Biden lays out foreign policy priorities at Munich summit, TED – John Kerry, the US Special Envoy for Climate & Al Gore to discuss the make-or-break decade ahead of us, Countdown – A global initiative to accelerate solutions to the climate crisis
PBS News: WATCH LIVE: Biden lays out foreign policy priorities at Munich summit, 2.19.2021
On his first day as president, Joe Biden signed a letter of acceptance that set in motion the 30-day process for the United States to re-join the Paris Agreement on climate. On the day the US returns to the accord, John Kerry, the US Special Envoy for Climate, sits down with Nobel Laureate Al Gore to discuss the make-or-break decade ahead of us. Listen as Kerry lays out how the US fits into the global plan to get to net-zero emissions, explains why the COP26 UN climate conference could be humanity’s “last best hope” to build international momentum and explores the role of business and youth activists in promoting environmental justice. (This interview features an introduction from Christiana Figueres, the principal architect of the Paris Agreement.)
“This decade is a moment of choice unlike any we have ever lived,” says Christiana Figueres, the architect of the historic 2015 Paris Agreement. The daughter of Costa Rica’s beloved President José Figueres Ferrer, she shares how her father’s unwillingness to lose the country he loved taught her how stubborn optimism can catalyze action and change. With an unshakeable determination to fight for the generations that will come after us, Figueres describes what stubborn optimism is (and isn’t) — and urges everyone to envision and work for the future they want for humanity.
This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.
Why has there been so little mention of saving Black lives from the climate emergency? For too long, racial justice efforts have been distinguished from climate justice work, says David Lammy, Member of Parliament for Tottenham, England. In a stirring talk about building a new movement to care for the planet, Lammy calls for inclusion and support of Black and minority leadership on climate issues and a global recognition that we can’t solve climate change without racial, social and intergenerational justice.
This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.
For the poor and vulnerable, the health impacts of climate change are already here, says physician Cheryl Holder. Unseasonably hot temperatures, disease-carrying mosquitoes and climate gentrification threaten those with existing health conditions, while wealthier people move to higher ground. In an impassioned talk, Holder proposes impactful ways clinicians can protect their patients from climate-related health challenges — and calls on doctors, politicians and others to build a care system that incorporates economic and social justice.
This video was produced by TEDMED. TED’s editors featured it among our daily selections on the home page.
With the Climate Reality Project, Al Gore is helping mold future leaders to build the movement for climate survival and social justice from the ground up. He introduces us to four of the Project’s graduates, each of whom confronts climate change on their own terms: Ximena Loría, founder of Misión 2 Grados, an NGO influencing public policy in Central America; Nana Firman, “daughter of the rainforest” and advocate for climate justice among Indigenous peoples; Gloria Kasang Bulus, a Nigerian activist for women and education; and Tim Guinee, a first responder and climate change fighter in upstate New York. Together, they’re gathering local actors into a global, grassroots movement that aims to turn the climate fight around.
This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.
“I dream of a world where geography classes teach about the climate crisis as this one great challenge that was won by people like you and me,” says climate activist Luisa Neubauer. With Greta Thunberg, Neubauer helped initiate “Fridays For Future,” the momentous international school strike movement that protests the lack of action on the climate crisis. She shares four first steps that anyone, regardless of age, can take to become a climate activist. “This is not a job for a single generation. This is a job for humanity,” she says.
This talk was presented to a local audience at TEDxYouth@München, an independent event. TED’s editors chose to feature it for you.
In this passionate call to action, 16-year-old climate activist Greta Thunberg explains why, in August 2018, she walked out of school and organized a strike to raise awareness of global warming, protesting outside the Swedish parliament and grabbing the world’s attention. “The climate crisis has already been solved. We already have all the facts and solutions,” Thunberg says. “All we have to do is to wake up and change.”
This talk was presented to a local audience at TEDxStockholm, an independent event. TED’s editors chose to feature it for you.
Wherever you are, no matter your age, join me in my climate strike. Sit outside your parliament or local government building every Friday until your country is on a safe pathway to being well below the two-degree Celsius warming target.
“If we don’t act now on climate change, this coming century may be one of humanity’s last,” says António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations. As the world recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic, Guterres urges us to use this moment to rebuild with ambitious climate action in mind — and lays out a blueprint for getting companies, governments and countries to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. “We can only win the race to zero together,” he says. “I urge you all to get on board.”
This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.
“For the first time, we are forced to consider the real risk of destabilizing the entire planet,” says climate impact scholar Johan Rockström. In a talk backed by vivid animations of the climate crisis, he shows how nine out of the 15 big biophysical systems that regulate the climate — from the permafrost of Siberia to the great forests of the North to the Amazon rainforest — are at risk of reaching tipping points, which could make Earth uninhabitable for humanity. Hear his plan for putting the planet back on the path of sustainability over the next 10 years — and protecting the future of our children.
This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.
Biden’s Second Week in Office, Biden visits State Department to speak about U.S. foreign policy, PBS News, NBC News,NowThis News, Washington Week PBS, FRONTLINE PBS, and AXIOS
PBS News: WATCH LIVE: Biden visits State Department to speak about U.S. foreign policy, Feb. 4, 2021
PBS NewsHour Weekend Full Episode February 6, & 7 2021,
PBS NewsHour full episode, Feb. 5, 2021
Washington Week PBS: Full Episode: President Biden & Congress Push For Stimulus As the GOP Faces Reckoning, Feb 5, 2021 and Washington Week Extra: President Joe Biden’s Actions on Immigration, Feb 5, 2021
PBS News:WATCH LIVE: White House press secretary Psaki holds news briefing, Feb 4, & 5.2021
As the pandemic rages on, finding ways to mourn and remember
On this edition for Sunday, February 7, with Trump’s impeachment trial looming, Biden focuses on the pandemic and his first 100-days agenda, a look at America’s longest war, 20 years since the start of the war in Afghanistan, and, the enduring musician Stephen Malkmus on his music, pre- and post-pandemic. Hari Sreenivasan anchors from New York. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6?
