigration to the USA may have been 26 times greater than Welsh emigration),[79] to many countries, including the USA (in particular, Pennsylvania), Canada and Y Wladfa in Patagonia, Argentina.[80][81][82] Jackson County, Ohio was sometimes referred to as “Little Wales”, and the Welsh language was commonly heard or spoken among locals by the mid 20th century.[citation needed] Malad City in Idaho, which began as a Welsh Mormon settlement, lays claim to a greater proportion of inhabitants of Welsh descent than anywhere outside Wales itself.[83] Malad’s local High School is known as the “Malad Dragons”, and flies the Welsh Flag as its school colours.[84] Welsh people have also settled in New Zealand and Australia.[79][85]

Around 1.75 million Americans report themselves to have Welsh ancestry, as did 458,705 Canadians in Canada’s 2011 census.[5][7] This compares with 2.9 million people living in Wales (as of the 2001 census).[86]

There is no known evidence which would objectively support the legend that the Mandan, a Native American tribe of the central United States, are Welsh emigrants who reached North America under Prince Madog in 1170.[87]

The Ukrainian city of Donetsk was founded in 1869 by a Welsh businessman, John Hughes (an engineer from Merthyr Tydfil) who constructed a steel plant and several coal mines in the region; the town was thus named Yuzovka (??????) in recognition of his role in its founding (“Yuz” being a Russian or Ukrainian approximation of Hughes).[88]

Former Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard was born in Barry, Wales. After she suffered from bronchopneumonia as a child, her parents were advised that it would aid her recovery to live in a warmer climate. This led the family to migrate to Australia in 1966, settling in Adelaide.

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language

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Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland , Wales – Part 6

Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 Ings Peace Project Organized by Kelly, Stephanie and their four Children

Kelly, Stephanie and their four Children, Lacey, Madison, Hallie, and Cleo were reciting Ing’s Peace poem, “Peace Come To You”, Swansea, Wales

“Peace Comes To You”
When you enjoy rain drops
Peace comes to you
When you hear birds sing
Peace comes to you
When you see fish swim in clean water
Peace comes to you
When you hear children laugh
Peace comes to you
And when you hum while walking in the wood
Peace comes to you
And when you sit quietly watching the sun rise and set
Listening to the waves sing
Then Peace comes to you
Let Peace come to you in different ways
Let Peace be with us all

“Peace” poem by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, written on September 24, 2010

Hi Kelly & Stephanie,
I was very glad to see both of you and the girls. The girls are so lovely and very good kids. I love their drawings and comments on “What does Peace mean to you?” I really enjoyed that day, it made me forget about my sickness. John enjoyed cooked Pizza and prepared for everything. I was too weak to help him. He said he loved to do it for the kids. Thank you for everything. We appreciate all your help and your parents also.
Thanks again, please give my love to everyone.
All the best,
Ing
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

John and I had bad colds all three weeks in Swansea, Wales. At the end of our trip, two days before we left Swansea, two of our former neighbors who become our good friends, came to visit us with their children, four girls. We were so glad to see them. The children sang Welsh songs for our grandson, Kai for me to record on my camcorder. All of them recited my Peace poem, “Peace Come To You”. They also joined in to write their comments on “What does Peace mean to you?”. 

 Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, October 31, 2017

 

Ing’s Peace Project Organized by Kelly and Stephanie and their Children
Lacey aged 11, Madison aged 14, Hallie aged 12, and Cleo kavanaghaged 11 commented on “What does Peace Mean to You?” Comments, Swansea, Wales
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
Their comments are as the following:

Peace means Love all around the world
Peace means care and kindness
Peace means happiness, relaxation and peace starts with Love
Peace is Life
Peace means getting down on a special chair, quietly watching over your garden
Peace means silence and kindness
Peace is joy, Sweetness and Love
Love. Love. Love. Love.
Peace means caring and kind
Peace starts with kind heart and Love!
Peace is Hope
Peace is us
Peace means Family
Be in Peace not in pieces
Peace begins with a smile
“Aren’t we all Humans then why can we all live in PEACE!!”
Peace is our gift to others
Peace is Beacks!
Peace means caring and Kind
Peace means Love
“Forgive others, not because they deserve forgiveness, but because you deserve peace”
Peace means that all is clam and Its also means to me is friendship and Loyalty.
Peace begins with a smile.
Peace is family
Peace means that everything is calm and relaxing

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, October 31, 2017

 

Ing’s Peace Project Organized by Kelly and Stephanie and their Children
Lacey aged 11, Madison aged 14, Hallie aged 12, and Cleo kavanaghaged 11 commented on “What does Peace Mean to You?” Comments, Swansea, Wales

Their comments are as the following:
Peace means caring and kind
Peace starts with kind heart and Love!
Peace is Hope
Peace is us
Peace means Family
Be in Peace not in pieces
Peace begins with a smile
“Forgive others, not because they deserve forgiveness, but because you deserve peace”

 Kelly, Stephanie and their four Children, Lacey, Madison, Hallie, and Cleo were reciting Ing’s Peace poem, “Peace Come To You”, Swansea, Wales
“Peace Comes To You”
When you enjoy rain drops
Peace comes to you
When you hear birds sing
Peace comes to you
When you see fish swim in clean water
Peace comes to you
When you hear children laugh
Peace comes to you
And when you hum while walking in the wood
Peace comes to you
And when you sit quietly watching the sun rise and set
Listening to the waves sing
Then Peace comes to you
Let Peace come to you in different ways
Let Peace be with us all
“Peace” poem by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, written on September 24, 2010
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Ing’s Peace Project Organized by Kelly and Stephanie and their Children
Lacey aged 11, Madison aged 14, Hallie aged 12, and Cleo kavanaghaged 11 commented on “What does Peace Mean to You?” Comments, Swansea, Wales

Their comments are as the following:

Peace means Love all around the world
Peace means care and kindness
Peace means happiness, relaxation and peace starts with Love
Peace is Life
Peace means getting down on a special chair, quietly watching over your garden
Peace means silence and kindness
Peace is joy, Sweetness and Love
Love. Love. Love. Love.

 Ing’s Peace Project Organized by Kelly and Stephanie and their Children
Lacey aged 11, Madison aged 14, Hallie aged 12, and Cleo kavanaghaged 11, commented on “What does Peace Mean to You?” Comments, Swansea, Wales

Some of their comments are as the following:

“Aren’t we all Humans then why can we all live in PEACE!!”
Peace is our gift to others
Peace is Beacks!
Peace means caring and Kind
Peace means Love
“Forgive others, not because they deserve forgiveness, but because you deserve peace”
Peace means that all is clam and Its also means to me is friendship and Loyalty.
Peace begins with a smile.
Peace is life

Before Kelly, Stephanie and four of their children came to our gathering John was very busy preparing pizza for everyone, especially for the children.  Because he knows that they love pizza.

 

John is a good cook and he presents his food nicely just like they are his artwork.

 

I love pepperoni and mushroom.  He used a mixture of cheeses for his home made pizza.

I was sick with a bad cold and could not help him.  But I thought John was enjoying making the food for the children and good friends.

 

Now Everybody was arriving and John’s hot pizza just came out of the oven ready to eat.

 

We all enjoyed John’s pizza.  The children said they loved it.

 

 

Ending with a slice of cake.  Our fully bellies said thanks to John for a wonderful meal.

I showed everyone the photos of Kai, our two years old grandson, and his parents, Mali and Jim.

 

I showed my Peace Poem and Peace Project from my website.

 

Lacey and Cleo were reading my Peace Poem.

 

Hallie was reading my Peace Poem.

 

Madison turned to read the Peace poem.

 

Madison was helping Cleo to recite my peace poem.

 

Kelly was generous enough to recite my Peace Poem.

Lacey and Cleo enjoyed singing Welsh songs for Kai to listen and watch from my camcorder.

Cleo and her mother, Stephanie, recite my Peace Poem.

 

Hallie was enjoying acting and reciting the poem.

 

Now everyone joined in reading my Peace Poem all together.

 

Time to relax, the children enjoyed acting out for the camera.

They love the little gifts from us, hand made bronze chokers from Thailand.

 

 

Time to say good bye!!!!!  We will meet again soon :) :) :)

 Thank you very much!!  We had a good time and will forever remember our time together.

 John Watts and Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Sunday, October 15, 2017

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Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland, Wales – Part 5

Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

An entrance of the Civic Center, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Swansea Civic Centre (Welsh: Canolfan Ddinesig Abertawe) – formerly known as County Hall – is the principal administrative centre of the City and County of Swansea Council. Standing some 800 m southwest of Swansea centre on a seafront site overlooking Swansea Bay, the complex houses – in addition to the council chamber and offices – a public cafe, the city’s central library, an exhibition space, the West Glamorgan Archive Service, and a council contact centre.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Civic_Centre

 

An Emblem of the Civic Center, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Swansea Civic Center: The building was opened in July 1982 as County Hall and was the headquarters of the former West Glamorgan County Council. Following local government re-organisation in 1996, its ownership was transferred to the new City and County of Swansea. The building was renamed the Civic Centre on 19 March 2008, and Swansea Central Library was moved in as part of a redevelopment scheme. The library issued nearly 566,000 loans in 2008/09, making it the busiest in Wales and the tenth busiest in the UK.[1] The Civic Centre is served by local bus services.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Civic_Centre

 

 Shopping District, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea Plans:
At the sea front, The Tower, Meridian Quay is now Wales’s tallest building at a height of 107 metres (351 ft) with a restaurant on the top (29th) floor. It was under construction adjacent Swansea Marina until 010.[72]”

 

“Swansea Plans:
The city centre is also being brightened up with street art and new walkways, along with the first phase of the David Evans – Castle Street development. New green spaces will be provided in conjunction with the proposed Quadrant Square and Grand Theatre Square. Redevelopment of the Oxford Street car park and Lower Oxford Street arcades are also planned.[71]”

Shopping District, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Swansea City Centre is undergoing a £1 billion transformation scheme.[70] A large area of the city is earmarked for redevelopment. A new city-centre retail precinct is planned involving demolition of the dilapidated St. David’s Shopping Centrewhich has three or four traders, about 13% of the retail space in the centre and the Quadrant Shopping Centre. Including relocation of the Tesco Superstore near to the city’s Sainsbury’s store in Parc Tawe, the new retail precinct will be almost four times the size of the Quadrant Centre.”

 

Saint Mary’s Church, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“St. Mary’s Church in St. Mary’s Square
In 2001, 158,457 people in the local authority area (71 per cent) stated their religion to be Christian, 44,286 (20 per cent) no religion, 16,800 (7.5 per cent) did not state a religion and 2,167 were Muslim.[64] There are small communities of other religions, each making up a little under 1 per cent of the total population.[64]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Saint Mary’s Church, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Nightlife
Wind Street in the daytime
Swansea has a range of pubs, bars, clubs, restaurants and a casino.[125] Swansea had two casinos until 30 August 2012 when Aspers closed. The majority of city center bars are situated on Wind Street, with various chains represented including Revolution, Varsity, Yates’s and Walkabout. Some venues feature live music.[126] The Mumbles Mile, described by the BBC as “one of Wales’s best-known pub crawls” has declined in recent years with a number of local pubs being converted into flats or restaurants.[127]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Saint Mary’s Church, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Activities
Swansea has a range of activities including sailing, water skiing, surfing, and other watersports,[116] walking[117] and cycling.[118] Part of the Celtic Trail and the National Cycle Network, Swansea Bay provides a range of traffic-free cycle routes including along the seafront and through Clyne Valley Country Park.[119] The Cycling TouringClub CTC has a local group in the area.[120] Swansea Bay, Mumbles and Gower have a selection of golf courses.[121]
Prior to closure in 2003, Swansea Leisure Centre was one of the top ten visitor attractions in the UK; it has been redeveloped as an indoor waterpark, rebranded the ‘LC’,[122] and was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 7 March 2008.[123] The Wales National Pool is in Swansea.[124]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 The Sea-Gull was comfortable standing on the head of the statue of Sir H Hussey Vivian Bart: M.P., First Baron Swansea of Singleton, Swansea, Wales, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Leisure and tourism
The LC leisure centre
A number of beaches around Swansea Bay are promoted to visitors.[104] Surfing is possible at Langland Bay, Caswell Bay and Llangennith, with the latter winning accolades from two national newspapers for the quality of its waves.[105] The five-mile promenade from the Marina to Mumbles offers views across Swansea Bay.[106] The seaside village of Mumbles has a Victorianpier, small, independent shops and boutiques, restaurants and cafes.[107] The south coast of Gower is the chief magnet for walkers, with a path stretching from Mumbles Head across the cliff tops, beaches and coastal woodland to Rhossili.[108]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

The dedication written about Sir H Hussey Vivian Bart: M.P., First Baron Swansea of Singleton, Swansea, Wales, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Attractions
The Meridian tower, Swansea. The tallest building in Wales.
On the Waterfront, Swansea has a five-mile (8 km) sweep of coastline[109] which features a beach, promenade, children’s lido, leisure pool, marina and maritime quarter featuring the museums the National Waterfront Museum and Swansea Museum, the oldest museum in Wales.[110] Also situated in the maritime quarter is the Dylan Thomas Centre, which celebrates the life and work of the author with its permanent exhibition ‘Dylan Thomas – Man and Myth’,[111] and Mission Gallery, a unique art galleryalso in the heart of the Maritime Quarter which hosts a range of exhibitions from various art disciplines; it also host a craft space, with ranging works from local and international artists.[112] The Dylan Thomas Centre is the focal point for the annual Dylan Thomas Festival (27 October – 9 November). There is a permanent exhibition at the Dylan Thomas Birthplace and Home for 23 years in Uplands which has been restored to its condition as a new house when bought by the Thomas family in 1914 a few months before Dylan was born in the front bedroom. The SA1 Waterfront area is the latest development for living, dining and leisure.[113]
Swansea Bay, Mumbles and Gower are home to various parks and gardens and almost 20 nature reserves.[114] Clyne Gardens is home to a collection of plants set in parkland and host to ‘Clyne in Bloom’ in May. Singleton Park has acres of parkland, a botanical garden, a boating lake with pedal boats, and crazy golf. Plantasia is a tropical hothouse pyramid featuring three climatic zones, housing a variety of unusual plants, including several species which are extinct in the wild, and monkeys, reptiles, fish and a butterfly house. Other parks include Cwmdonkin Park, where Dylan Thomas played as a child, and Victoria Park which is close to the promenade on the seafront.[115]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

