NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory- JPL News – Month in Review, Mars Report on NASA’s Perseverance Rover SuperCam Instrument, SpaceCast Weekly, Jeff Bezos launches to space aboard Blue Origin rocket, Neil deGrasse Tyson-CNN, and Velshi-MSNBC

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory- JPL News – Month in Review, Mars Report on NASA’s Perseverance Rover SuperCam Instrument, SpaceCast Weekly, Jeff Bezos launches to space aboard Blue Origin rocket, Neil deGrasse Tyson-CNN, and Velshi-MSNBC

 NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory <jplnewsroom@jpl.nasa.gov>JPL News – Month in Review Jul 1, 2021

 Mars Report: Update on NASA’s Perseverance Rover SuperCam Instrument

SpaceCast Weekly – July 16, 2021, NASA Video  

 Jeff Bezos launches to space aboard Blue Origin rocket, Streamed live on Jul 20, 2021,  CBS News

Neil deGrasse Tyson explains significance of Richard Branson’s space flight, Jul 10, 2021  CNN

Velshi: We Can Focus on Climate Change & Still Marvel At Space Travel, Jul 17, 2021  MSNBC

NASA’s Self-Driving Perseverance Mars Rover ‘Takes the Wheel’
The agency’s newest rover is trekking across the Martian landscape using a newly enhanced auto-navigation system.
› Read the full story

First You See It, Then You Don’t: Scientists Closer to Explaining Mars Methane Mystery
Why do some science instruments detect the gas on the Red Planet while others don’t?
› Read the full story
Watch (and Hear) How NASA’s Perseverance Rover Took Its First Selfie
The historic image of the rover beside the Mars Helicopter proved to be one of the most complex rover selfies ever taken. Video, with bonus audio, sheds light on the process.
› Read the full story
Study Looks More Closely at Mars’ Underground Water Signals
A new paper finds more radar signals suggesting the presence of subsurface ‘lakes,’ but many are in areas too cold for water to remain liquid.
› Read the full story

My Favorite Martian Image: Jezero Crater’s ‘Delta Scarp’
A Perseverance rover scientist’s favorite shot from the young Mars mission provides a new angle on an old and intriguing surface feature.
› Read the full story

NASA’s Perseverance Rover Begins Its First Science Campaign on Mars
The six-wheeled scientist is heading south to explore Jezero Crater’s lakebed in search of signs of ancient microbial life.
› Read the full story

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KrtzK-q2Yzk&list=PLTiv_XWHnOZpDDRIMGNxDTAORJVK2RS7I

 

Mars Report: Update on NASA’s Perseverance Rover SuperCam Instrument
This video provides an instrument update by Hemani Kalucha, one of the SuperCam operations team members from Caltech.
› Watch now
NASA’s InSight Mars Lander Gets a Power Boost
The spacecraft successfully cleared some dust off its solar panels, helping to raise its energy and delay when it will need to switch off its science instruments.
› Read the full story

This message was sent to ingpeaceproject@gmail.com from jplnewsroom@jpl.nasa.gov

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The End of One Drive by Perseverance on the Floor of Jezero Crater

Jul 21, 2021

This image of a Martian vista in Jezero Crater, made from smaller individual images, was taken by NASA’s Perseverance rover on July 3, 2021 (the 131th sol, or Martian day, of its mission). The rover’s tracks from its autonomous drive that day are visible on the right. The images that compose the larger mosaic came from the rover’s Navigation Cameras and were processed to enhance the contrast.

Perseverance has been exploring the floor of Jezero since it landed on Feb. 18, 2021.

A key objective for Perseverance’s mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet’s geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

The Mars 2020 Perseverance mission is part of NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration approach, which includes Artemis missions to the Moon that will help prepare for human exploration of the Red Planet.

Subsequent NASA missions, in cooperation with ESA (European Space Agency), would send spacecraft to Mars to collect these sealed samples from the surface and return them to Earth for in-depth analysis.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more information about the mission, go to: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

Perseverance Rover Camera View of Long Autonomous Drive

Jul 21, 2021

Click here for animation

This video from July 1, 2021 (the 130th sol, or Martian day, of its mission), shows scenes from the longest autonomous drive yet for NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover, which landed on Feb. 18, 2021. At the beginning of the traverse on Sol 130, the rover’s engineers manually drove past NASA’s Ingenuity Mars Helicopter. Then the rover began driving autonomously, avoiding hazards and traveling 358 feet (109 meters) on its own.