PBS NewsHour Weekend Full Episode February 6, 2021
On this edition for Saturday, February 6, vaccination efforts ramp up as the U.S. reaches its one-year anniversary of the first COVID-19 death, President Biden says former President Trump should not get intel briefings, the latest finding on one of the police charged with George Floyd’s killing, and the growing popularity of legal sports betting. Hari Sreenivasan anchors from New York. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6?
Nearly a month after the insurrection at the Capitol, Republican leaders are desperate to unify their party ahead of next week’s impeachment trial of former President Donald Trump, while members of Congress are still dealing with the traumatic effects. The panel discussed the fate of the GOP, and the next steps for President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion COVID-19 relief package. PBS NewsHour Correspondent Lisa Desjardins guest moderates. Panel: Jonathan Martin of The New York Times, Alexi McCammond of AXIOS, Jake Sherman of Punchbowl News, Sabrina Siddiqui of The Wall Street Journal Watch the latest full show and Extra here: https://pbs.org/washingtonweek? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2ZEPJNs? Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonweek? Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonweek?
Washington Week Extra: President Joe Biden’s Actions on Immigration
More than 500 of the children separated from their parents at the U.S.-Mexico border under the Trump administration are still waiting to be reunited, as their parents cannot be found. The panel discussed how President Joe Biden is working to create a task force that aims to reunite the separated children, and the effectiveness of his plan. PBS NewsHour Correspondent Lisa Desjardins guest moderates. Panel: Jonathan Martin of The New York Times, Alexi McCammond of AXIOS, Jake Sherman of Punchbowl News, Sabrina Siddiqui of The Wall Street Journal Watch the latest full show and Extra here: https://pbs.org/washingtonweek? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2ZEPJNs? Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonweek? Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonweek?
WATCH LIVE: White House press secretary Psaki holds news briefing
Even as the pandemic rages on and deaths mount, communities, individuals and the federal government are finding ways to honor and keep loved ones close to their hearts. Jeffrey Brown reports for our arts and culture series, “CANVAS.” Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6
Meet The Press Broadcast (Full) – February 7th, 2021 | Meet The Press | NBC News
Sen. Bill Cassidy (R-La.) talks about the upcoming impeachment trial of former President Trump and negotiations over a Covid relief bill. Rep. Adam Schiff (D-Calif.) says Democrats aren’t worried about threats of retribution. Dr. Anthony Fauci, Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, talks about vaccine distribution. David French, María Teresa Kumar, Anna Palmer and Michael Steele join the Meet the Press roundtable. » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews
Officials urge Americans to stay home on Super Bowl Sunday, Kansas City Chiefs assistant coach under investigation ahead of Super Bowl, and bitter cold sweeps the Midwest.» Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews? NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows.
President Biden signed several executive orders and deemed the climate crisis a national security issue. We’re covering this story and more on this week’s segment with Zinhle Essamuah. » Subscribe to NowThis: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe? » Sign up for our newsletter KnowThis to get the biggest stories of the day delivered straight to your inbox: https://go.nowth.is/KnowThis? 0:00? Intro 0:09? Snowy Owl in Central Park 0:40? New COVID-19 Strains 1:35? Impeachment Trial Set to Begin 2:47? Trans Military Ban Reversal 4:15? Biden’s Climate Change Exec Orders Joe Biden made the climate crisis a priority for the Biden administration.
Hoyer Shows Marjorie Taylor Greene’s AR-15 Post on House Floor
‘I urge my colleagues to look at that image and tell me what message you think it sends’ — Rep. Steny Hoyer brought an image of Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene holding an AR-15 that she’d captioned ‘Squad’s Worst Nightmare’ onto the House floor to argue in favor of her removal from House committees. The House later voted to strip Rep. Greene of her roles on both committees in a 230-199 vote. » Subscribe to NowThis: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe? » Sign up for our newsletter KnowThis to get the biggest stories of the day delivered straight to your inbox: https://go.nowth.is/KnowThis? For more U.S. politics, subscribe to NowThis News. #StenyHoyer? #MarjorieTaylorGreene? #AR15? #Politics? #News? #NowThis?
The untold story of the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic and how China responded. This journalism is made possible by viewers like you. Support your local PBS station here: http://www.pbs.org/donate? Chinese scientists and doctors, international disease experts and health officials reveal missed opportunities to suppress the outbreak and lessons for the world in “China’s COVID Secrets.” Directed by Jane McMullen, this 90-minute documentary reveals the gulf between what China knew and what it told the world. A coproduction with the BBC. Love FRONTLINE? Find us on the PBS Video App where there are more than 300 FRONTLINE documentaries available for you to watch any time: https://to.pbs.org/FLVideoApp? #Documentary? #ChinasCOVIDSecrets? #InvestigativeDocumentary? Subscribe on YouTube: http://bit.ly/1BycsJW? Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/frontlinepbs? Twitter: https://twitter.com/frontlinepbs? Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/frontline? Funding for FRONTLINE is provided through the support of PBS viewers and by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Major funding for FRONTLINE is provided by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Ford Foundation. Additional funding is provided by the Abrams Foundation, Park Foundation, the Heising-Simons Foundation, and the FRONTLINE Journalism Fund with major support from Jon and Jo Ann Hagler on behalf of the Jon L. Hagler Foundation.