The Sea-Gull was comfortable standing on the head of the statue of Sir H Hussey Vivian Bart: M.P., First
Baron Swansea of Singleton, Swansea, Wales, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

I wish I were a bird
Perching over human statue head
Above the sky
Flying freely
Seeing all sorts of activities
People are working hard
Others relaxing
Some look for mischiefs
I see them all

poor me just walking on the ground
Seeing only in front of my face
As far as eyes can see
If I am a bird
I would take flight
Around the world

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, November 4, 2017, 5 pm

 

The Sea-Gull was comfortable standing on the head of the statue of Sir H Hussey Vivian Bart: M.P., First
Baron Swansea of Singleton, Swansea, Wales, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Economy of Swansea
Swansea originally developed as centre for metals and mining, especially the copper industry, from the beginning of the 18th century. The industry reached its apogee in the 1880s, when 60% of the copper ores imported to Britain were smelted in the Lower Swansea valley.[73] However, by the end of the Second World War these heavy industries were in decline, and over the post-war decades Swansea shared in the general trend towards a post-industrial, service sector economy.[citation needed]
Of the 105,900 people estimated to work within the City and County of Swansea, over 90% are employed in the service sectors, with relatively high shares (compared to the Welsh and UK averages) in public administration, education & health and banking, finance & insurance,[74] and correspondingly high proportions of employment in occupations associated with the service sector, including professional, administrative/secretarial and sales/customer service occupations. The local authority believes this pattern reflects Swansea’s role as a service centre for South West Wales.[74]
Economic activity and employment rates in Swansea were slightly above the Welsh average in October 2008, but lower than the UK average.[74] In 2005, GVA per head in Swansea was £14,302 – nearly 4% above the Welsh average but 20% below the UK average.[74] Median full-time earnings in Swansea were £21,577 in 2007, almost identical to the Welsh average.[74]
Swansea is home to the DVLA headquarters in Morriston, which employs around 6,000 people in the city. Other major employers in the city are Admiral Group, HSBC, Virgin Media, Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, BT and Amazon.co.uk. Virgin Atlantic also maintains its largest worldwide contact centre in Swansea; including reservations, sales, baggage claims, and customer relations.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 “More Poetry is needed”, A Poster Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

‘Park and Ride[edit]
Park and Ride services are operated from car parks at Landore and Fabian Way.[92] During busy periods of the year, additional Park and Ride services are operated from the Brynmill recreation ground. Subsidised services to Fforestfach were cut in 2015 due to local authority financial constraints.[93]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

I was lucky to be able to snap the Sea-gull flying over my head, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
“Coaches
Swansea is served by the following direct coach services:
National Express Coaches operate eastbound to Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, London, Birmingham, Cardiff and Bristol, and westbound to Llanelli, Carmarthen and Haverfordwest.
Megabus operate eastbound to Cardiff, Newport, Bristol, London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds and York, and westbound to Pembrey, Carmarthen, Pembroke Dock, Lampeter, Aberaeron and Aberystwyth.
TrawsCymru operate services to Brecon, Carmarthen, Lampeter, Aberaeron and Aberystwyth”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

The Sea-Gull was comfortable standing on the head of the statue of Sir H Hussey Vivian Bart: M.P., First Baron Swansea of Singleton, Swansea, Wales, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Cycles
There are four dedicated cycle routes in the local authority’s area:
Swansea Bay: The Maritime Quarter to the Knab Rock near the Mumbles Pier.
Clyne Valley Country Park: Blackpill to Gowerton forming part of National Cycle Network, Route 4.
Along the east bank of the River Tawe forming the start of National Cycle Network, Route 43, which terminates at Abercraf. Sustrans advise that it will continue northwards to Builth Wells once complete.[94]
Adjacent to the Fabian Way: Forming part of National Cycle Network, Route 4 and extending as the Celtic Trail to Chepstow and (eventually) London.
City cruiser pedal vehicles are being introduced to the city centre in a joint venture between the council and Swansea Business Improvement District.[95][96]
In November 2007 a new bridge was completed over the Fabian Way which provides a one way park and ride bus lane and a shared-use pedestrian and NCN route 4 cycle way. The leaf-shaped bridge was shortlisted for the 2008 Structural Steel Design Awards.[97]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 


“Rail
Swansea railway station is located 10 minutes from Swansea bus station by foot. Services calling at Swansea operate to Llanelli, Carmarthen, Milford Haven and Haverfordwest to the west, Shrewsbury to the north, and Cardiff Central (for connections to England and beyond), Newport and London Paddington to the east. There are also suburban stations in Gowerton, Llansamlet and in Pontarddulais which are served by Arriva Trains Wales.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Mosaic Tile Mural, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Local media
The local newspaper is the Swansea edition of the South Wales Evening Post. The Swansea Herald of Wales was a free newspaper which was distributed every week to residential addresses until 2011 when the paper ceased to be in print.[79] The Cardiff edition of the free daily paper Metro is distributed throughout the city. The Council also produces a free monthly newspaper called the Swansea Leader. Swansea Life is a monthly lifestyle magazine published and distributed in Swansea.
Swansea is served by three local radio stations – the CHR-formatted 96.4 The Wave on FM and DAB, its sister station Swansea Sound on 1170MW and DAB and lastly, the Adult Contemporary-orientated Swansea Bay Radio on 102.1FM and DAB. The city also has a community radio station, Radio Tircoed. It is also served by two regional radio stations Heart Wales and Nation Radio.
The patients and staff at Singleton Hospital can listen to the hospital radio station, Radio City 1386AM and Swansea University also runs its own radio station, Xtreme Radio, on 1431 AM. Providing the DAB service, the local multiplex called Swansea SW Wales is broadcast from Kilvey Hill. This transmitter also provides digital terrestrial television in the Swansea area. As well as Kilvey Hill the city is in the catchment areas of the Wenvoe transmitter (in the Vale of Glamorgan) and the Carmel transmitter in Carmarthenshire.
Since 1924, the BBC has maintained a studio in the city;[14] Dylan Thomas worked here in the interwar years, when the studio was used for the BBC Regional Programme.[80] Currently it has facilities to broadcast live radio and television and is listed as a BBC regional studio.[81]
In mid-2008, the BBC included Swansea in its “Big Screen” project, and a large live permanent television screen has been sited in Castle Square.[82]
Independent filmmakers Undercurrents and Studio8 are based in Swansea, and the city plays host to the BeyondTV Film Festival. BeyondTV is annual event organised by Undercurrents to showcase the best of activism filmmakers. Swansea has also hosted the annual Swansea Bay Film Festival, where past-winning directors have included Gareth Evans, Anthony James, Alun D Pughe and Andrew Jones.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Representation in the media

Swansea has been used as a location for films such as Only Two Can Play,[83] Submarine and Twin Town, the TV series Mine All Mine and in episodes of Doctor Who.[84]
Swansea was the first city in Wales to feature in its own version of the board game Monopoly. The Swansea edition of Monopoly features 33 local landmarks, including the Mumbles Pier and the National Waterfront Museum; the game has been produced in both English and Welsh.[85]
Swansea was also featured in a television documentary titled Swansea Love Story as part of the Rule Britannia series on VBS.tv. The film is of a rather graphic nature and features heroin users as well as community members affected by the narcotic while trying to provide some explanation for the increase in use.[86] Swansea was featured in several Yes Minister series as an undesirable civil service posting, in particular the vehicle licensing centre.
Swansea is also the hometown of Edward Kenway, the main protagonist of Assassin’s Creed IV: Black Flag. This is because Matt Ryan, the voice actor of Edward, is from Swansea.[87]
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Mosaic Tile Mural, Near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
Public services
Swansea is policed by the South Wales Police. The regional headquarters for the Swansea area is Swansea Central Police Station.
Ambulance services are provided by the Welsh Ambulance Service, and fire services by the Mid and West Wales Fire and Rescue Service. Swansea Airport is one of the country’s three Wales Air Ambulance bases, the others being Welshpool and Caernarfon.[88]
Local public healthcare services are operated by Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, who operate two hospitals in Swansea, Singleton Hospital and Morriston Hospital; the latter provides Accident and Emergency services. Singleton Hospital has one of Wales’s three radiotherapy departments.
Waste management services are coordinated by the local council, which deals with refuse collection and recycling and operates five civic amenity sites.
The electricity distribution network operator supplying Swansea is Western Power Distribution.
Welsh Water provides drinking water supply and wastewater services to Swansea. There is a water treatment works at Crymlyn Burrows. Reservoirs which supply Swansea include the Cray reservoir and the Lliw Reservoirs, which are operated by Welsh Water.
The Local Gas Distribution company is Wales and West Utilities.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Public order
There was a high rate of car crime during the 1990s. In 2002, the BBC described Swansea as a “black spot for car crime”.[89] Car crime is a central theme in the film Twin Town, which was set in and around Swansea and Port Talbot.
The football violence that Swansea experienced during the 1970s–1990s has considerably reduced, the only major clashes occurring between Swansea City supporters and Cardiff City supporters. Many matches between these sides have ended in violence in both Swansea and Cardiff. These two clubs have a long history of intense rivalry,[90] being described in the media as tribal.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Building near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Swansea: Education
Further and higher education
Swansea University has a campus in Singleton Park overlooking Swansea Bay. Its engineering department is recognised as a centre of excellence with pioneering work on computational techniques for solving engineering design problems.[75] The Department of Physics is renowned for its research achievements at the frontiers of Theoretical Physics, particularly in the areas of Elementary Particle Physics and String Theory. And many other departments such as History, Computer Science and German were awarded an “Excellent” in the last inspection. The university was awarded The Times Higher Education Supplement Award for the UK’s “best student experience” in 2005.[76] In 2017, Swansea University Medical School was ranked as the third best medical school in the United Kingdom, behind Oxford and Cambridge universities.[77]
In 2015 Swansea University opened a new Bay Campus situated in the Jersey Marine area of Swansea.
Other establishments for further and higher education in the city include University Of Wales Trinity Saint David and Gower College Swansea. Trinity Saint David was formed on 18 November 2010 through the merger of University of Wales Lampeter and Trinity University college Carmarthen under Lampeters royal charter of 1828. On 1 August 2013, Swansea Metropolitan University became part of University Of Wales Trinity Saint David (UWTSD). Swansea Metropolitan University is particularly well known for its Architectural Glass department, as well as its Teaching and Transport & Logistics degrees.[citation needed]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Mural near Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Swansea: Schools
See also: List of schools in Swansea
In the local authority area, there is one nursery school; six infant schools and five junior schools. There are 77 primary schools, nine of which are Welsh-Medium, and six of which are voluntary aided. There are 15 comprehensive schools under the remit of the local education authority, of which two are Welsh-medium. In addition, there are six special schools.[78]
The oldest school in Swansea is Bishop Gore School. The largest comprehensive school in Swansea is Olchfa School. There is one Roman Catholic comprehensive school in the city – Bishop Vaughan Catholic Comprehensive School. The Welsh medium schools are Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg G?yr and Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Bryn Tawe. Other schools in Swansea include Birchgrove Comprehensive School, Cefn Hengoed Community School, Dylan Thomas School, Pentrehafod Comprehensive School, Morriston Comprehensive School and Gowerton School.
Some primary schools in Swansea are:
Cwm Glas Primary School
Danygraig Primary School
Pennard Primary School
Pentre’r Graig Primary School
Sketty Primary School
St. Thomas Primary School
Waun Wen Primary School
Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Gellionnen
Ysgol Gynradd Gymraeg Tirdeinaw
There are also a few Roman Catholic primary schools, one of them being St. Joseph’s Primary School.
Independent schools in Swansea include Ffynone House School and Oakleigh House School.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Swansea Marina, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

“Swansea Marina offers visitor berths for as little as a day, to as long as a month. Seasonal berths are also available, with 3, 4, 5 and 6-month contract terms.
Swansea Marina is situated in the award winning Maritime Quarter area of Swansea City. We are bordered on one side by the sandy beach of Swansea Bay. The vibrant city centre, with all of the amenities you could ever need, is only a short walk away.”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Marina

 

Swansea Marina, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Transport links are excellent, we are situated about 10 minutes drive from J42 of the M4. The bus and train stations are both within easy walking distance.

If you need any further information, please give our knowledgeable and helpful staff a call. No matter how long you wish to stay, we look forward to welcoming you to Swansea soon!
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Marina

 

Swansea Marina, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Boating organisations based at Swansea Marina include Swansea Yacht and Sub Aqua club and the Maiden Voyage, which owns a 72 ft ocean racing yacht.[2]
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Marina

 

 The Buildings Around the Swansea Marina, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_MarinaS

 

The Buildings Around the Swansea Marina, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Beautiful Over Grown Garden from our backyard Garden, Downtown Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A. After we came back from our trip to U.K.
Poem and Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 Look at that!!!
A very tall plant
Over grown in front of
My husband’s tall black sculpture
It’s producing a large beautiful
Deep red purple bouquet of flowers
Standing against a man-made object

As if to say
Look at me!!!
I am all natural
I will show you my beauty
For the world to see

Oh! My over grown garden
There is some beauty of nature left
To please my eyes

I appreciate you my beautiful plants
You give me much pleasure
When I come back to visit my little garden
With lovely flowers and fresh air

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, October 24, 2017, 3:19 am

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Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland, Wales – Part 4

Street Art in Wales

A street artist is using art to help the homeless in Cardiff, Wales

 

 A street artist is using art to help the homeless in Cardiff
Award-winning Kyle Legall is working with a centre for the homeless
ABBIE WIGHTWICK
15:57, 13 NOV 2016
WalesOnline NEWS

Award-winning Butetown street artist Kyle Legall is using art to help homeless people in Cardiff get new skills to help them find jobs.
Street artist Kyle Legall
Kyle, who has been artist-in-residence for National Theatre Wales and produced street performance project The Butetown Rats, hopes he can pass on a love of creativity that will help homeless people develop skills to find employment.
Future projects will include turning external walls of the centre into works of art.
The Huggard Centre has more than 25,000 visits a year from homeless and vulnerable people and aims to provide help for training as well as immediate emergency help.
The 20-bed hostel has an emergency overnight stay unit and 14 shared houses with 53 tenants getting personal support from the centre.
As well as providing support, subsidised meals and substance misuse help, the centre also works to provide training and volunteering opportunities and it is hoped the new art initiative will eventually help people into work, Huggard chief executive Richard Edwards said.

