Thousands of People and Thousands of Artworks In New York City Part 3

Thousands of People and Thousands of Artworks In New York City Part 3

On Tuesday, August 30, 2022

Because of the COVID-19 epidemic, it was more than two years since we came to New York City.  NYC was an epic place for the deadly virus and took many lives.  Now we came to enjoy the place and people once again.  The COVID-19 virus is scaled down a great deal, and many more people have been vaccinated to prevent the virus.  However, some people who took the vaccine still get sick from the virus, but the sickness is not severe or deadly.  Some people were still wearing masks but many more did not.

We still see the mixture of people that makes us feel comfortable to be in NYC.  It is a melting pot, and in many ways a center for the diverse population of the world. 

We walked toward to the Chinatown area where are the rows of Chinese restaurants on every street.  Our stomachs were growling in anticipation of the taste of fried dumplings and sour soup. 

 Our destination was not a big restaurant.  We headed to the small lane, called Mosco Street.   In the middle of the lane is a very small takeout restaurant that specializes in fried dumplings and soup.  We bought fried dumpling and soup to go.

🙂THE DUMPLING LADY OF CHINATOWN 🙂

At the bottom of the lane, just a few minutes’ walk from the dumpling restaurant, is a small park, called Columbus Park Playground.  There is a basketball court next to the children’s playground.  There are some benches for parents or anyone to sit and rest, enjoying watching the little children play on the swings and slide.  We found a bench to sit, watching little ones having a good time playing while we consumed our delicious fried dumplings and soup.

We went to buy a pack of Melon cakes for John.  I chose a pack black bean cakes and we also bought some other items to take home. 

We walked back down to Mosco Street heading home, taking Path train to Newark, New Jersey.  As we looked up, we saw the New World Trade Center standing tall in the sky. 

We wanted to celebrate our trip to NYC, but we could not stop thinking about September 11, for the anniversary for twentieth year was coming soon.  We still remember the event that caused heart ache for so many people.  But following that dreadful day, an important thing happened in USA and around the world.  It became a unifying factor for solidarity among most of humanity.  Today however, it seems the opposite is taking place.  Especially in US politics, such as January 6 event in 2021 with the mobs ordered by Mr. Trump to attack the US Capital.

Please make every effort to encourage unity, compassion and understanding between people the world over.  With this we can find peace and happiness together as one human family.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Monday, September 19, 2022

For my page on Remembering 9/11, please visit the following link: http://ingpeaceproject.com/remembering-911/

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Thousands of People and Thousands of Artworks In New York City Part 2

Thousands of People and Thousands of Artworks In New York City Part 2

On Tuesday, August 30, 2022

John and I had not visited New York City for a couple years because of COVID-19.   We were eager to see once again the places we enjoyed walking about, seeing all kinds of people, mural artwork on the walls of buildings, and sculpture in parks and other places.  On Tuesday, August 30 this year (2022), we had to go to midtown in New York City to conduct some business.  We left our house about 8:00 AM, and walked to Newark Penn station to take the Path train to the World Trade Center.  We took subway north to midtown and finished our business about noon.  It was time for us to have our favorite lunch in China Town.  For this we took a downtown subway to Canal and Lafayette Street.  Here we were very glad to see murals on the sidewalks, tall buildings, and colorful graffiti on the walls of a parking lot.  One interesting artwork was a large sun flower crochet on the fence of a parking lot.  On Canal Street, we enjoyed viewing all kinds of merchandises being sold on sidewalks and in the shops.  From there we turned into a small lane heading to our favorite source for food and a place to rest.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, September 17, 2022

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Thousands of People and Thousands of Artworks In New York City Part 1

Thousands of People and Thousands of Artworks In New York City Part 1

On Tuesday, August 30, 2022

China Town, Canal Street and Lafayette Street

John and I had not visited New York City for a couple years because of COVID-19.   We were eager to see once again the places we enjoyed walking about, seeing all kinds of people, mural artwork on the walls of buildings, and sculpture in parks and other places.  On Tuesday, August 30 this year (2022), we had to go to midtown in New York City to conduct some business.  We left our house about 8:00 AM, and walked to Newark Penn station to take the Path train to the World Trade Center.  We took subway north to midtown and finished our business about noon.  It was time for us to have our favorite lunch in China Town.  For this we took a downtown subway to Canal and Lafayette Street.  Here we were very glad to see murals on the sidewalks, tall buildings, and colorful graffiti on the walls of a parking lot.  One interesting artwork was a large sun flower crochet on the fence of a parking lot.  On Canal Street, we enjoyed viewing all kinds of merchandises being sold on sidewalks and in the shops.  From there we turned into a small lane heading to our favorite source for food and a place to rest.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, September 13, 2022

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JPL News-Month in Review Sept 2022, and NASA-Image of the Day

JPL News-Month in Review Sept 2022, and NASA-Image of the Day                       NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory jplnewsroom@jpl.nasa.gov

CLIMATE CHANGE
NASA Studies Find Previously Unknown Loss of Antarctic Ice
New research on Antarctica, including the first map of iceberg calving, doubles the previous estimates of loss from ice shelves and details how the continent is changing. Read More

 

STARS AND GALAXIES
Engineers Solve Data Glitch on NASA’s Voyager 1
Webb ushers in a new era of exoplanet science with the first unequivocal detection of carbon dioxide in a planetary atmosphere outside our solar system. Read More

     JPL LIFE
NASA Helps Minority-Serving Institutions Refine Tech Proposals

Three teams selected for the agency’s first MSI Space Accelerator visited the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to work with mentors in an inspiring conclusion to the 10-week program. Read More

MARS
NASA’s Perseverance Makes New Discoveries in Mars’ Jezero Crater
The rover found that Jezero Crater’s floor is made up of volcanic rocks that have interacted with water. Read More

STARS AND GALAXIES

 

NASA’s Webb Detects Carbon Dioxide in Exoplanet Atmosphere
Webb ushers in a new era of exoplanet science with the first unequivocal detection of carbon dioxide in

a planetary atmosphere outside our solar system. Read More

VIDE

What’s Up – Sept 2022

What’s Up for September? Mars on the move, prime viewing time for Jupiter, and a clever way to

find your bearings on the equinox.

Watch Now

What’s Up: September 2022 Skywatching Tips from NASA

Sep 1, 2022  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

What are some skywatching highlights in September 2022? Mars is on the move this month,

forming a “red triangle” with bright red stars Aldebaran and Betelgeuse. Saturn and Jupiter

fly with the Moon on the 9th, and then the Moon slides over closer Jupiter in the morning

sky on the 11th. At the end of the month, September 23rd brings the equinox,

meaning day and night are of nearly equal length, and a change of seasons is

afoot. 0:00 Intro 0:12 Mars on the move in September 0:43 Jupiter at opposition

1:39 Evening planets: Jupiter and Saturn 2:07 September equinox 2:55 September

Moon phases Additional information about topics covered in this episode of What’s Up,

along with still images from the video, and the video transcript, are available

at https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/skywatch….

STARS AND GALAXIES

NASA Scientists Help Probe Dark Energy by Testing Gravity
Could one of the biggest puzzles in astrophysics be solved by reworking Albert Einstein’s

theory of gravity? A new study

co-authored by NASA scientists says not yet. Read More

SOLAR SYSTEM

45 Years Ago: Voyager 2 Begins Its Epic Journey to the Outer Planets and Beyond

The ambitious mission took advantage of a rare alignment of the outer planets before

continuing its journey into interstellar space. Read More

Voyager at 45: NASA’s Longest and Farthest Explorers (Live Q&A)

Streamed live on Aug 30, 2022  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Launched in 1977, the twin Voyager probes are NASA’s longest-operating mission and the only

spacecraft ever to explore interstellar space. For two decades after launch, the spacecraft were

planetary explorers, giving us up-close views of the gas giants Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and

Neptune. Now, as they reach distances far beyond the hopes of their original designers,

the aging spacecraft challenge their team in new ways, requiring creative solutions to keep

them operating and sending back science data from the space between the stars.

As we celebrate the 45th anniversary of these epic explorers, join Voyager deputy

project scientist Linda Spilker and propulsion engineer Todd Barber for a live Q&A.

SOLAR SYSTEM
Voyager, NASA’s Longest-Lived Mission, Logs 45 Years in Space
Launched in 1977, the twin Voyager probes are NASA’s longest-operating mission

and the only spacecraft ever to explore interstellar space. Read More

STARS AND GALAXIES

Test Chamber for NASA’s New Cosmic Mapmaker Makes Dramatic Entrance
The SPHEREx mission will create a 3D map of the entire sky. Its cutting-edge

instruments require a custom-built chamber to make sure they’ll be ready to

operate in space. Read More

GALLERY

Robots in Development at JPL

Check out this curated gallery of some prototypes of some future explorers.

View Now

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/image-gallery-robotics?utm_source=iContact&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=nasajpl&utm_content=monthly20220902-18

ROBOTICS.

Image Gallery: Robotics

Explorers in Development at JPL

JPL is the lead NASA center for robotic exploration, which means we send robots, not humans, into space. Here is a gallery of some prototypes of future explorers that have recently been in development. Some can help us on Earth, while others may lead the way for exploration of our solar system.

Nebula-Spot

Aug. 25, 2022

CREDIT

NASA/JPL-Caltech

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/nebula-spot

The DuAxel Rover During a Field Test in California’s Mojave Desert

Oct. 13, 2020The DuAxel rover participates in a field test in the Mojave Desert in California.

The four-wheeled rover is composed of two separate two-wheeled Axel robots, which

are attached to one another via a tether. When the robot needs to travel to over long

distances, it operates as one conventional rover with four wheels. Once it reaches its

destination, it can separate and transform into two robots: One part anchors itself in

place while the other uses a tether to explore otherwise inaccessible terrain.

This flexibility was built with crater walls, pits, scarps, vents, and other extreme terrain

in mind. That’s because on Earth, some of the best locations to study geology can be

found in rocky outcrops and cliff faces, where many layers of the past are neatly exposed.

They’re hard enough to reach here, let alone on the Moon, Mars, and other celestial bodies.

The DuAxel project is a technology demonstration being developed by roboticists at

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California to see how this unconventional

rover might fill a niche in planetary exploration.

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/pia24108-the-duaxel-rover-during-a-field-test-in-californias-mojave-desert

DuAxel Undocks a Tethered Axel to Explore a Steep Slope

Oct. 13, 2020

During a field test in the Mojave Desert, the DuAxel robot separates into two single-axled

robots so that one can rappel down a slope too steep for conventional rovers.

The tether connecting both Axels not only allows the one robot to descend

the slope while the other remains anchored in place, it also provides power and

a means of communication with the anchoring robot above.

The DuAxel project is a technology demonstration being developed by roboticists at

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California to see how this unconventional

rover might fill a niche in the exploration the Moon, Mars, and beyond.

More information about Axel can be found here:

https://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/systems/system.cfm?System=16

 CREDIT

NASA/JPL-Caltech/J.D. Gammell

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/pia24109-duaxel-undocks-a-tethered-axel-to-explore-a-steep-slope

 ROBOTICS AT JPL.

A-PUFFER

Inspired by origami, the foldable Autonomous Pop-Up Flat Folding Explorer Robot

(A-PUFFER) was developed as a prototype concept to scout regions on the Moon

and gain information about locations that may be difficult for astronauts to investigate

on foot. Learn more 

A foldable robot that can access tight spaces

Robot Statistics

ABILITY

Driving, Folding

ENVIRONMENT

Ground, Surface

STATUS

Completed (since 2020)

POTENTIAL DESTINATIONS

Earth, Moon, Mars, Icy Moons

ANIMAL ANALOG: PUFFER FISH

About A-PUFFER

Inspired by origami, the foldable Autonomous Pop-Up Flat Folding Explorer

Robot (A-PUFFER) was developed to scout regions on the Moon and gain

information about locations that may be difficult for astronauts to investigate

on foot, such as hard-to-reach craters and narrow caves.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SENSORS

Off-the-shelf

The latest in the PUFFER series of robots features an upgraded onboard

computer with a wireless radio for communication and a stereo camera for

sensing the environment in front of it. The use of commercial off-the-shelf

electronics and manufacturing capabilities enables low-cost production of multip

 

 

 

 

 

AGILITY

Collaboration

Because each A-PUFFER is small enough to fit in a shoebox, multiple

robots can be deployed to work together cooperatively to support Earth

science as well as future Mars and icy moon science mission concepts

in ways that are not possible with a single rover.

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/robotics-at-jpl/a-puffer

RoboSimian Competes

July 16, 2014

RoboSimian, a limbed robot developed by engineers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion

Laboratory in Pasadena, California, competed in the DARPA Robotics

Challenge (DRC) Trials in Florida in December 2013. The robot weighs

238 pounds (108 kilograms), including its battery, and stands at 5.4 feet

(164 cm) in its bipedal pose. The DRC Finals will take place in Pomona,

California, from June 5-6, 2015.

The RoboSimian team is led by JPL. Stanford University, Palo Alto, Calif.,

collaborated on the development of the robot’s unique hands.

The California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, manages JPL

for NASA. For more information about robotics at JPL, including

involvement with the DARPA Robotics Challenge,

see http://www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/index.cfm.

TARGET

INSTRUMENT

  • RoboSimian

CREDIT

JPL-Caltech

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/pia18565-robosimian-competes

Image Gallery: Robotics

 BRUIE

BRUIE, or the Buoyant Rover for Under-Ice Exploration, is being developed at

JPL for underwater exploration in ice-covered regions on Earth, and in the icy

waters of ocean worlds elsewhere in our solar system. The long-term goal is

to be able to deploy BRUIE for autonomous operations in an alien ocean,

where it would search for signs of life at the boundary between the ice shell and ocean.

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/image-gallery-robotics?utm_source=iContact&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=nasajpl&utm_content=monthly20220902-18

Lemur-3

Aug. 25, 2022

FreeClimber: LEMUR 3 belongs to a new generation of robots being built at JPL that can

crawl, walk and even climb rock walls. This robot was designed to operate in extreme

terrains, demonstrating the applicability of its systems for possible missions to Mars,

the Moon, and small bodies. It was developed under sponsorship of NASA Science

Mission Directorate.

CREDIT

NASA/JPL-Caltech

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/robotics-at-jpl/freeclimber-lemur-3

 ROMAN

A powerful robot designed to work in real-world environments

Robot Statistics

MASS

113.398 KILOGRAMS

LENGTH

1.26 METERS

SPEED

4.5 M/S

ABILITY

Driving, Manipulating

STATUS

Completed (since 2020)

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANIMAL ANALOG: HUMAN

About RoMan

Roman was built to advance the ability of autonomous

robots to interact with the wide variety of objects that

they might encounter in human-scale environments,

be they small and hard to grasp or large, heavy, and

difficult to move. It uses its tracked base and array of

sensors to navigate any relatively flat terrain, such as

inside buildings, around urban streets, and through

grassy outdoor areas. Its potential applications include

search-and-rescue missions in disaster zones, where

it could help clear rubble or lift and move obstacles.

The RoMan platform was developed in collaboration

with the CCDC Army Research Laboratory.

DEXTERITY

Multi-handed

Multi-handed Each of Roman’s two strong arms (based on RoboSimian’s limbs)

are equipped with either a three-finger gripper to delicately grasp lighter,

more complex objects or a JPL-designed “CamHand” that can drag debris

as large as a tree limb out of the robot’s way.

 

 

 

 

 

 

STRENGTH

Ripped Robot

RoMan’s arms are strong enough that it can do one-handed pushups,

as its operators discovered when they forget to turn on collision

avoidance and it drove its palm into the ground

JPL Robotics Technologist Joseph Bowkett poses with RoMan.

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/robotics-at-jpl/subterranean-rollocopter

ROLLOCOPTER

An innovative robot that can either roll or fly

Robot Statistics

ABILITY

Driving, Flying

ENVIRONMENT

Aerial, Ground, Surface

MOVEMENT

Wheeled, Moving, Flight

STATUS

Completed (since 2020)

About Rollocopter

Is it a rover or a flyer? It’s both. Rollocopter, a hybrid aerial

and terrestrial platform, uses a quadrotor system to fly

or roll along on two passive wheels. This design gives

the robot greater range than aerial-only quadrotors

and eliminates obstacle-avoidance issues associated

with ground-only robots. When Rollocopter encounters

an obstacle, it can simply fly over it. To fly this robot

requires a celestial body with an atmosphere and

could be used to explore subterranean caves other worlds.

 

 

 

 

 

 

AGILITY

All-in-One

Rollocopter uses the same motors and control system for

both flying and rolling, which keeps it simple and light.

 

 

 

 

 

 

MOBILITY

Long Hauler

It can travel distances up to 10 times greater than an aerial drone.

Image gallery

Gallery description

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/robotics-at-jpl/subterranean-rollocopter

Find Out More

DARPA Subterranean Challenge at JPL Robotics

NASA Robots Compete Underground in DARPA Challenge

JPL and the Space Age: The Footsteps of Voyager

Premiered Aug 25, 2022  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

While the legendary Voyager 2 was in the midst of its triumphant

Grand Tour through the outer planets, the space shuttle era was

underway on Earth. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory would be

among the first to demonstrate how NASA’s new shuttle could be

used to conduct science experiments about our own planet from

the vantage of space. But for launching missions to targets beyond

Earth orbit, the shuttle posed engineering challenges. One mission

that launched from the shuttle was Galileo, JPL’s flagship mission

to Jupiter, and its route to the launch pad would be full of unexpected

twists and turns. Drawing on rare film footage as well as the memories

of the engineers and scientists who were there, “The Footsteps of

Voyager” recounts the dramatic experiences of these first-ever

encounters at Uranus and Neptune and the efforts to deploy Galileo,

a mission that would become the first to orbit an outer planet.

Documentary length: 56 minutes 

JPL and the Space Age: The Pathfinders

Premiered Jun 30, 2022 NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

It started with JPL agreeing to land something on Mars – cheaply –

and do it in a radically different way. This is how the era NASA called

“Faster, Better, Cheaper” began. The documentary film

“The Pathfinders” tells the story of a small group of engineers

at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory who did not heed warnings

that the audacious challenge of landing on Mars with airbags

would likely not be a career-enhancing move. From relying

on a parachute that could not be tested in a way to match

the Martian atmosphere to receiving the late addition of

an unwanted rover that wouldn’t have looked out of place

in a toy store, the Mars Pathfinder mission was a doubter’s

dream, taken on by a mostly young group of engineers and

scientists guided by a grizzled manager known for his

maverick ways. “The Pathfinders” retraces the journey

of this daring mission to Mars that captured the imagination

of people around the world with its dramatic landing and

its tiny rover – the first wheels ever to roll on Mars.

Documentary length: 60 minutes 

JPL and the Space Age: The Stuff of Dreams

Premiered Aug 24, 2022  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

In 1977, the greatest adventure in space exploration began

with the launch of the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft,

two robotic explorers designed to explore the deep reaches

of our solar system. The Voyagers were the creations of

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where a brash young

scientist had just been put in charge. His ambition was to

take the next steps in exploring the solar system. Instead,

he found himself struggling for JPL’s very survival in the

midst of financial cutbacks at the very same time of the

Voyagers’ triumphs of discoveries at Jupiter and Saturn.

“The Stuff of Dreams” tells the story of the Voyagers’

astounding successes and unexpected discoveries – but

most of all, it’s a tale of perseverance by people and machines

struggling against forces put in their way. Documentary

length: 1 hour 27 minutes

NASA – Image of the Day

Sep 2, 2022

The Crater Farm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three impact craters are displayed in this three-dimensional perspective view

of the surface of Venus taken by NASA’s Magellan, the first deep space probe

launched by a space shuttle. The center of the image is located at approximately

27 degrees south latitude, 339 degrees east longitude in the northwestern portion

of the Lavinia Planitia region of Venus.

Read More: The Crater Farm

Image credit: NASA/JPL

Last Updated: Sep 2, 2022

Editor: Michael Bock

Tags:  Image of the Day, Venus

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/the-crater-farm

Aug 31, 2022

Lacerta’s Star Outshines a Galaxy

In space, being outshone is an occupational hazard. This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image captures a galaxy named NGC 7250. Despite being remarkable in its own right — it has bright bursts of star formation and recorded supernova explosions — it blends into the background somewhat thanks to the gloriously bright star hogging the limelight next to it. This bright object is a single and little-studied star named TYC 3203-450-1, located in the constellation of Lacerta (The Lizard), much closer than the much more distant galaxy. Only this way a normal star can outshine an entire galaxy, consisting of billions of stars. Astronomers studying distant objects call these stars “foreground stars” and they are often not very happy about them, as their bright light is contaminating the faint light from the more distant and interesting objects they actually want to study. In this case TYC 3203-450-1 million times closer than NGC 7250 which lies over 45 million light-years away from us. Would the star be the same distance as NGC 7250, it would hardly be visible in this image.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A little-studied star, TYC 3203-450-1, upstages a galaxy in this Hubble Telescope

image from December 2017. Both the star and the galaxy are within the Lizard

constellation, Lacerta. However, the star is much closer than the much more

distant galaxy.

Astronomers studying distant objects call these stars “foreground stars”

and they are often not very happy about them, as their bright light is

contaminating the faint light from the more distant and interesting

objects they actually want to study.

See more images from Hubble.

Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
Text credit: European Space Agency

Last Updated: Aug 31, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  GalaxiesHubble Space TelescopeImage of the DayStars

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/lacerta-s-star-outshines-a-galaxy

 Aug 30, 2022

A Peek Into Jupiter’s Inner Life

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auroras and hazes glow in this composite image of Jupiter taken by

the James Webb Space Telescope’s Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam).

NIRCam has three specialized infrared filters that showcase details of the planet.

Since infrared light is invisible to the human eye, the light has been

mapped onto the visible spectrum: the auroras are mapped to

redder colors, hazes to yellows and greens, and light reflected

from a deeper main cloud to blues.

Image credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, Jupiter ERS Team;

image processing by Judy Schmidt.