One of the rover’s Navigation Cameras took the images about once every 16 feet (5 meters). They were processed to enhance the contrast.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more information about the mission, go to: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

Perseverance Scouts First Sampling Location

Jul 21, 2021

CONTEXT IMAGE

This image shows the area on Mars from which NASA’s Perseverance rover will collect its first rock sample. Scientists are particularly interested in the flat stones that appear light-colored (informally called “paver rocks”). The Perseverance team has nicknamed this area in Mars’ Jezero Crater the “Crater Floor Fractured Rough” area.

The 28 individual images that were combined to make the larger main image were taken by the rover’s Mastcam-Z right-eye camera on July 8, 2021 (the 136th sol, or Martian day, of the mission). The images have been calibrated and are presented in natural color, simulating the approximate view that we would see with our own eyes if we were there.

A second version (Figure 1) combines 56 individual images from the rover’s Mastcam-Z left-eye and right-eye cameras on the same day. The images have been calibrated and are presented as a natural color anaglyph (for red-blue glasses), simulating the approximate 3D and color view that we would see with our own eyes if we were there.

The Mastcam-Z investigation is led and operated by Arizona State University in Tempe, working in collaboration with Malin Space Science Systems in San Diego, California, on the design, fabrication, testing, and operation of the cameras, and in collaboration with the Neils Bohr Institute of the University of Copenhagen on the design, fabrication, and testing of the calibration targets.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more about Perseverance: mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

Witness Tube in Perseverance Sample Caching System

Jul 21, 2021

Click here for animation

As part of its search for signs of ancient life on Mars, Perseverance is the first rover to bring a sample caching system to the Red Planet that will package promising samples for return to Earth by a future mission. This series of images shows NASA’s Perseverance rover inspecting and sealing a “witness” sample tube on June 21, 2021 (the 120th sol, or Martian day, of the mission), as it prepares to collect its first sample of Martian rock and sediment.

Witness tubes are similar to the sample tubes that will hold Martian rock and sediment, except they have been preloaded with a variety of materials that can capture molecular and particulate contaminants. They are opened on the Martian surface to “witness” the ambient environment near sample collection sites. With samples returned to Earth in the future, the witness tubes would show whether Earth contaminants were present during sample collection. Such information would help scientists tell which materials in the Martian samples may be of Earth origin.

The sampling system’s dedicated camera, the Cachecam, captured these images.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more information about the mission, go to: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

SuperCam Image of Artuby

Jul 21, 2021


Figure 1


Figure 2

Click on images for larger versions
NASA’s Perseverance rover took these zoomed-in images of a layered outcrop (just below center of image) nicknamed “Artuby” on June 17, 2021 (the 116th sol, or Martian Day, of its mission), from a little more than a third of a mile (615 meters) away. This mosaic is made up of three images taken by the Remote Microscopic Imager (RMI), part of the rover’s SuperCam instrument. Each circular image has a field of view of 37.73 feet (11.50 meters) at this distance. The images were combined using an algorithm that weights the image centers.

The outcrop shows evidence of being formed in an ancient lake. The feature is in the ‘Verdon’ quadrangle of Mars’ Jezero Crater, south of the landing site. Artuby is the name of a river in southern France.

One version (Figure 1) uses a Gaussian color stretch to make it easier to see differences among the colors. Another version (Figure 2) shows natural color, simulating the approximate view that we would see with our own eyes if we were on Mars.

Perseverance has been exploring the floor of Jezero Crater since it landed on Feb. 18, 2021.

SuperCam is led by Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, where the instrument’s Body Unit was developed. That part of the instrument includes several spectrometers as well as control electronics and software.

The Mast Unit, including the RMI used for these images, was developed and built by several laboratories of the CNRS (the French research center) and French universities under the contracting authority of Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES, the French space agency).