For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/street-artist-using-art-help-12168592

 

The Huggard Centre
Cafe H is open to the public.

For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/street-artist-using-art-help-12168592

 

Meet the man behind some of Cardiff’s most eye-catching street art
It is not long since graffiti was seen as uniquely the preserve of vandals and miscreants but street artist Bryce Davies is changing that, one wall at a time
RUTH MOSALSKI
15:22, 28 AUG 2016
WalesOnline: NEWS

‘You can explain it’
Social media is one of the factors Bryce cites as helping change attitudes to graffiti.

That has helped break down barriers and anabled people to understand the work that
There is now such a thing as
It is not long since graffiti was seen as uniquely the preserve of vandals and miscreants, a kind of harbinger of social disorder that had to be kept at bay.
In the US, a theory of crime dubbed
It led to graffiti being treated as a social evil, something to be battled by authorities fighting for safer, happier cities.
As a result, those who wanted to celebrate the counter-cultural, creative origins of modern graffiti, which emerged in the late
Mural of Gareth Bale by artist Bryce Davies on the changing rooms at Pontcanna Fields, Cardiff (Image:
Yet, whether it is to do with the commercial and cultural appeal of global stars like Banksy or just a more sympathetic understanding of how such work can make rundown areas more attractive, as well as contributing to a city
Authorities in cities like Cardiff and across the world now work with artists, both actively commissioning their work and providing tolerated
Unauthorised work, of whatever quality, on public and private buildings may still be taboo
As you walk around Cardiff, whether the city centre or suburbs, you can

Some of Bryce’s work
A work he painted on a boys
The Spy Booth work appeared overnight in April 2014 on the wall of a house in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, about three miles from the headquarters of Britain
From walls to vans
On Saturday, pictures were shared on social media showing the wall stripped back to its brickwork.
Alex Chalk, the Conservative MP for the town, described the possible loss of the work as
A stunning image of an owl by Bryce on the corner of Park Street in Cardiff city centre was painted over by a charity advert that was crude in comparison.

“It’s a warehouse where we have a graffiti exhibition every few months and people from different crews and communities come to exhibit. Legal walls are a really important thing to me. That’s where we can spend all day painting without having to look over our shoulders.”
As well as a safe place to paint, it’s also a way to learn from your peers and share ideas and tips.
“It’s one of the great things about graffiti – it’s the collaborative side of it,” he says.
‘You can explain it’
Social media is one of the factors Bryce cites as helping change attitudes to graffiti.
“Social media means people can not only put their work out there but also explain it,” he says.
That has helped break down barriers and anabled people to understand the work that’s gone into street art and the reasons behind it. Social media also means that work done on street corners can now travel the world digitally – turning graffiti into much more of a global medium.
There is now such a thing as “graffiti tourism”, in which artists travel and paint across the world.
For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/meet-man-behind-cardiffs-most-11810674

 

It’s not just walls
Bryce said the work had been inspired by the Mabinogion tale of Blodeuwedd, who gets turned into an owl. He has since painted an entirely new bit of street art on the wall, depicting a fire-breathing red dragon.
Croeso i
On the wall on Park Street, it
When it came to creating the dragon, the background was the first step. He then sketched an outline in spray paint, and built up the image using layers and detailed techniques.
‘Shine or a pop’

 

An epic demonstration of his skills
Bryce started experimenting with graffiti as a teenager. He admits he wasn
‘I try to be original’
For that, he worked with a local primary school to come up with ideas for an old railway bridge which spanned the tracks of the old line that used to carry coal from the Universal pit.

An image of a piece of street art by Bryce Davies, who works under the name Peaceful Progress
Instead, this art is his life and income
Bryce says there is a distinction between street art, like Banksy
‘There’s a lot of styles’
There are murals in Cardiff of everything from dragons to footballers, as well as an entire boardwalk covered in colourful, luminous graffiti.
He explains:
And the age of those taking part is hugely varied.
As a rule, anything older should be painted over first. Or anything of a lower quality such as random tags or markings.
But when they walk away from a piece they
Bryce
But what next?

An artist collective lived inside, and it was a draw not just for artists, but tourists too. Nearer to home, in Bristol, Nelson Street has become a mecca for street art. The street spawned See No Evil, which became Europe
READ MORE

It is still listed as one of the places tourists should go to get a feel for the city

For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/meet-man-behind-cardiffs-most-11810674

In Berlin, the Kunsthaus Tacheles was a huge building which was covered inside and out with graffiti-style murals.

 

What changed?
One of the city
He said:
As well as commercial deals with shops or councils, he is involved in projects such as the legal wall in Llandaff North
The Boilerhouse, a graffiti and street art gallery, started in Llandaff North but has now moved to Sanatorium Road.

Street art on Croft Street, Roath, Cardiff, by Kera
Sam said the mixed reaction to street art was interesting but that some people

Sam, who started this particular project on Monday, said larger wall murals tend to take less time than a smaller painting as they require less detail and more freedom.
Lucy, 19, a resident of Roath, said she liked and supported the work of street artists.

Street art on Croft Street, Roath, Cardiff, by Kera
WalesOnline: NEWS
Rachel Cable @Rachel Cable7
Today in Roath #Cardiff #graffiti #streetart #CF24
16:12 – 9 Mar 2016
Twitter Ads information and privacy
Sam said the mixed reaction to street art was interesting but that some people

Sam, who started this particular project on Monday, said larger wall murals tend to take less time than a smaller painting as they require less detail and more freedom.
Lucy, 19, a resident of Roath, said she liked and supported the work of street artists.

For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/brilliant-new-street-art-appeared-11022554

 

All it takes is a stroll around Cardiff to see it
And this mural on Inverness Place in Roath is the latest in a long line which is being designed by Cardiff-based artist Sam, who goes by the artist alias Colour Doomed.
The artist and curator, who is one of the organisers of street art festival Empty Walls, has been decorating the streets of Cardiff with his art for nine years.
His latest wall mural covers the side wall of his friend

For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/brilliant-new-street-art-appeared-11022554

Musician Gwenno Saunders at the unveiling of a giant street art mural inspired by and featuring the Welsh Music Prize Winner at Clwb Ifor Bach in Womanby Street Cardiff
MILLIE THWAITES
18:00, 10 MAR 2016
UPDATED18:08, 10 MAR 2016
WalesOnline: NEWS
All it takes is a stroll around Cardiff to see it
And this mural on Inverness Place in Roath is the latest in a long line which is being designed by Cardiff-based artist Sam, who goes by the artist alias Colour Doomed.
The artist and curator, who is one of the organisers of street art festival Empty Walls, has been decorating the streets of Cardiff with his art for nine years.
His latest wall mural covers the side wall of his friend
For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/brilliant-new-street-art-appeared-11022554

 

 The Dogs Trust launched a new street art campaign on Wood Street in Cardiff

 A colourful example of street art, spotted near the Millennium Stadium
MILLIE THWAITES
18:00, 10 MAR 2016
UPDATED18:08, 10 MAR 2016
WalesOnline: NEWS

All it takes is a stroll around Cardiff to see it
And this mural on Inverness Place in Roath is the latest in a long line which is being designed by Cardiff-based artist Sam, who goes by the artist alias Colour Doomed.
The artist and curator, who is one of the organisers of street art festival Empty Walls, has been decorating the streets of Cardiff with his art for nine years.
His latest wall mural covers the side wall of his friend
For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/brilliant-new-street-art-appeared-11022554st piece of street art in Cardiff?

 

 The Gareth Bale mural in Whitchurch, Cardiff

 

This brilliant new street art has appeared on the side of a house in Cardiff
This new work of street art has appeared on a house in Cardiff but not everyone is happy about it

Sam, who goes by his artist alias of Colour Doomed, started this wall mural on the side of a house in Roath
MILLIE THWAITES
18:00, 10 MAR 2016
UPDATED18:08, 10 MAR 2016
WalesOnline: NEWS

All it takes is a stroll around Cardiff to see it
And this mural on Inverness Place in Roath is the latest in a long line which is being designed by Cardiff-based artist Sam, who goes by the artist alias Colour Doomed.
The artist and curator, who is one of the organisers of street art festival Empty Walls, has been decorating the streets of Cardiff with his art for nine years.
His latest wall mural covers the side wall of his friend
For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/brilliant-new-street-art-appeared-11022554

 

 Brunei Graffiti Crew posted in Peaceful Progress

Brunei Graffiti trip..

Posted on January 18, 2018 by Bryce

During my recent stint in Asia I headed over to Brunei to visit some friends and paint some walls. Brunei has a fairly young but very talented and humble graffiti scene with a great ethos behind it. There are some great writers and artists out there, and hospitality was through the roof! If you ever find yourself there, head over to Stain, the Graffiti store and gallery, which incidentally was inspired by our own Graffiti gallery space here in Cardiff, The Boiler House. Various walls painted alongside Budi one, Nerd ink, and Nycer. Big shout out to Tag one and the other guys I met and hung out with!

For more information please visit the following link:

http://www.peacefulprogress.org/

 

 Brunei Graffiti Angle 2 posted in Peaceful Progress

“Posted in Peaceful Progress

Bangkok – Common Ground

Posted on January 18, 2018 by Bryce

I was stoked to do a weeks guest spot in Common Ground in Bangkok in December. A great shop in the Silom area run by great people. Common Gound host a large number of guest artists form all over the world all throughout the year.. if your ever in Bangkok and looking for quality work, make sure you check them out!Â

Big thanks to Dillon, Jordi and co for having me. I’ll be seeing you again soon!”

For more information please visit the following link:

http://www.peacefulprogress.org/

Brunei Graffiti posted in Peaceful Progress

“Posted in Peaceful Progress

Sabah Graffiti

Posted on January 18, 2018 by Bryce

I had the opportunity to squeeze in a little bit of Graffiti in Sabah after the convention before heading to Brunei. This was alongside Cracko from Sabah, and my buddy from NZ.”

For more information please visit the following link:

http://www.peacefulprogress.org/

 

 Posted in Peaceful Progress

NZ – Wales

Posted on November 16, 2017 by Bryce

Ok, you’d be forgiven for thinking this post is about Rugby… especially as these pieces were painted literally right by one the gates into the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff. However, this is more about a reunion between 2 friends who live at the opposite ends of the earth. My buddy Tepid was on a tour of the UK and of course had to come pay a visit. The last time we painted together was in NZ back in 2012 in Wellington, and then Christchurch. It as my turn to repay the favour and show some hospitality. Hopefully see you again in another 5 years…Â

 

 Posted in Peaceful Progress

Go Compare

Posted on November 16, 2017 by Bryce

Go Compare approached me to create a mural in their offices to co-incide with the launch of their new 5 values. It was all a bit hush hush at the time, and I wasn’t allowed to post anything until they had launched the campaign. They even covered up the mural from their employees until the time was ready. This meant a long weekend in a corridor complete with fans, extraction fans and masks, working to complete the mural while the employees were off for the weekend. Only the security guard knew what was going on. It was a fun project to work on with good people, watch this space for more.Â

Posted in Peaceful Progress

Garden mural

Posted on November 16, 2017 by Bryce

A bit of classic Peaceful Progress garden muralism going down in Splott… landscapes to soften the urban environment.Â

For more information please visit the following link:

http://www.peacefulprogress.org/

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Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland, Wales – Part 3

Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 Swansea Market,Shopping Center and Bus Station, Swansea, Wales, UK

 

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“History of Swansea: Industrial Revolution
From the late 17th century to 1801, Swansea’s population grew by 500%—the first official census (in 1841) indicated that, with 6,099 inhabitants, Swansea had become significantly larger than Glamorgan’s county town, Cardiff, and was the second most populous town in Wales behind Merthyr Tydfil (which had a population of 7,705). However, the census understated Swansea’s true size, as much of the built-up area lay outside the contemporary boundaries of the borough; the total population was actually 10,117. Swansea’s population was later overtaken by Merthyr in 1821 and by Cardiff in 1881, although in the latter year Swansea once again surpassed Merthyr.[14] Much of Swansea’s growth was due to migration from within and beyond Wales—in 1881, more than a third of the borough’s population had been born outside Swansea and Glamorgan, and just under a quarter outside Wales.[16]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“History of Swansea: Industrial Revolution
20th century
Through the 20th century, heavy industries in the town declined, leaving the Lower Swansea Valley filled with derelict works and mounds of waste products from them. The Lower Swansea Valley Scheme (which still continues) reclaimed much of the land. The present Enterprise Zone was the result and, of the many original docks, only those outside the city continue to work as docks; North Dock is now Parc Tawe and South Dock became the Marina.”