Last Updated: Aug 30, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Image of the Day, James Webb Space Telescope, Jupiter

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/a-peek-into-jupiter-s-inner-life

Aug 29, 2022

Early Morning Artemis I

NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket with the Orion spacecraft aboard is seen atop the mobile launcher at Launch Pad 39B, Monday, Aug. 29, 2022, as the Artemis I launch teams load more than 700,000 gallons of cryogenic propellants including liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen as the launch countdown progresses at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. NASA’s Artemis I flight test is the first integrated test of the agency’s deep space exploration systems: the Orion spacecraft, SLS rocket, and supporting ground systems. Launch of the uncrewed flight test is targeted for no earlier than 8:33 a.m. ET. Photo Credit: (NASA/Joel Kowsky)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket with the Orion spacecraft

aboard is seen atop the mobile launcher at Launch Pad 39B, Monday,

Aug. 29, 2022, as the Artemis I launch teams loaded more than 700,000

gallons of cryogenic propellants including liquid hydrogen and liquid

oxygen. The Artemis I flight test is the first integrated test of our deep

space exploration systems: the Orion spacecraft, SLS rocket, and

supporting ground systems.

NASA waved off the Aug. 29 launch attempt after a test to get

the RS-25 engines on the bottom of the core stage to the

proper temperature range for liftoff was not successful.

Image credit: NASA/Joel Kowsky

Last Updated: Aug 29, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Artemis IImage of the DayKennedy Space CenterMoon to Mars,

Orion SpacecraftSpace Launch System

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/early-morning-artemis-i

Aug 26, 2022

Apollo 15 Catches Earth on the Horizon 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This view of the crescent Earth over the Moon’s horizon was taken during

the Apollo 15 lunar landing mission. Apollo 15 launched from the Kennedy

Space Center on July 26, 1971 via a Saturn V launch vehicle. Aboard was

a crew of three astronauts: David R. Scott, mission commander; James B.

Irwin, lunar module pilot; and Alfred M. Worden, command module pilot.

Designed to explore the Moon over longer periods, greater ranges,

and with more instruments for the collection of scientific data than

before, Apollo 15 included the introduction of a $40 million lunar

roving vehicle (LRV) that reached a top speed of 16 kph (10 mph)

across the Moon’s surface.

The successful Apollo 15 lunar landing mission was the first

in a series of three advanced missions planned for the

Apollo program. The primary scientific objectives were

to observe the lunar surface, survey and sample material

and surface features in a preselected area of the Hadley-Apennine

region, setup and activate surface experiments, and

conduct in-flight experiments and photographic tasks

from lunar orbit. Apollo 15 televised the first lunar liftoff

and recorded a walk in deep space by Worden. Both

the Saturn V rocket and the LRV were developed at

the Marshall Space Flight Center.

Image credit: NASA

Last Updated: Aug 26, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  ApolloApollo 15Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/apollo-15-catches-earth-on-the-horizon

Aug 25, 2022

NASA T-38s Soar Over Artemis I

 

PHOTO DATE: August 23, 2022. LOCATION: Kennedy Space Center. SUBJECT: NASA T-38s fly in formation above the Space Launch System rocket on Launch Pad 39B. NASA 901: Chris Condon / Zena Cardman. 902: Nicole Ayers / Christina Koch. 903: Jeremy Hansen / Drew Morgan. 904: Reid Wiseman / Joe Acaba. 905 (Photo Chase): Jack Hathaway / Josh Valcarcel (NASA Photographer)
PHOTOGRAPHER: Josh Valcarcel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T-38 planes are a fixture of astronaut training, assisting pilots and

mission specialists to think quickly in changing situations. Here,

our T-38s fly in formation above the Space Launch System

(SLS) rocket on Launch Pad 39B. The SLS and Orion

spacecraft for the Artemis I mission will launch no

earlier than Aug. 29, 2022.

Astronaut Andrew Morgan posted this and two other

photos on Twitter on Aug. 25, 2022, saying “This week

we flew over @NASAArtemis, thanking the @nasa

centers across the country that put this Moon rocket

on @NASAKennedy’s pad and celebrating the upcoming test flight!”

Image credit: NASA/Josh Valcarcel

Last Updated: Aug 25, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  AeronauticsArtemis IImage of the DayKennedy Space Center

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/nasa-t-38s-soar-over-artemis-i

Aug 24, 2022

Milky Way Time Lapse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This time lapse of the Milky Way Galaxy taken from the International

Space Station (ISS) also captured a lightning strike on Earth so bright

that it lit up the space station’s solar panels.

Astronaut Kjell Lindgren posted this on Twitter and Instagram on

Sept. 2, 2015, saying, “Large lightning strike on Earth lights up or

solar panels.”

See more photos from the ISS.

Image credit: NASA/Kjell Lindgren

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Galaxies, Image of the Day, International Space Station (ISS), Universe

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/milky-way-time-lapse

Aug 23, 2022

The Historic X-1E Looks Forward

This is a forward-looking view of the X-1E that stands on static display in front of the main office building at NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards, California. Captured in the background of the image is the Waning Gibbous Moon on November 22, 2021. Visible off the nose of the X-1E is the air data probe with alpha and beta vanes which measured vertical and horizontal motion.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The supersonic X-1E research aircraft was the last of NASA’s

experimental X-1 series of aircraft. From 1955-1958, it made

26 flights and one captive flight (attached to a carrier aircraft).

Research flights took place over what is now NASA’s

Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards, California.

In this photo from November 2021, the X-1E looks

toward the full Moon.

Image credit: NASA/Joshua Fisher

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Aeronautics, Armstrong Flight Research Center, Image of the Day, NACA, Supersonic Flight

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/the-historic-x-1e-looks-forward

Aug 22, 2022

NASA’s Europa Clipper in High Bay 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The core of NASA’s Europa Clipper spacecraft has taken center stage

in the Spacecraft Assembly Facility at the agency’s Jet Propulsion

Laboratory in Southern California. Standing 10 feet (3 meters) high

and 5 feet (1.5 meters) wide, the craft’s main body will for the next

two years be the focus of attention in the facility’s ultra-hygienic

High Bay 1 as engineers and technicians assemble the spacecraft

for its launch to Jupiter’s moon Europa in October 2024.

See more images of the spacecraft coming together.

Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Europa (Moon), Europa Clipper, Image of the Day, Jet Propulsion Laboratory

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/nasas-europa-clipper-in-high-bay-1

Aug 19, 2022

Moon Over New Orleans

A paddlewheeler makes its way up the Mississippi River as the moon rises over New Orleans on Sunday evening, August 22, 2021. The August Sturgeon Moon, which was also a rare Blue Moon, was full at 7:02 A.M. local time Sunday but the moon still put on a show when it rose over New Orleans later that evening. New Orleans is home to the NASA Michoud Assembly Facility where the core stage of the Space Launch System that will return people to the moon is being built.
Image credit: NASA/Michael DeMocker

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A paddlewheeler makes its way up the Mississippi River as the Moon

rises over New Orleans on Sunday evening, Aug. 22, 2021.

The August Sturgeon Moon, which was also a rare Blue Moon,

was full at 7:02 a.m. local time Sunday but the nearly full

Moon still put on a show when it rose over New Orleans

later that evening. New Orleans is home to the NASA

Michoud Assembly Facility, where the core stage of the

Space Launch System that will return people to

the Moon was built.

Credit: NASA/Michael DeMocker

Last Updated: Aug 19, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Earth’s Moon, Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/moon-over-new-orleans

Aug 18, 2022

Voyager 1 Sees the Great Red Spot

Voyager 1 at Jupiter – Red spot
Image taken on March 5, 1979
This image was re-processed on November 6, 1998 and re-recorded to film on the MDA film recorder, MRPS ID# 93779, from which this file was scanned.
Original vidicon image size is 800 lines with 800 pixels per line.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Launched in 1977, the twin Voyager probes are NASA’s longest-operating

mission and the only spacecraft ever to explore interstellar space. 45 years

on, Voyager 1 and 2 continue to provide us with observations of the farthest

reaches of space.

Our Voyager 1 spacecraft zoomed toward Jupiter in January and

February 1979, capturing hundreds of images of Jupiter during its

approach, including this close-up of swirling clouds around

Jupiter’s Great Red Spot.

Learn more about Voyager: Voyager, NASA’s Longest-Lived Mission,

Logs 45 Years in Space

Image Credit: NASA/JPL

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Image of the Day, Jupiter, NASA History, Voyager

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/voyager-1-sees-the-great-red-spot

Aug 16, 2022

Perennial Perseids

In this 30 second exposure, a meteor streaks across the sky during the annual Perseid meteor shower, Tuesday, Aug. 10, 2021, in Spruce Knob, West Virginia. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Perseid meteors are an annual event many skywatchers look forward to,

as they often produce lots of shooting stars to enjoy. The Perseids are

debris remnants of Comet Swift-Tuttle, which takes 133 years to orbit the

Sun once. The meteors often leave long “wakes” of light and color behind

them as they streak through Earth’s atmosphere. They’re also known for

their fireballs, which are larger explosions of light and color that can

persist longer than an average meteor streak.

This photo was taken Wednesday, Aug. 11, 2021, in Spruce Knob, West Virginia.

Image credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Image of the Day, Meteors & Meteorites

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/perennial-perseids

Aug 15, 2022

Aquanaut Gets to Work Underwater

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A team of roboticists from NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston have

applied their expertise in making robots for deep space to designing a fully

electric shape-changing submersible robot that will cut costs for maritime

industries. Aquanaut, seen here during testing in the giant pool at Johnson’s

Neutral Buoyancy Lab, opens its shell and turns its arms, claw hands, and

various sensors to the job.

NASA has a long history of transferring technology to the private sector.

The agency’s Spinoff publication profiles NASA technologies that have

transformed into commercial products and services, demonstrating

the broader benefits of America’s investment in its space program.

Spinoff is a publication of the Technology Transfer program in

NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD).

Learn more: NASA Space Robotics Dive into Deep-Sea Work

Image credit: Nauticus Robotics Inc.

Last Updated: Aug 24, 2022

Editor: Monika Luabeya

Tags:  Benefits to You, Image of the Day, Robotics, Space Tech

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/aquanaut-gets-to-work-underwater

Aug 12, 2022

Hubble Peers at Celestial Cloudscape

This celestial cloudscape from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captures the colourful region surrounding the Herbig-Haro object HH 505. Herbig-Haro objects are luminous regions surrounding newborn stars, and are formed when ionised jets of gas spewing from these newborn stars collide with nearby gas and dust at high speeds. In the case of HH 505, these jets originate from the star IX Ori, which lies on the outskirts of the Orion Nebula around 1000 light-years from Earth. The jets themselves are visible as gracefully curving structures at the top and bottom of this image, and are distorted into sinuous curves by their interaction with the large-scale flow of gas and dust from the core of the Orion Nebula. This observation was captured with Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) by astronomers studying the properties of outflows and protoplanetary discs. The Orion Nebula is awash in intense ultraviolet radiation from bright young stars. Stellar jets are irradiated while they collide with the surrounding gas and dust, lighting them up for Hubble to see. This allows astronomers to directly observe jets and outflows and learn more about their structures. The Orion Nebula is a dynamic region of dust and gas where thousands of stars are forming, and is the closest region of massive star formation to Earth. As a result, it is one of the most scrutinised areas of the night sky and has often been a target for Hubble. This observation was also part of a spellbinding Hubble mosaic of the Orion Nebula, which combined 520 ACS images in five different colours to create the sharpest view ever taken of the region.

This celestial cloudscape from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captures the colorful region in the Orion Nebula surrounding the Herbig-Haro object HH 505. Herbig-Haro objects are luminous regions surrounding newborn stars that form when stellar winds or jets of gas spew from these infant stars creating shockwaves that collide with nearby gas and dust at high speeds. In the case of HH 505, these outflows originate from the star IX Ori, which lies on the outskirts of the Orion Nebula around 1,000 light-years from Earth. The outflows themselves are visible as gracefully curving structures at the top and bottom of this image. Their interaction with the large-scale flow of gas and dust from the core of the nebula distorts them into sinuous curves.

Captured with Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) by astronomers studying the properties of outflows and protoplanetary disks, the image reveals bright shockwaves formed by the outflows as well as slower moving currents of stellar material. The Orion Nebula is awash in intense ultraviolet radiation from bright young stars. Hubble’s sensitivity to ultraviolet light allows astronomers to directly observe these high-energy outflows and learn more about their structures.

The Orion Nebula is a dynamic region of dust and gas where thousands of stars are forming. It is the closest region of massive star formation to Earth, making it one of the most scrutinized areas of the night sky and often a target for Hubble. This observation was also part of a spellbinding Hubble mosaic of the Orion Nebula, which combined 520 ACS images in five different colors to create the sharpest view ever taken of the region.

Text credit: European Space Agency (ESA)
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Bally; Acknowledgment: M. H. Özsaraç

Media Contact:

Claire Andreoli
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbelt, MD
301-286-1940

Last Updated: Aug 12, 2022

Editor: Andrea Gianopoulos

Tags:  Goddard Space Flight Center, Hubble Space Telescope, Image of the Day, Nebulae, Stars, Universe

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2022/hubble-peers-at-celestial-cloudscape

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Art & Medicine Murals, BLACK ANGELS NURSES AT SEA VIEW HOSPITAL, and Children’s Playroom Mural In New York City Hospitals

Art & Medicine Murals, BLACK ANGELS NURSES AT SEA VIEW HOSPITAL, and Children’s Playroom Mural In New York City Hospitals

THE KEITH HARING MURAL INSIDE BROOKLYN’S WOODHULL HOSPITAL

     

Produced by

NICOLE SARANIERO

Hospitals may not be the first places that come to mind when you think of where to see works of famous contemporary artists, but inside NYC Health + Hospitals/Woodhull, there are not one but two Keith Haring murals. The murals are part of the largest public art collection in New York City, a collection of over 3,000 works curated by NYC Health + Hospitals. As an advocate who believed art should be accessible to everyone, Haring gifted the murals in 1986. In Untapped New York’s upcoming talk with Linh Dang, Senior Director of NYC Health + Hospitals Arts in Medicine Program, she will discuss how Haring’s contribution to the New York City healthcare system is part of a tradition that dates back to the 1930s and is being carried on today by The Community Mural Project.

In a proposal for the Woodhull mural, Haring explains his inspiration for the piece. When visiting the hospital, he noticed a border running around the lobby, “an intricate part of the architecture” that he wanted to “embellish…with a frieze of characters.” The characters are “very simple human and animal figures, dancing, playing, break dancing, etc.,” outlined in thick black paint with bright splashes of primary colors. Since the 700-foot long mural is the first thing that patients see upon entering the hospital, Haring wanted the design to be “positive, uplifting, unaggressive, imaginative and comforting.”

Haring’s parade of playful figures continues down two corridors that branch off of the main lobby. The hallway mural figures are just black and white but have more details than the lobby mural. While the lobby figures are abstract shapes, the hallway figures have details like faces and clothing. To complete the murals, Haring spent an entire week inside the Bed-Stuy hospital. During his downtime, he socialized with hospital staff, patients, visitors, and fans. He happily signed autographs and did small drawings for anyone who asked.

Photograph by Rick Luftglass

According to the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Haring created more than fifty murals for hospitals, daycare centers, charity venues, and orphanages during the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s. The Keith Haring mural inside NYC Health + Hospitals/Woodhull is estimated to be worth millions of dollars today. In 2018, a $20,000 restoration project was carried out by art conservators Helen Im and Suyeon Kim. The restoration included making repairs to water damaged areas of the painting and touching up the paint on the Keith Haring mural.

Murals first appeared in New York City hospitals in the 1930s when the depression-era Works Progress Administration commissioned hundreds of them for New York City’s public hospital system. As the century progressed, hospitals and organizations continued to commission murals, sometimes from famous artists such as Kenny Scharf. Today, the mural tradition continues with The Community Mural Project run by NYC Health + Hospitals Arts in Medicine program and funded by the Laurie M. Tisch Illumination Fund.

The Community Mural Project facilitates the creation of collaborative works of art that bring together healthcare staff, patients, artists, and local residents. Each group plays an important role in every step of the creation process, from designing the mural to actually painting it! Started in 2019, the project has already added sixteen new murals to hospitals all over New York City, with plans to add more. The goal of the program is to “re-imagine hospitals and promote greater neighborhood wellness.” The Community Mutal Project was more vital than ever in 2020, when the murals helped to combat caregiver fatigue and bolstered the spirits of frontline workers during the depths of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In NYC Health + Hospitals/Harlem, you can see more of KetihHaring’s work. RxArt, in partnership with the Keith Haring Foundation, produced a wall decal for the hospital’s waiting room in 2019 with a design created by Haring. In 2020, artist Imani Shanklin Roberts contributed a new mural to NYC Health + Hospitals/Woodhull’s exterior, joining the Keith Haring mural created over thirty years ago. On the Illumination Fund website, you can see all of the locations where community murals have been added over the past two years. The call for artists to create murals in 2021, along with a list of new mural locations, have just been released! You can learn more and fill out an application here!

Image Courtesy of NYC Health + Hospitals

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://untappedcities.com/2021/01/11/keith-haring-mural-woodhull-hospital/

NYC Health + Hospitals Woodhull Hospital has brought colorful inspiration to its Flushing Avenue side. On October 8, a mural titled, Through Healing We Unite, which the artist hopes will communicate the balance of both care workers and patients to cultivate healing, was unveiled. Oct 15, 2020

New Mural Illustrates “Woodhull Heals” – The Greenline

https://northbrooklynnews.com › 2020/10/15 › new-mura…

Through Healing, We Unite mural unveiling. Photo: Anna Bradley-Smith for BK Reader.

https://bkreader.com/2020/10/14/new-community-mural-unveiled-at-bed-stuys-woodhull-hospital/

Through Healing, We Unite mural unveiling. Photo: Anna Bradley-Smith for BK Reader.

https://bkreader.com/2020/10/14/new-community-mural-unveiled-at-bed-stuys-woodhull-hospital/

Through Healing, We Unite mural unveiling. Photo: Anna Bradley-Smith for BK Reader.

https://bkreader.com/2020/10/14/new-community-mural-unveiled-at-bed-stuys-woodhull-hospital/

Arts in Medicine – Community Mural Project

Dec 11, 2019

NYC Health and Hospitals

BLACK ANGELS NURSES AT SEA VIEW HOSPITAL

HONORED IN NEW MURAL

Produced by  VICTORIA CHOE

Just in time for Black History Month, a new mural has just been unveiled at Staten Island’s Sea View Hospital. “The Spirit of Sea View” by Yana Dimitrova, depicts the hospital’s deep history dedicated to serving the most vulnerable populations of New York, including the role of the Black Angels. The project was completed under New York City Health + Hospitals Community Murals Project in partnership with the Laurie M. Tisch Illumination Fund and is located in the E. Robitzek Building at Sea View. It consists of four panels, each highlighting significant individuals and events of Sea View’s past. In the mural, you’ll see a reference to the Delft terra cotta panels that were salvaged from the abandoned tuberculosis buildings in the hospital.

The first panel highlights Sea View’s beginnings as a part of the New York City Farm Colony. Founded in 1829 as the Richmond County Poor Farm, it welcomed the poor, mentally ill, criminals, and other outcasts of the time. In exchange for a place to stay, people were given work on the farm and in various shops that specialized in skills such as carpentry, print, and tailoring. Seaview Hospital was built as a tuberculosis sanatorium right by the Staten Island farm colony, and the two later merged in 1915, forming Seaview Farms. Combining the farm colony and the hospital enabled both institutions to maximize each others’ resources and services.

Panel ones depicts individuals involved in manual labor such as farming and constructionPhoto by Michael Paras.

Remnants of the Staten Island Farm Colony, which is across the street from Sea View today

Panel two focuses on the Black Angels of Seaview Hospital who were critical in providing care for patients during the tuberculosis pandemic (the cure for tuberculosis was discovered at Sea View). Called Black Angels by their parents, around 300 of African American nurses came to Seaview from across the country between 1928 to 1960 to help patients fight tuberculosis. Although many white nurses left Seaview during the height of the pandemic, Black nurses fearlessly and heroically served patients at the risk of their own lives. Their story will also be the subject of a forthcoming book from Oprah Books by Mara Smilios, The Black Angels: The Untold Story of the Nurses Who Helped Cure Tuberculosis.

Miss Virginia Allen, the last living Black Angel nurse

Dimitrova worked on the murals in collaboration with members of Seaview hospital, in particular, Miss Virginia Allen, the last living Black Angel today. At sixteen years old, she came to Sea View from Detroit as a nurse and helped on the frontlines of treating tuberculosis patients. Dimitrova wrote about the experience on her website, “After speaking with Miss Allen and meeting her in person, it was so beautifully clear – she is an inspiring fighter for social justice for the not only the community at the hospital but also all over New York City. I am honored to have had the privilege to meet her and speak with her in preparation of this panel.” Allen attended the mural unveiling last week.

Panel two honors the bravery of the Black Angels.

Panel three continues the narrative of Seaview’s integral role in the tuberculosis pandemic. In it, Dr. Edward H. Robitzek, who discovered a cure for tuberculosis, has provided the mediation to a patient who is celebrating her recovery. Before, the only recommendations doctors could recommend for tuberculosis patients were ample sunlight, fresh air, and a good diet. However, Dr. Robitzek’s discovery of the effectiveness of the drug isoniazid led to drastic recoveries in patients who were likely to die from the disease. Alongside the Black Angels, Dr. Robitzek is portrayed as another commendable hero of Seaview’s history.

The final panel reflects the present. Although for many years Sea View’s buildings were abandoned and forgotten, they have been revived and transformed into a rehabilitation center, nursing home, and a volunteer fire company as a part of The New York City Economic Development Corp’s efforts to create a Wellness Community.  In the mural, the patient is the portrait of Miss Marquita, an actual patient of Sea View, in the greenhouse of the hospital.

The four panels reflect the rich history of a hospital that has created opportunities for the poor, served tuberculosis patients with the help of Black Angels, and helped instigate a cure for tuberculosis patients.

Next, check out the top ten secrets of Sea View hospital and groundbreaking medical discoveries made in New York City.  by Taboola

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://untappedcities.com/2021/01/25/black-angels-sea-view-hospital-mural/

Montefiore Medical Center – Children’s Playroom Mural

Hospital Mural. We worked with the amazing staff at the Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx. Together we created a custom mural in a newly designed playroom. We had a good time painting universal childhood favorites for the kids to enjoy. Hopefully having these friends around makes a trip to the doctor a little bit more fun. Check out some photos of the vibrant & crisp hospital mural installation below:

Donald may also need Mickey’s services after the kite ride from the looks of it. The panorama captures the size and also color of the install. In this case, painting to the edges of the frame really worked well.

Mickey keeping good company with the legos.

An apple a day or a quick race in the driving seats.

The roll down black out window screens were a fun canvas for Minnie and Lady Duck. The orange cloud background behind each contrasts the bright green hills of the hospital mural. We were able to use some negative space here also.