Axios AM Deep Dive: ? Beginning the Biden economy
Mike Allen<firstname.lastname@example.org>Sat. Feb 6, 2021
Axios AM Deep Dive By Mike Allen ·Feb 06, 2021
Good afternoon. After President Biden’s first two weeks, here’s a Deep Dive — led by Axios business managing editor Aja Whitaker-Moore — on his team, his plans and the outlook for this new era of Democratic control.
1 big thing: A lucky president
Photo illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios. Photo: Kyle Rivas/Stringer via Getty Images
Joe Biden assumed office with more economic upside than any other president in recent history, writes Axios Business Editor Dan Primack.
Between the lines: Presidencies are creatures of circumstance. For Biden, it’s a smoldering economy atop a solid foundation, with a rebuild plan whose primary materials (vaccines and stimulus) are in unusually high supply. If economic arrows turn red, it likely means Biden botched the blueprint.
Donald Trumpinherited a longstanding recovery, which meant he could help accelerate growth but had no recession to reverse.
Barack Obama was faced with a financial crisis born of deep, systemic design flaws. There was no vaccine to cure what ailed America’s economy.
George W. Bushcampaigned in the last days of the dotcom bubble, which already had begun bursting when he entered the White House.
Bill Clinton inherited a recession, but only a relatively mild one.
A big difference between 2020 and past recessions is that 2020 was caused by an external event — the economy was the victim, not the culprit.
The Trump economy certainly didn’t work for everyone, but many of its macro strengths could remain beneath the ash, including pre-pandemic wage growth and decreases in poverty rates.
Biden can dig a lot of them up, just by succeeding on vaccine distribution. He then can leverage Democratic control of Congress — and America’s desensitization to big numbers — to throw money at short-term economic problems.
Between the lines: Tailwinds don’t necessarily result in a smooth flight. Biden’s biggest risk could be the fact that American business, investors and most voters expect success. Anything short of the Roaring 20s (Part II) would bring disappointment.
The bottom line: Never before has a bad economy looked so good for a presidential legacy.
It would be hard for things to get much worse than 2020. But Wall Street fund managers may be pricing in too much optimism, Axios Markets author Dion Rabouin reports.
Why it matters:Projections from economists and government offices — for falling unemployment, rising GDP and a booming stock market — are setting Biden up for success. But high hopes dashed could lead to blowback.
What’s happening: The Congressional Budget Office expects U.S. growth to return to its pre-COVID level midway through this year, and for the unemployment rate to reach 6% by year’s end.
Goldman Sachs economists are even predicting that U.S. GDP growth in the third quarter will reach 10% — a milestone without modern precedent, save for the 33% growth in Q3 2020 that followed the 35% contraction in Q2.
That’s got asset managers expecting big returns from the stock market this year and businesses banking on rising sales and profits.
But even before the recent run-up in equities prices, the stock market was “priced for perfection,” John Lynch, CIO of Comerica Wealth Management tells Axios.
A ripple effect for local businesses and economies.
45 vs. 46 on the stock market
“Finished off the year with the highest Stock Market in history. Setting records with your 401k’s, just like I said you would. Congratulations to all!”
— Trump’s final tweet about the stock market before his account was suspended by Twitter.
“Just in the last three years, during this crisis, the billionaires in this country made, according to The Wall Street Journal, $700 billion more. $700 billion more. Because that’s his only measure. What happens to the ordinary people out there? What happens to them?”
Here are some administration players who have Biden’s ear on the economy, from Axios’ Courtenay Brown:
Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen was Fed chair under Obama.
Brian Deese, director of the National Economic Council, was an executive at BlackRock who headed up sustainable investing and an NEC deputy director in the Obama administration.
Susan Rice,domestic policy adviser, will oversee major portions of Biden’s “Build Back Better” plan.
Jared Bernstein, a longtime economic adviser to Biden, is a member of the Council of Economic Advisers.
What ties them together: “They clearly have as one of their core values how policy will affect racial equity in a way that I think is new,” Heidi Shierholz, a labor economist at the left-leaning Economic Policy Institute, told Axios.
Congressional Democrats, thanks to a (slim) Senate majority, are taking the helm of committees that will shape the business world.
Elizabeth Warrenwill join the Finance Committee, which oversees tax legislation — a cornerstone of Biden’s “Build Back Better” plan.
That committee’s new chair,Oregon Sen. Ron Wyden, told CNBC this week he’ll prioritize tax reform.
Others include:The new chair of the Budget Committee, Sen. Bernie Sanders, plus Sen. Sherrod Brown, the new Banking Committee chair.
What to watch: The team’s first big test is weeks away, when unemployment benefits for millions of Americans will expire without additional action.
The Biden administration is reinventing an economic toolbox to address a crisis unlike anything the world has seen in a century, Axios’ Kia Kokalitcheva and Felix Salmon write.
Reality check: Whole sectors of the economy are intentionally paralyzed to avoid more catastrophic spread of the virus. Meanwhile, many white-collar telecommuters are doing better than ever.
Biden’s economic planstarts with the current $1.9 trillion rescue package. Once that’s passed, he intends to turn to large-scale infrastructure investments that are aimed at creating American jobs and reinventing the post-crisis economy for a zero-carbon world.
A new New Deal: Biden’s “Build Back Better” plan, which includes medium- and long-term efforts to upgrade U.S. infrastructure with an eye on curbing climate change, could prove an effective way to boost economic recovery.
Large-scale projects can create a lot of jobs, and re-skilling and education programs may help the labor force longer term. And that could have effects on U.S. productivity.