 

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea:Governance, The Guildhall
Local government
Main article: City and County of Swansea councilIn 1887, Swansea was a township at the mouth of the river Tawe, covering 4,562 acres (1,846 ha) in the county of Glamorgan.[22] There were three major extensions to the boundaries of the borough, first in 1835, when Morriston, St Thomas, Landore, St John-juxta-Swansea, and part of Llansamlet parish were added, and again in 1889 when areas around Cwmbwrlaand Trewyddfa were included, and in 1918 when the borough was enlarged to include the whole of the ancient parish of Swansea, the southern part of Llangyfelach parish, all of Llansamlet parish, Oystermouth Urban District and Brynau parish.[23][24]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“In 1889, Swansea attained county borough status,[25] and it was granted city status in 1969, which was inherited by the Swansea district when it was formed by the merger of the borough and Gower Rural District in 1974.[26] In 1996, Swansea became one of 22 unitary authorities with the addition of part of the former Lliw Valley Borough. The new authority received the name ‘City and County of Swansea’ (Welsh: Dinas a Sir Abertawe).[27]
Swansea was once a staunch stronghold of the Labour Party which, until 2004, had overall control of the council for 24 years.[28] The Liberal Democrats were the largest group in the administration that took control of Swansea Council in the 2004 local elections until the 2012 council elections saw the council return to Labour control. For 2009/2010, the Lord Mayor of Swansea was Councillor Alan Lloyd, and in 2010/2011 Richard Lewis was the Lord Mayor. The Lord Mayor changes in May each year.”

“History of Swansea: Industrial Revolution
High Street in 1915
In the Second World War, its industrial importance made Swansea the target of German bombing, and much of the town centre was destroyed during the Swansea Blitz on the 19, 20 and 21 February 1941 (the ‘Three Nights Blitz’[17]).
In 1969, Swansea was granted city status,[18] to mark Prince Charles’s investiture as the Prince of Wales. The announcement was made by the prince on 3 July 1969, during a tour of Wales.[19] It obtained the further right to have a lord mayor in 1982.[20]
Within the city centre are the ruins of the castle, the Marina, the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea Museum, the Dylan Thomas Centre, the Environment Centre, and the Market, which is the largest covered market in Wales.[21] It backs onto the Quadrant Shopping Centre which opened in 1978 and the adjoining St David’s Centre opened in 1982. Other notable modern buildings are the BT Tower (formerly the GPO tower) built around 1970, Alexandra House opened in 1976, County Hall opened in July 1982. Swansea Leisure Centre opened in 1977; it has undergone extensive refurbishment which retained elements of the original structure and re-opened in March 2008.”

 

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea (/?sw?nzi/ SWON-zee; Welsh: Abertawe [ab?r?taw?]), officially known as the City and County of Swansea(Dinas a Sir Abertawe), is a coastal city and county in Wales. It is the second largest city in Wales after Cardiff, and the twenty-fifth largest city in the United Kingdom.[1] Swansea lies within the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan and the ancient Welsh commote of G?yr.[2] Situated on the sandy South West Wales coast, the county area includes the Gower Peninsula and the Lliw uplands. According to its local council, the City and County of Swansea had a population of 241,300 in 2014. The last official census stated that the city, metropolitan and urban areas combined concluded to be a total of 462,000 in 2011,[3] making it the second most populous local authority area in Wales after Cardiff. During its 19th-century industrial heyday, Swansea was a key centre of the copper industry,[4] earning the nickname ‘Copperopolis’.[5”

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“History of Swansea: Archaeological finds are mostly confined to the Gower Peninsula, and include items from the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. The Romans reached the area, as did the Norsemen.
Swansea is thought to have developed as a Viking trading post. Its Englishname may be derived from Sveinn’s island (Old Norse: Sveinsey) – the reference to an island may refer to a bank at the mouth of the river Tawe, or an area of raised ground in marshes.[6] An alternative explanation is that the name derives from the Norse name ‘Sweyn’ and ‘ey’, which can mean inlet.[7] This explanation supports the tradition that the city was founded by the Danish king Sweyn Forkbeard.[8][9] The name is pronounced Swans-y /?sw?nzi/), not Swan-sea.[10]”

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“History of Swansea: Abertawe, its Welsh name, meaning Mouth of the Tawe,[11] first appears as Aper Tyui c. 1150 [see Place-Names in Glamorgan, Gwynedd O. Pierce, p 182.]
The earliest known form of the modern name is Sweynesse, which was used in the first charter granted sometime between 1158 and 1184 by William de Newburgh, 3rd Earl of Warwick. The charter gave Swansea the status of a borough, granting the townsmen, called burgesses certain rights to develop the area. A second charter was granted in 1215 by King John. In this charter, the name appears as Sweyneshe. The town seal which is believed to date from this period names the town as Sweyse.[12][13]
Following the Norman Conquest, a marcher lordship was created under the title of Gower. It included land around Swansea Bay as far as the River Tawe, the manor of Kilvey beyond the Tawe, and the peninsula itself. Swansea was designated chief town of the lordship and received a borough charter some time between 1158 and 1184 (and a more elaborate one in 1304).[14]”

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

“History of Swansea: Industrial Revolution
The port of Swansea initially traded in wine, hides, wool, cloth and later in coal.[14] At the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the combination of port, local coal, and trading links with the West Country, Cornwall and Devon, meant that Swansea was the logical place to site copper smelting works. Smelters were operating by 1720 and proliferated. Following this, more coal mines(everywhere from north-east Gower to Clyne and Llangyfelach) were opened and smelters (mostly along the Tawe valley) were opened and flourished. Over the next century and a half, works were established to process arsenic, zinc and tin and to create tinplate and pottery. The city expanded rapidly in the 18th and 19th centuries, and was termed “Copperopolis”.[14]
The Swansea smelters became so adept at recovering gold and silver from complex ores that in the 1800s they received ore concentrates from the United States, for example from Arizona in the 1850s, and Colorado in the 1860s.[15]”

 

Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: Culture
Brangwyn Hall main entrance, The Royal Institution of South Wales was founded in 1835 as the Swansea Literary and Philosophical Society.
Performing arts[edit]
The Grand Theatre in the centre of the city is a Victorian theatre which celebrated its centenary in 1997 and which has a capacity of a little over a thousand people. It was opened by the celebrated opera singer Adelina Patti and was refurbished from 1983 to 1987. The annual programme ranges from pantomime and drama to opera and ballet. Fluellen Theatre Company is a professional theatre company based in Swansea who perform at the Grand Theatre and the Dylan Thomas Centre. The Taliesin building on the university campus has a theatre, opened in 1984. Other theatres include the Dylan Thomas Theatre (formerly the Little Theatre) near the marina, and one in Penyrheol Leisure Centre near Gorseinon. In the summer, outdoor Shakespeare performances are a regular feature at Oystermouth Castle, and Singleton Park is the venue for a number of parties and concerts, from dance music to outdoor Proms. A folk festival is held on Gower.[48] Standing near Victoria Park on the coast road is the Patti Pavilion; this was the Winter Garden from Adelina Patti’s Craig-y-Nos estate in the upper Swansea valley, which she donated to the town in 1918. It is used as a venue for music shows and fairs. The Brangwyn Hall is a multi-use venue with events such as the graduation ceremonies for Swansea University. Every autumn, Swansea hosts a Festival of Music and the Arts, when international orchestras and soloists visit the Brangwyn Hall. The Brangwyn Hall is praised for its acoustics for recitals, orchestral pieces and chamber music alike.[49]

Red fountain water during the celebration of St David’s Day in Swansea
Swansea is also home to the Palace Theatre. Located at 156 High Street, it is recognisable for its distinctive wedge shape. Originally built in 1888 as a traditional music hall, the building’s original name was the ‘Pavilion’. During its lifetime, the building has been used as a bingo hall as well as a nightclub.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Festivals[edit]
Swansea hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1863, 1891, 1907, 1926, 1964, 1982 and 2006. The 2006 event occupied the site of the former Felindre tinplate works to the north of the city and featured a strikingly pink main tent. In 2009 Swansea Council launched Wales’s only week long St David’s Week festival in venues throughout the city. The Beginning and Do Not Go Gentle are Festivals in the Uplands area of the city where Dylan Thomas was born and lived for 23 years.”

 

Artist who produced artwork in his shop
“Cats Leave Pawprints on your heart”
Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Welsh language: There are many Welsh language chapels and churches in the area. Welsh-medium education is a popular and growing choice for both English and Welsh-speaking parents. 45% of the rural council ward Mawr are able to speak Welsh, as can 38% of the ward of Pontarddulais. Clydach, Kingsbridge and Upper Loughor all have levels of more than 20%. By contrast, the urban St. Thomas has one of the lowest figures in Wales, at 6.4%, a figure only barely lower than Penderry and Townhill wards.[50]””
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Artist who produced artwork in his shop
“Cats Leave Pawprints on your heart”
Swansea Market, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: Food
Local produce includes cockles and laverbread which are sourced from the Loughor estuary. Local Gower salt marsh lamb is produced from sheep which are raised in the salt marshes of the Loughor estuary.[51]”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Swansea Shopping Center, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: The geology of the Gower Peninsula ranges from Carboniferous Limestone cliffs along its southern edge from Mumbles to Worm’s Head and the salt-marshes and dune systems of the Loughor estuary to the north. The eastern, southern and western coasts of the peninsula are lined with numerous sandy beaches both wide and small, separated by steep cliffs. The South Wales Coalfield reaches the coast in the Swansea area. This had a great bearing on the development of the city of Swansea and other nearby towns such as Morriston. The inland area is covered by large swathes of grassland common overlooked by sandstone heath ridges including the prominent Cefn Bryn. The traditional agricultural landscape consists in a patchwork of fields characterised by walls, stone-faced banks and hedgerows. Valleys cut through the peninsula and contain rich deciduous woodland.[35]
Much of the local authority’s area is hilly with the main area of upland being located in the council ward of Mawr. Areas of high land up to 185 metres (607 ft) range across the central section and form the hills of Kilvey, Townhill and Llwynmawr, separating the centre of Swansea from its northern suburbs. Cefn Bryn, a ridge of high land, forms the backbone of the Gower Peninsula. Rhossili Down, Hardings Down and Llanmadoc Hill form land features up to 193 metres (633 ft) high. The highest point is located at Penlle’r Castell at 374 metres (1,227 ft) on the northern border with Carmarthenshire.[34]”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Swansea Shopping Center, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: Mumbles Pier, situated around four miles outside the city centre.
About three quarters of Swansea is bordered by the sea—the Loughor Estuary, Swansea Bay and the Bristol Channel. The two largest rivers in the region are the Tawe which passes the city centre and the Loughor which flows on the northern border with Carmarthenshire.[34]
In the local authority area, the geology is complex, providing diverse scenery. The Gower Peninsula was the first area in the United Kingdom to be designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Excluding the urbanised area in the south-eastern corner, the whole of the Gower Peninsula is part of an AONB.[35] Swansea has numerous urban and country parklands.[36] The region has featured regularly in the Wales in Bloom awards.[37]”

 

 Swansea Shopping Center, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Three Cliffs Bay
Swansea can be roughly divided into four physical areas. To the north are the Lliw uplands which are mainly open moorland, reaching the foothills of the Black Mountain. To the west is the Gower Peninsula with its rural landscape dotted with small villages. To the east is the coastal strip around Swansea Bay. Cutting though the middle from the south-east to the north-west is the urban and suburban zone stretching from the Swansea city centre to the towns of Gorseinon and Pontarddulais.[34]
The most populated areas of Swansea are Morriston, Sketty and the city centre. The chief urbanised area radiates from the city centre towards the north, south and west; along the coast of Swansea Bay to Mumbles; up the Swansea Valley past Landoreand Morriston to Clydach; over Townhill to Cwmbwrla, Penlan, Treboeth and Fforestfach; through Uplands, Sketty, Killay to Dunvant; and east of the river from St. Thomas to Bonymaen, Llansamlet and Birchgrove. A second urbanised area is focused on a triangle defined by Gowerton, Gorseinon and Loughor along with the satellite communities of Penllergaer and Pontarddulais.[34]””

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Swansea Market, Oxford Street, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: Religion
The city is home to 10% of the total Welsh Muslim population;[68] Swansea’s Muslim community is raising money to open a new central mosque and community centre in the former St. Andrew’s United Reformed Church. This would replace the existing central Mosque on St Helens Road and be in addition to the other three existing mosques (Swansea University Mosque, Hafod Mosque, Imam Khoei Mosque).[69]
Swansea is represented in Buddhism with the Dharmavajra Kadampa Buddhist Centre, Pulpung Changchub Dargyeling (Kagyu Tradition) and a branch of the international Dzogchen Community (Nyingma Tradition). Swansea Synagogue and Jehovah’s Witness Kingdom Hall are both located in the Uplands area.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Swansea Market, Oxford Street, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
“Swansea: Notable people
See also Category:People from Swansea and List of people from Swansea.
People from Swansea are known locally as Swansea Jacks, or just Jacks. The source of this nickname is not clear. Some attribute it to Swansea Jack, the life-saving dog.[57][58]
Throughout the 19th century, the Vivian family did much to develop Swansea into a city. Their wealth and influence came from large copper mining, smelting and trading businesses in Swansea (Vivian & Sons), and is still visible today in their former family residences: Singleton Abbey (now used by Swansea University), Sketty Hall, Clyne Castle and Clyne Gardens. Henry Vivianbecame the first Lord Swansea in 1893.
Swansea’s most famous daughter is Hollywood actress Catherine Zeta-Jones who still owns a home in Mumbles. Swansea is also the home town of 2013 ITU Triathlon World Champion Non Stanford.[59] The thriller writer, Mark Ellis was educated in Swansea.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Swansea Shopping Center, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: Geography
Boundaries[edit]
The “City and County of Swansea” local authority area is bordered by unitary authorities of Carmarthenshire to the north, and Neath Port Talbot to the east. Swansea is bounded by Swansea Bay and the Bristol Channel to the south. The Urban Subdivision of Swansea covers all urbanised areas within the city boundary, with a population of 179,485, it is considerably smaller than the unitary authority.
Physical description[edit]
See also: List of places in Swansea
The local government area is 378 square kilometres (146 sq mi) in size, about 2% of the area of Wales. It includes a large amount of open countryside and a central urban and suburban belt.[34]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Swansea Shopping Center, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Welsh politics[edit]
The National Assembly constituencies are:
• Gower, current AM is Rebecca Evans, Labour since 2016
• Swansea East, current AM is Mike Hedges, Labour since 2011
• Swansea West, current AM is Julie James, Labour since 2011
The city is also part of the South Wales West regional constituency and is served by Suzy Davies AM (Conservative), Bethan Jenkins AM (Plaid Cymru), Caroline Jones AM (UKIP) and Dai Lloyd AM (Plaid Cymru).
UK politics]