Green hills, blue skies, puffy clouds and wild flowers also.

You can see how the hand painted graphics transform the environment in the picture above.

For project inquiries, please contact us at art@graffiti-artist.net or call 646-801-6024

Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!

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For more information, please visit the following link:

https://graffiti-artist.net/street-artists-agency/montefiore-medical-center-childrens-playroom-mural/

Park West Gallery

It’s true—recent studies and research have proven that a trip to the art gallery or a museum can positively impact your health and well-being in several essential ways, like lowering anxiety and depression and boosting critical thinking skills. Apr 15, 2019

Art and Health: The Real-World Benefits of Viewing Art

https://www.parkwestgallery.com › art-and-health-the-ben…

Jonathan Boos

Arts in Medicine: Three American Masterpieces as Tools for Healing

  • “The Sum Of The Squares Of The Houses” (1973) by Alfred Jensen. Alfred Jensen, Guatemalan/American, 1903-1981. …
  • “Man Emerging” (1969) by Charles Alston. Charles Henry Alston, American, 1907–1977. …
  • “Untitled” (1974) by Romare Bearden.
  • Arts in Medicine: Three American Masterpieces as Tools for …

https://jonathanboos.com › arts-medicine-illumination-fund

Bronx Times
NYC Health + Hospitals/Gotham unveils community mural …

https://www.bxtimes.com › nyc-health-hospitals-gotha…

Jun 10, 2021 — A community-based mural by Renzo Ortega, the first in Belvis’s 25-year history, was unveiled to the public at NYC Health + Hospitals/Belvis …

Art and medicine intersect in New York City hospitals

Aug 17, 2022  PBS NewsHour

It’s one of the largest public art collections in the country and it’s not where you might expect to see it. Artwork in New York hospitals aims to heal patients and healers. Jeffrey Brown continues his occasional look at the intersection of art and health, for our ongoing arts and culture series, “CANVAS.” Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@pbsnews Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newshour Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/newshour Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/podcasts Newsletters: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/subscribe

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NASA, First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope & Image of The Day

NASA, First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope & Image of The Day

James Webb Space Telescope

First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope

The dawn of a new era in astronomy has begun as the world gets its first look at the full capabilities of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, a partnership with ESA (European Space Agency) and CSA (Canadian Space Agency). The telescope’s first full-color images and spectroscopic data were released during a televised broadcast at 10:30 a.m. EDT (14:30 UTC) on Tuesday, July 12, 2022, from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. These listed targets below represent the first wave of full-color scientific images and spectra the observatory has gathered, and the official beginning of Webb’s general science operations. They were selected by an international committee of representatives from NASA, ESA, CSA, and the Space Telescope Science Institute.

These first images from the world’s largest and most powerful space telescope demonstrate Webb at its full power, ready to begin its mission to unfold the infrared universe.

Press release: NASA Reveals Webb Telescope’s First Images of Unseen Universe

For more about Webb’s current status, visit the “Where Is Webb?” tracker.

Credits: NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI

View larger version of this image

This landscape of “mountains” and “valleys” speckled with glittering stars is actually the edge of a nearby, young, star-forming region called NGC 3324 in the Carina Nebula. Captured in infrared light by NASA’s new James Webb Space Telescope, this image reveals for the first time previously invisible areas of star birth.

Called the Cosmic Cliffs, Webb’s seemingly three-dimensional picture looks like craggy mountains on a moonlit evening. In reality, it is the edge of the giant, gaseous cavity within NGC 3324, and the tallest “peaks” in this image are about 7 light-years high. The cavernous area has been carved from the nebula by the intense ultraviolet radiation and stellar winds from extremely massive, hot, young stars located in the center of the bubble, above the area shown in this image.

Credits: NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI

View larger version of this image

Stephan’s Quintet, a visual grouping of five galaxies, is best known for being prominently featured in the holiday classic film, “It’s a Wonderful Life.” Today, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope reveals Stephan’s Quintet in a new light. This enormous mosaic is Webb’s largest image to date, covering about one-fifth of the Moon’s diameter. It contains over 150 million pixels and is constructed from almost 1,000 separate image files. The information from Webb provides new insights into how galactic interactions may have driven galaxy evolution in the early universe.

With its powerful, infrared vision and extremely high spatial resolution, Webb shows never-before-seen details in this galaxy group. Sparkling clusters of millions of young stars and starburst regions of fresh star birth grace the image. Sweeping tails of gas, dust and stars are being pulled from several of the galaxies due to gravitational interactions. Most dramatically, Webb captures huge shock waves as one of the galaxies, NGC 7318B, smashes through the cluster.

This side-by-side comparison shows observations of the Southern Ring Nebula in near-infrared light, at left, and mid-infrared light, at right, from NASA’s Webb Telescope.
This scene was created by a white dwarf star – the remains of a star like our Sun after it shed its outer layers and stopped burning fuel though nuclear fusion. Those outer layers now form the ejected shells all along this view.
In the Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) image, the white dwarf appears to the lower left of the bright, central star, partially hidden by a diffraction spike. The same star appears – but brighter, larger, and redder – in the Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) image. This white dwarf star is cloaked in thick layers of dust, which make it appear larger.
The brighter star in both images hasn’t yet shed its layers. It closely orbits the dimmer white dwarf, helping to distribute what it’s ejected.
Over thousands of years and before it became a white dwarf, the star periodically ejected mass – the visible shells of material. As if on repeat, it contracted, heated up – and then, unable to push out more material, pulsated. Stellar material was sent in all directions – like a rotating sprinkler – and provided the ingredients for this asymmetrical landscape.
Today, the white dwarf is heating up the gas in the inner regions – which appear blue at left and red at right. Both stars are lighting up the outer regions, shown in orange and blue, respectively.
The images look very different because NIRCam and MIRI collect different wavelengths of light. NIRCam observes near-infrared light, which is closer to the visible wavelengths our eyes detect. MIRI goes farther into the infrared, picking up mid-infrared wavelengths. The second star more clearly appears in the MIRI image, because this instrument can see the gleaming dust around it, bringing it more clearly into view.
The stars – and their layers of light – steal more attention in the NIRCam image, while dust pl

Credits: NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI

View larger version of this image

Some stars save the best for last.

The dimmer star at the center of this scene has been sending out rings of gas and dust for thousands of years in all directions, and NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has revealed for the first time that this star is cloaked in dust.

Two cameras aboard Webb captured the latest image of this planetary nebula, cataloged as NGC 3132, and known informally as the Southern Ring Nebula. It is approximately 2,500 light-years away.

Webb will allow astronomers to dig into many more specifics about planetary nebulae like this one – clouds of gas and dust expelled by dying stars. Understanding which molecules are present, and where they lie throughout the shells of gas and dust will help researchers refine their knowledge of these objects.

Credits: NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI

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NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has captured the distinct signature of water, along with evidence for clouds and haze, in the atmosphere surrounding a hot, puffy gas giant planet orbiting a distant Sun-like star.

The observation, which reveals the presence of specific gas molecules based on tiny decreases in the brightness of precise colors of light, is the most detailed of its kind to date, demonstrating Webb’s unprecedented ability to analyze atmospheres hundreds of light-years away.

While the Hubble Space Telescope has analyzed numerous exoplanet atmospheres over the past two decades, capturing the first clear detection of water in 2013, Webb’s immediate and more detailed observation marks a giant leap forward in the quest to characterize potentially habitable planets beyond Earth.

Credits: NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI

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NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has produced the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe to date. Known as Webb’s First Deep Field, this image of galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 is overflowing with detail.

Thousands of galaxies – including the faintest objects ever observed in the infrared – have appeared in Webb’s view for the first time. This slice of the vast universe covers a patch of sky approximately the size of a grain of sand held at arm’s length by someone on the ground.

President Joe Biden unveiled this image during a White House event Monday, July 11.

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.nasa.gov/webbfirstimages

#UnfoldTheUniverse

NASA Science Live: Webb’s First Full-Color Images Explained | Never Before Seen View of the Universe

Streamed live 9 hours ago, 7.13.2022  NASA

You’ve seen the pictures. What questions do you have? Our experts for NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope are ready to handle them in our NASA Science Live, starting at 3 p.m. ET (19:00 UTC) on Wednesday, July 13. Share your Qs with #UnfoldTheUniverse during our livestream. Have questions you want answered in Spanish? Tune in to a live Q&A at 1 p.m. EDT (17:00 UTC) on the NASA en español Facebook, Twitter and YouTube pages: Facebook: https://facebook.com/nasaes Twitter: https://twitter.com/nasa_es YouTube: https://youtube.com/nasaes Image credit: NASA Goddard/Chris Gunn

Highlights: First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope (Official NASA Video)

Jul 13, 2022  NASA

NASA revealed the first five full-color images and spectrographic data from the world’s most powerful space telescope, the James Webb Space Telescope, a partnership with ESA (European Space Agency), and CSA (Canadian Space Agency). The world got its first look at the full capabilities of the mission at a live event streamed from the agency’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, on July 12, 2022. The event showcased these targets: – Carina Nebula: A landscape speckled with glittering stars and cosmic cliffs – Stephan’s Quintet: An enormous mosaic with a visual grouping of five galaxies – Southern Ring Nebula: A nebula with rings of gas and dust for thousands of years in all directions – WASP 96-b: A distinct signature of water in the atmosphere of an exoplanet orbiting a distant Sun-like star – SMACS 0723: The deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe to date The full set of the telescope’s first full-color images and spectroscopic data are available at: https://nasa.gov/webbfirstimages Full-resolution images can be downloaded at: https://webbtelescope.org Credit: NASA Download Avail Link: https://images.nasa.gov/details-First…) Production Credit: Producer/Editor: Amy Leniarthtt

#NOVAPBS #JamesWebbSpaceTelescope #JWST

Ultimate Space Telescope | Full Documentary | NOVA | PBS 53:35

Premiered 102 minutes ago, 7.13.2022  NOVA PBS Official

Discover how NASA engineers built and launched the most ambitious telescope of all time. Official Website: https://www.pbs.org/nova/ | #NOVAPBS How did NASA engineers build and launch the most ambitious telescope of all time? Follow the dramatic story of the James Webb Space Telescope—the most complex machine ever launched into space. If it works, scientists believe that this new eye on the universe will peer deeper back in time and space than ever before to the birth of galaxies, and may even be able to “sniff” the atmospheres of exoplanets as we search for signs of life beyond Earth. But getting it to work is no easy task. The telescope is far bigger than its predecessor, the famous Hubble Space Telescope, and it needs to make its observations a million miles away from Earth—so there will be no chance to go out and fix it. That means there’s no room for error; the most ambitious telescope ever built needs to work perfectly. Meet the engineers making it happen and join them on their high stakes journey to uncover new secrets of the universe. This program is made possible by viewers like you. Support your local PBS station: https://www.pbs.org/donate Enjoy full episodes of your favorite PBS shows anytime, anywhere with the free PBS Video App: https://to.pbs.org/2QbtzhR FOLLOW US: NOVA YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/novaonline Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NOVApbs Twitter: https://twitter.com/novapbs Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/novapbs/ TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@novapbs PBS Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/PBS/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/PBS/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/PBS/ TikTok: https://www.tiktok.com/@pbs Shop: https://shop.pbs.org/ #JamesWebbSpaceTelescope #JWST #Telescope #NASA #Space #SolarSystem #Universe

Webb Instrument Overview

An overview of the instruments onboard the Webb Telescope: the Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam), Near-Infrared Spectrograph (NIRSpec), Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI), and the Fine Guidance Sensor/Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph. Learn how each instrument will help Webb unfold the universe. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Michael McClare (KBRwyle): Lead Producer Michael Starobin (KBRwyle): Producer Sophia Roberts (AIMM): Producer Jonathan North (KBRwyle): Animator Adriana Manrique Gutierrez (KBRwyle): Animator Chris Meaney (KBRwyle): Animator Michael McClare (KBRwyle): Lead Videographer Michael McClare (KBRwyle): Lead Editor Rich Melnick (KBRwyle): Editor Sophia Roberts (AIMM): Lead Host Sophia Roberts (AIMM): Lead Narrator Download this video at: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/14136

Webb Instrument Overview

James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

An overview of the instruments onboard the Webb Telescope: the Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam), Near-Infrared Spectrograph (NIRSpec), Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI), and the Fine Guidance Sensor/Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph. Learn how each instrument will help Webb unfold the universe. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Michael McClare (KBRwyle): Lead Producer Michael Starobin (KBRwyle): Producer Sophia Roberts (AIMM): Producer Jonathan North (KBRwyle): Animator Adriana Manrique Gutierrez (KBRwyle): Animator Chris Meaney (KBRwyle): Animator Michael McClare (KBRwyle): Lead Videographer Michael McClare (KBRwyle): Lead Editor Rich Melnick (KBRwyle): Editor Sophia Roberts (AIMM): Lead Host Sophia Roberts (AIMM): Lead Narrator Download this video at: https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/14136

WATCH LIVE: Stunning new images from James Webb Space Telescope offer fuller picture of our universe

Streamed live 17 hours ago  PBS NewsHour

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#JamesWebb #NASA #Space

Seeing The Universe Like We’ve Never Seen It Before 39:00

Jul 12, 2022 Bloomberg Quicktake: Originals

Now that the James Webb Space Telescope has released its first images, it’s time for the science programs to begin. We meet 5 scientists who will be using the telescope during its first cycle of operations looking at the earliest galaxies, red giant stars in the disc of Andromeda, star forming regions in the MIlky Way and nearby galaxies, the Trappist-1 exoplanet system, and mysterious icy bodies beyond the orbit of Neptune. #JamesWebb #NASA #Space ——– Like this video? Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/Bloomberg?sub_… Become a Quicktake Member for exclusive perks: http://www.youtube.com/bloomberg/join Subscribe to Quicktake Explained: https://bit.ly/3iERrup QuickTake Originals is Bloomberg’s official premium video channel. We bring you insights and analysis from business, science, and technology experts who are shaping our future. We’re home to Hello World, Giant Leap, Storylines, and the series powering CityLab, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Green, and much more. Subscribe for business news, but not as you’ve known it: exclusive interviews, fascinating profiles, data-driven analysis, and the latest in tech innovation from around the world. Visit our partner channel QuickTake News for breaking global news and insight in an instant. 0:00 – A Giant Leap for Science 1:59 – First full color, science quality images of JWST 8:11 – COSMOS-Web: mapping the earliest structures of the Universe 14:11 – Unearthing the fossilised Andromeda Galaxy 21:49 – Star formation in the Milky Way, Large Magellanic Cloud and Small Magellanic Cloud 26:56 – Trappist-1: checking atmosphere of exoplanet system with multiple earth-like planets in the habitable zone 31:27 – TransNeptunian objects: discovering the composition of icy bodies beyond Neptune

Image of the Day

Aug 1, 2022

NASA Pays Tribute to Nichelle Nichols

NASA celebrates the life of Nichelle Nichols, Star Trek actor, trailblazer, and role model, who symbolized to so many what was possible. She partnered with us to recruit some of the first women and minority astronauts, and inspired generations to reach for the stars.

In this photo from February 2012, Nichols was a featured guest speaker in the Building 8 auditorium at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. at a special event commemorating of the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Read more: Nichelle Nichols Helped NASA Break Boundaries on Earth and in Space

Image credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/Pat Izzo

Last Updated: Aug 1, 2022

Editor: Michael Bock

Tags:  Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/nasa-pays-tribute-to-nichelle-nichols

Jul 29, 2022

Zeta Ophiuchi: A Star With a Complicated Past

The giant star Zeta Ophiuchi is having a “shocking” effect on the surrounding dust clouds in this infrared image from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope. Stellar winds flowing out from this fast-moving star are making ripples in the dust as it approaches, creating a bow shock seen as glowing gossamer threads, which, for this star, are only seen in infrared light.
Zeta Ophiuchi is a young, large and hot star located around 370 light-years away. It dwarfs our own sun in many ways — it is about six times hotter, eight times wider, 20 times more massive, and about 80,000 times as bright. Even at its great distance, it would be one of the brightest stars in the sky were it not largely obscured by foreground dust clouds.
This massive star is travelling at a snappy pace of about 54,000 mph (24 kilometers per second), fast enough to break the sound barrier in the surrounding interstellar material. Because of this motion, it creates a spectacular bow shock ahead of its direction of travel (to the left). The structure is analogous to the ripples that precede the bow of a ship as it moves through the water, or the sonic boom of an airplane hitting supersonic speeds.
The fine filaments of dust surrounding the star glow primarily at shorter infrared wavelengths, rendered here in green. The area of the shock pops out dramatically at longer infrared wavelengths, creating the red highlights.
A bright bow shock like this would normally be seen in visible light as well, but because it is hidden behind a curtain of dust, only the longer infrared wavelengths of light seen by Spitzer can reach us.
Bow shocks are commonly seen when two different regions of gas and dust slam into one another. Zeta Ophiuchi, like other massive stars, generates a strong wind of hot gas particles flowing out from its surface. This expanding wind collides with the tenuous clouds of interstellar gas and dust about half a light-year away from the star, which is almost 800 times the distance from the sun to

Zeta Ophiuchi is a star with a complicated past, having likely been ejected from its birthplace by a powerful stellar explosion. A new look by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory helps tell more of the story of this runaway star.

Located about 440 light-years from Earth, Zeta Ophiuchi is a hot star that is 20 times more massive than the Sun. Previous observations have provided evidence that Zeta Ophiuchi was once in close orbit with another star, before being ejected at about 100,000 miles per hour when this companion was destroyed in a supernova explosion over a million years ago. Previously released infrared data from NASA’s now-retired Spitzer Space Telescope, seen in this new composite image, reveals a spectacular shock wave (red and green) that was formed by matter blowing away from the star’s surface and slamming into gas in its path. Data from Chandra shows a bubble of X-ray emission (blue) located around the star, produced by gas that has been heated by the effects of the shock wave to tens of millions of degrees.

Read more: Embracing a Rejected Star

Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/Dublin Inst. Advanced Studies/S. Green et al.; Infrared: NASA/JPL/Spitzer

Last Updated: Jul 29, 2022

Editor: Michael Bock

Tags:  Chandra X-Ray Observatory, Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/zeta-ophiuchi-a-star-with-a-complicated-past

Jul 28, 2022

Vortices Near Jupiter’s North Pole

As NASA’s Juno mission completed its 43rd close flyby of Jupiter on July 5, 2022, its JunoCam instrument captured this striking view of vortices — hurricane-like spiral wind patterns — near the planet’s north pole.

These powerful storms can be over 30 miles (50 kilometers) in height and hundreds of miles across. Figuring out how they form is key to understanding Jupiter’s atmosphere, as well as the fluid dynamics and cloud chemistry that create the planet’s other atmospheric features. A NASA citizen science project, Jovian Vortex Hunter, seeks help from volunteer members of the public to spot and help categorize vortices and other atmospheric phenomena visible in JunoCam photos of Jupiter. As of July 2022, 2,404 volunteers had made 376,725 classifications using the Jovian Vortex Hunter project web site at https://www.zooniverse.org/projects/ramanakumars/jovian-vortex-hunter.

Learn more
NASA’s Juno Mission Spies Vortices Near Jupiter’s North Pole

Image data: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS
Image processing by Brian Swift © CC BY

Last Updated: Jul 28, 2022

Editor: Michael Bock

Tags:  Image of the Day, Juno, Jupiter

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/vortices-near-jupiter-s-north-pole

Jul 27, 2022

Preparing for the Next Generation of Flight

Lockheed Martin Photography By Garry Tice
1011 Lockheed Way, Palmdale, Ca. 93599
Event: Forebody and Nose – Windtunnel Testing
Date: 2/10/2022
Additional Info:

Before NASA’s quiet supersonic X-59 aircraft takes to the skies, plenty of testing happens to ensure a safe first flight. One part of this safety check is to analyze data collected for the X-59’s flight control system through low-speed wind tunnel tests.

The X-59 is central to NASA’s Quesst mission to expand supersonic flight and provide regulators with data to help change existing national and international aviation rules that ban commercial supersonic flight over land. The aircraft is designed to produce a gentle thump instead of a sonic boom.

Recently, Lockheed Martin’s Skunk Works facility in Palmdale, California, completed low-speed wind tunnel tests of a scale model of the X-59’s forebody. The tests provided measurements of how wind flows around the aircraft nose and confirmed computer predictions made using computational fluid dynamics, or CFD, software tools. The data will be fed into the aircraft flight control system and will allow the pilot to know the altitude, speed and angle that the aircraft is flying at in the sky.

In this image, a technician works on the X-59 model during testing in the low-speed wind tunnel, in February 2022.

Learn more
Low-Speed Wind Tunnel Test Provides Important Data

Image Credit: Lockheed Martin

Last Updated: Jul 27, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Aeronautics, Image of the Day, Quesst

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/preparing-for-the-next-generation-of-flight

Jul 26, 2022

Heading into (Orbital) Sunrise

GMT198_20_03_Bob Hines_1053_CRS25 Arrival

The Sun’s rays begin to illuminate the Earth’s atmosphere as the International Space Station flew into an orbital sunrise 261 miles above Texas, as seen in this image taken by astronaut Bob Hines.

The crew doesn’t just snap pretty pictures; the research aboard the station benefits humanity in numerous ways. This week, the 11th annual International Space Station Research and Development Conference runs through Thursday, July 28, 2022, in Washington. The full conference agenda is available online.

NASA will provide live coverage of select panels from the conference on NASA Television, the NASA app, and the agency’s website.

The event coincides with the publication of the 2022 edition of the International Space Station Benefits for Humanity, highlighting the advances in scientific knowledge on Earth, and in space, physical, and biological sciences, aboard the microgravity laboratory for the benefits of people living on our home planet.

Learn more
15 Ways the International Space Station Benefits Humanity Back on Earth

Image Credit: NASA

Last Updated: Jul 26, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Benefits to You, Humans in Space, Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/heading-into-orbital-sunrise

Jul 25, 2022

Blue Ripples on a Red Planet

Though Mars is the Red Planet, false-color images can help us learn about its weather and geology. This image shows a variety of wind-related features on the Red Planet near the center of Gamboa Crater. Larger sand dunes form sinuous crests and individual domes.

There are tiny ripples on the tops of the dunes, only several feet from crest-to-crest. These merge into larger mega-ripples about 30 feet apart that radiate outward from the dunes. The larger, brighter formations that are roughly parallel are called “Transverse Aeolian Ridges” (TAR). These TAR are covered with very coarse sand.