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more about Perseverance: mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/ and nasa.gov/perseverance

Perseverance Looks Back After a Long Autonomous Drive

Jul 21, 2021

NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover looks back toward its tracks on July 1, 2021 (the 130th sol, or Martian day, of its mission), after driving autonomously 358 feet (109 meters) – its longest autonomous drive to date. Taken by one of the rover’s Navigation Cameras, the image has been processed to enhance the contrast.

Perseverance has been exploring the floor of Jezero Crater since it landed on Feb. 18, 2021.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more information about the mission, go to: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

An Expanse for Perseverance to Explore

Jul 21, 2021

Figure 1

Figure 2


Figure 3
Click on images for larger versions

This wide view of Mars’ Jezero Crater was taken by NASA’s Perseverance rover on July 15, 2021 (the 143rd sol, or Martian day, of its mission). The rover has driven nearly a mile (1.5 kilometers) south of its landing site, “Octavia E. Butler Landing,” into a region the team has nicknamed the “Crater Floor Fractured Rough” unit. The stones that appear light-colored and flat in this image (Figure 1) are informally referred to as the “paver rocks” and will be the first type from which Perseverance will collect a sample for planned return to Earth by subsequent missions. Small hills to the south of the rover and the sloping inner walls of the Jezero Crater rim fill the distant background of this view.

Five images from the rover’s Mastcam-Z instrument were calibrated and combined to make this mosaic. One version (main image), presented in natural color, simulates the approximate view that we would see with our own eyes if we were there. Another version (Figure 2) is presented in enhanced color to exaggerate the subtle red, green, and blue color differences among the materials in this scene.

A third version (Figure 3) combines the five images from both the left and right Mastcam-Z cameras into an anaglyph (for red-blue glasses) that simulate a 3D view of the scene in enhanced color.

Perseverance has been exploring the floor of Jezero since landing on Feb. 18, 2021.

The Mastcam-Z investigation is led and operated by Arizona State University in Tempe, working in collaboration with Malin Space Science Systems in San Diego, California, on the design, fabrication, testing, and operation of the cameras, and in collaboration with the Neils Bohr Institute of the University of Copenhagen on the design, fabrication, and testing of the calibration targets.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more information about the mission, go to: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

How Perseverance Thinks While Driving

Jul 21, 2021

Click here for animation

This engineering animation shows how NASA’s Perseverance rover analyzed the Martian landscape and autonomously steered around a hazard for the first time on Mars. The rover built a 3D map of its surroundings using its stereo cameras, generated a set of candidate paths to the goal, and selected the fastest one that is free of obstacles.

This drive took place on June 23, 2021 (the 122nd sol, or Martian day, of its mission).

Perseverance has been exploring the floor of Jezero Crater since it landed on Feb. 18, 2021.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California built and manages operations of the Mars 2020 Perseverance rover for NASA.

For more information about the mission, go to: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020

Perseverance’s Arm Over Paver Rocks

Jul 20, 2021

Click here for animation

The robotic arm on NASA’s Perseverance rover reached out to examine rocks in an area on Mars nicknamed the “Cratered Floor Fractured Rough” area in this image captured on July 10, 2021 (the 138th sol, or Martian day, of its mission). The image was taken by one of the rover’s hazard cameras. An additional set of images from July 10-12 have been compiled into a GIF.

Scientists are particularly interested in the flat rocks that appear light in color (nicknamed “paver rocks”). This image was processed to enhance contrast.

JPL, which is managed for NASA by Caltech in Pasadena, California, built and manages operations of the Perseverance rover.

WATSON Views Foux

Jul 20, 2021

NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover took this close-up of a rock target nicknamed “Foux” using its WATSON (Wide Angle Topographic Sensor for Operations and eNgineering) camera, part of the SHERLOC instrument on the end of the rover’s robotic arm. The image was taken July 11, 2021, the 139th Martian day, or sol, of the mission. The area within the camera is roughly 1.4 by 1 inches (3.5 centimeters by 2.6 centimeters).