Lock bridge over the river Tawe
The UK parliamentary constituencies in Swansea are:
• Gower, current MP is Antonia Antoniazzi, Labour since 2017
• Swansea East, current MP is, Carolyn Harris, Labour since 2015
• Swansea West, current MP is Geraint Davies, Labour since 2010
Twinning
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom
Swansea is twinned with:[29]
• Cork, County Cork, Munster, Ireland[30]
• Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany;[31]
• Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France
• Bydgoszcz, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland.[32]
It also has a friendship link with Nantong, China.[33]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea is also the home to Swansea Rugby Football Club (Swansea RFC), a founder member of the Welsh Rugby Union and one of the most important teams in the early history of Welsh rugby union. Playing out of St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground the club not only produced several of the greatest Welsh rugby superstars, including Billy Bancroft and Billy Trew, they also hosted national touring sides from Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. Known as the ‘All Whites’, Swansea kept a constant supply of players that filled the Welsh ranks in the early history of the game. In 1935 Swansea became the first club side to beat the All Blacks.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“In 2003, Swansea RFC merged with Neath RFC to form the Ospreys. Swansea RFC remained at St Helen’s in semi-professional form, but the Ospreys moved into the Liberty Stadium in Landore for the start of the 2005–2006 season. Neath-Swansea rugby games used to be hotly contested matches, such that there was some debate about whether a team incorporating both areas was possible. The team came fifth in the Celtic League in their first year of existence and topped that league in their second year. By 2012 they had won the league a record four times.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“St Helens Rugby and Cricket Ground is the home of Swansea RFC and Glamorgan County Cricket Club have previously played matches there.[61] In this ground, Sir Garfield Sobers hit six sixes in one over; the first time this was achieved in a game of first-class cricket. The final ball landed on the ground past the Cricketers’ pub just outside the ground.[62] It is also the home of the tallest floodlight stand in Europe.[63]
Swansea’s rugby league side plays 13 miles (21 km) from Swansea in the small town of Ystalyfera. They are known as the Swansea Valley Miners but were formed as the Swansea Bulls in 2002.
The Swansea Bowls Stadium opened in early 2008. The stadium hosted the World Indoor Singles and Mixed Pairs Championship in April 2008 and the Gravelles Welsh International Open Bowls Championships in 2009.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
“Swansea: Notable people
On the literary stage, the poet Dylan Thomas is perhaps the best-known. He was born in the town and grew up at 5 Cwmdonkin Drive, Uplands where he lived for 23 years and produced two thirds of his published work from his tiny bedroom which has been faithfully recreated as it may have been in 1934 and is open for house tours, events, Edwardian dinner parties and overnight stays. There is a memorial to him in the nearby Cwmdonkin Park; his take on Swansea was that it was an “ugly lovely town”. In the 1930s Thomas was a member of a group of local artists, writers and musicians known as The Kardomah Gang, as they frequently met in the Kardomah Café which was in Castle Street, Swansea until bombed during the second World War.[60]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea: Beaches
Oxwich Bay on the Gower Peninsula was named the most beautiful beach in Britain by travel writers who visited more than 1,000 beaches around the world in search of the perfect sands (2007). The Travel Magazine praised Oxwich for “magnificent and unspoilt” scenery and as a “great place for adults and children to explore”.[128] It has over three miles (5 km) of soft, golden sands, making it the ideal family getaway. The Guardian named it one of Britain’s blue-riband top 10 category beaches (2007).[129] The Independent newspaper hailed Rhossili Bay as “the British supermodel of beaches” (2006) and the best beach in Britain for breathtaking cliffs (2007),[130] whilst The Sunday Times listed it as one of the 25 best beaches in the world (2006).[131] Thanks to its clear air and lovely golden sand, this romantic stretch of sand was voted the best place in the UK to watch the sun set (Country Living magazine 2005)[131] and one of the top romantic spots in the country (The Guardian2007).[132]
Llangennith Beach, with its soft sands, consistent beach break and great facilities, was listed as the best place to learn how to surf in Britain by The Observer (2006)[133] and one of the 10 ‘classic surfing beaches by The Guardian (2007).[134] Gower also claims Britain’s Best Beach, Three Cliffs Bay. The Gower landmark topped the BBC Holiday Hit Squad nationwide competition (2006)[135] and was voted Britain’s best camping beach by The Independent thanks to its superb setting and quiet location (2007).[136] Three Cliffs Bay also made the final of the ITV series Britain’s Favourite View – the only nomination in Wales and backed by singer Katherine Jenkins.[137] Nearby Brandy Cove came sixth in an online poll to find the UK’s top beach for the baby boomer generation (2006).[138] Beaches which won 2006 Blue Flag Beach Awards are: Bracelet Bay, Caswell Bay, Langland Bay, Port Eynon Bay and Swansea Marina (one of the few Blue Flag Marinas in Wales). All of these beaches also won a Seaside Award 2006. Limesladewas awarded the Rural Seaside Award and the Green Coast Award. Other Green Coast Awards went to Pwll Du, Rhossili Bay and Tor Bay.”

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Swansea:Plans
Swansea City Centre is undergoing a £1 billion transformation scheme.[70] A large area of the city is earmarked for redevelopment. A new city-centre retail precinct is planned involving demolition of the dilapidated St. David’s Shopping Centrewhich has three or four traders, about 13% of the retail space in the centre and the Quadrant Shopping Centre. Including relocation of the Tesco Superstore near to the city’s Sainsbury’s store in Parc Tawe, the new retail precinct will be almost four times the size of the Quadrant Centre. The city centre is also being brightened up with street art and new walkways, along with the first phase of the David Evans – Castle Street development. New green spaces will be provided in conjunction with the proposed Quadrant Square and Grand Theatre Square. Redevelopment of the Oxford Street car park and Lower Oxford Street arcades are also planned.[71]
At the sea front, The Tower, Meridian Quay is now Wales’s tallest building at a height of 107 metres (351 ft) with a restaurant on the top (29th) floor. It was under construction adjacent Swansea Marina until 2010.[72]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

Swansea Shopping Center, Oxford, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

“Sport
Further information: Swansea City A.F.C., Swansea RFC, and Ospreys
The Liberty Stadium.
Swansea City A.F.C. (founded 1912) is the city’s main football association team. Originally playing at the Vetch Field, they moved to the Liberty Stadium at the start of the 2005–2006 season, winning promotion to League One in their final year at their old stadium. The team presently play in the Premier League, after being promoted during the 2010/11 season. The Football Association of Wales had decided that for the Euro 2012 qualifying campaign, Wales would play all of their home ties at either the Cardiff City Stadium or the Liberty Stadium.
Swansea has three association football clubs that play in the Welsh Football League: Garden Village, South Gower and West End.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Swansea Bus Station, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Railways
Swansea railway station has trains mostly run by Arriva Trains Wales a Deutsche Bahn Company, on the West Wales Line to Llanelli, Carmarthen, and branches to, (a) Tenby and Pembroke Dock, (b) Haverfordwest and Milford Haven and (c) Fishguard Harbour with connecting Stena Line ferries to Rosslare Europort and Iarnród Éireann trains via Wexford to Dublin Connolly.
To the north along the Heart of Wales Line via Llanelli, and onwards via Llandovery, Llandrindod and Craven Arms to Shrewsbury.
Along the South Wales Main Line to Neath and stations to Cardiff Central (for connections to other parts of the United Kingdom), Newport, Reading and London Paddington to the east. Mostly run by Great Western Railway (train operating company).
There are also suburban stations in Gowerton, Llansamlet and in Pontarddulais which are served by Arriva Trains Wales.
Transport]
See also: Transport in Wales
Roads
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Swansea Bus Station, Swansea, Wales, UK on Monday, October 9, 2017

Buses
Bus routes within Swansea are operated predominantly by First Cymru, while smaller bus and coach operators such as NAT Group, South Wales Transport, Lewis Coaches, First Call Travel and DANSA also operate some routes in the city, most of which serving Swansea bus station. First operates the Swansea Metro, a road-based FTR bus rapid transit route, introduced between Morriston Hospital and Singleton Hospital in 2009,[91] and a shuttle bus (Service X10) to Cardiff Central bus station calling at Bridgend Designer Outlet. In late 2015 the fleet of Wright StreetCar articulated buses that served the Swansea Metro route were removed from service and replaced with standard non-articulated Wright StreetLite vehicles.
Veolia used to operate the rural services around the Gower Peninsula and the Lliw Valley branded Gower Explorer and Lliw Link respectively. Since Veolia’s withdrawal from Swansea, these services were operated by First Cymru for several years, and are now operated by NAT Group.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea

 

 Peace Will Come Alive
Poem and Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Such a delicate!!!
A soft light pink flower stands alone
Contrasting with surrounding dark green leaves
To accent the beauty of nature

Please stop a minute
Relax your mind
From all human problems

Look at me and smile
Think pretty!
With soft wind
That cools your mind

Think pretty
With sunshine on your face
Let the world go by
A minute relax with me
Peace will come alive!

 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, October 24, 2017, 4:24 am

Pink flower from our backyard garden

Go to the top

Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland, Wales – Part 2

Swansea Shore on Monday, October 9, 2017
Poem and Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Swansea Shore!

A poor little bird
Standing on the edge
Watching the sea roll by

My poor sick husband
Trying to compose himself
Breathing in the fresh air

Oh, Swansea Shore!
I came here before
Seeing the waves
Rolling and hugging you
In and out with the rhythm of the tides

Oh, Swansea Shore!
I will come here again
In the sunset of my life
And you will still be here
For the long centuries to come

My little Grandson Kai
Holding his hands with his parents
Walking along the shore
Another younger generations will come

Admiring you with the sunset or the sunrise
The full moon appearing in the sky
You will give pleasure for all to see,

Oh, Swansea Shore!
I love you!

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, October 11, 2017, 4:17 am

The scene by the kitchen bay widow at John’s sister house in Swansea, Wales
This scene is what Mom and John’s sister saw when they were sitting in the armchair and relaxing by the kitchen bay widow at John’s sister house in Swansea, Wales. I miss both of them. I wish they were here with us. Life is too short to fight and be unhappy with each other. We will be apart from each other one of these days, sooner or later. Please get along and be happy with each other.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Monday, October 15, 2017, Swansea, Wales

Solar panels at the back of John’s sister house in Swansea, Wales
In Swansea, Wales I saw some solar panels on people’s houses even though the weather is more cloudy and lightly raining a lot of the time. I was in Thailand for about two months in July and August where most of the time there is very strong sunshine and occasionally heavy rain for one hour or more but I saw no solar panels. They may have them somewhere that I did not see. I hope the Thai government helps to promote solar energy consumption.

 Comments:

munir faraj: We in Iraq have more than 300 sunny day and more than 12 hour/day but the goverment has no project to use this clean energy ???

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts: +munir faraj Thank you for your interest. Maybe you can speak about it peacefully and well intention. Iraq university might be a good place to talk to the science professors.
Have a wonderful Sunday and the week to come

 

Swansea Shore on Monday, October 9, 2017
“Swansea Bay: Harnessing the power of our tides

• Did you know… the UK has the second highest tidal range in the world and the difference in the range at Swansea Bay is a massive 7-9 metres!

• Dave Sagan, Project Manager

• An iconic, world-first infrastructure project in South West Wales
• Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon will be the world’s first tidal lagoon power plant.
• A tidal lagoon is a ‘U’ shaped breakwater, built out from the coast which has a bank of hydro turbines in it. Water fills up and empties the man-made lagoon as the tides rise and fall. We generate electricity on both the incoming and outgoing tides, four times a day, every day.
• Due to the incredible tides on the West Coast of Britain, by keeping the turbine gates shut for just three hours, there is already a 14ft height difference in water between the inside and the outside of the lagoon. Power is then generated as the water rushes through 200ft long draft tubes, rotating the 23ft diameter hydro turbines.
• The project was awarded a Development Consent Order in 2015 and is primed for construction. It will comprise 16 hydro turbines, a six mile breakwater wall, generating electricity for 155,000 homes for the next 120 years. Its major delivery partners include Atkins, General Electric, Andritz Hydro, Laing O’Rourke and Alun Griffiths Ltd.”
For more information please visit the following link:
http://www.tidallagoonpower.com/projects/swansea-bay/

Swansea Sky viewed at the backyard of John’s sister house, October 6, 2017
I am always longing for the Swansea Sky. It changes so fast from one color to the other or dark to light. My favorite sky is light pink to red orange which appears in the evening when the sun sets showing her appearance before leaving us to the night sky. This takes place around 6-7 pm. I was lucky to see it again on Friday, October 6, 2017. I viewed this beautiful red orange sky at the backyard of John’s sister house.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, October 8, 2017

The view at the backyard of John’s sister house, October 6, 2017

Swansea Bay on Thursday, October 5, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

On Thursday, October 5, 2017 about 4-5 pm in the evening, I walked along the seashore to the house. Swansea Library is located by the Swansea shore, and John’s sister house is about 10 minutes’ walk. I was very lucky to see the silver shimmering water on the shore by the evening sun, which was hovering over with the bright white rays shining on the water.
It was very difficult to see the camera screen, with the bright light shining on my camcorder. I only hope that I would get some nice shots.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, October 8, 2017