The mega-ripples appear blue-green on one side of an enhanced color cutout while the TAR appear brighter blue on the other. This could be because the TAR are actively moving under the force of the wind, clearing away darker dust and making them brighter. All of these different features can indicate which way the wind was blowing when they formed. Being able to study such variety so close together allows us to see their relationships and compare and contrast features to examine what they are made of and how they formed.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona

Last Updated: Jul 25, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, Mars, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/blue-ripples-on-a-red-planet

Jul 22, 2022

50 Years of Landsat

We’re celebrating 50 years of the Landsat satellite, the first of which launched on July 23, 1972. The latest in the series, Landsat 9, launched in September 2021.

Landsat shows us Earth from space. For 50 years, the mission has collected data on the forests, farms, urban areas and freshwater of our home planet, generating the longest continuous record of its kind. Decision makers from across the globe use freely available Landsat data to better understand environmental change, manage agricultural practices, allocate scarce water resources, respond to natural disasters and more.

This natural color image of Eleuthera Island, the Bahamas, was taken by Landsat 9 on January 18, 2022. Between Landsat 8 and Landsat 9, the Landsat program delivers complete coverage of the Earth’s surface every eight days.

Image Credit: Michelle Bouchard using Landsat data from USGS

Last Updated: Jul 22, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Earth, Image of the Day, Landsat

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/50-years-of-landsat

Jul 21, 2022

It’s CERTAIN

An Alta-X drone operated by NASA researchers flies over NASA Langley’s City Environment Range Testing for Autonomous Integrated Navigation (CERTAIN) as part of the Advanced Air Mobility project’s High Density Vertiplex (HDV) testing in April 2022.

HDV is developing the necessary systems to enable urban drone flights that travel beyond visual sight.

Learn more
NASA Vertiport Research Takes Flight

Image Credit: NASA/Robert Lorkiewicz

Last Updated: Jul 21, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Aeronautics, Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/its-certain

Jul 19, 2022

Apollo 11 Crew Trains for Excursion on the Sea of Tranquility

Two members of the Apollo 11 lunar landing mission participate in a simulation of deploying and using lunar tools on the surface of the Moon during a training exercise on April 22, 1969. Astronaut Buzz (Aldrin Jr. on left), lunar module pilot, uses a scoop and tongs to pick up a soil sample. Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, Apollo 11 commander, holds a bag to receive the sample. In the background is a Lunar Module mockup.

The Apollo 11 crew simulates deploying and using lunar tools on the surface of the Moon during a training exercise on April 22, 1969. Lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin (left) uses a scoop and tongs to pick up a soil sample. Mission Commander Neil Armstrong holds a bag to receive the sample. In the background is a Lunar Module mockup.

On July 16, 1969, the crew off Apollo 11, including command module pilot Michael Collins, launched into history on a journey to explore Earth’s only natural satellite.

Landing on the Moon’s Mare Tranquillitatis, or Sea of Tranquility, on July 20, 1969, Armstrong and Aldrin became the first people to walk on another terrestrial body.  At 5 p.m. EDT (21:00 UTC) on July 20, 2022, NASA TV will air restored footage of the Apollo 11 Moonwalk.

Learn More
Apollo 11 Mission Overview
Mission Image Gallery
Apollo 11 Videos
Smithsonian Air and Space Museum 3D visualization of Neil Armstrong’s suit, helmet, and gloves

Image Credit: NASA

Last Updated: Jul 20, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Apollo 11, Image of the Day, NASA History

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/apollo-11-crew-trains-for-excursion-on-the-sea-of-tranquility

Jul 19, 2022

A Supernova’s Shockwaves

This composite image from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and Spitzer Space Telescope shows the supernova remnant known as N132D. Supernovas are the explosive deaths of the Universe’s most massive stars. Once these stars run out of fuel, they collapse and blast waves of energy into space around them. In this image, three of Spitzer’s infrared bands are shown in red, green, and blue, while Chandra’s X-rays are seen in purple. The pinkish color reveals a clash between the explosion’s high-energy shockwaves and surrounding dust grains.

Supernovas are the explosive deaths of the universe’s most massive stars. In death, these objects blast powerful waves into the cosmos, destroying much of the dust surrounding them.

This 2007 composite from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and Chandra X-ray Observatory shows the remnant of such an explosion, known as N132D, and the environment it is expanding into. In this image, infrared light at 4.5 microns is mapped to blue, 8.0 microns to green, and 24 microns to red. Meanwhile, broadband X-ray light is mapped purple. The remnant itself is seen as a wispy pink shell of gas at the center of this image. The pinkish color reveals an interaction between the explosion’s high-energy shockwaves (originally purple) and surrounding dust grains.

Outside of the central remnant, small organic molecules called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, or PAHs, are shown as tints of green. Meanwhile, the blue dots represent stars within that lie along the line of sight between the observatories and N132D.

Image Credit: X-ray: NASA/SAO/CXC; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech/A. Tappe & J. Rho

Last Updated: Jul 19, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, Supernova

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/a-supernovas-shockwaves

Jul 18, 2022

A View from Above: Zero Gravity Facility Circa 1966

Zero Gravity Facility at Lewis Research Center, now known as John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. This is a tunnel view looking up from level 5. This tower drops 460 feet and allows scientists 5.18 seconds of zero gravity. By comparison, the Washington Monument is 555 feet tall.

This tunnel view looking up from Level 5 is of the Zero Gravity Facility at Lewis Research Center, now known as John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, and was taken in Cleveland, Ohio, on Sept. 12, 1966. The tower dropped 460 feet and allowed scientists to perform 5.18 seconds of microgravity research. By comparison, the Washington Monument is 555 feet tall.

Image Credit: NASA

Last Updated: Jul 18, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, Space Tech

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/a-view-from-above-zero-gravity-facility-circa-1966

Jul 15, 2022

SpaceX Dragon Heads to Station on 25th Resupply Mission

The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the Dragon capsule soars upward after lifting off from Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 14, 2022, on the company’s 25th Commercial Resupply Services mission for the agency to the International Space Station. Liftoff was at 8:44 p.m. EDT. Dragon will deliver more than 5,800 pounds of cargo, including a variety of NASA investigations, to the space station. The spacecraft is expected to spend about a month attached to the orbiting outpost before it returns to Earth with research and return cargo, splashing down off the coast of Florida.

SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket carrying the Dragon capsule soars upward after lifting off from Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on July 14, 2022, on the company’s 25th Commercial Resupply Services mission to the International Space Station. Liftoff was at 8:44 p.m. EDT.

Dragon will deliver more than 5,800 pounds of cargo, including a variety of scientific investigations, to the space station. The craft is expected to spend about a month attached to the orbiting outpost before it returns to Earth with research and return cargo, splashing down off the coast of Florida.

Image Credit: NASA/Kim Shiflett

Last Updated: Jul 15, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Commercial Space, Image of the Day

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/spacex-dragon-heads-to-station-on-25th-resupply-mission

Jul 13, 2022

James Webb Space Telescope Senior Project Scientist John Mather

NASA James Webb Space Telescope Senior Project Scientist John Mather speaks with members of the media following the release of the first full-color images from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, Tuesday, July 12, 2022, at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. The first full-color images and spectroscopic data from the James Webb Space Telescope, a partnership with ESA (European Space Agency) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), are a demonstration of the power of Webb as the telescope begins its science mission to unfold the infrared universe. Photo Credit: (NASA/Taylor Mickal)

Senior Project Scientist John Mather, winner of the 2006 Nobel Prize for Physics, speaks with members of the media following the release of the first full-color images from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, Tuesday, July 12, 2022, at Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. The first full-color images and spectroscopic data from the telescope, a partnership with European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency, are a demonstration of the power of Webb as the telescope begins its science mission to unfold the infrared universe.

Image Credit: NASA/Taylor Mickal

Last Updated: Jul 13, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, James Webb Space Telescope

Jul 12, 2022

President Biden and the World Preview Webb Telescope’s First Image

U.S. President Joe Biden previews the first full-color image from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, the highest-resolution image of the infrared universe in history, Monday, July 11, 2022, in the South Court Auditorium in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building on the White House complex in Washington. On screen are NASA Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate Thomas Zurbuchen, top, Deputy Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) Nancy Levenson, and NASA James Webb Space Telescope Program Director Greg Robinson, bottom. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

President Joe Biden previews the first full-color image from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, the highest-resolution image of the infrared universe in history, Monday, July 11, 2022,  in Washington. On screen are NASA Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate Thomas Zurbuchen, top, Deputy Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) Nancy Levenson, and NASA James Webb Space Telescope Program Director Greg Robinson, bottom.

Learn more
First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope

Image Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls

Last Updated: Jul 12, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, James Webb Space Telescope

 Jul 11, 2022

Behold: The Carina Nebula’s ‘Mystic Mountain’

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/behold-the-carina-nebulas-mystic-mountain

Within the tempestuous Carina Nebula lies “Mystic Mountain.” This three-light-year-tall cosmic pinnacle, imaged by the Hubble Space Telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 in 2010, is made up primarily of dust and gas, and exhibits signs of intense star-forming activity. The colors in this composite image correspond to the glow of oxygen (blue), hydrogen and nitrogen (green) and sulfur (red).

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, a partnership with European Space Agency and Canadian Space Agency, will soon reveal unprecedented and detailed views of the universe, with the upcoming release of its first full-color images and spectroscopic data.

The Carina Nebula is one of a list of cosmic objects that Webb targeted for these first observations, which will be released in NASA’s live broadcast beginning at 10:30 a.m. EDT Tuesday, July 12. Each image will simultaneously be made available on social media as well as on the agency’s website.

Learn more:
NASA Shares List of Cosmic Targets for Webb Telescope’s First Images

Image Credit: NASA, ESA, M. Livio and the Hubble 20th Anniversary Team (STScI)

Last Updated: Jul 11, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the DayUniverse

Jul 9, 2022

Hubble Spots a Merging Galactic Gem

https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/goddard/2022/hubble-spots-a-merging-galactic-gem

This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope observation has captured the galaxy CGCG 396-2, an unusual multi-armed galaxy merger which lies around 520 million light-years from Earth in the constellation Orion.

This observation is a gem from the Galaxy Zoo project, a citizen science project involving hundreds of thousands of volunteers from around the world who classified galaxies to help scientists solve a problem of astronomical proportions: how to sort through the vast amounts of data generated by telescopes. A public vote selected the most astronomically intriguing objects for follow-up observations with Hubble. CGCG 396-2 is one such object, imaged here by Hubble’s Advanced Camera for Surveys.

Text credit: European Space Agency (ESA)
Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, W. Keel

Media Contact:

Claire Andreoli
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbelt, MD
301-286-1940

Last Updated: Jul 8, 2022

Editor: Andrea Gianopoulos

Tags:  Galaxies, Goddard Space Flight Center, Hubble Space Telescope, Image of the Day, Universe

 Jul 7, 2022

Countdown to the Webb Telescope’s First Images

We’re less than one week away from the July 12, 2022, release of the first science-quality images from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, but how does the observatory find and lock onto its targets? Webb’s Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS), developed by the Canadian Space Agency, was designed with this particular question in mind. Recently it captured a view of stars and galaxies that provides a tantalizing glimpse at what the telescope’s science instruments will reveal in the coming weeks, months, and years.

FGS has always been capable of capturing imagery, but its primary purpose is to enable accurate science measurements and imaging with precision pointing. When it does capture imagery, it is typically not kept: given the limited communications bandwidth between L2 and Earth, Webb only sends data from up to two science instruments at a time. But during the week-long stability test in May, it occurred to the team that they could keep the imagery that was being captured because there was available data transfer bandwidth.

The engineering test image – produced during a thermal stability test in mid-May – has some rough-around-the-edges qualities to it. It was not optimized to be a science observation, rather the data were taken to test how well the telescope could stay locked onto a target, but it does hint at the power of the telescope. It carries a few hallmarks of the views Webb has produced during its postlaunch preparations. Bright stars stand out with their six, long, sharply defined diffraction spikes – an effect due to Webb’s six-sided mirror segments. Beyond the stars – galaxies fill nearly the entire background.

The result – using 72 exposures over 32 hours – is among the deepest images of the universe ever taken, according to Webb scientists. When FGS’ aperture is open, it is not using color filters like the other science instruments – meaning it is impossible to study the age of the galaxies in this image with the rigor needed for scientific analysis. But: Even when capturing unplanned imagery during a test, FGS is capable of producing stunning views of the cosmos.

In this image, the FGS image was acquired in parallel with NIRCam imaging of the star HD147980 over a period of 8 days at the beginning of May. This image represents 32 hours of exposure time at several overlapping pointings of the Guider 2 channel. The observations were not optimized for detection of faint objects, but nevertheless the image captures extremely faint objects and is, for now, the deepest image of the infrared sky. The unfiltered wavelength response of the guider, from 0.6 to 5 micrometers, helps provide this extreme sensitivity. The image is mono-chromatic and is displayed in false color with white-yellow-orange-red representing the progression from brightest to dimmest. The bright star (at 9.3 magnitude) on the right hand edge is 2MASS 16235798+2826079. There are only a handful of stars in this image – distinguished by their diffraction spikes. The rest of the objects are thousands of faint galaxies, some in the nearby universe, but many, many more in the high redshift universe.

Learn More
James Webb Space Telescope blog
Join the Virtual Global Social for the Reveal of the James Webb Space Telescope’s First Images

Image Credit: NASA, CSA, and FGS team

Last Updated: Jul 7, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, James Webb Space Telescope, Universe

Jul 6, 2022

Become a Jovian Vortex Hunter!

A new NASA citizen science project, Jovian Vortex Hunter, seeks your help spotting vortices – spiral wind patterns – and other phenomena in photos of the planet Jupiter.

Another NASA citizen science project, called Junocam, seeks help from members of the public processing images from NASA’s Juno Mission and choosing targets for the spacecraft. However, the new Jovian Vortex Hunter project provides images that have already been processed by the science team, making it quick and easy for anyone to lend a hand. Categorizing the images will help scientists understand the fluid dynamics and cloud chemistry on Jupiter, which create dazzling features like bands, spots and “brown barges.”

In this image from 2019, citizen scientist Kevin M. Gill created this image using data from the spacecraft’s JunoCam imager. This stunningly detailed look at a cyclonic storm in Jupiter’s atmosphere was taken during its 23rd close flyby of the planet (also referred to as “perijove 23”). Juno observed this vortex in a region of Jupiter called the “north north north north temperate belt,” or NNNNTB, one of the gas giant planet’s many persistent cloud bands. These bands are formed by the prevailing winds at different latitudes. The vortex seen here is roughly 1,200 miles (2,000 kilometers) wide.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Kevin M. Gill

Last Updated: Jul 6, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, Juno, Jupiter

Jul 5, 2022

Orbital Sunset Over Brazil

GMT162_EHDC2 Files_1158

The last rays of an orbital sunset burst through Earth’s horizon as the International Space Station flew 258 miles above Brazil in this image from June 2022.

In 24 hours, the space station makes 16 orbits of Earth, traveling through 16 sunrises and sunsets. Want more station facts? Visit International Space Station Facts and Figures.

Image Credit: NASA

Last Updated: Jul 5, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Humans in SpaceImage of the Day

 Jul 1, 2022

Making a Picture-Perfect Landing

In this image from 2014, an adult osprey, carrying a fish in its talons, prepares to land in its nest atop a speaker platform in the press site parking lot at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida. In the background is the 209-foot-tall U.S. flag painted on the side of the 52-story Vehicle Assembly Building, which serves as the central hub of NASA’s premier multi-user spaceport, capable of hosting several different kinds of rockets and spacecraft at the same time. The parking lot borders the water of the Launch Complex 39 turn basin, making it an ideal source of food for the osprey. The undeveloped property on Kennedy Space Center is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service through the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. The refuge provides a habitat for a plethora of wildlife, including 330 species of birds. For information on the refuge, visit http://www.fws.gov/merrittisland/Index.html.

Image Credit: NASA/Daniel Casper

Last Updated: Jul 1, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, NASA History

Jun 30, 2022

OMG: The Beauty of Ice

NASA’s Oceans Melting Greenland, or OMG, airborne mission found that most of Greenland’s glaciers that empty into the ocean are at greater risk of rapid ice loss than previously understood. OMG’s six-year field campaign studied the ocean’s role in glacial ice loss by gathering precise measurements of ocean depth, temperature, and salinity in front of more than 220 glaciers. The mission’s goal was to clarify our understanding of sea level rise over the next 50 years. This photo of Apusiaajik Glacier was taken near Kulusuk, Greenland, on Aug. 26, 2018, during OMG’s field operations.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Last Updated: Jun 30, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  IceImage of the Day

Jun 29, 2022

Turquoise Plumes in the Large Magellanic Cloud

The brightly glowing plumes seen in this image are reminiscent of an underwater scene, with turquoise-tinted currents and nebulous strands reaching out into the surroundings. However, this is no ocean. This image actually shows part of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), a small nearby galaxy that orbits our galaxy, the Milky Way, and appears as a blurred blob in our skies. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has peeked many times into this galaxy, releasing stunning images of the whirling clouds of gas and sparkling stars (opo9944a, heic1301, potw1408a). This image shows part of the Tarantula Nebula’s outskirts. This famously beautiful nebula, located within the LMC, is a frequent target for Hubble (heic1206, heic1402).  In most images of the LMC the colour is completely different to that seen here. This is because, in this new image, a different set of filters was used. The customary R filter, which selects the red light, was replaced by a filter letting through the near-infrared light. In traditional images, the hydrogen gas appears pink because it shines most brightly in the red. Here however, other less prominent emission lines dominate in the blue and green filters. This data is part of the Archival Pure Parallel Project (APPP), a project that gathered together and processed over 1000 images taken using Hubble’s Wide Field Planetary Camera 2, obtained in parallel with other Hubble instruments. Much of the data in the project could be used to study a wide range of astronomical topics, including gravitational lensing and cosmic shear, exploring distant star-forming galaxies, supplementing observations in other wavelength ranges with optical data, and examining star populations from stellar heavyweights all the way down to solar-mass stars. A version of this image was entered into the Hubble’s Hidden Treasures image processing competition by contestant Josh Barrington.

In this image from 2014, brightly glowing plumes of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) appear almost like an ocean current with turquoise-tinted currents and nebulous strands reaching out into the surroundings.

This image shows part of the Tarantula Nebula’s outskirts located within the LMC, a small nearby galaxy that orbits the Milky Way and appears as a blurred blob in our skies. The Hubble Space Telescope has peeked many times into this galaxy, releasing stunning images of the whirling clouds of gas and sparkling stars.

In most images of the LMC the color is completely different to that seen here. For this image, researchers substituted the customary R filter, which selects the red light, and replaced it by a filter letting through the near-infrared light. In traditional images, the hydrogen gas appears pink because it shines most brightly in the red. Here however, other less prominent emission lines dominate in the blue and green filters.

This data is part of the Archival Pure Parallel Project (APPP), a project that gathered together and processed over 1,000 images taken using Hubble’s Wide Field Planetary Camera 2, obtained in parallel with other Hubble instruments. Much of the data in the project could be used to study a wide range of astronomical topics, including gravitational lensing and cosmic shear, exploring distant star-forming galaxies, supplementing observations in other wavelength ranges with optical data, and examining star populations from stellar heavyweights all the way down to solar-mass stars.

Image Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA: acknowledgement: Josh Barrington

Last Updated: Jun 29, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, Nebulae

Jun 27, 2022

Public Affairs Specialist Tyrone McCoy

“A piece of my story that I think needs to get told is that broken crayons still color.
“So often we hear that there’s this cycle of hurt, and hurt people hurt people, and if you came from something, you have to be a product of your environment.
“I do feel like, in a lot of ways, we are, whether you want to be or not. The people that raise you give you a bag, and they put things in it, and you carry those things with you, good or bad, for the rest of your life. But just because my dad struggled with addiction and just because my mom wasn’t always there didn’t mean that I had to be either of those things.
“I didn’t have an example, a great example, of what love looked like all the time, but I did, right? I didn’t have the Cosbys, but I had exactly what I needed to be who I needed to be. I think that part of my story is what I’d like to tell more of.
“Yeah, I came from brokenness, but I’m not broken.”
NASA Public Affairs Specialist, Tyrone McCoy, poses for a portrait, Tuesday, June 14, 2022, at the Mary W. Jackson NASA Headquarters building in Washington. Photo Credit: (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

“A piece of my story that I think needs to get told is that broken crayons still color.

“So often we hear that there’s this cycle of hurt, and hurt people hurt people, and if you came from something, you have to be a product of your environment.

“I do feel like, in a lot of ways, we are, whether you want to be or not. The people that raise you give you a bag, and they put things in it, and you carry those things with you, good or bad, for the rest of your life. But just because my dad struggled with addiction and just because my mom wasn’t always there didn’t mean that I had to be either of those things.

“I didn’t have an example, a great example, of what love looked like all the time, but I did, right? I didn’t have the Cosbys, but I had exactly what I needed to be who I needed to be. I think that part of my story is what I’d like to tell more of.

“Yeah, I came from brokenness, but I’m not broken.”

– Tyrone McCoy, Public Affairs Specialist, NASA Headquarters

Image Credit: NASA / Bill Ingalls  
Interviewer: NASA / Tahira Allen

Check out some of our other Faces of NASA.

Last Updated: Jun 27, 2022

Editor: Tahira Allen

Tags:  Image of the Day

Jun 24, 2022

CAPSTONE Slated for Launch Into Lunar Orbit

Rebecca Rogers, systems engineer, left, takes dimension measurements of the CAPSTONE spacecraft at Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems, Inc., in Irvine, California.

CAPSTONE, the pathfinder for NASA’s lunar outpost, will test an orbit around the Moon that has never been flown before.

In this image from April 2022, the Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment, or CAPSTONE, was undergoing final construction – and with solar panel installation and vibration testing now complete, the small satellite was shipped to its launch location in New Zealand.

CAPSTONE is slated to launch on Monday, June 27, aboard a Rocket Lab Electron rocket from the company’s Launch Complex 1 in Mahia, New Zealand. Live coverage will begin at 5 a.m. EDT on NASA Television, the agency’s website, and the NASA app.

The destination for this microwave oven-size CubeSat is a near rectilinear halo orbit (NRHO). That same orbit is planned for Gateway, a multipurpose outpost for long-term lunar missions as part of the agency’s Artemis program.