What we’re watching: Tax increases could help some deficit hawks in Congress feel more at ease with massive spending. But Biden hasn’t focused on that yet.
NASA: SpaceCast Weekly, A New Source of Power for the Space Station, NASA ARSET, Expedition 64 In-Flight with MSNBC, Spacewalk, SpaceX: Starlink Mission, Starship | SN9 | High-Altitude Flight Test, and NASA – Image of the Day, Solar System and More
NASA: SpaceCast Weekly – February 5, 2021, Feb 5, 2021 NASA Video
NASA: A New Source of Power for the Space Station on This Week @NASA – February 5, 2021
NASA ARSET: Hyperspectral Data for Coastal and Ocean Systems, Part 3/3, Feb 3, 2021 NASA Video
NASA: Expedition 64 In-Flight with MSNBC – February 4, 2021, NASA Video
NASA: Spacewalk to Finish Battery Upgrades & Install Cameras on
The International Space Station, Streamed live on Feb 1, 2021
SpaceX: Starlink Mission, Streamed live on Feb 4, 2021 (1:20:58)
SpaceX: Starship | SN9 | High-Altitude Flight Test, Streamed live on Feb 2, 2021
SpaceCast Weekly is a NASA Television broadcast from the Johnson Space Center in Houston featuring stories about NASA’s work in human spaceflight, including the International Space Station and its crews and scientific research activities, and the development of Orion and the Space Launch System, the next generation American spacecraft being built to take humans farther into space than they’ve ever gone before.
A New Source of Power for the Space Station on This Week @NASA – February 5, 2021
A new source of power for the space station, targeting a second Green Run hot fire test, and another major boost for our Space Launch System rocket … a few of the stories to tell you about – This Week at NASA! Download Link: https://images.nasa.gov/details-A%20N…
Expedition 64 Astronauts Speak with National Science Foundation – February 3, 2021
SPACE STATION CREW DISCUSSES LIFE IN SPACE WITH NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 64 Flight Engineers Kate Rubins and Victor Glover of NASA discussed research and other aspects of life in space during an in-flight conversation Feb. 3 with members of the National Science Foundation. Rubins, who is an epidemiologist, arrived on the station last October aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft, while Glover flew to the station last November aboard the SpaceX Crew Dragon “Resilience” vehicle.
NASA ARSET: Hyperspectral Data for Coastal and Ocean Systems, Part 3/3
Hyperspectral Data for Land and Coastal Systems Part 3: Hyperspectral Data for Coastal and Ocean Systems – Use of hyperspectral imaging for wetland vegetation communities – Use of hyperspectral for coastal shallow-water ecosystems – Use of hyperspectral for marine debris – Case study examples – Q&A You can access all training materials from this webinar series on the training webpage: https://appliedsciences.nasa.gov/join…? This training was created by NASA’s Applied Remote Sensing Training Program (ARSET). ARSET is a part of NASA’s Applied Science’s Capacity Building Program. Learn more about ARSET: appliedsciences.nasa.gov/arset
Expedition 64 In-Flight with MSNBC – February 4, 2021
SPACE STATION CREW MEMBER DISCUSSES LIFE IN SPACE WITH MSNBC Aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 64 Flight Engineer Victor Glover of NASA discussed life and work on the outpost and his view of astronauts serving as role models during an in-flight interview Feb. 4 with MSNBC anchor Kendis Gibson. Glover, who is involved in a series of spacewalks outside the complex, arrived on the station last November aboard the SpaceX Crew Dragon “Resilience” vehicle.
Spacewalk to Finish Battery Upgrades & Install Cameras on the International Space Station
Watch two spacewalkers at work outside the International Space Station! NASA astronauts Victor Glover and Michael Hopkins will exit the orbiting lab’s Quest airlock at about 7 a.m. EST, to complete tasks including battery maintenance and installing high definition cameras. Live coverage on NASA Television begins at 5:30? a.m.. The spacewalk will officially begin once the duo set their spacesuits to battery power, and is scheduled to last approximately six-and-a-half hours.
SpaceX is targeting Thursday, February 4 for launch of 60 Starlink satellites from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida. The instantaneous window is at 1:19 a.m. EST, or 6:19? UTC. The Falcon 9 first stage rocket booster supporting this mission previously flew on four missions: the launches of GPS III Space Vehicle 03 and Turksat 5A and two Starlink missions. Following stage separation, SpaceX will land Falcon 9’s first stage on the “Of Course I Still Love You” droneship, which will be located in the Atlantic Ocean. One half of Falcon 9’s fairing previously flew on the SAOCOM-1B mission, and the other previously flew in support of the GPS III Space Vehicle 03 mission.
On Tuesday, February 2, Starship serial number 9 (SN9) completed SpaceX’s second high-altitude flight test of a Starship prototype from our site in Cameron County, Texas. Similar to the high-altitude flight test of Starship serial number 8 (SN8), SN9 was powered through ascent by three Raptor engines, each shutting down in sequence prior to the vehicle reaching apogee – approximately 10 kilometers in altitude. SN9 successfully performed a propellant transition to the internal header tanks, which hold landing propellant, before reorienting itself for reentry and a controlled aerodynamic descent. The Starship prototype descended under active aerodynamic control, accomplished by independent movement of two forward and two aft flaps on the vehicle. All four flaps are actuated by an onboard flight computer to control Starship’s attitude during flight and enable precise landing at the intended location. During the landing flip maneuver, one of the Raptor engines did not relight and caused SN9 to land at high speed and experience a RUD. These test flights are all about improving our understanding and development of a fully reusable transportation system designed to carry both crew and cargo on long-duration, interplanetary flights and help humanity return to the Moon, and travel to Mars and beyond.