“Swansea Bay (Welsh: Bae Abertawe) is a bay on the Bristol Channel on the southern coast of Wales. Places on the bay include Swansea and Port Talbot. The River Neath, River Tawe, River Afan, River Kenfig and Clyne River flow into the bay.
Swansea Bay (and upper reaches of the Bristol Channel) experience a large tidal range. The shipping ports in Swansea Bay are Swansea Docks, Port Talbot Docks and Briton Ferry wharfs.
Oyster fishing was once an important industry in Swansea Bay, employing 600 people at its height in the 1860s. However, overfishing, disease and pollution had all but wiped out the oyster population by 1920. In 2005 plans were announced to reintroduce the Oyster farming industry.[1]”
Beaches[edit]
The bay is lined with sandy beaches. Each stretch of beach within the bay has its own individual name:
• Aberavon Beach
• Baglan Bay
• Jersey Marine Beach
• Swansea Beach
• Mumbles Beach

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Bay

Swansea Bay on Thursday, October 5, 2017
Swansea Bay, Pollution: For the last two decades of the 20th century, the bay was blighted by pollution, partly from the surrounding heavy industry and partly from sewerage outlets being sited at inappropriate locations including the main one that was located just seaward of Mumbles Lighthouse. A pumping station inside the cliff adjacent to Knab Rock brought all of Swansea city’s effluent in a raw form to this point. Adding to the problem was the natural current flow of the waters in the Bay which often did not move the polluted waters further out to sea. Ironically, the outgoing tide did not carry the raw sewage down the adjacent Bristol Channel, but instead cause it to be sucked inaround the circumference of the Bay and only then out down the Channel. If not fully discharged on that tide, the incoming tide would then push the same effluent up the Channel, and once again circulate around the Bay. Efforts were made by the local authority to reduce the pollution in the Bay but care had to be taken to ensure the pollution did not move to the popular beach resorts in south Gower instead.
This original sewer outlet was finally made inactive in around 1996 following the construction of a brand new pipeline which ran all the way back around the Bay following the line of the old Mumbles Railway as far as Beach Street, along the sea-side of the Maritime Quarter and through Swansea Docks to a new £90 million sewage treatment plant at Crymlyn Burrows near Port Tennant from which a new outlet was made, extending further out to sea. As a consequence of the huge improvement these works have made, it is hoped that Swansea Bay will achieve Blue Flag Beach status. Aberavon beach was awarded Blue Flag status in December 2007.[2]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Bay

Swansea Bay on Thursday, October 5, 2017
“Swansea Bay, Power generation, Fossil: There is one existing GE built gas-fired power station located just inland at Baglan Bay. A second gas fired power station, the “Abernedd Power Station” has been approved for construction.[3]
Biomass plans[edit]
A new biomass power station has been approved for construction near the coast at Port Talbot.[4]
Tidal plans[edit]
Main article: Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay
Swansea Bay (along with the rest of the Bristol Channel) has one of the highest tidal ranges in the world. This offers a potential for electricity generation using tidal lagoons. A proposal has been put forward by Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay Ltd. for a tidal lagoon to be constructed.[5] The tidal lagoon would be sited just south of the Queen’s Dock between River Tawe and River Neath estuaries. This project is controversial, partly due to the amount of subsidy required to make the project viable and also because of the potential damage to an AONB and MCZ in Cornwall where Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay seek to re-open a disused quarry at Dean Point from which to source the rock for the lagoon.[6][7][8]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Bay

Swansea Bay on Thursday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
“Swansea Bay: Wind plans
In addition to tidal power, construction of an offshore windfarm in the Bay has been approved,[9] but construction has now been deferred owing to the costs involved. The windfarm was to have been sited at Scarweather Sands, about 5 km (3 mi) off the coast and visible from Porthcawl.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Bay

Swansea Bay and the Full Moon, Tuesday, October 3, 2017
Ing’s Poem on the Killing in Las Vegas, USA
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 A delicate full moon
Appear in the grey Swansea Bay Sky
To say
“Hello World!”
“How are you?”
Sad news from America
They love their guns more than their lives
I will keep watching you
I hope one day
All of you will look at me
With happiness in a peaceful world

My sadness goes out to all the people who perished and who were wounded.

“Wake up America!!!!!!!”

The British Countryside
My husband’s beloved country, Wales, United Kingdom
Ing & John Travel to Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom

Fortunately, we had our computers, so John was working on rewriting his play. I was checking on the photographs that I took from Newark to Swansea. I selected them for posting on Google+ and my website after I was able to connect to the internet. But meanwhile John went to the Swansea Library computer section to get information on “Renewable energy in the United Kingdom” a few days ago before he got sick. I enjoyed reading the history of old and new technology development in Britain. I thought we should learn from British science technology. A lot of important scientists came from this country. So many Scientists all over the world have contributed to the benefit of mankind. We should share the knowledge with each other to develop a better world rather than create wars fighting among countries or fighting in your own country among each other. Can you imagine what our world would be like? We could instead concentrate on fighting a common enemy, the little germs that cause our sickness.
On Thursday and Friday, the weather turned nice with sunshine. We both went to the backyard baking in the sun for a little while.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, October 7, 2017
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy_in_the_United_Kingdom

The British Countryside

Unfortunately, starting from the first day, September 26, when we arrived in our Swansea house, I got sick with a very bad cold. On Friday, September 29 John took me to Singleton Hospital. We waited for a while for an available Doctor to attend to me. She checked my ears, lungs and throat and said no chest congestion. She wrote a prescription for me. John went to the receptionist asking for the hospital charge. The receptionist said “No charge.” This will never happen in USA. I am very thankful to the British system and how they care for their people. Before John’s mother and sister passed away they had a lot of care, the nurses come to their house to care for them. Both of them had to be taken care of hospital for an extended period. All the care they had with zero charge.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, October 6, 2017

 

The British Countryside

John had to work hard, shopping for food and taking care of me, in return I gave him my cold. John had a symptom of cold on Saturday, September 30, and getting worse on Sunday. Looking outside by the kitchen bay window, the sky was cloudy with drizzly rain, and was damp and cold. The weather had been like this most of this first week we were here. We could not go anywhere anyway, so it was a good time to be sick and have a warm cup of tea in the comfort of bed at home.
 
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, October 6, 2017

The British Countryside

Fortunately, we had our computers, so John was working on rewriting his play. I was checking on the photographs that I took from Newark to Swansea. I selected them for posting on Google+ and my website after I was able to connect to the internet. But meanwhile John went to the Swansea Library computer section to get information on “Renewable energy in the United Kingdom
On Thursday and Friday, the weather turned nice with sunshine. We both went to the backyard baking in the sun for a little while.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, October 7, 2017
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy_in_the_United_Kingdom

 

The British Countryside
My husband’s beloved country, Wales, United Kingdom

I love the British neat and clean countryside. Nice tall trees and shrubs along the way of the bus ride to Swansea. I spotted some large area of farmland filled with solar panels. When I saw them a second time I asked John, “What are they?” He said it is a “Solar Farm”. When I saw them again I could not get the photograph because the bus went passed too quickly. I am very interested in new technologies. I appreciate that our Google+ community has a lot of technology information including Street Art, scenery and other things.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, October 6, 2017

Ocean power

Due to the island location of the UK, the country has great potential for generating electricity from wave power and tidal power.
To date, wave and tidal power have received very little money for development and consequently have not yet been exploited on a significant commercial basis due to doubts over their economic viability in the UK.[33] The European Marine Energy Centre in Orkney operates a grid connected wave power scheme at Billia Croo outside Stromness and a grid connected tidal test side in a narrow channel between the Westray Firth and Stronsay Firth.[34]
Funding for the UK’s first wave farm was announced by then Scottish Executive in February 2007. It will be the world’s largest, with a capacity of 3 MW generated by four Pelamis machines and a cost of over 4 million pounds.[35] In the south of Scotland,investigations have taken place into a Tidal Power scheme involving the construction of a Solway Barage, possibly located south of Annan.
A Wave farm project to harness Wave power, using the PB150 PowerBuoy has been completed by Ocean Power Technologiesin Scotland and is under development off Cornwall at Wave Hub.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy_in_the_United_Kingdom

 

The British Countryside

From the mid-1990s renewable energy began to contribute to the electricity generated in the United Kingdom, adding to a small hydroelectricity generating capacity. The total of all renewable electricity sources provided for 14.9% of the electricity generated in the United Kingdom in 2013,[3] reaching 53.7 TWh of electricity generated. In the second quarter of 2015, renewable electricity generation exceeded 25% and coal generation for the first time.[4]
Renewable energy contributions to meeting the UK’s 15% target reduction in total energy consumption by 2020, in accordance with the 2009 EU Renewable Directive, totalled 5.2% in 2013 as measured in accordance with the methodology set out in the Directive.[3] By 2016 provisional calculations show that the figure had risen again to 8.3 per cent of energy consumption (all sources) coming from renewable sources in 2015.[5]
Interest in renewable energy in the UK has increased in recent years due to new UK and EU targets for reductions in carbon emissions and the promotion of renewable electricity power generation through commercial incentives such as the Renewable Obligation Certificate scheme (ROCs) and Feed in tariffs (FITs) and the promotion of renewable heat through the Renewable Heat Incentive. Historically hydroelectric schemes were the largest producers of renewable electricity in the UK, but these have now been surpassed by wind power schemes, for which the UK has large potential resources.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy_in_the_United_Kingdom

Swansea Castle on Thursday, October 9, 2017
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
“Swansea Castle (Welsh: Castell Abertawe) is located in the city centre of Swansea, Wales, UK. It was founded by Henry de Beaumont in 1107[1] as the caput of the lordship of Gower. The castle is now ruined and only two blocks remain, though the site has been improved in the 2010s for use as a public space.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Castle

 

Swansea Castle
Henry de Beaumont was granted the Lordship of Gower in 1106 and he began to solidify the control of the Normans in the area.[4] A timber castle existed in Swansea in 1116, when it was recorded as being attacked by Welsh forces who destroyed the outer defences.[4]
The original castle seems to have been a sub-rectangular/oval enclosure overlooking the River Tawe on the east, surrounded on the north, west and south sides by a larger sub-rectangular outer bailey. The inner bailey probably contained a motte but the other view is that it was a ring work.[5] The motte (or ring work) was 52 metres (171 ft) in diameter (only second in size to Cardiff Castle) and survived to the early 20th century.

The castle was besieged in 1192 by Rhys ap Gruffydd, Prince of Deheubarth. Despite 10 weeks of starvation the castle was saved.[4]
After various other unsuccessful attacks the castle fell in 1217 but was restored to the English in 1220 as part of the settlement between Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and Henry III of England.

Swansea Castle
The castle was rebuilt in stone, probably between 1221 and 1284 (described now as the “New Castle”),[3] firstly the inner castle with at least one tower, finally the large outer bailey.
The only visible remains today, two sides of the rectangular South East corner of the “new castle”‘s outer bailey, were built in the late 13th or early 14th century. The south face (which ends in a tall garderobe tower) is capped with an elegant series of arcades at the wall-head, which are similar to structures at the Bishop of Saint David’s palaces at Lamphey and St David’s.

Swansea Castle
14th to 19th centuries
By the 14th century the castle was losing its military importance. Alina de Mowbray ruled the Gower until 1331 when her son John de Mowbray took over as Lord of Gower.[7] He was probably responsible for adding the arcaded parapet walk to the castle.[7]
Despite the Welsh rebellion led by Owain Glyndwr, which saw a number of English castles attacked in the early years of the 1400s, it is not known whether Swansea fell to these forces. Swansea Castle’s account books only record that two men were sent north to gather intelligence on Glyndwr’s activities.[8]

Swansea Castle
14th to 19th centuries
The castle owners were subsequently absentee landlords. By 1650 the castle was described as “a decayed Buildinge”.[9] By the 1670s the square tower was being used as a bottle factory and, in 1700, a town hall was built in the castle courtyard. By the mid 1700s the Great Hall had become Swansea’s workhouse.[9] The town hall was replaced by a post office in the 1800s and, by 1850, a military Drill Room had replaced the workhouse. The River Tawe, which had flowed near to the castle, was straightened and diverted during the 1840s.[2]

Swansea Castle
20th and 21st centuries
Part of the interior of the castle, in particular the large motte, was demolished 1909-13[10] for the construction of a newspaper office. In the very early 1930s, poet Dylan Thomas worked for the South Wales Daily Post at the castle site.[11] The newspaper offices were removed in 1976[11] and the remains of the castle were later consolidated and opened up to view from the street.
As a Scheduled Ancient Monument, it was given a Grade I heritage listing in 1952.[12]
The castle were fenced off and only opened to the public on rare occasions, most recently for public tours in 2012 to coincide with St Davids Day.[13] In the early 2010s a project was launched, funded by the European Regional Development Fund and Welsh Government, to open up the castle to the public on a more permanent basis with a stone paved courtyard and information panels. Demountable stairs were planned, to access the upper floors. The intention was to have public tours, events such as markets and for the castle to feature as part of a Swansea castle trail.[14]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Castle

 

Swansea Castle
When I saw people climb up the castle wall I thought it was a climbing sport activity. I asked John “Do they climb up the castle wall for sport? John said “They are doing repair work and getting rid of the weeds that growing on top of the castle wall.” It was a lucky moment to see people working on the castle.
Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Thursday, October 12, 2017

The Informational Poster in front of Swansea Castle, Swansea, Wales, UK
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
“History: The first castles
Henry de Beaumont was granted the Lordship of Gower in 1106 and he began to solidify the control of the Normans in the area.[4] A timber castle existed in Swansea in 1116, when it was recorded as being attacked by Welsh forces who destroyed the outer defences.[4]
The original castle seems to have been a sub-rectangular/oval enclosure overlooking the River Tawe on the east, surrounded on the north, west and south sides by a larger sub-rectangular outer bailey. The inner bailey probably contained a motte but the other view is that it was a ring work.[5] The motte (or ring work) was 52 metres (171 ft) in diameter (only second in size to Cardiff Castle) and survived to the early 20th century.[6]
The castle was besieged in 1192 by Rhys ap Gruffydd, Prince of Deheubarth. Despite 10 weeks of starvation the castle was saved.[4]
After various other unsuccessful attacks the castle fell in 1217 but was restored to the English in 1220 as part of the settlement between Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and Henry III of England.
The castle was rebuilt in stone, probably between 1221 and 1284 (described now as the “New Castle”),[3] firstly the inner castle with at least one tower, finally the large outer bailey.
The only visible remains today, two sides of the rectangular South East corner of the “new castle”‘s outer bailey, were built in the late 13th or early 14th century. The south face (which ends in a tall garderobe tower) is capped with an elegant series of arcades at the wall-head, which are similar to structures at the Bishop of Saint David’s palaces at Lamphey and St David’s.”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_Castle

 

A group of young people gathering at Swansea Center, Swansea, Wales, UK

“Swansea city centre in Swansea, Wales, contains the main shopping, leisure and nightlife district in Swansea. The city centre covers much of the Castle ward including the area around Oxford Street, Castle Square, and the Quadrant Shopping Centre; Alexandra Road, High Street, Wind Street and the Castle; Parc Tawe; and the Maritime Quarter extending down to the seafront.[1]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swansea_City_Centre

Go to the top

Trip To Swansea In My Husband’s Motherland , Wales – Part 1

Ing and John traveled to Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom on September 25 – October 26, 2017.
Artwork at Newark Liberty Airport in the check in area of Air India.
On the Chinese New Year, one can see the festival and celebration from the Dragon Dancing Parade. The Chinese love the dragon symbol in red, which is a favorite color of the Chinese. This artwork reminded me of a Welsh dragon. We had some time left before we went into the gate for boarding. I enjoyed taking photographs of this artwork. We selected Air India because it was the most economical ticket fare and John loves Indian food, me too.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, January 14, 2018

Artwork at Newark Liberty Airport, New Jersey, United States

Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 

Ing & John Traveled to Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom on September 25 – October 26, 2017.