Six days after launch, the Photon upper stage will release CAPSTONE into space for the first portion of the spacecraft’s solo flight. After a four-month journey to the Moon, CAPSTONE will test the dynamics of the NRHO for at least six months, helping reduce risk for future spacecraft. CAPSTONE will also demonstrate innovative spacecraft-to-spacecraft navigation technology and one-way ranging capabilities that could help future spacecraft fly near the Moon with reduced need for communication with Earth.

Image Credit: NASA/Dominic Hart

Last Updated: Jun 24, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Earth’s Moon, Image of the Day

Jun 23, 2022

Mirrors Aligned: Webb Telescope’s First Full-Color Images Due in July

After completing two additional mirror alignment steps in March 2022, the team confirmed the James Webb Space Telescope’s optical performance will be able to meet or exceed the science goals the observatory was built to achieve.

This “selfie” was created using a specialized pupil imaging lens inside of Webb’s Near Infrared Camera, or NIRCam, instrument, which was designed to take images of the primary mirror segments instead of images of the sky. This configuration is not used during scientific operations and is used strictly for engineering and alignment purposes. In this image, all of Webb’s 18 primary mirror segments are shown collecting light from the same star in unison.

Now, we’re counting down to the release of the Webb Telescope’s first full-color images and spectroscopic data during a broadcast beginning at 10:30 a.m. EDT on Tuesday, July 12.

Learn more
NASA’s Webb Reaches Alignment Milestone, Optics Working Successfully
NASA Invites Media, Public to View Webb Telescope’s First Images

Image Credit: NASA/STScI

Last Updated: Jun 23, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, James Webb Space Telescope

 

Jun 22, 2022

A Sea of Stars Like Sequins

This star-studded image shows the globular cluster Terzan 9 in the constellation Sagittarius, towards the centre of the Milky Way. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captured this glittering scene using its Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys.  Globular clusters are stable, tightly bound groupings of tens of thousands to millions of stars. As this image demonstrates, the hearts of globular clusters can be densely packed with stars; the night sky in this image is strewn with so many stars that it resembles a sea of sequins or a vast treasure chest crammed with gold. This starry snapshot is from a Hubble programme investigating globular clusters located towards the heart of the Milky Way. The central region of our home galaxy contains a tightly packed group of stars known as the Galactic bulge, which is also rich in interstellar dust. This dust has made globular clusters near the Galactic centre difficult to study, as it absorbs starlight and can even change the apparent colours of the stars in these clusters. Hubble’s sensitivity at both visible and infrared wavelengths has allowed astronomers to measure how the colours of these globular clusters have been changed by interstellar dust, and thereby to establish their ages.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured this glittering scene using its Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys.

Globular clusters are stable, tightly bound groups of tens of thousands to millions of stars. As this image demonstrates, the hearts of globular clusters are densely packed with stars. Terzan 9 is dotted with so many glittering stars that it resembles a sea of sequins.

This starry snapshot is from a Hubble program investigating globular clusters located toward the heart of the Milky Way, in which its central region holds a tightly packed group of stars known as the galactic bulge, an area rich in interstellar dust. This dust makes globular clusters near the galaxy’s center difficult to study, as it absorbs starlight and can even change the apparent colors of stars in these clusters. Hubble’s sensitivity at both visible and infrared wavelengths allows astronomers to measure how star colors change due to interstellar dust. Knowing a star’s true color and brightness allows astronomers to estimate its age, and thereby estimate the globular cluster’s age.

Image credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, R. Cohen

Last Updated: Jun 22, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Galaxies, Image of the Day

Jun 17, 2022

Galveston and the Beginning of Juneteenth

The issue of General Order No. 3 by Union troops on June 19, 1865, marked the official end of slavery in Texas and the U.S.

On that Monday, enslaved African Americans in Texas learned of their freedom. That day of liberation became known as Juneteenth, when the Emancipation Proclamation was announced by Union troops in Galveston, Texas.

On Thursday, June 17, 2021, President Joe Biden signed into law legislation making Juneteenth a federal holiday.

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said in this year’s Juneteenth Workforce Message:

“Last year, President Biden signed legislation into law that established June 19 as Juneteenth National Independence Day – a federal holiday. On this day, we reckon with the moral stain of slavery on our country. We reflect on centuries of racial injustice, inequality, and struggle that unfortunately still exist today.

“There is still more work to do, and it is work we must all do. I encourage all members of the NASA family to participate in a Juneteenth celebration and reflect on this historic event in our history. Let us reaffirm and rededicate ourselves to building a more perfect union.”

This image of Galveston and Bolivar Peninsula, separated by the Galveston Bay, were taken by the crew of the International Space Station as it orbited 262 miles above. In the image, Galveston Island is at right, Bolivar Peninsula at left, with the top of the picture being southeast.

Premiering on Juneteenth, Sunday, June 19, “The Color of Space” is a 50-minute inspirational documentary by NASA that tells the stories of Black Americans determined to reach the stars. It will be available to watch starting at noon EDT on NASA TV, the NASA app, NASA social media channels, and the agency’s website.

Image Credit: NASA

Last Updated: Jun 17, 2022

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Image of the Day, NASA History

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/iotd.html

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The 2022 Audubon Photography Awards: The Top 100 Part 2

The 2022 Audubon Photography Awards: The Top 100 Part 2

Moments of delight and awe abound in this collection of standout bird photography. Scroll through and learn the story behind each shot.

By The Editors Audubon Magazine  July 13, 2022

Popular Stories

This year almost 2,500 photographers from across the United States and Canada submitted nearly 10,000 photographs and videos to Audubon’s 13th annual Audubon Photography Awards. Reviewing anonymous image and video files, three panels of expert judges selected eight stunning winners and five honorable mentions. (Spoiler alert: It was a great year for grouse).

We couldn’t stop there, with so many more exceptional shots—and exceptional birds—worth sharing. So, we’ve selected 100 additional photos to feature. Displayed in no particular order, these photos give just a taste of birds’ glorious variety. They also showcase a wide array of techniques used by wildlife photographers, as captured in entertaining and thoughtful “behind the shot” stories that accompany each image.

We hope these photos and anecdotes may inspire you to pick up a camera and capture your own unique avian moments. Be sure to peruse our photography section as you get started, including tips and how-to’s, Audubon’s ethical guidelines for wildlife photography, and gear recommendations. And remember to look out for the announcement of next year’s awards entry period in January 2023. Maybe it could be your shot that makes the cut.

  1. Green Heron by Michael Fogleman

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Salem Pond Park, Apex, North Carolina
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon RF 100-500mm F/4.5-7.1 L IS USM lens; 1/500 second at f/7.1; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: After discovering that several pairs of Green Herons were nesting at a pond just a mile from my home, I started checking in on them almost every day during the breeding season. The pond provided excellent opportunities to observe and photograph these birds from a relatively short distance away. On this day, one Green Heron was hunting for food at the pond’s edge. Some individuals are more approachable than others, and this one was relatively tame. As it headed in my direction, I got some nice shots of its stalking pose. Very soon after this photo was taken, it caught a giant frog.
  1. Sanderling by Marlee Fuller-Morris

Category: Amateur

  • Location: False Cape State Park, Virginia Beach, Virginia
  • Camera: Canon EOS 70D with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/500 second at f/8; ISO 100
  • Behind the Shot: The difficult hike to False Cape means there aren’t many people on this stretch of quiet beach, allowing for an abundance of wildlife, including large flocks of wintering sanderlings. On this day, the receding tide had left pools of water in depressions in the sand. The Sanderlings bathed, dipped, splashed, and threw a ton of water into the air. I lay down on the wet sand and slowly crept towards a small flock. I focused on three birds and hoped to get them splashing in sync. Like much of the coast, False Cape is losing land every year to sea-level rise. I’m hopeful that photos of special places like this, and the birds and other wildlife that need them, can inspire urgency to combat this crisis.
  1. Sandhill Crane by Jayden Preussner

Category: Youth

  • Location: Vero Beach, Florida
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 200-400mm f/4G ED VR II lens; 1/2000 second at f/4; ISO 320
  • Behind the Shot: My friend and I decided to drink our morning coffee outside by the lake. Soon a family of Sandhill Cranes, which we had been seeing around, arrived. We watched them for about 20 minutes when I decided to take some pictures. The birds were starting to get very comfortable with us, allowing me to get a photo that filled the frame very nicely and made me quite happy. I thought it was amazing to watch the young birds play with each other while the adults cleaned their feathers. To me, it almost seemed like they were tired parents done with their two overly excited youngsters.
  1. Trumpeter Swans by Eileen de la Cruz

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Skagit Valley, Washington
  • Camera: Fujifilm X-T3 with a FUJIFILM XF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR lens; 1/1000 second at f/5.6; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: It was March 2020, just a week before the World Health Organization declared a pandemic. My husband and I were about to leave for Spain, but we canceled our trip and drove to the Skagit Valley instead. Thousands of Trumpeter Swans spend the winter here, feeding in the agricultural fields before they head north in spring. It was a strange and stressful time, but watching the birds was healing. On this cold morning I first heard then spotted the swans overhead. From my vantage point and with my lens, it appeared as if I was at the same level as the birds, high above the clouds and the frosted trees.
  1. Short-eared Owl by Scott Suriano

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X Mark II with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens and Canon Extender EF 2x III; 1/2000 second at f/8; ISO 640
  • Behind the Shot: On a late afternoon in February, I traveled to Gettysburg to photograph Short-eared Owls hunting in one of the historic Civil War battlefields. The previous day’s rain coupled with freezing temperatures had caused ice to crystalize on the tall grasses that blanketed the fields. As the sun lowered on the horizon, these fierce, pint-sized birds of prey roused from their ground roosts and shot up in the air like Roman candles to begin their evening hunting. The angle of the light and icy conditions created a surreal, glowing silver and golden bokeh. Keeping a respectful distance to avoid disrupting their routine, I added a 2x teleconverter to my long fixed prime lens and attempted to capture the fast-paced action of these acrobatic raptors in this glittery, magical landscape.
  1. American Bittern by Joshua Galicki

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Sullivan County, Pennsylvania
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 600mm f/4L IS III USM lens and Canon EF EOS R Mount Adapter and Canon Extender EF 2x III; 1/320 second at f/8; ISO 4000
  • Behind the Shot: While standing waist-deep in water, under a blind and during a steady spring rain, I captured this American Bittern portrait. The bird stayed perfectly idle during a lengthy downpour, deep inside a freshwater wetland. While the conditions were dreary, it was incredible to watch this amazing and steadfast species. American Bitterns are endangered in the state of Pennsylvania due to declining habitat and the quality of remaining wetlands. I’ve been trying to document these birds, which can be difficult to see, in the hopes of raising awareness for their preservation.
  1. Virginia Rail by Thomas McDonald

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Horicon National Wildlife Refuge, Mayville, Wisconsin
  • Camera: Nikon D5 with a NIKKOR 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR lens; 1/2000 second at f/10; ISO 3200
  • Behind the Shot: I have spent many summer hours at Horicon National Wildlife Refuge observing and photographing herons, cranes, and waterfowl. Arriving at the marsh early in the morning, I started walking down the floating boardwalk to a spot I have seen Soras and Virginia Rails. Lying down, trying to get the lowest possible position, a Virginia Rail ran across the boardwalk. I turned to where the rail stopped, taking some photos while the bird was foraging and preening in the reeds and cattails. After a few minutes, the rail started to take off toward me, and I captured this shot.
  1. Northern Flicker by John Welch

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Private Property, New Hampshire
  • Camera: Canon EOS 6D with a Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD lens; 1/400 second at f/6.3; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: At the outset of the pandemic, my family was delighted to discover a pair of Northern Flickers making their home within sight of ours. Early in the nesting cycle, we observed the pair switching off who would stay in the hole, presumably to incubate the eggs. I set up some concealment in the nearby bushes and would shoot through overhanging leaves to create this natural blurred green frame. As the season progressed, we observed both parents making many more return trips to the nest, feeding the chicks who grew bigger each day. They poked their begging bills out of the nest hole. We may have spent more time at home that spring, but we still felt connected to the wider world through this window to the wild.
  1. Brown Pelican by Irina Pigman

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Saint Petersburg, Florida
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 with a Sony FE 100-400mm F/4.5-5.6 GM OSS lens and a Zeiss UV filter; 1/640 second at f/6.3; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: After a trip to Europe last November, I was really jet lagged. I took advantage and got up before sunrise to see birds at my favorite spot on the water. Just as I arrived, I saw a juvenile Brown Pelican fishing. This bird is quite common in Florida, but all of the sudden, the sight of it made me catch my breath. The sun was still pretty low behind the bird, and the rays went straight through the pelican’s throat pouch, making it glow radiantly in the low light. The throat pouch’s capacity to fit three times more fish than its stomach has always fascinated me, but I’ve never seen it as an object of beauty. This pelican’s translucent jowls mesmerized me.
  1. Downy Woodpecker by Michael Lovejoy

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Parker River National Wildlife Refuge, Newbury, Massachusetts
  • Camera: Canon EOS 6D Mark II with a Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM lens; 1/320 second at f/5.6; ISO 320
  • Behind the Shot: My partner finally got me into birding over the course of the pandemic. She gave me binoculars, but it was a used telephoto lens and the challenge of trying to photograph birds that hooked me. On an early December evening, after visiting family nearby, we explored Plum Island and came upon saltmarsh reeds as tall and dense as I had ever seen. It was an amazing sight unto itself, but then I noticed some movement deep off the trail. I caught a glimpse of a Downy Woodpecker hopping and pecking. My favorite part of birding is that you always come away with at least one standout memory—a moment of experiencing true unfiltered nature. The photo is just a great keepsake and a spark for my burgeoning interest.
  1. Western Grebe by Scott Suriano

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Loch Raven Reservoir, Baltimore County, Maryland
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS III USM lens and Canon Extender EF 2x III; 1/500 second at f/8; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: The local birding community was abuzz when an unlikely pair of wintering Western Grebes graced a northern Maryland lake. Hoping to glimpse these rare visitors, I packed my gear and headed out. To my delight, I spotted the celebrity couple right away swimming in the lake’s center. I watched these birds interact and dive for food for about an hour before they split up and began swimming in separate directions. The trees cast warm reflections that stretched into the calm, cold waters. This grebe, gliding effortlessly, sliced through the seemingly ablaze shoreline.
  1. Trumpeter Swan by Elizabeth Boehm

Category: Professional

  • Location: Pinedale, Wyoming
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1DX Mark II with a Canon 600mm f/4L IS III lens and Canon Extender EF 1.4x III; 1/1000 second at f/5.6; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: An hour before sunrise on a misty, calm August morning, I headed out to a privately-owned pond to photograph waterfowl and shorebirds. After carefully walking 200 yards in the dark, my floating blind over my head, I quietly slipped into the water. I had clear skies to the east, promising good light. A resident pair of Trumpeter Swans became curious and moved in close to my blind, unaware of my presence. They preened their feathers as the sun rose, and I captured them as they groomed. I spent several hours photographing a variety of waterbirds and left the pond exhilarated.
  1. American White Pelican by Candice Head

Category: Professional

  • Location: Lake Saint Joseph, Newellton, Louisiana
  • Camera: Fujifilm X-H1 with a FUJIFILM XF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6 R LM OIS WR lens and lens UV filter; 1/1600 second at 5.6; ISO setting 800
  • Behind the Shot: On a mild December afternoon, I noticed some White Pelicans in the lake near my home. The Mississippi River Delta is known for its abundance of wildlife, particularly migrating birds. White Pelicans have come to the lake before, but never so many at one time. It was a captivating sight. As I watched, I was mesmerized by the image of so many seemingly identical birds swimming in perfect unison. Grabbing my camera and heading closer to the lake, I captured what has become a favorite photo of mine: a shot that embodies both the chaos and peace of a tight-knit community.
  1. Tree Swallow by Alexander Eisengart

Category: Youth

  • Location: Margaret Peak Nature Preserve, North Ridgeville, Ohio
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a6400 with a Sony E 70-350mm f/4.5-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/640 second at f/6.3; ISO 250
  • Behind the Shot: I’m 14 years old, so obviously I can’t drive. On my birthday, my mom took me birding at sunrise. At this time during the summer, smoke from fires throughout the West blew into the eastern United States. This made the sunlight diffuse, giving the sunrise a really cool look. Luckily for me, there were tons of Tree Swallows. They flew around catching insects, and the morning dew looked great on the spider webs.
  1. Great Blue Heron by Mary Badger

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Davis Arboretum and Public Garden, Davis, California
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7 III with a Sony FE 100-400mm F/4.5-5.6 GM OSS lens; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: Every day I take my lunch break at the UC Davis Arboretum, where I work as a researcher using genetic tools to study wildlife conservation. I am always amazed how wild the arboretum feels, with waterbirds making their way down the creek, warblers flitting in and out of the trees and bushes, and hawks hunting in the lawns. I started bringing my camera with me during post-lunch walks. One day I saw this magnificent Great Blue Heron sitting in a pine tree overlooking the water. I sat snapping shots and watching people go by, enjoying their looks of wonderment when they saw the heron perched above. This photo reminds me of the hidden beauty and biodiversity of public green spaces.
  1. Sandhill Crane by William Farnsworth

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Kensington Metropark, Milford, Michigan
  • Camera: Nikon D7500 with a NIKKOR 500mm f/4 FL ED VR lens; 1/1000 second at f/4.0; ISO 360
  • Behind the Shot: I watched a pair of adult Sandhill Cranes forage for food with their two young colts. The parents encouraged the colts to find their own meal. To my surprise, they were quite successful. Then, one of the parents found a damselfly on the ground. Rather than eating it, the adult grabbed it in its beak and called over one of the colts, who eagerly took the offering. This was a very special moment that I had the pleasure of capturing: a parent expressing love to its offspring. The interaction lasted no more than five seconds, but the moment itself was timeless.
  1. Blue Jay by Alessandro Retacchi

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Central Park, New York, New York
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 II with a Sony FE 85mm f/1.8 lens; 1/2500 second at f/4; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: On this cold day, I found a female Northern Cardinal on a branch covered with snow. As I was trying to photograph her, I noticed two very vocal Blue Jays. I was able to focus and shoot a burst of photos as they fought, their feathers seeming to glow in the light. I had always hoped to photograph two birds in flight with the faces clearly visible and facing each other. In this case, one Blue Jay has the trademark raised crest in a sign of aggression.
  1. Song Sparrow by Ashrith Kandula

Category: Youth

  • Location: Wallingford, Pennsylvania
  • Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens and Canon Extender EF 1.4x II; 1/1000 second at f/8.0; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: One of my favorite pandemic projects was capturing unique portraits of common birds such as the Song Sparrow. Although some may think these birds are boring because of their bland colors, I think they’re interesting because their songs are quite melodious. After spending months with this individual, who I named Fergus, I understood his personality and was able to capture him on flowers and with different lighting. One day, I noticed a white car in the background take a left turn with its headlights on. I took many shots and was very excited when I took a photo with Fergus’s head in front of the light, which looked like the sun. It was great to incorporate both manmade and natural elements into one shot.
  1. Burrowing Owl by Brian Browne

Category: Youth

  • Location: Corte Madera, California
  • Camera: Nikon D3500 with a Tamron 100-400mm F/4.5-6.3 Di VC USD lens; 1/640 at f/6.3; ISO 500
  • Behind the Shot: In November 2020, I visited my grandma in Oregon for the first time since the beginning of the pandemic. We drove around the area to look for birds, and at the end of the day, went to Agate Lake, a small reservoir where a Burrowing Owl (a local rarity) had been reported for several days. After some searching, I found it sitting at the end of a cut log. Slowly approaching it as evening set in and the temperature plunged, I watched and took some photos, the details in the wood framing the small owl perfectly. As my grandma and I returned to the car, we heard the owl call before it flew from its nook into the fields.
  1. American Dipper by Kate Persons

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Nome, Alaska
  • Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark IV with a Canon EF 600mm f/4L IS III USM lens; 1/1600 second at f/4.5; ISO 2500
  • Behind the Shot: On a negative 26-degree Fahrenheit day in December, I sat quietly wiggling my toes by an open hole on the edge of the Nome River, where a pair of dippers had regularly been feeding on chironomid larvae and other aquatic invertebrates. After about 30 minutes, I heard the dippers call. One began diving and feeding in front of me. Unbelievably, the bird flitted in front of an interesting-looking cavern rimmed with hoarfrost and began preening. The bird gave me an entire repertoire of postures, from the comical to the dramatic. Cold toes were forgotten! I chose this amusing image of the dipper looking down with closed eyes covered by white eyelids as if praying, in front of an icy grotto.
  1. Bald Eagle by Tamara Enz

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Nehalem Bay State Park, Manzanita, Oregon
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7 with a Sony E 18-200mm F/3.5-6.3 OSS LE lens; 1/2000 second at f/8; ISO 200
  • Behind the Shot: While working for Tillamook Estuaries Partnership, a National Estuary Project in Garibaldi, Oregon, I conducted a community science project collecting plastic pellets called nurdles that litter the shore. During this nurdle survey, I stopped to photograph shorebirds feeding along the surf line. As I photographed, an immature eagle landed on a drift log behind me. Each of us unaware of the other, the eagle leapt into flight when I turned away from the shorebirds. I shot a series of photos as the eagle gained lift and moved down the beach. Finding shorebirds and eagles along this stretch of coast brings the conservation and restoration work that I have done through the years full circle for me. As a field biologist, writer, and photographer, the elements of what I do and what I appreciate came together for this shot.
  1. Common Ostrich by Lisa Sproat

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Masai Mara National Park, Kenya
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens; 1/50 at f/4; ISO 100
  • Behind the Shot: On a drive through the Masai Mara National Reserve in the early afternoon, we spotted a distant trio of ostriches feeding in the harsh sun. As afternoon turned to dusk, a brief but dramatic thunderstorm rolled through the grassland. We came upon the three birds again bedded down nearer the road, weathering the storm. Ostriches lack the special waterproofing gland many other birds have, so their luxuriant plumage can be completely soaked through by a heavy rain in minutes. Since this bird was completely still, I used a long exposure to lengthen the raindrops and give a bit of context to that classic ostrich frown.
  1. Reddish Egret by Kieran Barlow

Category: Youth

  • Location: Fort De Soto Park, Tierra Verde, Florida
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a Tamron SP 150-600mm F5-6.3 Di VC USD G2 lens; 1/1250 second at f/6.3; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: On a trip to Florida, one of the birds I hoped to see most was a Reddish Egret. When these elegant wading birds showed up, I took countless portraits and pictures of their unique fishing method. But I really wanted to photograph one during a sunset. One night, when I could see a sliver of clear sky beneath dense clouds, I found a Reddish Egret and laid down in the water, careful to avoid the jellyfish and toxic algae. While barely keeping my camera above the waves, I started snapping until the sun ducked below the horizon. I walked off the beach that night soaking wet and covered in sand but with memories I will cherish the rest of my life.
  1. Greater Flamingo by Vicki Jauron