New Chandra observations have been used to make the first detection of X-ray emission from young stars with masses similar to our Sun outside our Milky Way galaxy. The Chandra observations of these low-mass stars were made of the region known as the “Wing” of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), one of the Milky Way’s closest galactic neighbors. In this composite image of the Wing the Chandra data is shown in purple, optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope is shown in red, green and blue and infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope is shown in red. Astronomers call all elements heavier than hydrogen and helium – that is, with more than two protons in the atom’s nucleus – “metals”. The Wing is a region known to have fewer metals compared to most areas within the Milky Way. The Chandra results imply that the young, metal-poor stars in NGC 602a produce X-rays in a manner similar to stars with much higher metal content found in the Orion cluster in our galaxy.
The tip of the “wing” of the Small Magellanic Cloud galaxy is dazzling in this 2013 view from NASA’s Great Observatories. The Small Magellanic Cloud, or SMC, is a small galaxy about 200,000 light-years way that orbits our own Milky Way spiral galaxy.
The spiral galaxy seen in the lower corner is actually behind this nebula. Other distant galaxies located hundreds of millions of light-years or more away can be seen sprinkled around the edge of the image.
The SMC is one of the Milky Way’s closest galactic neighbors. Even though it is a small, or so-called dwarf galaxy, the SMC is so bright that it is visible to the unaided eye from the Southern Hemisphere and near the equator. Many navigators, including Ferdinand Magellan who lends his name to the SMC, used it to help find their way across the oceans.
Modern astronomers are also interested in studying the SMC (and its cousin, the Large Magellanic Cloud), but for very different reasons. Because the SMC is so close and bright, it offers an opportunity to study phenomena that are difficult to examine in more distant galaxies. New Chandra data of the SMC have provided one such discovery: the first detection of X-ray emission from young stars, with masses similar to our sun, outside our Milky Way galaxy.
An orange glow radiates from the centre of NGC 1792, the heart of this stellar forge. Captured by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, this intimate view of NGC 1792 gives us some insight into this galactic powerhouse. The vast swathes of tell-tale blue seen throughout the galaxy indicate areas that are full of young, hot stars, and it is in the shades of orange, seen nearer the centre, that the older, cooler stars reside. Nestled in the constellation of Columba (The Dove), NGC 1792 is both a spiral galaxy, and a starburst galaxy. Within starburst galaxies, stars are forming at comparatively exorbitant rates. The rate of star formation can be more than 10 times faster in a starburst galaxy than in the Milky Way. When galaxies have a large resevoir of gas, like NGC 1792, these short lived starburst phases can be sparked by galactic events such as mergers and tidal interactions. One might think that these starburst galaxies would easily consume all of their gas in a large forming event. However, supernova explosions and intense stellar winds produced in these powerful starbursts can inject energy into the gas and disperse it. This halts the star formation before it can completely deplete the galaxy of all its fuel. Scientists are actively working to understand this complex interplay between the dynamics that drive and quench these fierce bursts of star formation.
Text credit: European Space Agency (ESA)
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Lee; Acknowledgement: Leo Shatz
SOFIA takes off from Hamburg, Germany, following a heavy maintenance visit at Lufthansa Technik.
Feb 4, 2021
SOFIA Begins First Series of Science Flights From Germany
SOFIA takes off from Hamburg, Germany, following a heavy maintenance visit at Lufthansa Technik.
SOFIA taking off from Hamburg, Germany, after finishing heavy maintenance at Lufthansa Technik.
Credits: Alexander Golz
NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, SOFIA, will conduct its first ever series of science observations from Germany in February and March, 2021. Many of the observations seek to answer fundamental questions in astronomy, including how stars can transform galaxies and what is the origin of cosmic rays in the Milky Way galaxy.
SOFIA, a joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Center, DLR, recently completed scheduled maintenance and telescope upgrades at Lufthansa Technik’s facility in Hamburg, Germany. Now, the observatory will take advantage of its proximity to science teams at the Max Planck Institute of Radio Astronomy in Bonn and the University of Cologne, which operate the instrument called German Receiver at Terahertz Frequencies, or GREAT, to conduct research flights from the Cologne Bonn Airport.
“We’re taking advantage of SOFIA’s ability to observe from almost anywhere in the world to conduct compelling astronomical investigations,” said Paul Hertz, director of astrophysics at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “This observing campaign from Germany is an excellent example of the cooperation between NASA and DLR that has been the strength of the SOFIA program for over 25 years.”
SOFIA regularly flies to Christchurch, New Zealand, to study objects only visible in the skies over the Southern Hemisphere, and completed one science flight from Germany in 2019. But this is the first time a multi-flight observing campaign will be conducted over European soil. Over the course of six weeks, SOFIA will conduct about 20 overnight research flights that will focus on high-priority observations, including several large programs that were rescheduled from spring 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
With new COVID-19 safety procedures in place, SOFIA will use its GREAT instrument to search for signatures of celestial molecules, ions, and atoms that are key to unlocking some of the secrets of the universe.
The observations include:
How Stars Affect Their Surroundings
In stellar nurseries like Cygnus X, newborn stars can destroy the clouds in which they’re born. Researchers will use SOFIA to create a map of ionized carbon, a gas the young stars are heating, to better understand this process. Ionized carbon’s chemical fingerprint can determine the speed of the gas at all positions across the celestial clouds. The signal is so strong that it reveals critical details that are otherwise hidden from view deep inside natal clouds. The data may also help explain the source of the mysterious bubble-like structures that were detected by the Herschel Space Observatory and Spitzer Space Telescope but have yet to be fully understood.