We arrived in Newark Liberty Airport, Newark, New Jersey at about 5 p.m. on Monday 25, for checking in which started at 6:30 pm. We saw a scene of nice sunset sky outside area of Air India’s glass windows.

The reflection of the television screen appeared in the sunset sky of the scene looking out of Newark Liberty Airport, Newark in the check in area of Air India.

Beautiful Sunset Sky, the scene looking out of Newark Liberty Airport,  in the check in area of Air India.

John and I were busy packing again. This time we were heading to Swansea, South Wales, the UK. John was born in Swansea, and most of his family lived there for most of their lives. “No Place Like Home”, it is John’s beloved country.

Ing & John Traveled to Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom on September 25 – October 26, 2017.

The route from Newark Liberty Airport, Newark, New Jersey, USA To Heathrow, London, UK
We boarded and the airplane took off at about 10:30 p.m. The flight attendants started to serve the food and drinks, after our bellies were satisfied by Indian food, John enjoyed checking the movies and I enjoyed learning about flight information.
The airplane from Newark passed over Boston, Windsor, Bay Roberts, Montreal and crossed Atlantic Ocean heading to Amsterdam.

At one point, I opened the flight information. It showed that outside air temperature was -540 degrees Centigrade. I thought if any one drops out of the airplane; the body probably be frozen instantly.

“Heathrow Airport originated in 1929 as a small airfield (Great West Aerodrome) on land south-east of the hamlet of Heathrowfrom which the airport takes its name. At that time there were farms, market gardens and orchards there: there was a “Heathrow Farm” about where Terminal 1 is now, a “Heathrow Hall” and a “Heathrow House”. This hamlet was largely along a country lane (Heathrow Road) which ran roughly along the east and south edges of the present central terminals area.
Development of the whole Heathrow area as a very much larger airport began in 1944: it was stated to be for long-distance military aircraft bound for the Far East. But by the time the airfield was nearing completion, World War II had ended. The government continued to develop the airport as a civil airport; it opened as London Airport in 1946 and was renamed Heathrow Airport in 1966. The masterplan[clarification needed] for the airport was designed by Sir Frederick Gibberd, who designed the original terminals and central area buildings, including the original control tower and the multi-faith chapel of St George’s.”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heathrow_Airport

This flight information showed that the airplane passed through Waterford and Wexford of Island, crossed the Celtic sea passing over South Wales. John said “We should get off here then we do not have to go to Heathrow, London. Save us time and money to ride the bus for five hours from Heathrow to Swansea. For better or worse, we have to follow the system, it was the flight route. We finally reached to our destination, Heathrow Airport, London. The trip duration was about six hours.

“Heathrow Airport is used by over 80 airlines flying to 185 destinations in 84 countries. The airport is the primary hub of British Airways and is a base for Virgin Atlantic. It has four passenger terminals (numbered 2 to 5) and a cargo terminal. Of Heathrow’s 73.4 million passengers in 2014, 93% were international travellers; the remaining 7% were bound for (or arriving from) places in the UK.[9] The busiest single destination in passenger numbers is New York, with over 3 million passengers flying between Heathrow and JFK Airport in 2013.[10]”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heathrow_Airport

“Heathrow is 14 mi (23 km) west of central London,[3] near the south end of the London Borough of Hillingdon on a parcel of land that is designated part of the Metropolitan Green Belt. The airport is surrounded by the built-up areas of Harlington, Harmondsworth, Longford and Cranford to the north and by Hounslow and Hatton to the east. To the south lie Bedfont and Stanwell while to the west Heathrow is separated from Slough in Berkshire by the M25 motorway. Heathrow falls entirely under the TW postcode area.
As the airport is west of London and as its runways run east–west, an airliner’s landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of London when the wind is from the west.
Along with Gatwick, Stansted, Luton, Southend and London City, Heathrow is one of six airports with scheduled services serving the London area, although only Heathrow and London City are within Greater London.

Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow)[2] (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom. Heathrow is the second busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic (surpassed by Dubai International in 2014), as well as the busiest airport in Europe by passenger traffic, and the seventh busiest airport in the world by total passenger traffic. In 2016, it handled a record 75.7 million passengers, a 1.0% increase from 2015.[1]
Heathrow lies 14 miles (23 km) west of Central London,[3] and has two parallel east–west runways along with four operational terminals on a site that covers 12.27 square kilometres (4.74 sq mi). The airport is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings, which itself is owned by FGP TopCo Limited, an international consortium led by Ferrovialthat also includes Qatar Holding LLC, Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec, Government of Singapore Investment Corporation, Alinda Capital Partners, China Investment Corporation and Universities Superannuation Scheme (USS).[4] London Heathrow is the primary hub for British Airways and the primary operating base for Virgin Atlantic.
In September 2012, the UK government established the Airports Commission, an independent commission chaired by Sir Howard Davies to examine various options for increasing capacity at UK airports. In July 2015, the commission backed a third runway at Heathrow and the government”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heathrow_Airport

We took the elevator to the Bus Terminal where we saw the Welcome Posters. I wonder after the Brexit, if the British will still welcome foreigners.

“Brexit (/?br?ks?t/ or /?br??z?t/) is the popular term for the prospective withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).[1]
In a referendum on 23 June 2016, 51.9% of the participating UK electorate voted to leave the EU. On 29 March 2017, the British government invoked Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union. The UK is thus on course to leave the EU on Friday, 29 March 2019.[2]
Prime Minister Theresa May announced that the UK would not seek permanent membership of the single market or the customs union after leaving the EU[3][4] and promised to repeal the European Communities Act of 1972 and incorporate existing European Union law into UK domestic law.[5] Negotiations with the EU officially started in June 2017.
The UK joined the European Communities in 1973,[6][7] with membership confirmed by a referendum in 1975. In the 1970s and 1980s, withdrawal from the EC was advocated mainly by Labour Party and trade union figures. From the 1990s, the main advocates of withdrawal were the newly founded UK Independence Party (UKIP) and an increasing number of Eurosceptic Conservatives.”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brexit

“Brexit Historical background
Main article: History of Britain’s relationship with the European Union
In 1951, the “Inner Six” European countries signed the Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), followed shortly by the 1957 Treaties of Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). In 1967, these became known as the European Communities (EC). The UK applied to join in 1963 and 1967, but was vetoed by the French President, Charles de Gaulle.[17] After de Gaulle relinquished the French presidency the UK successfully applied for membership and the Conservative prime minister Edward Heath signed the Treaty of Accession in 1972,[18]Parliament passed the European Communities Act later in the year[19] and the UK became a member of the EC on 1 January 1973 with Denmark and Ireland.[20]
The opposition Labour Party contested the October 1974 general election with a commitment to renegotiate Britain’s terms of membership of the EC and then hold a referendum on whether to remain in the EC on the new terms.[21] After Labour won the election the United Kingdom held its first ever national referendum on whether the UK should remain in the European Communities in 1975. Despite significant division within the ruling Labour Party[22] all major political parties and the mainstream press supported continuing membership of the EC. On 5 June 1975, 67.2% of the electorate and all but two[23] UK counties and regions voted to stay in[24] and support for the UK to leave the EC in 1975 appears unrelated to the support for Leave in the 2016 referendum.[25]”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brexit

“Brexit: Comparison of results of 1975 and 2016 referendums
The Labour Party campaigned in the 1983 general election on a commitment to withdraw from the EC without a referendum[26] although after a heavy defeat Labour changed its policy.[26] In 1985 the Thatcher government ratified the Single European Act—the first major revision to the Treaty of Rome- without a referendum.
In October 1990, under pressure from senior ministers and despite Margaret Thatcher’s deep reservations, the United Kingdom joined the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM), with the pound sterling pegged to the deutschmark. Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister the following month, amid Conservative Party divisions arising partly from her increasingly Eurosceptic views. The United Kingdom and Italy were forced to withdraw from the ERM in September 1992, after the pound sterling and the lira came under pressure (“Black Wednesday”).[27]
Under the Maastricht Treaty, the European Communities became the European Union on 1 November 1993,[28] reflecting the evolution of the organisation from an economic union into a political union.[29]”

For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brexit

We saw a lot of sparrows at the bus terminal welcoming the food given to them. Hopefully they were also welcoming us.

“Brexit: Consequences of withdrawal for the United Kingdom[edit]
Immigration[edit]
Long term[edit]
Immigration was cited as the second-most important reason for those voting to Leave. However, some forecasts indicate that immigration ?ows to the UK will remain relatively high after Brexit.[141] KPMG – based on a survey of 2,000 EU workers in UK – estimates that about a million of EU citizens working in the UK, see their future in Britain as over or hanging in the balance[142].
Immediate effects[edit]
Official figures in March 2017 indicated that EU immigration to the UK continued to exceed emigration, but the difference between immigration and emigration (“net migration”) had fallen to its lowest for three years.[143] The number of EU nurses registering with the NHS fell from 1,304 in July 2016 to 46 in April 2017.[144]
Economic effects[edit]
Main article: Economic effects of Brexit
During the referendum, the economic arguments were a major area of debate. Most economists, including the UK Treasury, argued that being in the EU has a strong positive effect on trade and as a result the UK’s trade would be worse off if it left the EU.[145][146] Others argued for the benefits of being free of EU “red tape” regulations and from going the full route of complete free trade. Additionally, not contributing to the EU budget would improve the budget and allowing tax cuts or higher government spending.[147]
After the referendum, the Institute for Fiscal Studies published a report funded by the Economic and Social Research Council which warned that Britain would lose up to £70 billion in reduced economic growth if it didn’t retain Single Market membership, with new trade deals unable to make up the difference.[148] One of these areas is financial services, which are helped by EU-wide “passporting” for financial products, which the Financial Times estimates indirectly accounts for up to 71,000 jobs and 10 billion pounds of tax annually,[149] and some banks have announced plans to relocate some of their operations outside the UK.[150]
On 5 January 2017, Andy Haldane, the Chief Economist and the Executive Director of Monetary Analysis and Statistics at the Bank of England, admitted that forecasts predicting an economic downturn due to the referendum were inaccurate and noted strong market performance after the referendum,[151][152][153] although some have pointed to prices rising faster than wages.[154]
Brexit requires relocating the offices and staff of the European Medicines Agency and European Banking Authority, currently based in London.[155] The EU is also investigating the feasibility of restricting the clearing of euro-denominated trades to Eurozone jurisdictions, attempting to end London’s dominance in this sector.[156]
Effect on academic research[edit]
Main article: Brexit and arrangements for science and technology
The UK received more from the EU for research than it contributed[157] with universities getting just over 10% of their research income from the EU.[158] All funding for net beneficiaries from the EU, including universities, was guaranteed by the government in August 2016.[159] Before the funding announcement, a newspaper investigation reported that some research projects were reluctant to include British researchers due to uncertainties over funding.[160]
Currently the UK is part of the European Research Area and the UK is likely to wish to remain an associated member.[161]
Scotland[edit]
As predicted before the referendum,[162] the Scottish Government announced that officials were planning a second independence referendum on the day after the UK voted to leave and Scotland voted to stay.[163] In March 2017, the SNP leader and First Minister Nicola Sturgeon requested a second Scottish independence referendum for 2018 to 2019 (before Brexit is expected to take effect).[164] The Prime Minister immediately rejected the requested timing (although not the referendum itself).[165] The referendum was approved by the Scottish Parliament on 28 March 2017. Sturgeon is calling for a “phased return” of an independent Scotland back to the EU.[166]
After the referendum, Nicola Sturgeon also stated that Scotland might refuse consent for legislation required to leave the EU,[167] though some lawyers argue that Scotland cannot block Brexit.[168]
International agreements[edit]
The Financial Times approximates there to be 759 international agreements, spanning 168 non-EU countries, that the UK would no longer be a party to upon leaving the EU.[169] This figure does not include World Trade Organisation or United Nations opt-in accords, and excludes “narrow agreements”, which may have to be renegotiated as well.[169]
Options for continuing relationship with the EU[edit]
Main article: Continuing UK relationship with the EU
The UK’s post-Brexit relationship with the remaining EU members could take several forms. A research paper presented to the UK Parliament in July 2013 proposed a number of alternatives to membership which would continue to allow access to the EU internal market. These include remaining in the European Economic Area,[170]negotiating deep bilateral agreements on the Swiss model,[170] or exit from the EU without EEA membership or a trade agreement under the WTO Option. There may be an interim deal between the time the UK leaves the EU and when the final relationship comes in force.
Relations with the Republic of Ireland[edit]