Category: Professional

  • Location: Amboseli National Park, Kajiado County, Kenya
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 400mm f/2.8 lens and Nikon AF-S Teleconverter TC-17E; 1/1000 second at f/4.8; ISO 280
  • Behind the Shot: During my first visit to Amboseli in 2017, flamingos were not residents. In recent years, though, thanks to more water in the environment, flamingos and many other waterbirds have come back, enriching the normal safari experience. While observing the birds in 2021, I saw two Greater Flamingos involved in some sort of encounter. Whether their interaction was amicable, amorous, or otherwise, was unclear, but it was fun watching them beak to beak, contorting their necks together into different shapes. It was refreshing to capture this interaction rather than the usual beak-down feeding behavior.
  1. Wood Stork by Hiresha Senanayake

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Hilton Head Island, South Carolina
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X Mark II with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens; 1/500 second at f/4.0; ISO 100
  • Behind the Shot: After a long hard rain one October morning, I set out to a marsh with three other photographers. As the sun peeked over the horizon, we saw a flock of Wood Storks resting in the shallow waters. We slowly lay on the mud and started crawling on our bellies so that we wouldn’t disturb the birds, inching close enough to photograph them. Though it was extremely challenging to lay in the mud, soaking wet, my entire face covered with gnats, I was still awestruck by the graceful appearance of this threatened, ancient-looking bird. While watching the stork through the viewfinder, I noticed that the grass behind it glowed in the light. At that moment, the stork gave me the perfect pose. I lowered my gear to the muddy ground as much as possible to get an eye-level shot of this entire scene.
  1. Eastern Kingbird by Kyle Tansley

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Colchester Pond, Colchester, Vermont
  • Camera: Nikon Z6 II with a NIKKOR 500mm f/4E FL ED VR lens; 1/1250 second at f/4; ISO 250
  • Behind the Shot: I’ve watched a pair of Eastern Kingbirds nest and raise their young at this pond for several years now. Getting a dragonfly delivery shot with a nice foreground and background was a white whale that I could never catch. I followed the family along a row of vegetation down the edge of the pond. The parents took turns feeding their begging fledglings, and I was having trouble keeping up. I spotted one fledgling on a perch on the other side of the hedge and got into position, lining up a shot through the branches. In a couple of seconds, the kingbird had scarfed down the dragonfly and began begging again.
  1. Cooper’s Hawk by Deborah Roy

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Charlotte, North Carolina
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 600mm f/4L IS II USM lens and Canon Mount Adapter EF-EOS R; 1/400 second at f/4; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: I captured this image on a gorgeous fall evening right around sunset. I was sitting in my backyard keeping an eye out for fall migrants. I noticed this beautiful juvenile Cooper’s Hawk roosting in one of my maple trees also keeping an eye on the birds. This frame was taken as the hawk raised its foot to rest on one leg. I chose to crop the image so that the focal point of the image was the feet and talons of the hawk. The warm back-lit glow of the golden leaves of the maple tree really complements the yellow pencil-like legs and feet of this beautiful young hawk.
  1. Brown Creeper by Mike Timmons

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Rustler Park, Douglas, Arizona
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon 600mm f/4L IS III USM lens; 1/1250 second at f/5.0; ISO 2500
  • Behind the Shot: My brother and I finally made it out for another guys’ trip. As always, this meant birding. We had not been to Arizona together since we were teenagers, and it was fun to relive the nostalgia while building new memories. It was monsoon season in the state, and the swollen creeks kept us from the higher elevations of the Chiricahua Mountains. On our last day there, the road was re-opened. The Red-faced and Olive Warblers had already moved to lower elevations, and it was late in the day, so the birding was pretty slow. We got out of the car to a mixed flock foraging along the road. My attention was drawn to the pair of Brown Creepers, who were busy working the mottled pine bark scorched by fire years prior.
  1. Black Skimmer by Elizabeth Sanger

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Marco Island, Florida
  • Camera: Canon EOS 80D with a Sigma 100-400mm F/5-6.3 DG OS HSM Contemporary lens; 1/320 second at f/13; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: Late one afternoon on a windy, cool day I went to the beach in front of my hotel and discovered a flock of Black Skimmers—hundreds of them huddled tightly together, facing the same direction. Occasionally they would take flight en masse, circle the water, and then land again. What made the scene so extraordinary was the sheer number of birds, as well as the striking design created by their black and white bodies contrasting with their bright orange beaks and legs. When viewed in profile, the birds’ colors created one kind of visual pattern, and when viewed head-on, as in this photo, they looked completely different—almost like penguins. I admired the skimmers’ patience, distinct appearance, and apparent camaraderie.
  1. Razorbill by Keith Kennedy

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Grimsey Island, Iceland
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 1 with a Sony FE 100-400mm F/4.5-5.6 GM OSS lens; 1/2500 second at f/6.3; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: On a recent bird photography trip to Iceland, our small group spent five days on Grimsey, a small island off the coast. Puffins and Razorbills nest in underground burrows atop high cliffs that overlook the ocean. The adults forage for sand eels and other small fish and return with their meals dangling from their beaks. I stood on the cliffs hoping to photograph the birds in flight, which is a challenge. Keeping such fast flyers centered in the viewfinder proved the hardest part as they zoomed by. I studied their flight behavior and learned to spot good candidates while panning at just the right speed.
  1. Mallard by Hector Cordero

Category: Professional

  • Location: New York, New York
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/160 sec at f/5.6; ISO 400
  • Behind the Shot: On the day I took this photograph, the temperature was -10 degrees Fahrenheit. Still, I spent more than 12 hours photographing the birds in the area. My hands froze and I couldn’t feel my fingers, but I loved the experience of being alone with the animals in nature. In the world of birds, males have bright and flashy colors and tend to be more photographed. Instead, I mainly focused my attention on females. I liked the light to dark brown patterns in this female Mallard’s plumage and the snowflakes that fell over its mottled body.
  1. Willet, Sanderling, and Black-bellied Plover by Amiel Hopkins

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Cape Point, Cape Hatteras National Seashore, North Carolina
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens; 1/500 second at f/18; ISO 500
  • Behind the Shot: The Outer Banks are a magical place. An extensive and remote chain of barrier islands, Cape Hatteras is most impressive of all of them, separated from the mainland by a full 30 miles. The sun sank lower and lower over the dunes of the island’s easternmost beach until the landscape bathed in a golden glow. I could see scattered shorebirds roosting for the night among the beach and dunes, but the sun setting in front of me barred me from the typical shot. I changed my settings to capture the birds in silhouette and zoomed out to get them in their environment. I love the look of the dunes and distant crashing waves, making the birds appear like giants towering above an immense landscape.
  1. Sandhill Crane by Isabel Guerra Clark

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Bosque del Apache Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico
  • Camera: Canon EOS R6 with a RF24-105mm f/4 lens; 1/250 second at f/8; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: My friend and I drove to Bosque del Apache in November to photograph the annual migration, when thousands of birds arrive for the winter months. The drought had dried out this area significantly and very few ponds existed. Cranes, ducks, and other birds, however, still came by the tens of thousands and did not mind the people who were watching. On our last day at the refuge, we went to one of the ponds that remained and saw a spectacular sunset that I captured in this photograph. The low light required that I use a much higher ISO to have enough shutter speed not to blur the birds.
  1. Anna’s Hummingbird by Dominic Wang

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Pleasanton, California
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD G2 lens; 1/800 second at f/6.3; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: I noticed this female hummingbird flying low and frequently visiting a moss lawn. It didn’t take long to find her nest. I hoped to photograph the moment when she picked up some nesting materials from the ground, so I found a good spot to lie down on my stomach, set up my exposure to capture the bird in flight, and waited. Shortly after, she flew back to the site, dived to the moss lawn, and picked up a piece with her long beak.
  1. Bald Eagle by Liron Gertsman

Category: Professional

  • Location: Fraser Valley, British Columbia, Canada
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens and Canon Mount Adapter EF-EOS R; 1/1250 second at f/5.6; ISO 6400
  • Behind the Shot: The annual salmon run on the British Columbia coast brings one of my favorite spectacles in nature: a huge gathering of Bald Eagles. Tens of thousands come to the rivers and streams of southwestern British Columbia, where they scavenge on the carcasses of spawned-out salmon. This past winter, heavy rains and flooding likely meant that many of the salmon carcasses were washed downstream. However, as the waters began to recede, I photographed the eagles that gathered in search of food. Spending the morning waiting on the edge of a river in the rain, I was rewarded when an eagle flew down to a salmon carcass washed up in the grass. Before long, several were squabbling over the carcass.?
  1. Snowy Owl by Dianne Boothe

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Westhampton, New York
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens and Tiffen 95mm UV Protector Filter; 1/3200 second and f/6.3; ISO 500
  • Behind the Shot: Snowy Owls are known to come to the east end of Long Island from November through March. But they often stay in the dunes and can be hard to spot. Though they had been on my bucket list to capture—and I clocked many miles searching—I had never been able to photograph one. Finally, however, on a trip to the shore, I saw one looking at me through the beach grass. I was very grateful: It was my last chance to photograph these beautiful birds before I moved to Florida.
  1. White-breasted Nuthatch by Zachary Vaughan

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Frick Park, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 1 with a Sony FE 600mm F/4 GM OSS lens; 1/250 second at f/4; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: I was walking along one of my favorite trails in the park when I heard the familiar call of a White-breasted Nuthatch. I scanned the area until I noticed it moving down a large oak tree and into a small crevice. I quickly pulled up my camera and began shooting. Apparently I had stumbled onto its secret stash. It quickly pulled out a seed and flew to a higher branch to grab a quick snack. White-breasted Nuthatches are one of my favorite species. Witnessing their quirky behavior and cute mannerisms is a pure treat.
  1. Western Screech-Owl by Maximilian Rabbitt-Tomita

Category: Youth

  • Location: Palo Alto, California
  • Camera: Nikon Z5 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens and Nikon FTZ Mount Adapter; 2 seconds at f/7.1; ISO 500
  • Behind the Shot: After setting up my camera facing a Western Screech-Owl’s cavity, I hoped that the bird would come out soon. After all, hiding in the bushes and taking photos in the dark around a few apartment buildings is generally something that I don’t want to be doing for too long. After the sun went down, and after a few weird looks were thrown my way, I was just about to take off when I saw a small shadow moving inside of the cavity. The bird was awake! Luckily, I was able to capture some great shots before the owl took off.
  1. Bald Eagle by Jeff Coulter

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Syracuse, New York
  • Camera: Canon EOS R6 with a Canon RF 800mm f/11 IS STM lens; 1/1600 second at f/11; ISO 3200
  • Behind the Shot: Every year, Bald Eagles come to Onondaga Lake in Syracuse. The local water treatment plant keeps a small patch of the lake ice-free, attracting more than 50 Bald Eagles to the surrounding trees. Some eagles catch their own fish while others look for a chance to take an easy meal from an unsuspecting neighbor. I captured this scene as one eagle carried her catch toward the trees, the second following close behind. I remember back in the late 1970s when only one pair of nesting eagles remained in upstate New York. Thanks to ground-breaking conservation efforts, hundreds of pairs now nest here—and the numbers continue to grow. That near-loss and remarkable recovery of this beautiful species continues to make every sighting feel like a gift.
  1. Pacific Loon by Joe Gliozzo

Category: Professional

  • Location: Anchorage, Alaska
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens; 1/1250 second at F5.6; ISO 2500
  • Behind the Shot: After traveling from New Jersey to Anchorage in July, I met up with a friend and photographer who treated me to a beautiful few hour at a quiet local lake. We arrived close to 7 p.m., but luckily the sun doesn’t set until after 11 p.m. at that time of year. I saw a pair of Pacific Loons who had the entire lake to themselves. Not for a minute did I mind lying down on the damp water’s edge. Nor did I mind the nasty mosquitoes that stung our flesh. The loons stayed at a distance at first but made their way closer to us as the light eventually faded to night.
  1. Black-capped Chickadee by Steven Robbins

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Gordon Bubolz Nature Preserve, Appleton, Wisconsin
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7R IV with a Sony FE 200-600mm F/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/1250 second at f/6.3; ISO 320
  • Behind the Shot: Black-capped Chickadees can be challenging to photograph since they usually don’t sit still for long. Most of the time, when I spot one, I keep on walking to see what else is around. But on this day, the early morning light and background really caught my eye, so I paused to take a few photos. Luckily for me, the chickadee decided to stop just long enough for me to capture this image.
  1. Pacific Golden-Plover by Elliott Bury

Category: Youth

  • Location: Poipu Beach Park, Kaua?i, Hawai’i
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7R IV with a Sony FE 200-600mm F/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/1250 second at f/6.3; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: I found this plover resting in the sand next to a busy parking lot. Since most of the birds in Kaua?i are used to people, it wasn’t disturbed when I quietly laid on the hot sand nearby. Behind me, traffic streamed on a busy road. To my right, cars and people came and went. To my left, dozens of beachgoers played in the sand. In front of me, people visited a public restroom and sat at picnic tables. I felt overwhelmed by the noise and movement and wondered if the plover felt the same. Yet after a few minutes, everything melted away, leaving just me and a beautiful bird in glowing golden light.
  1. Red-tailed Hawk by Ryan Murphy

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge, Ridgefield, Washington
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 II with a Sony FE 200-600mm f/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/1600 second at f/6.3; ISO 3200
  • Behind the Shot: You’re not allowed to leave your car at the Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge; instead, you slowly drive around the refuge on a gravel road as the local wildlife go about its business. The skies were clearing after a heavy downpour when I saw a Red-tailed Hawk perched in the middle of a field. She was shaking off the droplets like a dog after a swim and appeared more concerned with getting dry than with the long lens sticking out of the driver’s side window. If you look closely, you can still see water clinging to her brow. I had a chuckle imagining the hawk was annoyed that she let herself get so wet.
  1. Greater Sage-Grouse by Noah Brinkman

Category: Youth

  • Location: Jackson County, Colorado
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC lens; 1/1600 second at f/6.3; ISO 1600
  • Behind the Shot: For the past few years, I have thought that the perfect birthday would start with an early morning at a Greater Sage-Grouse lek. I have an early March birthday, and the lek at that time of year is typically unproductive, with just a few males half-heartedly displaying. Still, I convinced my dad to drive me out as a birthday present. We arrived well before sunrise and discovered three feeding males. I snuck out of the car and laid down on the road to get eye-level shots when the rising sun peeked out from behind the clouds, providing me with stunning golden backlighting as this male displayed. Though my hands nearly froze, I still look back on that day very fondly.
  1. American White Pelican by April Stampe

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Lockport, Manitoba, Canada
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7R III with a Sony 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6 GM OSS lens and 1.4x teleconverter; 1/2500 at f/8; ISO 320
  • Behind the Shot: A quick drive to a local dam proved worth it when I noticed a large group of pelicans actively fishing. I watched them move as a group, seemingly working together to catch the fish swimming below them. When a fish was caught, however, it became every pelican for itself. The pelicans fought to steal the fish right out of each other’s bills—this struggle resulting in the fish getting away about half of the time. Immediately afterward, the birds would regroup and begin hunting together again. Despite going back multiple times, I never got another opportunity quite like this one.
  1. Wood Stork by Melissa Rowell

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Hilton Head, South Carolina
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 600mm f/4E FL ED VR lens; 1/400 second at f/7.1; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: On a bitterly cold and windy morning, I considered staying in bed where I was nice and cozy. But I was only staying a week in Hilton Head, so I hopped out of bed. It was low tide, and there was not a bird or human in sight. I pulled up my hood as sand pelted me. I then spotted a lone Wood Stork hunkered down in some vegetation, partially obscured by a dune, just as the rising sun began to peek through clouds. He had an almost ethereal look. I immediately dropped to my knees, hoping I wouldn’t scare him off. When I slowly backed away, I was so grateful for the miracles that nature has in store for us—if we just take the time to look.
  1. Pyrrhuloxia by Danny Hancock

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X Mark II with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens and a Canon Extender EF 1.4x III; 1/1250 second at f/8.0; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: This beautiful female Pyrrhuloxia waited patiently at a feeder while a mob of Red-winged Blackbirds devoured the food. I moved slowly to my left so I could focus on her eye between the branches. Eventually, she caught a break and snuck in to quickly snap up some seed.
  1. Northern Shoveler by Christy Grinton

Category: Amateur

  • Location: George C. Reifel Migratory Bird Sanctuary, Delta, British Columbia
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon RF 100-500mm F/4.5-7.1 L IS USM lens; 1/1000 second at f/10; ISO 4000
  • Behind the Shot: Every winter, I take the ferry to Delta on the mainland to visit the George C. Reifel Migratory Bird Sanctuary. It is a wonderful park where countless migratory birds stop and overwinter. You never know what you will see when you go. The day I went, I was hoping to find Sandhill Cranes. Instead, I saw a large number of Northern Shovelers. That day the ducks were resting and not bothered by the people walking by. I kneeled to get a photo and the duck opened his eye to see what I was doing, making for a wonderful shot. It wasn’t until I got home and processed the image that I noticed how the color of the eye matched the colors of the bottom feathers.
  1. Bufflehead by Garrett Yarter

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Budd Inlet, Olympia, Washington
  • Camera: Nikon D5600 with a Sigma 150-600mm F/5-6.3 DG OS HSM Contemporary lens; 1/500 second at f/5.6; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: As I walked along the shore of the beautiful Puget Sound, I watched the local Buffleheads socialize, preen, and splash around in the water. A few of them dipped their bills slightly into the water and then rapidly raised their heads, causing a little splash. Over the next two hours I waited to photograph this behavior. To get into position, I had to lie down on a quite smelly saltwater bank. After finally obtaining the desired image, I was delighted to notice that the coloration of the bank on the opposite side of the inlet complemented the iridescence of the Bufflehead’s face.
  1. Common Murre by Lauren Bunker

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Gull Island, Kachemak Bay, Alaska
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 9 with a Sony FE 200-600mm F/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/1250 second at f/6.3; ISO 640
  • Behind the Shot: On our first visit to Homer, Alaska, in September 2021, rough incoming weather and swells on Kachemak Bay nearly canceled a birding tour for me and my mom. After assuring the captain that we had taken anti-nausea tablets and would keep three points of contact with the boat at all times, we set out for Gull Island. Crossing the bay was quite the ride, but we managed to keep our breakfasts down. We were rewarded with time observing a hectic colony of Common Murres.

For more information and Photographs, please view the following link:

https://www.audubon.org/news/the-2022-audubon-photography-awards-top-100?utm_medium=email&utm_source=pocket_hits&utm_campaign=POCKET_HITS-EN-RECS-2022_07_16&sponsored=0&position=10&id=3e951328-70bb-4834-a69c-ec25f478470a?sponsored=0&utm_medium=email&utm_source=pocket_hits&utm_campaign=POCKET_HITS-EN-RECS-2022_07_16

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The 2022 Audubon Photography Awards: The Top 100 Part1

The 2022 Audubon Photography Awards: The Top 100 Part1

Moments of delight and awe abound in this collection of standout bird photography. Scroll through and learn the story behind each shot.

By The Editors Audubon Magazine  July 13, 2022

Popular Stories

This year almost 2,500 photographers from across the United States and Canada submitted nearly 10,000 photographs and videos to Audubon’s 13th annual Audubon Photography Awards. Reviewing anonymous image and video files, three panels of expert judges selected eight stunning winners and five honorable mentions. (Spoiler alert: It was a great year for grouse).

We couldn’t stop there, with so many more exceptional shots—and exceptional birds—worth sharing. So, we’ve selected 100 additional photos to feature. Displayed in no particular order, these photos give just a taste of birds’ glorious variety. They also showcase a wide array of techniques used by wildlife photographers, as captured in entertaining and thoughtful “behind the shot” stories that accompany each image.

We hope these photos and anecdotes may inspire you to pick up a camera and capture your own unique avian moments. Be sure to peruse our photography section as you get started, including tips and how-to’s, Audubon’s ethical guidelines for wildlife photography, and gear recommendations. And remember to look out for the announcement of next year’s awards entry period in January 2023. Maybe it could be your shot that makes the cut.