Searching for Clues About Cosmic Rays
The team will search for gases that can reveal the presence of cosmic rays, highly energetic charged particles that stream through our Milky Way galaxy. When a hydrogen atom combines with another element, such as argon or oxygen, simple molecules called hydrides are formed, some of which can be used to find cosmic rays. While cosmic rays can be detected directly within our solar system, astronomers know much less about their presence elsewhere in space. By measuring the concentration of hydride molecules, SOFIA’s observations will help researchers understand how common cosmic rays are in different parts of our galaxy, providing clues about the origin of these mysterious particles.
Understanding the Evolution of The Cigar Galaxy, or M82
SOFIA previously found that the Cigar galaxy’s powerful wind, driven by the galaxy’s high rate of star birth, is aligned along the magnetic field lines and transports a huge amount of material out of the galaxy. Now, researchers will study ionized carbon gas, which traces star formation, to learn how this intense star birth and wind are affecting the evolution of the galaxy.
SOFIA’s GREAT instrument works like a radio receiver. Scientists tune to the frequency of the molecule they’re searching for, like tuning an FM radio to the right station. The instrument can also look for changes in signals that provide insights into how stars affect their surroundings, similar to how a radar gun bounces a signal off a moving car to determine its speed.
SOFIA is a joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Center. NASA’s Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley manages the SOFIA program, science, and mission operations in cooperation with the Universities Space Research Association, headquartered in Columbia, Maryland, and the German SOFIA Institute at the University of Stuttgart. The aircraft is maintained and operated by NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center Building 703, in Palmdale, California.
NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for SPHEREx Astrophysics Mission
NASA’s Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) mission is targeted to launch in 2024. SPHEREx will help astronomers understand both how our universe evolved and how common are the ingredients for life in our galaxy’s planetary systems.
NASA has selected Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) of Hawthorne, California, to provide launch services for the Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization, and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) mission. SPHEREx is a planned two-year astrophysics mission to survey the sky in the near-infrared light, which, though not visible to the human eye, serves as a powerful tool for answering cosmic questions involving the birth of the universe, and the subsequent development of galaxies.
It also will search for water and organic molecules – essentials for life as we know it – in regions where stars are born from gas and dust, known as stellar nurseries, as well as disks around stars where new planets could be forming. Astronomers will use the mission to gather data on more than 300 million galaxies, as well as more than 100 million stars in our own Milky Way galaxy.
The total cost for NASA to launch SPHEREx is approximately $98.8 million, which includes the launch service and other mission related costs.
The SPHEREx mission currently is targeted to launch as early as June 2024 on a Falcon 9 rocket from Space Launch Complex-4E at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
NASA’s Launch Services Program at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida will manage the SpaceX launch service. The mission, which is funded by the Astrophysics Division of NASA’s Science Mission Directorate at the agency’s headquarters in Washington, is led by the Explorer’s Program at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California is responsible for the mission’s overall project management, systems engineering, integration, and testing and mission operations.
NASA, International Partners Assess Mission to Map Ice on Mars, Guide Science Priorities
NASA and three international partners have signed a statement of intent to advance a possible robotic Mars ice mapping mission, which could help identify abundant, accessible ice for future candidate landing sites on the Red Planet. The agencies have agreed to establish a joint concept team to assess mission potential, as well as partnership opportunities.
This artist illustration depicts four orbiters as part of the International Mars Ice Mapper (I-MIM) mission concept. Low and to the left, an orbiter passes above the Martian surface, detecting buried water ice through a radar instrument and large reflector antenna. Circling Mars at a higher altitude are three telecommunications orbiters with one shown relaying data back to Earth.
Under the statement, NASA, the Italian Space Agency (ASI), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) announced their intention to develop a mission plan and define their potential roles and responsibilities. If the concept moves forward, the mission could be ready to launch as early as 2026.
The international Mars Ice Mapper mission would detect the location, depth, spatial extent, and abundance of near-surface ice deposits, which would enable the science community to interpret a more detailed volatile history of Mars. The radar-carrying orbiter would also help identify properties of the dust, loose rocky material – known as regolith – and rock layers that might impact the ability to access ice.
The ice-mapping mission could help the agency identify potential science objectives for initial human missions to Mars, which are expected to be designed for about 30 days of exploration on the surface. For example, identifying and characterizing accessible water ice could lead to human-tended science, such as ice coring to support the search for life. Mars Ice Mapper also could provide a map of water-ice resources for later human missions with longer surface expeditions, as well as help meet exploration engineering constraints, such as avoidance of rock and terrain hazards. Mapping shallow water ice could also support supplemental high-value science objectives related to Martian climatology and geology.
“This innovative partnership model for Mars Ice Mapper combines our global experience and allows for cost sharing across the board to make this mission more feasible for all interested parties,” said Jim Watzin, NASA’s senior advisor for agency architectures and mission alignment. “Human and robotic exploration go hand in hand, with the latter helping pave the way for smarter, safer human missions farther into the solar system. Together, we can help prepare humanity for our next giant leap – the first human mission to Mars.”
As the mission concept evolves, there may be opportunities for other space agency and commercial partners to join the mission.
Beyond promoting scientific observations while the orbiter completes its reconnaissance work, the agency partners will explore mission-enabling rideshare opportunities as part of their next phase of study. All science data from the mission would be made available to the international science community for both planetary science and Mars reconnaissance.
This approach is similar to what NASA is doing at the Moon under the Artemis program – sending astronauts to lunar South Pole, where ice is trapped in the permanently shadowed regions of the pole.