The UK/Republic of Ireland border at Killeen marked only by a speed sign marked in km/h
The Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom as a whole share, since the 1920s, a Common Travel Areawithout border controls. According to statements by Theresa May and Enda Kenny, it is intended to maintain this arrangement.[171] After Brexit, in order to prevent illegal migration across the open Northern Irish land border into the United Kingdom, the Irish and British governments suggested in October 2016 a plan whereby British border controls would be applied to Irish ports and airports. This would prevent a “hard border” arising between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.[172]However, this agreement was never official and was met by opposition from political parties in the Republic of Ireland,[173] and there is still great uncertainty in relation to a ‘hard border’ between the Republic and Northern Ireland.[174]
On 23 March 2017, it was confirmed that British immigration officials would not be allowed to use Irish ports and airports in order to combat immigration concerns following Brexit.[175] A referendum for the reunification of Ireland was suggested by Sinn Féin leader Martin McGuinness immediately after the UK EU referendum results were announced.[176] Creating a border control system between Ireland and Northern Ireland could jeopardise the Good Friday Agreement established in 1998.[177] In April 2017 the European Council agreed that, in the event of Irish reunification, Northern Ireland would rejoin the EU.[178]
Border with France[edit]
The President of the Regional Council of Hauts-de-France, Xavier Bertrand, stated in February 2016 that “If Britain leaves Europe, right away the border will leave Calais and go to Dover. We will not continue to guard the border for Britain if it’s no longer in the European Union,” indicating that the juxtaposed controls would end with a leave vote. French Finance Minister Emmanuel Macron also suggested the agreement would be “threatened” by a leave vote.[179] These claims have been disputed, as the Le Touquet 2003 treaty enabling juxtaposed controls was not an EU treaty, and would not be legally void upon leaving.[180]
After the Brexit vote, Xavier Bertrand asked François Hollande to renegotiate the Touquet agreement,[181] which can be terminated by either party with two years’ notice.[182] Hollande rejected the suggestion, and said: “Calling into question the Touquet deal on the pretext that Britain has voted for Brexit and will have to start negotiations to leave the Union doesn’t make sense.” Bernard Cazeneuve, the French Interior Minister, confirmed there would be “no changes to the accord”. He said: “The border at Calais is closed and will remain so.”[183]
Gibraltar and Spain[edit]
Main article: Gibraltar after Brexit
During the campaign leading up to the referendum[184] the Chief Minister of Gibraltar warned that Brexit posed a threat to Gibraltar’s safety.[185] Gibraltar overwhelmingly voted to remain in the EU. After the result Spain’s Foreign Minister renewed calls for joint Spanish–British control of the peninsula.[186] These calls were strongly rebuffed by Gibraltar’s Chief Minister[187] and questions were raised over the future of free-flowing traffic at the Gibraltar–Spain border.[188] The British government states it will only negotiate on the sovereignty of Gibraltar with the consent of its people.[189]”
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brexit

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Welcome To My Beloved Country, Thailand part 20

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road

Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

I went to Thailand to visit my family for two months, from July and August 2017.  I did not visit home since 2006.  I was glad to see my family.  I enjoyed seeing all new development in Bangkok and loved eating authentic Thai food, especially Thai fruits.

I had a chance to visit my home town, Lopburi, where I was raised when I was young, before we moved to Bangkok.  I traveled to Ayutthaya to see the ruins of temples that were burned by Burmese soldiers, when the Burmese wanted to take over Thailand, The Burmese–Siamese War (1765–1767).  Ayutthaya was one of the former capitals of Thailand before moved to, Thonburi and then Bangkok.  I also traveled to, Chiang Mai, located in the Northern part of Thailand.  Chiang Mai is the second largest and second most popular city of Thailand.

John, my husband came to Thailand in August.  He joined me traveling to different part of Thailand.  I had a good time taking videos and photographs wherever I traveled around Bangkok and other part of Thailand.  I hope the viewers of my website will enjoy the photographs that I present in these projects.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Thursday, October 26, 2017

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

 

 Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand

“Ratchada is overwhelmingly modern but with a less built-up, more out of town feel than, say, Sukhumvit. Distinctive landmarks along Ratchadaphisek Road include the well-known Thailand Cultural Centre, local nightclubs and pubs, as well as department stores and value-for-money hotels. Located just to the north of the downtown metropolitan area, it runs parallel to Viphavadi Rangsit Road to the east, stretching northwards all the way from the end of Asok Road (Sukumvit Soi 21) to Lad Phrao Road. In recent years it’s gained something of a reputation for being an affordable nightlife spot – although this is more among locals than the expat or holiday crowd. It is extremely well-served by the MRT underground.”

For more information please visit the following link:

http://www.bangkok.com/ratchadapisek/#

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand

Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

The subway (MRT) follows Ratchadaphisek Road, making it safe and easy to connect between shops, restaurants and hotels. The two major cultural attractions in the area are Siam Niramit and Thailand Cultural Center. These are great venues for first-time visitors to learn about Thai traditions and art, and the presentation includes enough excitement and special effects to interest children.

Hotels in Ratchadaphisek are large and especially popular with Chinese and Japanese tourists. Prices are affordable in Ratchadaphisek, and since guests have access to the subway they can easily connect to the Grand Palace or the Sukhumvit area easily.

For more information please visit the following link:

https://www.agoda.com/ratchadaphisek/maps/bangkok-th.html?cid=-218

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand

“Ratchadapisek is situated to the north of metropolitan area. Ratchadapisek Road runs parallel to Viphavadi Rangsit Road from Lad Prao to Sukumvit’s Soi Asoke 21. Ratchadapisek is within the area of the Thai Cultural Center, several leading department stores, and a wide selection of entertainment venues. Transportation access into and out of Bangkok from here is easy and there are good connections to the eastern seaboard. From 6:00 PM onwards, along Silom Road are numerous street bazaars selling everything from cloths, to watches and souvenirs. To complete your entertainment options, there’s a good choice of pubs and restaurants and Patpong is just around the corner. The Chatuchak weekend market is one Bangkok’s most famous markets. It is popular with locals and visitors alike, looking for a bargain from everything such as discount clothes and souvenirs, to ornate Thai handcrafts.”

For more information please visit the following link:

http://www.bangkok.com/ratchadapisek/#

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand

Ratchadaphisek is north of Sukhumvit and is a busy commercial and entertainment district. Accommodation on Ratchadaphisek Road has great access to restaurants, malls and nightclubs. Lots of students, young Bangkok office workers and expat teachers call this part of the city home.

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
The subway (MRT) follows Ratchadaphisek Road, making it safe and easy to connect between shops, restaurants and hotels. The two major cultural attractions in the area are Siam Niramit and Thailand Cultural Center. These are great venues for first-time visitors to learn about Thai traditions and art, and the presentation includes enough excitement and special effects to interest children.

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

 

 Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
Ratchadaphisek is north of Sukhumvit and is a busy commercial and entertainment district. Accommodation on Ratchadaphisek Road has great access to restaurants, malls and nightclubs. Lots of students, young Bangkok office workers and expat teachers call this part of the city home.

For more information please visit the following link:
https://www.agoda.com/ratchadaphisek/maps/bangkok-th.html?cid=-218

 

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand

Ratchadaphisek Road is a major road in Bangkok, Thailand. Conceived in 1971 and opened in 1976, it connects earlier portions including Asok Montri, Wong Sawang and Charan Sanitwong Roads to form the city’s inner ring road system. Name of road come from the celebration 25th year of a monarch’s reign of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

Ratchadaphisek Road crosses major traffic arteries such as Sukhumvit Road and Sirat Expressway.

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
Photograph by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts
Ratchadaphisek Road is a major road in Bangkok, Thailand. Conceived in 1971 and opened in 1976, it connects earlier portions including Asok Montri, Wong Sawang and Charan Sanitwong Roads to form the city’s inner ring road system. Name of road come from the celebration 25th year of a monarch’s reign of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
Ratchadaphisek Road crosses major traffic arteries such as Sukhumvit Road and Sirat Expressway.
For more information please visit the following link:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ratchadaphisek_Road

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
“By public transit: Since 2004, Ratchadaphisek has been completely served by the MRT metro system. The line exactly follows Ratchadaphisek Road with plenty of stops on it. If you are coming from Silom, Sukhumvit, Siam Square or Yaowarat and Phahurat, the metro is definitely the most convenient way to get in. The stations are, from south to north, Phetchaburi, Phra Ram 9, Thailand Cultural Centre, Huai Khwang, Sutthisan and Ratchadaphisek. The metro ride from Sukhumvit station takes about five to ten minutes, while the ride from Si Lom station takes about ten to fifteen minutes. Trains leave every five to ten minutes for a fare of about 16 to 41 baht.”

For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

 Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017

Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
By boat: Ratchadaphisek is not easy to reach by boat, but the Saen Saep Express Boat service does have some stops at the south side of the district. It generally is the fastest way to get into Ratchadaphisek if coming from Rattanakosin, Khao San Road or Dusit. A single trip from Rattanakosin to the district takes about 30 minutes (including a transfer at Pratunam pier) and costs around 8 to 20 baht. The most important pier is Asoke-Petchaburi, which is at walking distance of Ratchadaphisek Road. From there it is possible to transfer to the metro at nearby Phetchaburi MRT station. If you’re heading for Royal City Avenue (RCA), you can get out at Wat Mai Chonglom pier. Other piers that border the district are Prasanmit, Italthai, Soi Thonglor and Charn Issara. All of these piers are served by the NIDA Line, which starts at Pratunam pier and runs all the way northeast to Ramkhamhaeng. 

For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

 

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
By bus: There are about 20 bus lines covering Ratchadaphisek Road. Ordinary and air-conditioned bus 136 starts at the Khlong Toei Market (near Sukhumvit) and then follows the MRT northwards, along the Queen Sirikit National Convention Centre, Asoke Road and Ratchadaphisek Road. It passes Sutthisan, Lat Phrao and Phahon Yothin MRT stations before heading for Chatuchak Weekend Market and the Northern Bus Terminal (Mo Chit). Ordinary and air-conditioned bus 206 also runs from Asoke Road north, along Ratchadaphisek Road to the intersection with Phahonyothin Road. Ordinary and air-conditioned bus 514 traverses Silom Road and drives along Ratchadamri Road, Ratchaprarop Road, Victory Monument and Din Daeng Road to the intersection with Asoke Road, where it heads north along Ratchadaphisek Road to the intersection with Lat Phrao Road. 

For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

 

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22, 2017
Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand
By taxi: You can also pull over a taxi — it’s okay to say Ratchada (“RAHT-cha-dah” ?????), as everybody abbreviates it. Taxis are a comfortable way of getting around Ratchadaphisek, especially if you have to be in one of its sois, which can be complicated to navigate in. A ride from Sukhumvit should not cost you more than 115 baht, while a ride from Silom should not cost you more than 150 baht. The Expressway is another option, which will be an additional 50 baht, but cuts significant time from the transit in some cases. 

For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

Street Art on Ratchadaphisek Road, Bangkok, Thailand on Saturday, July 22,2017
Thai Life Permanent Exhibition Hall , Thailand Cultural Centre, Walthana Tham Rd (MRT Thailand Cultural Centre), ? +66 2 247-0028, [1]. M-F 09:30-16:30. This venue displays the history of the Thai people and the different aspects of Thai culture, as developed from pre-historic times up to the present day. It mostly focuses on the struggle the Thai people have overcome throughout history to stay independent. The exhibition is divided into five topics covering the history of Thai culture, important archaeological sites in Thailand, world civilization, the origins of the Thais, and Thai language and literature. The information is told in a presentation using computer generated imagery, photography, slide-presentations and even puppets. Free.

For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

 

“Cultural performances: The area around Thailand Cultural Centre is the place to go for cultural performances. Siam Niramit is one of the best traditional Thai shows in Bangkok.

Golden Dome Cabaret, 252/5 Ratchadaphisek Soi 18 (MRT Sutthisan, then a short taxi-ride), ? +66 2 692-8202(-5). Showtime 17:00, 19:00 and 22:00 daily. Another one of Bangkok’s typical ladyboy shows. Three shows are given every evening.

Siam Niramit, 19 Tiamruammit Rd (MRT Thailand Cultural Centre, it is diagonally across from the Thailand Cultural Centre), ? +66 2 649-9222, [7]. Showtime 20:00 daily. This is a state-of-the-art cultural performances centre, which uses modern technology integrated with old fashioned drama to depict the history of each region of Thailand. The story also includes depictions of hells, the forest of Himmaphan, heavens and lands beyond imagination from Thai literature, all of which are influenced by Thai common beliefs. There is also a spectacular performance of Thailand’s arts and cultural heritage. The show is staged by more than 150 performers. 1,500 baht.”

 For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

Cultural performances: Thailand Cultural Centre, Walthana Tham Rd (MRT Thailand Cultural Centre), ? +66 2 247-0028, [8]. The Thailand Cultural Centre is a fully integrated venue for social education and cultural activities. There aren’t many foreigners in this area, so most of the shows are aimed at local visitors. It is a world-class centre that has room for more than 2,000 visitors. There’s always something on, most of the time (inter)national symphony orchestra performances, but most foreigners come over to see a traditional Thai cultural show. You might want to call in first and find out about the current programme before heading out.

For more information please visit the following link:

https://wikitravel.org/en/Bangkok/Ratchadaphisek

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