  1. American Woodcock by Hector Cordero

Category: Professional

  • Location: New York, New York
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/1600 second at f/5.6; ISO 4000
  • Behind the Shot: I was monitoring the migration of American Woodcocks, one of the most frequent collision victims in New York City, when I found this bird. I spent hours photographing him as he looked for food between bushes and leaves. I decided to lie down on the ground and wait for the bird to come out into the open. Just minutes before dusk, he turned to face me and started walking. I rushed to get the correct parameters, focus, and composition. At that moment, my efforts paid off. I hope my photo will be useful for raising awareness about collisions and solutions to prevent them, such as installing bird-friendly glass.
  1. Black Phoebe by Raechel Lee

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Los Gatos, California
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7R IV with a Sony 200-600mm F/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/1000 second at f/7.1; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: On a summer morning, I noticed this browner-than-usual Black Phoebe perched near a lake’s edge. Looking at it through the viewfinder revealed more distinctive colors and textures in its plumage: some rusty fringing near its nape and upper back and fluffy side feathers that—though by no means unorderly—seemed resolute in maintaining their own disposition. It was only upon reviewing the photos that I saw a surprise visitor who had snuck in to pose with this little flycatcher.
  1. Black-and-white Warbler by Christy Frank

Category: Professional

  • Location: Magee Marsh Wildlife Area, Oak Harbor, Ohio
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with Nikkor 200-500mm f/5.6 ED VR lens; 1/1250 second at f/5.6; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: While many people race through the Lake Erie area to find the more colorful migrant birds, I’ve found that simply sitting in one location quietly will help me blend into the habitat. In September, I watched as a Black-and-white Warbler appeared and feasted on insects along a branch. I hoped the bird would move into a patch of sunlight illuminated in this lush habitat. When it did, I lifted my camera to capture this beautifully patterned bird that seemed to glow on its own little branched stage. I relish observing behavior and spending time with birds that many overlook. Moments like this bring such joy, and I feel so connected to the natural world.
  1. Great Gray Owl by Benjamin Olson

Category: Professional

  • Location: Near Bemidji, Minnesota
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR lens; 1/1000 second at f/5.6; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: In winter 2019, just before COVID-19 hit, I had one of the most remarkable weeks of my 16-year photography career. I was notified of a place where at least five Great Gray Owls were wintering, and I had to go see them for myself. On that first morning, I arrived just before sunrise to see everything covered in hoarfrost, which remained on the trees all day. Immediately after this owl hunted in front of me, it headed to this stand of red pines. I didn’t go more than five minutes without an owl in sight throughout the day, which is one I still dream of.
  1. Sanderling by Jeremy Rehm

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge, Chincoteague, Virginia
  • Camera: Canon EOS R6 with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens and Canon Mount Adapter EF-EOS R; 1/800 second at f/4; ISO 400
  • Behind the Shot: I drove three hours to Chincoteague Island for my first real venture into photographing shorebirds. I wanted to capture photos at sunrise, but it wasn’t until my last morning that I got the chance. I plopped down on the sand on my belly near some seafoam and ahead of a long line of Sanderlings probing for food down the shoreline. When the birds finally came near, I had a hard time keeping up with them. Sanderlings’ little legs seem to go a mile a minute, but this one took a short breather right at the edge of the seafoam. It was a beautiful and serene moment before the Sanderling sprinted into the sea foam and continued its search for food.
  1. Bonaparte’s Gull by John Troth

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Point No Point County Park, Kitsap County, Washington
  • Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark IV with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens and a Canon Extender EF 1.4x III; 1/1000 second at f/7.1; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: In early March, hundreds of Bonaparte’s Gulls gather in Puget Sound far out from shore, resting on the water’s surface and taking short foraging flights along it. Just before I took the photo, hundreds of the gulls took flight simultaneously, flying low over the water in the direction of my camera. I tracked this large group as the gulls approached. Just before reaching my location, the birds started to gradually gain altitude, rising and passing as a synchronized group.
  1. Tree Swallow by Sarah Devlin

Category: Professional

  • Location: Harwich, Massachusetts
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a Sigma 150-600mm F/5-6.3 DG OS HSM Contemporary lens; 1/2500 second at f/6.3; ISO 320
  • Behind the Shot: I’ve always enjoyed the challenge of photographing swallows. Their speed and agility make them an excellent subject for mastering the technique to capture birds in flight. On this sunny spring day, while out photographing birds at a local park, I noticed a Tree Swallow collecting pine needles and delivering them to a nest box nearby. I lay down on the ground, dug my elbows in, and waited to capture that magical moment.
  1. Anna’s Hummingbird by Stephen Cassady

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Limekiln Canyon Park, Porter Ranch, California
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a6000 with a Sony E 55-210mm F/4.5-6.3 OSS lens; f 6.3; ISO 320
  • Behind the Shot: On every trip I had taken to Limekiln, I saw the most beautiful hummingbirds but only got awful shots of them. One day after work, when an Anna’s Hummingbird flew in from the shadows and paused in front of me, I decided that was the day. Still wearing my tie, I followed the bird up and down the dry creek bed. When I put my camera down, the hummingbird darted right back over and stopped two feet from my face. I snapped a few more shots before she flew off. It took hundreds of shots, eight ounces of sweat, and any respect the local hikers had for me, but I finally got this photo. It was worth it.
  1. Village Weaver by Maria Khvan

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Maasai Mara, Narok, Kenya
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 II with a Sony FE 600mm F/4 GM OSS lens and a monopod; 1/8000 second at f/4; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: The first thing I noticed when I arrived at my campsite at Maasai Mara National Park was a loud chirping coming from a large acacia tree. When I walked toward the tree, I saw a colony of Village Weaver birds working hard on their intricately woven nests. The males gathered grasses and small tree leaves around the campsite and used them as building material. I spend my afternoon taking action photos. This was one of my favorites because the bird is sitting inside the nest, but you can still see its eye peeking out.
  1. Blue Jay by Marie Read

Category: Professional

  • Location: Cornell Botanic Gardens, Ithaca, New York
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 with a Sony FE 200-600mm f/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/2500 second at f/6.3; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: Every autumn, I go to a local park to photograph Blue Jays that visit a grove of oak trees, gathering acorns that they carry off and hide for winter food supply. I’ve documented this vital survival behavior many times but rarely have had the opportunity to portray it artistically—until one special morning. I focused on a low-flying jay and was panning with it when it flew behind a sumac tree, whose out-of-focus leaves formed a dream-like wash of color between the camera and the subject. I kept shooting, trusting the camera to maintain focus on the now partially obscured bird, but not quite knowing what I would get. Examining the sequence of images afterwards, I was thrilled by the abstract appearance. A distant American Robin completes the composition.
  1. Ruby-throated Hummingbird by Corey Raffel

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Carborro, North Carolina
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR lens; 1/800 second at f/5.6; ISO 400
  • Behind the Shot: While trying to take photos of Eastern Bluebirds (a lifer for me), I noticed a female Ruby-throated Hummingbird (also a lifer for me) feeding on sage. When I later looked at the photos I took, I was surprised to see yellow on the bird’s head. A closer look revealed it to be pollen. An even closer look showed that the plant’s anthers were perfectly positioned to deposit pollen on the bird’s head as the bird reached deeply into the flower to get to the nectar. I further noticed how the flower’s stigma was touching the back of the hummingbird’s head, perfectly positioned to receive pollen when the hummingbird backed out of the bloom. I could not help but be astounded at this wonderful example of coevolution of plant and bird. Both species benefit from the arrangement.
  1. Northern Flicker by Jeffrey Kauffman

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7R IV with a Sony FE 600mm F/4 GM OSS lens; 1/4000 second at f/4; ISO 6400
  • Behind the Shot: This was my second year photographing Northern Flickers as they raised their chicks. The most challenging part was trying to get both mom and dad in the same frame during feeding—they shoot out of their nest cavity like rockets. After a few days, I caught on to their routines. I intentionally kept the camera in silent shutter mode to use the rolling shutter, giving an effect on the fast-moving wings of being a little curved. I really like the effect and continue to use when I can. When the Northern Flickers show up in the spring, they become the main talking point in our home for the next few months.
  1. Great Gray Owl by Tom Haarman

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
  • Camera: Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark III with an Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 300mm f/4 IS PRO lens and a Marumi 77mm DHG Lens Protect Filter; 1/640 second at f/4.0; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: My buddy Rob and I were driving some range roads just out of town when we spotted the Great Gray Owl. As we slowly approached, we noticed that she was calling ever so softly. I was about to record a video when we saw another Great Gray Owl down the fence line. I quickly adjusted my camera, thinking there was going to be a territorial dispute. I started shooting as the new owl flew toward the one closer to me. I got goosebumps when I saw it had a vole in its beak. The second owl hovered on the fence post, passed it to the first, and left. Seeing this moment was one of the most humbling experiences of my life. When I look at this image, I see a love story. We should all be so lucky to have someone in our life who loves and cares for us as much as these two care for each other.
  1. Mariana Crow by Trenton Voytko

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Rota, Northern Mariana Islands
  • Camera: Nikon D3200 with a Tamron 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC USD G2 lens; 1/320 second at f/6.3; ISO 3200
  • Behind the Shot: Micronesia’s only member of the Corvid family, Åga—the Chamorro word for the Mariana Crow—are endemic to the island of Rota. Previously they were also found on Guam, but the Brown Tree Snake’s introduction in the 1950s resulted in their extirpation. Now only about 200 Åga exist in the limestone jungles of Rota, where they’re critically endangered and face an uncertain future. Among Åga, this bird is special: She’s part of a rear-and-release program to bolster the wild population. A rustling in the canopy turned my attention to the treetops; there, looking down through the canopy, the bird made eye contact, her gaze soft and inquisitive as she gave my Nikon a once-over. Hopefully she and her fellow release cohort will revitalize the Åga’s population.
  1. Anna’s Hummingbird by Matthew Leaman

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Seattle, Washington
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7R II with a Sigma 150-600mm f/5-6.3 DG DN OS Sports lens; 1/200 second at f/6.3; ISO 3200
  • Behind the Shot: In December 2021, Seattle experienced an unusually long cold and snowy spell. I had two feeders wrapped in Christmas lights to provide thawed nectar, and two others that I brought in at night. The feeder that this bird defended is outside the window where I work from home. As it started to snow one day, I took a break to take some photos. Since it was so cold, this hummingbird wanted to stay near the feeder and was easy to capture. I was excited when I saw the perfect little snowflake on his head in this image. I love to see if people notice it at first glance and then experience their disbelief and awe that such beauty can be found at home.
  1. American Flamingo by Brynna Cooke

Category: Amateur

  • Location: The Key West Butterfly & Nature Conservatory, Key West, Florida
  • Camera: Canon EOS 90D with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/800 second at f/5.6; ISO 2500
  • Behind the Shot: Rhett, a male American Flamingo, was courting another flamingo in a pond. He shook his head back and forth, dipped his long neck, and displayed his fabulous colors. He followed me around the pond, shaking his head about three feet from the lens. I got the impression he enjoyed getting his photo taken (or seeing his reflection in the lens). Patience and luck are the true winners of this photo as he would not remain still. Flocks of American Flamingos used to be regular visitors to the Florida Keys. Today there are virtually none, and the few that are here have escaped from zoos. Rhett reminds Key West visitors of the beautiful birds we have displaced from paradise.
  1. Prothonotary Warbler by Don Wuori

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Audubon Beidler Forest Center and Sanctuary, Harleyville, South Carolina
  • Camera: Nikon D5 with a NIKKOR 600mm f/4E FL ED VR lens and Nikon AF-S Teleconverter TC-14E; 1/2500 second at f/5.6; ISO 51,200
  • Behind the Shot: I was fortunate enough to locate and photograph an active Prothonotary Warbler pair feeding its chicks in the eerily still, quiet, and almost mystical Audubon Beidler Forest Sanctuary. The forest’s serenity was occasionally shattered by the hoots of a Barred Owl, but more frequently by the flash of the bright yellow bird coming to enter a cypress knee, where the hidden nest was barely visible from the boardwalk. It was exciting to see adults bringing insects to feed hungry chicks or carrying out fecal sacs. When one would enter with an insect, the chicks occasionally popped up with their mouths wide open. My fast shutter speed combined with the low light led me to do something I very rarely do—photograph the scene at a very high ISO using a tripod-mounted DSLR camera and a long telephoto lens.
  1. Carolina Wren by Eaton Ekarintaragun

Category: Youth

  • Location: Chesapeake Beach, Calvert County, Maryland
  • Camera: Sony NEX-7 with a Sony DT 55-300mm F/4.5-5.6 SAM lens; 1/125 second at f/5.6; ISO 1600
  • Behind the Shot: One evening in early winter, I noticed a Carolina Wren calling with agitation. Curious, I headed closer and found two birds: one hopping around and a second suspended upside down, its foot trapped in the fork of a twig. As I slowly approached the trapped wren, the first bird flew off into a nearby shrub. I carefully watched it for any signs of distress and noticed the beautiful backlight on the bird’s face from the setting sun. I quickly raised my camera to capture the unique perspective on a common species. Then I gently wrapped my hand around the bird’s folded wings, loosened its foot, and watched joyfully as the wren flew from my hand across the trail to rejoin its partner, unharmed.
  1. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher and Peregrine Falcon by Chris Saladin

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, Cleveland, Ohio
  • Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/2000 second; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: My husband and I monitor fledging peregrines in Ohio, typically arriving as early in the morning as possible. But this pair nested on the bridge inside our Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, so we couldn’t get inside until the zoo opened. When we checked the nest and saw that the fledgling was already gone, we toured the zoo and found the juvenile perched on an artificial lily pad, part of a zoo display. She seemed eager to make another flight from this low position until a pair of Blue-gray Gnatcatchers dive-bombed her, repeatedly pecking her with their bills, tapping her with their feet, and lifting the tufts of down from her crown. We ended up talking quite a bit about peregrines with zoo members and staff as the gnatcatchers continued to pelt her.
  1. Black Skimmer by Tim Timmis

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Port Bolivar, Texas
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X Mark III with a Canon 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens and Canon Extender EF 1.4x III; 1/500 second at f/5.6; ISO 6400
  • Behind the Shot: I saw this Black Skimmer flying toward a group of terns and skimmers directly in front of me. I tracked the skimmer as it came in for a landing. It brought its wings together above his head a few inches before touching down. The position makes it seem like its wings have morphed into one larger wing over its head. You never know what you are going to get with wildlife photography, which keeps me coming back for more.
  1. Brandt’s Cormorant by Adriana Greisman

Category: Amateur

  • Location: La Jolla Cove, San Diego, California
  • Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/1250 second at f/8.0; ISO 400
  • Behind the Shot: While exploring the area around the walkway near La Jolla Cove, I spotted a colony of nesting Brandt’s Cormorants. Photographing here can be challenging because the colony is on the edge of a cliff. To get this shot, I stood on tiptoe and leaned over. The area is full of debris ranging from twigs and other nest-building material to shrubbery and copious bird droppings. Most of these birds were sitting on nests, but this one male was sitting by himself, spreading his wings and tilting his head back to display his bright blue gular pouch in hopes of attracting a female. Unfortunately for this bird, the only female he seemed to attract was this photographer.
  1. Royal Tern by Joseph Przybyla

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Fort De Soto Park, Tierra Verde, Florida
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6G ED VR lens; 1/3200 second at f/5.6; ISO 720
  • Behind the Shot: I was at the north beach in Fort De Soto Park when I saw a group of terns diving for fish. They took one of two actions: If when diving they missed the fish, they flew higher and shook and shimmied to dry their feathers. If the tern successfully caught a fish, it flew higher and flipped the fish, caught it head-first, and swallowed it. I focused on where a tern splashed into the water, followed it as it rose from the water, and hoped the bird and fish would be aligned for a great image. I did this over and over, getting better at timing the activity with each dive. This image was the best of the series, the bird’s wing position and head perfectly angled.
  1. American Avocet by Sadie Hine

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Mountain View, California
  • Camera: Canon EOS 90D with a Tamron SP 150-600mm F/5-6.3 Di VC G2 lens; 1/320 second at f/9; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: One cloudy day in January, I decided to head to my local birding spot along the San Francisco Bay. I had been watching a group of American Avocets in the same place regularly, so I made sure to see what they were up to. The entire scene of nearly 100 birds was very black and white, a result of the weather and the birds’ winter plumage. But one of the birds stood out in full breeding plumage, its ruddy brown feathers hidden behind the other birds. It wasn’t something I expected to see in January.
  1. Mute Swan by Jeff Moore

Category: Professional

  • Location: Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X with a Canon 400mm f/4 DO IS USM lens and a Canon Extender 1.4x III; 1/800 second at f/5.6; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: I was shooting various waterbirds on the shore of Chicago’s Lincoln Park North Pond when this Mute Swan slowly swam towards me. It had been feeding in the pond by sticking its long neck underwater in the mud. The dark, gumbo-like mud stuck to its head, creating a pattern that looked similar to the fire-flames on old hot rods. When the bird glided by, it looked as me as though it was beautifully badass, seemingly unaware its elegance was, well, muddied.
  1. Common Raven by Shane Kalyn

Category: Professional

  • Location: Canadian Mount Seymour Provincial Park, British Columbia, Canada
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens; 1/1250 second at f/7.1; ISO 900
  • Behind the Shot: Every winter I visit the local mountains surrounding Vancouver to see ravens during their courtship time. Some behaviors are quite beautiful to witness, especially knowing that they mate for life. They chase each other around in the air and on the ground, delicately preen each other’s feathers, and exchange gifts like small rocks, twigs, moss, and lichens. This pair took a break from chasing each other around the treetops and landed close to where I stood. I got on my stomach in the snow to photograph them. After walking around for a bit, they stopped to inspect each other’s beaks, picking off small pieces of dirt and snow. The best part, though, were the sounds they made, talking to each other in soft and subtle caws.
  1. American Avocet by Tim Timmis

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Bolivar Flats Audubon Shorebird Sanctuary, Texas
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X Mark III with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens and Canon Extender EF 1.4x III; 1/640 second at f/7.1; ISO 6400
  • Behind the Shot: My favorite method to take shorebird photos is to lie on the wet mudflats at Bolivar Flats on the Texas Gulf Coast using a ground pod to get eye level with the birds. They do not recognize you as a person and will get very close. This lone avocet was riding the waves while walking though the water. This photo gives the illusion that I was in the water, but I was actually lying on the shoreline of a sandbar. What I love about this shot is the water swirling around the avocet’s neck, which gives it a magical feel.
  1. Bald Eagle by Kazuto Shibata

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Bow, Washington
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR lens; 1/1600 second at f/5.6; ISO 160
  • Behind the Shot: I saw an adult Bald Eagle and a juvenile fighting for food while I was driving. I quickly pulled over to watch and photograph the battle, which looked to be over a dead gull. The adult eagle snatched the meal from the young eagle and started flying toward me just as I got the shot.
  1. Killdeer by Lisa Sproat

Category: Amateur

  • Location: King County, Washington
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens; 1/2500 at f/4; ISO 500
  • Behind the Shot: I was walking through an urban park one evening when I spotted a small group of Killdeer foraging for worms along the lakeshore. I got belly-down in the mud to get a better angle. Through the viewfinder, I noticed that, as the birds moved through the mudflats, they kicked up little clouds of shore flies, which glowed in the afternoon light. Nothing in this scene was particularly beautiful taken from a wide-angle perspective; I loved how getting in tight to the macro world shows how special any moment in nature can be.
  1. Snowy Owl by Simon d’Entremont

Category: Professional

  • Location: Grand Pré, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens; 1/2000 second at f/4.5; ISO 3200
  • Behind the Shot: I came across this Snowy Owl in the evening, perched high on a snow-covered dune near the ocean. When I noticed that the sunset was getting quite colorful, I positioned myself where the setting sun would be behind the bird. I knew that the owl would likely leave soon to hunt. I stayed low so as not to disturb the bird and waited. When the owl stretched and pooped (an actual bird photography tip, as large birds will often do this before leaving a perch), I knew it was time. Just as the owl took off, I fired off a number of shots.
  1. Wilson’s Plover by Cynthia Barbanera-Wedel

Category: Professional

  • Location: Fort De Soto Park, Tierra Verde, Florida
  • Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II with a Canon EF 100-400mm F4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens and a B+W 77mm XS-Pro Clear MRC-Nano 007 Filter; 1/8000 second at f/5.6; ISO 800
  • Behind the Shot: I was lying on my stomach with my elbows resting in the wet sand as I watched this Wilson’s Plover bathe. The bird shook off its wings and took flight as I released my continuous shutter. I love its wing position, the layers of color in the sand, and saltwater spray behind it. At Fort De Soto, there are usually a myriad of birds around, but I’m partial to the plovers. So many people seem to walk the beaches without seeing them at all; I love the idea of shooting what others may not even notice.
  1. Anna’s Hummingbird by Michael Armour-Johnson

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Lakewood, Washington
  • Camera: Canon EOS 90D with a Tamron SP 150-600mm f/5-6.3 Di VC USD G2 lens; 1/1250 at f/6.3; ISO 4000
  • Behind the Shot: I stood out on a third-floor patio, camera gear at hand, in a light rainstorm. Looking down, I noticed a hummingbird bathing in the water pooling on shrub leaves. Sensing a photo opportunity, I took several photographs as the bird twisted and turned, wiping her head on the shiny leaves.
  1. Mallard by Alexander Eisengart

Category: Youth

  • Location: Beachwood, Ohio
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a6400 with a Sigma 105mm f/2.8 EX DG OS HSM Macro lens; 1/500 second at f/2.8; ISO 100
  • Behind the Shot: Every spring, summer, and fall, local Mallards come to my patio for a snack at sunset and eat the birdseed we put out. Most of these birds are released domestic Mallards, but some, like this one, were born in the wild. One day at sunset, I decided that I wanted a photo of this guy, one of our largest and most dominant males. I went out, lined up my shot, and took his portrait.
  1. Superb Starling by Maria Khvan

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Serengeti National Park, Arusha, Tanzania
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 II with a Sony FE 600mm F/4 GM OSS lens; 1/6400 second at f/5; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: I was sitting at a campsite in Serengeti National Park between safari tours when I aimed to take an “in flight” photo of any bird I saw. After a few minutes, I saw a Superb Starling land on a nearby acacia tree. I set my camera to a fast shutter speed and focused on the bird. As soon as I saw it getting ready to fly, I took as many photos as I could. This shot was my favorite because the bird looks slightly evil.
  1. Least Tern by Shijun Pan

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Garnier Bayou, Fort Walton Beach, Florida
  • Camera: Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II with a 300mm f/4.0 lens; 1/1600 second at f/4.5; ISO 500
  • Behind the Shot: Every spring, little terns play, fly, feed, and mate around my backyard dock in the bayou. They are highly elusive, always splashing and diving into water to catch prey or hurriedly perform aerial displays. I spotted a male and female through my window one morning and ran outside to set up my camera. Just in time, I captured them sharing a small fish atop of a piece of driftwood. This quick moment backlit by the glow of a bayou sunrise brought me a sense of gratitude for the beauty nature continually provides.
  1. Canada Jay by John Welch

Category: Amateur

  • Location: White Mountain National Forest, New Hampshire
  • Camera: Canon EOS 6D with a Canon EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM lens; 1/2000 second at f/6.3; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: In winter, the world above 4,000 feet in the White Mountains is brutally cold but enchanting. Impressively, Canada Jays will mate, nest, and raise chicks up here between February and early April, when temperatures are still below zero degrees Fahrenheit, and the forest is buried in snow and encased in rime ice. I made the 6-mile roundtrip hike with 2,200 feet of vertical gain on a 10-degree January morning to photograph this bird. The biggest challenge was standing still in the biting wind, and I routinely stuffed my hands under my clothes to regain feeling in them. It paid off when this Canada Jay landed on the top of a stunted spruce tree, shattering delicate rime ice crystals.
  1. Green Jay by Matthew Gutt

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge, Los Fresnos, Texas
  • Camera: Nikon D7100 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens and tripod; 1/160 second at f/5.6; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: As a seasonal wildlife technician with the National Park Service, I explore many places while working to protect wildlife. On assignment in Padre Island National Seashore, I spent my off time exploring state parks and local preserves. I spent many weekends searching for the beautiful Green Jay with no luck. Then one spring morning, as the sun filled the horizon, I heard the song I had been seeking. I followed the notes to a grouping of trees and shrubs. Within minutes I spotted my first Green Jay erratically hopping in the thick, low-hanging branches. I set up my tripod, and as I finished tightening the last latch, the erratic movement finally fell still.
  1. Vermilion Flycatcher by Cynthia Lockwood