Access to water ice would also be central to scientific investigations on the surface of Mars that are led by future human explorers. Such explorers may one day core, sample, and analyze the ice to better understand the record of climatic and geologic change on Mars and its astrobiological potential, which could be revealed through signs of preserved ancient microbial life or even the possibility of living organisms, if Mars ever harbored life.
Ice is also a critical natural resource that could eventually supply hydrogen and oxygen for fuel. These elements could also provide resources for backup life support, civil engineering, mining, manufacturing, and, eventually, agriculture on Mars. Transporting water from Earth to deep space is extremely costly, so a local resource is essential to sustainable surface exploration.
“In addition to supporting plans for future human missions to Mars, learning more about subsurface ice will bring significant opportunities for scientific discovery,” said Eric Ianson, NASA Planetary Science Division Deputy Director and Mars Exploration Program Director. “Mapping near-surface water ice would reveal an as-yet hidden part of the Martian hydrosphere and the layering above it, which can help uncover the history of environmental change on Mars and lead to our ability to answer fundamental questions about whether Mars was ever home to microbial life or still might be today.”
The Red Planet is providing great research return for robotic exploration and the search for ancient life in our solar system. This latest news comes ahead of the agency’s Perseverance rover landing on Mars, which is scheduled to take place on February 18, following a seven-month journey in space. NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) also recently announced they are moving forward with the Mars Sample Return mission.
Police officer Brian Sicknick lies in honor at U.S. Capitol, and Sweeping new report examines the roots of the U.S. Capitol attack, AXIOS, PBS News, NBC News, MSNBC, The Daily Show, The Late Show, NowThis News, Glenn Kirschner, The Choice, and The New York Times
AXIOS: In photos: Police officer Brian Sicknick lies in honor at U.S. Capitol
PBS News: WATCH: Capitol Police officer Brian Sicknick lies in honor at U.S. Capitol, Streamed live on Feb 3, 2021
PBS News: Sweeping new report examines the roots of the U.S. Capitol attack, Feb 1, 2021, PBS NewsHour full episode, Feb. 2, 3, & 4, 2021
President Biden and first lady Jill Biden in front of the remains of U.S. Capitol Police officer Brian Sicknick in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol Tuesday. Photo: Erin Schaff/The New York Times/Bloomberg via Getty Images
The remains of U.S. Capitol Police officer Brian Sicknick were transported in an urn to the building he helped defend during the Jan. 6 D.C. insurrection. A ceremony was held as he lay in honor on Wednesday.
Why it matters: Lying in honor is a final tribute reserved only for private citizens who’ve provided distinguished service to the U.S. President Biden and first lady Jill Biden joined congressional leaders, police and others in paying tribute to Sicknick at the Capitol Rotunda Tuesday night.
The latest: Congressional leaders delivered remarks at a ceremony on Wednesday.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) said to Sicknick’s family: “We will never forget his sacrifice … We will never forget. With your permission, may we be worthy to carry Brian in our hearts.”
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y) called Sicknick “a peacekeeper, not only in duty, but in spirit.” He added: Talk to his colleagues and they will tell you that Brian was a kind and humble man, with profound inner strength, the quiet rock of his unit.”
The remains of officer Sicknick arrive at the U.S. Capitol. His remains will lie in honor through Wednesday, and then be buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Photo: Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA/Bloomberg via Getty Images
U.S. Capitol Police officers carrying the remains of Sicknick, who died of injuries he sustained when supporters of President Trump broke into the Capitol on Jan. 6. Photographer: Alex Brandon/AP Photo/Bloomberg via Getty Images
The scene in the Rotunda after Sicknick’s remains arrive. Biden’s tribute to the officer is “in stark contrast to Trump, who never made a public expression of sorrow” over his death, AP notes. Photo: Brendan Smialowski/Pool/AFP via Getty Images
Family members arrive to pay their respects to Sicknick, who’s the fifth person to be given the Capitol Rotunda honor, per AP. Photo: Leah Millis-Pool/Getty Images
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer in front of Sicknick’s remains in the Rotunda. Photo: Erin Schaff/The New York Times/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Members of the National Guard pay tribute to Sicknick. Photo: Brendan Smialowski/Pool/AFP via Getty Images
A photograph of the late officer in the U.S. Capitol. Photo: Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Vice President Kamala Harris and Second Gentleman Doug Emhoff. Photo: Anna Moneymaker – Pool/Getty Images
A USCP officer salutes Sicknick. Photo: Anna Moneymaker – Pool/Getty Images
The storming of the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6 was a shocking moment for many Americans, but new details are emerging about who was involved and how it was planned. A New York Times report examines the role former President Trump and his allies played in the crucial weeks leading up to the attack. Jim Rutenberg, a writer-at-large for the Times, joins Amna Nawaz to discuss some of the key points. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6
Johnson & Johnson asks FDA to authorize Covid vaccine, one-on-one with WH chief of staff Ron Klain, and growing outrage over video of maskless people at Florida grocery store. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00? Intro 2:25? Johnson & Johnson Asks FDA To Authorize Covid Vaccine 2:42? New Covid Cases Fall But Variants Raising Concern 4:32? One-On-One With Biden Chief Of Staff Ron Klain 4:48? Biden’s Chief Of Staff: ‘Making Progress’ On Covid Relief 5:02? Will Biden Compromise On $1,400 Stimulus Checks? 5:35? When Can Every American Get The Covid Vaccine? 6:23? Klain: 100 Million Shots In 100 Days ‘Ambitious Goal’ 6:54? White House Planning To Send Masks To Every American? 7:30? Growing Outage At Florida Store Defying Mask Mandate 9:21? House Votes To Punish Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene 10:53? Trump’s Lawyers Reject Request To Testify Under Oath 11:10? ‘America Is Back’: Biden’s First Foreign Policy Speech 12:33? Muslim Minority Families Say China’s Govt Tearing Them Apart 14:36? Ex-Officer Charged With Murder In Andre Hill Death 16:20? Teachers Demand Vaccinations Before Reopening Schools 18:04? Vaccine Hunters Chasing Down Leftover Covid Shots » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews?