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Brazos Bend State Park, Needville, Texas
  • Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark IV with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens and a Canon Extender EF 1.4x III; 1/200 second at f/9; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: I spent the day hiking and taking photos of the many marsh dwellers, including birds and alligators. As the day was ending, I climbed to the top of the observation tower to photograph the sunset. Right away I noticed a male Vermilion Flycatcher flying back and forth from a tree branch as it snatched insects in midair. I switched from a wide-angle to a telephoto lens to better capture his antics.
  1. Red-crowned Cranes by Marti Phillips

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Setsuri River, Tsurui Village, Hokkaido, Japan
  • Camera: Canon 5D Mark IV with a Canon EF 500mm f/4L IS II USM lens; 1/800 second at f/8.0; ISO 400
  • Behind the Shot: Although deeply entrenched in Japanese culture, the Red-crowned Crane was on the brink of extinction until strong conservation efforts brought it back. More than half of the world’s population can now be found in eastern Hokkaido. Many roost overnight in the middle of this river on the island. On a winter morning, in what was probably the coldest temperature that I had ever experienced, I got up early to catch the first light on the river. This shot was taken just as the sun’s rays appeared from over the horizon, casting a spotlight on the birds as they awoke and flew off to the fields to feed.
  1. Canada Goose by Thirumalai Suresh

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Shoreline Lake, Mountain View, California
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 600mm f/4 FL ED VR lens; 1/2500 second at f/4; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: I was hoping to capture ducks in the beautiful morning light, but a flock of Canada Geese near the lake caught my attention. One dipped its beak into the water, and I instantly wanted to capture its grace. I adjusted my camera settings and laid flat on the ground to get eye-level shots. While I changed my settings, another goose approached a spot with perfect lighting and started dipping its head in the water as well. I fired a flurry of shots and captured the goose’s direct gaze with the water droplets, its reflection in the lake.
  1. Wood Duck by Liron Gertsman

Category: Professional

  • Location: Delta, British Columbia, Canada
  • Camera: Canon EOS R5 with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens and Canon EF EOS R Mount Adapter; 1/160 second at f/14; ISO 2500
  • Behind the Shot: Seeing a day of torrential rain in the forecast, I headed out to a local wildlife refuge to photograph ducks in the elements. I had been working on a series of photos capturing details in the feathers of ducks for quite some time, so I was looking forward to this opportunity to capture birds with water droplets on their bodies. I saw a male Wood Duck sitting up on a fence, overlooking a large slough. I approached slowly and focused on his droplet-covered back. When people think of places with beautiful, brightly colored birds, they tend to think of the tropics. Spectacular birds can be found just about anywhere though.
  1. Black Skimmer by Marie Read

Category: Professional

  • Location: Nickerson Beach Park, New York
  • Camera: Sony Alpha a9 with a Sony FE 200-600mm f/5.6-6.3 G OSS lens; 1/1600 second at f/6.3; ISO 4000
  • Behind the Shot: This image was captured near a tern and skimmer breeding colony at a popular beach on the southern shore of Long Island, where the birds are fairly tolerant of people. Late one afternoon, I turned my attention to flight shots of skimmers arriving with fish to feed their young, zooming in for closeups. Under these conditions, it’s a struggle to keep the bird properly framed, but at one point, I managed to capture several shots of a skimmer flying directly toward me. Several things clinched this shot as my favorite: the unusual front view, the symmetry of the wings at the peak of the upstroke, the shallow depth of field, drawing attention to the bird’s eyes, and, of course, the hapless fish.
  1. Marbled Godwit by Josiah Launstein

Category: Youth

  • Location: Frank Lake, Alberta, Canada
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens; 1/1250 second at f/7.1; ISO 1000
  • Behind the Shot: I was photographing shorebirds and waterfowl at one of my favorite wetland areas when a pair of Marbled Godwits caught my eye. As one preened, the other waded in the shallows. I followed this godwit with my lens as it worked along the edge of the reeds. Suddenly, it decided to take a full bath. It dropped down into the water and submerged its head and neck, then tossed the water everywhere. I was lying in the mud along the opposite bank and timed my shot to when its beak was perfectly perpendicular to the surface. I like how it isn’t immediately clear what you’re looking at in the resulting image.
  1. Red-breasted Nuthatch by James MacKenzie

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Salmon Point, Vancouver Island, Canada
  • Camera: Nikon D500 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens; 1/640 second at f/5.6; ISO 1600
  • Behind the Shot: In my first winter since moving to Vancouver Island, the weather was overcast, damp, and windy. At the end of a long birding walk along the Pacific Ocean, I first heard the typical (and adorable) honking of a Red-breasted Nuthatch. When I spotted it foraging industriously along the pine cones of a Douglas fir next to my car, I quickly positioned myself to avoid my photographic nemesis: a white background. My only other option was a building currently under construction. I always try to integrate color into my backgrounds and creative decisions like using manmade structures often yield rewards.
  1. Bald Eagle by Suresh Easwar

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir, Central Park, New York, New York
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X Mark III with a Canon EF 600mm f/4L IS III USM lens and Canon Extender EF 2x III; 1/1000 second at f/8; ISO 2000
  • Behind the Shot: For two weeks in January 2022, a Bald Eagle terrorized the denizens of the reservoir in New York City’s Central Park. The eagle, banded “R7” in 2018 by Connecticut Fish and Wildlife, would swoop in and snare gulls in mid-flight. One frigid morning, I walked to the reservoir, which had nearly completely iced over. The sun had just risen, and I saw the eagle in the distance, defeathering and devouring its prey on the ice. I ran as quickly as I could with my heavy gear and positioned myself. The surface of the icy reservoir shimmered golden-yellow from the sunlight that reflected off skyscraper window glass. I bumped up the ISO to 2000 and set my camera to the highest burst rate it allowed. As the eagle took off, it left feathers, viscera, and other body parts from its kill strewn below.
  1. Trumpeter Swan by Natalie Behring

Category: Professional

  • Location: Kelly Warm Springs, Wyoming
  • Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III with a Canon EF 400mm f/4 DO IS USM lens; 1/640 second at f/5.6; ISO 100
  • Behind the Shot: It was bitterly cold on New Year’s Day 2021, and it took a lot of willpower to bundle up and drive over the Teton Pass, but I wanted to start the year off with some nice photos. I wandered down the road to Kelly, where I thought I might see some moose. When I passed a warm spring, which normally looks like an ordinary pond, I saw mist coming off the water and swans swimming. I scrambled out of the car. My fingers froze immediately, but I still spent 20 minutes taking photos, only going back into my car to warm up and wait for the sun get lower in the sky. When I saw the setting sun had turned the mist yellow, I got this photo as a swan stretched its wings.
  1. Yellow-crowned Night-Heron by Caleb Hoover

Category: Youth

  • Location: Sarasota, Florida
  • Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II with a Canon EF 600mm F/4L IS USM lens; 1/1000 second at f/4; ISO 400
  • Behind the Shot: A small Yellow-crowned Night-Heron had found a home in a small stretch of mangroves surrounded by tall buildings, a busy road, and boat traffic. He seemed relatively undisturbed by the hectic surroundings. I had watched this bird hunt and chase off younger herons from his coveted hunting grounds. After a successful crab catch, the satisfied heron began preening, his breeding plumes blowing in the air. To reach him in front of the mangroves, I army crawled to my subject. The short distance felt like an eternity. Once I lined myself up, the heron composed himself and did a post-preen shake to align his gorgeous plumage.
  1. Clark’s Grebe by Dakota Lamberson

Category: Youth

  • Location: Santa Margarita Lake, Santa Margarita, California
  • Camera: Canon EOS-1D X with a Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM lens; 1/6400 second at f/5.6; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: Ever since I first saw grebes rushing at a lake near my home, I have wanted to capture the courting behavior. When I attempted to photograph them from the shore, though, they would never rush close enough. I noticed that fishing boats that moved right by them didn’t scare the birds, so I decided to try kayaking. After several outings, I realized the best time to see grebes rushing in good light was in the morning. I got up early and launched my kayak while most grebes were still sleeping, their heads tucked under their wings. I paddled near a group while staying distant so I didn’t force them to move and positioned myself with the sun behind me. Hours later they became more active, and this pair rushed right past me!
  1. Austral Pygmy-Owl by Carter Kremer

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Puerto Natales, Chile
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a Nikkor 500mm f/5.6E PF ED VR lens; 1/640 second at f/5.6; ISO 1250
  • Behind the Shot: While living in Chile, I struck out multiple times looking for this tiny owl. Finally, I had luck on the evening of my birthday. I got okay photos but decided to come back later that week to see if I could get luckier. To my surprise, I did. This owl spent an hour hunting between a couple of perches as the beautiful Chilean sun set on the mountains behind it.
  1. Yellow-breasted Chat by Sandrine Biziaux-Scherson

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Irvine, California
  • Camera: Nikon D850 with a NIKKOR 200-500mm f/5.6E ED VR lens; 1/1000 second at f/5.6; ISO 640
  • Behind the Shot: Every spring I go to the same spot to rendezvous with a beautiful Yellow-breasted Chat. I wait until the mustard flowers are in full bloom, a wonderful cover for the bird. I carefully scan the area, listening for its whistles, screeches, mew calls, cackles, high-pitched notes, and clucks. After a while, there it is, proud and wonderful, in the open, singing its heart out as if its life depended on it. It gives me its best spring song and shows its vibrant color. My camera is ready, I take a breath to calm down my excitement. Click!
  1. Snowy Owl by David Lei

Category: Amateur

  • Location: Central Park, New York, New York
  • Camera: Sony Alpha 7S III with a Sony FE 600mm F/4 GM OSS lens and a Sony FE 2x Teleconverter; 2.5 second at f/8; ISO 8000
  • Behind the Shot: In the winter of 2021, New York’s Central Park had its first reported Snowy Owl in more than 130 years. She perched in this locust tree regularly, so I was able to experiment with different compositions and techniques without disturbing the owl. I found a position several hundred feet away to frame the illuminated windows of a Fifth Avenue apartment building in the background and took this photo using a long exposure without flash. Perched owls can be quite still, and the wind was thankfully not blowing. Given the distance, I used a 600mm lens with a 2x teleconverter, as well as a tripod and remote shutter release. The owl was a symbol of hope and wonder in a city suffering greatly through the pandemic, including me personally. My experience watching her led me to develop a deep passion for urban owls.

For more information and Photographs, please view the following link: 

https://www.audubon.org/news/the-2022-audubon-photography-awards-top-100?utm_medium=email&utm_source=pocket_hits&utm_campaign=POCKET_HITS-EN-RECS-2022_07_16&sponsored=0&position=10&id=3e951328-70bb-4834-a69c-ec25f478470a?sponsored=0&utm_medium=email&utm_source=pocket_hits&utm_campaign=POCKET_HITS-EN-RECS-2022_07_16

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Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandpa John, Grandson Kai, and Daddy Jim Part 5

Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandpa John, Grandson Kai, and Daddy Jim Part 5 (Thai alphabet from letter #1 to letter #44)

Sukhothai Historical Park and King Ram Khamhaeng Inscription

Ing’s Artwork: Thai alphabet drawing by Grandpa John & Grandson Kai and King Ram Khumhaeng Inscription

Ing’s Artwork:  I combined, John, Kai, & Mali, with King Ram Khamhaeng Inscription while they were in the process of drawing the Thai alphabet.  I integrated one of John’s drawings of character # 32, Pau Sumpow, into the work.  The result is the artwork above.

Ing’s Artwork: John was working on the Thai alphabet, the letter # 27, Nau Nu.   I noticed that in the King Ram Khamhaeng Inscription, quite a few uses of the letter # 27, Nau Nu. The Thai alphabet is derived from the Old Khmer script. The letters have been modified and simplified, becoming the modern Thai alphabet.  But I notice that the letter # 27, Nau Nu was not modified or simplified. It remains unchanged as it is seen in my artwork above.

Sukhothai Historical Park, Ram Khamhaeng Inscription and Modern Thai Alphabet

Studytime For Thai Children: Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts’ Artwork, I produced this artwork in 1997.

Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandpa John (77 years old), Grandson Kai (4 years old), and Daddy Jim

Organized by Grandma Ing (Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts)

Technical Support by Mommy Mali, Daddy Jim and almost two months old brother Bodhi, started on Wednesday, April 22, 2020, Grandpa John and Grandson Kai communicated via Face Time through iPad during the lock-down from the pandemic of COVID-19 (coronavirus)

Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandpa John, letter #1 to letter #44

Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandson Kai, letter #1 to letter #44                                             Thai Alphabet Drawing by Daddy Jim, letter #44

Thai Alphabet, letter #1 to letter #44

Ing’s Comments:

There are 44 letters in Thai Alphabets.   In part 5 I combined all of 44 letters together from both Kai and John’s drawings, including 44 letters of Modern Thai alphabet. 

John and Kai enjoyed drawing Thai characters using their imaginations in composing the letters.  Mommy Mali was holding her new born 2 months old baby, Bodhi, to supervise Kai with his playful and loving drawing activity.  I participated by taking pictures and video of the event.  Daddy Jim, did one Thai drawing of the letter #44, Hau Noghook and also entertained the troops by playing music with his loving of Guitar performance.  We were all happy spending time in the evening after a full belly from the home-made meal.  Hopefully, little bodhi heard our conversation of loving and laughing. We managed to turn the COVID – 19 locked down in to a more useful and entertaining time.

For me, personally, I was so glad to see the Welshman, John, and our American grandson Kai, invent characters that are unique and special to me.  As a Thai person it brought a sentimental reminder of my own native Thai language.  

I hope that Thai people who view this Thai alphabet will smile because of the unique playfulness of the Thai characters created in John and Kai’s drawings.  Each culture is unique, and when we come together, we can appreciate each other, bringing harmony and peace to families, communities and the world. 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, June 29, 2022

Three Monkeys in the Jungle:  Kai and Bodhi on Saturday, June 18, 2022, John’s drawing Thai letter # 36, Lau ling and his sculpture in our garden

 

Oct 13, 2020   Thai classical music

PlatinumTH

May 15, 2019 Thai country music

BKP Entertainment

Thai Ceramics

Thai ceramics refers to ceramic art and pottery designed or produced as a form of Thai art. The tradition of Thai ceramics dates back to the third millennium BCE.[1] Much of Thai pottery and ceramics in the later centuries was influenced by Chinese ceramics, but has always remained distinct by mixing indigenous styles with preferences for unique shapes, colors and decorative motifs.[1] Thai pottery and ceramics were an essential part of the trade between Thailand and its neighbors during feudalistic times, throughout many dynasties.

Thai ceramics show a continuous development through different clay types and methods of manufacturing since the prehistoric period and are one of the most common Thai art forms. The first type of Thai ceramics ever recorded was the Ban Chiang, dating back to about 3600 BCE. Sukhothai ware, the most famous style of Thai ceramics, is exported to many countries around the world today.

Medieval Thai wares were especially influenced by Chinese celadons, and later by blue and white porcelain.

Painted ceramic bowl with base, Lopburi 2300 BCE. Bang Chiang culture.

Gryffindor – Own work

Bowl with base. Lopburi 2300 BCE. ThailandBang Chiang culture. 210-200 BCE. Ceramic, painted. 132 cm. Located in the Museum für Indische Kunst, Berlin-Dahlem. Painted ceramic bowl with base, Lopburi 2300 BCE. Bang Chiang culture.

Gryffindor – Own work

Bowl with base. Lopburi 2300 BCE. ThailandBang Chiang culture. 210-200 BCE. Ceramic, painted. 132 cm. Located in the Museum für Indische Kunst, Berlin-Dahlem.

The earliest trace of Thai ceramics ever recorded is the Ban Chiang, said to date back to about 3600 BCE and found in what is the present day Udon Thani ProvinceThailand. The ceramics were earthenware. Common forms of excavated artifacts were cylinders and round vases. The early pots were undecorated while the later ones were carved with geometric patterns and swirling designs. Each of the pieces was also found to have axial perforations which showed that people at that time had knowledge of using tools.

The second important prehistoric Thai ceramics is the Ban Kao which was in Kanchanburi Province. Unlike Ban Chiang, Ban Kao’s wares were thinner and had a glossy surface finish. What is interesting is that there are a wide range of forms and shapes, some of which are similar to bronze wares of Han China. After the prehistoric period the kingdom that emerged at about 1st century CE was the Mons. They made considerable ceramics uses in relation to religious symbols in the form of figurines. Ceramics were also used as a building decorations.

Following the Mons were the Khmers who appeared in about the 9th century CE Little is known about Khmer ceramics because archaeological research has focused on their great achievements in stone and bronze sculpture. The ceramics of Khmer era are quite interesting. Many of the designs include parts from animal and have a dark brown glaze finish.

The best known of all traditional Thai ceramics are those from Sukhothai and Sawankhalok. Sukhothai wares were generally treated with a creamy white slip and decorated in black with an opaque or greenish glaze. The most famous Sukhothai kiln is the Si Satchanalai. Examples of the wares can be found in many leading museums of the world. Sawankhalok products tend to be more finely made than the Sukhothai ones. These products are incised and often include animal shapes. Some of the original examples can be found in many private collections and museums today. Ceramics based on these styles are still made at present and widely exported, particularly to the Philippines and Indonesia.

Si Satchanalai[edit]

Box with a lid. Si Satchanalai, 13th-14th century

 British_Museum_Asia_1.jpgGryffindor derivative work: Jbarta (talk– British_Museum_Asia_1.jpg

Box with a lid. Sawankalok, northern Thailand. 13th-14th century CE. Given by H. Bergen, Esq. OA 1923.2-12.1. British Museum.

One of the most famous examples of Thai pottery are from the Sukhothai period from the kilns of S(r)i Satchanalai, which is around Sawankalok in north-central Thailand. This period started in the 13th century CE and continued until the 16th century. The art reached its apex in the 14th century. Examples of Si Satchanalai can be found in many leading museums of the world.

Sukothai traded with these precious ceramics with its neighbours. The transport was often by ship across the oceans. A number of Si Satchanalai ceramics in excellent condition have been excavated in ship wrecks in the Gulf of Thailand, the Andaman Sea and other waters.

18th century to present day[edit]

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, was founded in 1782 and is represented by the Bencharong and Lai Nam Thong wares. It would seem that Bencharong ceramics first made their appearance during the final phases of the Ayutthaya period in the 18th century, while the Lai Nam Thong wares developed during the 19th century. Bencharong, meaning five colours in Thai, is a hand painted enamel over glazed ceramic. Bencharong was originally made in China and exclusively designed by Thai artists for Thai royals during the 18th – 19th centuries. Lai Nam Thong is an exclusive version of the Bencharong using gold embellishment instead of gold enamel. Both of these wares can be found in private collections of well-to-do citizens.[2]

The Southeast Asian Ceramics Museum was opened in 2005 in Bangkok.

Ban Chiang 3400 BCE – 200 CE spoons, beads, jars, vessel, pots, and vases. Some decorated with simple geometric patterns. Unglazed – red clay, some red on buff painted [3]

 Mon people

Hariphunchai, 200 CE – 1000 CE figurines, votive tablets and building decorations. Unglazed – red clay

Sukhothai ware

Sukhothai, 14th century – 16th century animal figurines, bowls, and boxes. Opaque or greenish glazed – creamy white slip – fine clay

Kalong ware

Sukhothai, 14th century – 16th century

Sankampaeng ware

Sukhothai, 14th century – 16th century

Nikon D100 Digital Capture

Sawankhalok ware Sukhothai, 14th century – 16th century animal figurines, bowls, and boxes. Opaque or greenish glazed – creamy white slip – fine clay

Si Satchanalai ware

Sukhothai, 14th century – 16th century animal figurines, bowls, and boxes. Opaque or greenish glazed – creamy white slip – fine clay

Benjarong

Bangkok, 18th century – present bowls, pedestal plates, roof tiles, and votive tablets. five colours, influenced from China

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thai_ceramics

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Happy Father’s Day Everyone & Thai Alphabet Drawing by John & Kai Part 4

Happy Father’s Day Everyone & Thai Alphabet Drawing by John & Kai Part 4

Happy Father’s Day Everyone

and

Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandpa John, and Grandson Kai, Part 4

Three Monkeys in the Jungle:  Kai and Bodhi on Saturday, June 18, 2022, John’s drawing Thai letter # 36 and his sculpture in our garden

Happy Father’s Day Daddy, Grandpa Jim,

Grandpa John and Every Father on Earth

🙂 Love, 🙂

Kai and Bodhi

Sunday, June 19, 2022

 Thai Alphabet Drawing by Grandpa John (77 years old), Grandson Kai (4 years old), and Daddy Jim, Part 4 (Thai alphabet from letter #34 to letter #44)

Organized by Grandma Ing (Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts)

Technical Support by Mommy Mali, Daddy Jim and almost two months old brother Bodhi, started on Wednesday, April 22, 2020, Grandpa John and Grandson Kai communicated via Face Time through iPad during the lock-down from the pandemic of COVID-19 (coronavirus)

Ing’s Artwork: Thai alphabet drawing by Grandpa John & Grandson Kai and King Ram Khumhaeng Inscription

Ing’s Comments:

There are 44 letters in Thai Alphabets.  I divided into 4 parts, 11 characters in each group.  John and Kai enjoyed drawing Thai characters using their imaginations in composing the letters.  Mommy Mali was holding her new born 2 months old baby, Bodhi, to supervise Kai with his playful and loving drawing activity.  I participated by taking pictures and video of the event.  Daddy Jim entertained the troops by playing music with his loving of Guitar performance.  We were all happy spending time in the evening after a full belly from the home-made meal.  Hopefully, little bodhi heard our conversation of loving and laughing. We managed to turn the COVID – 19 locked down in to a more useful and entertaining time.

For me, personally, I was so glad to see the Welshman, John, and our American grandson Kai, invent characters that are unique and special to me.  As a Thai person it brought a sentimental reminder of my own native Thai language.  

I hope that Thai people who view this Thai alphabet will smile because of the unique playfulness of the Thai characters created in John and Kai’s drawings.  Each culture is unique, and when we come together, we can appreciate each other, bringing harmony and peace to families, communities and the world. 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Friday, May 27, 2022, 12:45 PM

Happy Father’s Day Daddy, Grandpa Jim,

Grandpa John and Every Father on Earth

🙂 Love, 🙂

Kai and Bodhi

Sunday, June 19, 2022

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