Study shows AstraZeneca Covid vaccine may lower transmission, access to Covid vaccine falling short in communities of color, and two generations of Black athletes fight for change. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00? Intro 2:04? AstraZeneca Vaccine Shown To Reduce Covid Spread 2:42? First Known Deaths From U.K. Variant In U.S. 3:06? W.H. Announces First Federal Vaccination Mega-Sites 3:57? Vaccinations Falling Short In Communities Of Color 5:38? Inside Lab Hunting For Highly Contagious Variants 7:08? Nation’s Mask Divide On Display In Florida Grocery Store 9:30? Officer Killed In Riot Lies In honor At U.S. Capitol 9:59? Biden: Trump Impeachment Trial Must ‘Move Forward’ 10:17? Trump’s Attorney Arrives On Capitol Hill Ahead Of Trial 10:40? Biden Confident Of Bipartisan Support For Covid Relief 11:45? House To Vote On Punishing Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene 13:43? Pandemic Squeeze Causing Major Shopping Shortages 15:16? Two Generations Of Black Athletes Fighting For Equality » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews?
New Reporting Shows The Careful Coordination Of The Capitol Attack | Deadline | MSNBC
New York Times Washington correspondent Michael Schmidt, former RNC chairman Michael Steele, and former Democratic senator Claire McCaskill discuss new reporting in the Washington Post and New York Times detailing the careful coordination of pro-Trump groups ahead of the January 6th attack on the Capitol. Aired on 2/1/2021. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc? About Deadline White House: Before getting into cable news, Nicolle Wallace worked in politics, including as President George W. Bush’s communications director during his administration and for his 2004 re-election campaign. Those experiences helped contribute to the knowledge and unique point of view she brings to this program. Wallace leads dynamic discussions on the political stories driving the news cycle with Washington insiders and well-sourced journalists. She also provides in-depth reporting while delivering up-to-the-minute breaking news to viewers.
NYT Digs Into Trump’s ‘Campaign To Subvert The Election’ | Morning Joe | MSNBC
As former President Trump hires a new legal team to represent him at his second impeachment trial, the New York Times looks at his efforts to subvert the election. Aired on 02/01/2021. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc? About Morning Joe with Joe Scarborough: Join Joe Scarborough, Mika Brzezinski, and Willie Geist, for in-depth and informed discussions that help drive the day’s political conversation. Top newsmakers, Washington insiders, journalists, and cultural influencers, come together on Morning Joe for unparalleled insight and analysis around the day’s biggest stories.
Everything You Need To Know About Marjorie Taylor Greene | The Daily Social Distancing Show
2020 IN REVIEW: This year, doctors took to social media to dispel misinformation spread by anti-maskers, Rep. Katie Porter was everyone’s favorite late night TV guest, and Rep. AOC called out systemic disrespect of women, among other things. Here are our 10 most popular videos of the year. » Subscribe to NowThis: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe? » Sign up for our newsletter KnowThis to get the biggest stories of the day delivered straight to your inbox: https://go.nowth.is/KnowThis? For more 2020 in review, world news, and U.S. politics, subscribe to NowThis News. #AOC? #KatiePorter? #Trump? #News? #NowThis? #NowThisNews?
In an appalling bit of Republican obstruction, Lindsey Graham (who at the moment remains the leader of the Senate Judiciary Committee) is refusing to set a date for the confirmation hearing for Merrick Garland, President Biden’s nominee for Attorney General. Graham’s action is transparently in retaliation for the impeachment of Donald Trump. Indeed, Graham himself connects the two in a statement he released, saying, in part, “government requires trade-offs.” What can We The People do to try to fix what politicians have broken in our government and our country? This video discusses two of the Team Justice projects that are designed to encourage and inspire full citizen participation in all aspects of government. Please consider becoming a #TeamJustice? patron at: https://www.patreon.com/glennkirschner? My podcast, “Justice Matters with Glenn Kirschner” can be downloaded where you get your podcasts. Follow me on: Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/glennkirschner2? Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/glennkirschner2? Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/glennkirsch…?
Why the Second Trump Impeachment Will be Nothing Like the First | The Mehdi Hasan Show
Former Lead Impeachment Counsel Daniel Goldman joins Mehdi Hasan to explain why the Trump legal team’s arguments do not hold water, and what that means for next week’s proceedings. The Mehdi Hasan Show: Insightful reporting and probing interviews that examine the day’s events and provide a deeper level of context for the politics of our interconnected society. Watch The Mehdi Hasan Show on The Choice channel on Peacock TV, weeknights, 7 p.m. ET. Subscribe to the channel for more interviews. http://peacocktv.com?
The Senate voted along party lines on a procedural step that will let Democrats avoid a filibuster on President Biden’s coronavirus relief package and pass it with a straight majority.
Biden signed three executive orders on immigration, including one that aims to reunite migrant families that the Trump administration separated. Officials and immigration advocates cautioned that the changes would not happen immediately.
In their first impeachment filings, Donald Trump’s lawyers denied that he incited the Jan. 6 assault on the Capitol and argued that the Constitution did not permit the Senate to try a former president.
House impeachment managers asserted that history supported the Senate’s right to try a former president and said that Trump was “singularly responsible” for the riot.