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory built and manages operations of Perseverance and Ingenuity for the agency. Caltech in Pasadena, California, manages JPL for NASA. WATSON was built by Malin Space Science Systems (MSSS) in San Diego and is operated jointly by MSSS and JPL.

JPL, which is managed for NASA by Caltech in Pasadena, California, built and manages operations of the Perseverance rover.

PIXL’s First Chemical Maps

Jul 20, 2021

This data shows chemicals detected within a single rock on Mars by the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL), one of the instruments on the end of the robotic arm aboard NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover. PIXL allows scientists to study where specific chemicals can be found within an area as small as a postage stamp.

JPL, which is managed for NASA by Caltech in Pasadena, California, built and manages operations of the Perseverance rover.

Jul 22, 2021

The Little (Mars) Helicopter That Could

Ingenuity, the helicopter that arrived on the Red Planet on the Mars Perseverance rover, has made nine flights on Mars. Ingenuity’s historic achievement is the first powered helicopter flight on a terrestrial body other than Earth.

According to Håvard F. Grip, Ingenuity Chief Pilot, and Ken Williford, Perseverance Deputy Project Scientist, Flight 9, which occurred in July 2021, was unlike the flights that came before it. It broke our records for flight duration and cruise speed, and it nearly quadrupled the distance flown between two airfields. But what really set the flight apart was the terrain that Ingenuity had to negotiate during its 2 minutes and 46 seconds in the air – an area called “Séítah” that would be difficult to traverse with a ground vehicle like the Perseverance rover. This flight was also explicitly designed to have science value by providing the first close view of major science targets that the rover will not reach for quite some time.

But the Mars Perseverance team didn’t do it alone. A team of helicopter experts from our Ames Research Center in California assisted the Ingenuity team in making sure the technology demonstrator had the best chance for success in flying in the super thin atmosphere of the Red Planet. Learn more.

This image was captured by Mars Perseverance rover using its Left Mastcam-Z Camera, composed of a pair of cameras located high on the rover’s mast, on Jun. 15, 2021 (Sol 114).

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU

Last Updated: Jul 22, 2021

Editor: Yvette Smith

Tags:  Aeronautics, Image of the Day, Mars

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/images/index.html

Mission Galleries

View images from our missions exploring the universe and our home planet. For a list of all missions, visit the missions A-Z page.

SpaceCast Weekly – July 16, 2021

Jul 16, 2021  NASA Video   29:01 mins

SpaceCast Weekly is a NASA Television broadcast from the Johnson Space Center in Houston featuring stories about NASA’s work in human spaceflight, including the International Space Station and its crews and scientific research activities, and the development of Orion and the Space Launch System, the next generation American spacecraft being built to take humans farther into space than they’ve ever gone before.

Jeff Bezos launches to space aboard Blue Origin rocket

Streamed live on Jul 20, 2021  CBS News

Jeff Bezos launched into space on Tuesday on the New Shepard rocket built by his company, Blue Origin. Bezos was joined by his brother Mark and two history-making passengers: 82-year-old aviation pioneer Wally Funk, the oldest person to fly in space, and Oliver Daemen, an 18-year-old Dutch student who is the youngest ever to fly in space. CBSN is CBS News’ 24/7 digital streaming news service featuring live, anchored coverage available for free across all platforms. Launched in November 2014, the service is a premier destination for breaking news and original storytelling from the deep bench of CBS News correspondents and reporters. CBSN features the top stories of the day as well as deep dives into key issues facing the nation and the world. CBSN has also expanded to launch local news streaming services in major markets across the country. CBSN is currently available on CBSNews.com and the CBS News app across more than 20 platforms, as well as the Paramount+ subscription service. Subscribe to the CBS News YouTube channel: http://youtube.com/cbsnews? Watch CBSN live: http://cbsn.ws/1PlLpZ7c? Download the CBS News app: http://cbsn.ws/1Xb1WC8? Follow CBS News on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cbsnews/? Like CBS News on Facebook: http://facebook.com/cbsnews? Follow CBS News on Twitter: http://twitter.com/cbsnews? Subscribe to our newsletters: http://cbsn.ws/1RqHw7T? Try Paramount+ free: https://bit.ly/2OiW1kZ For video licensing inquiries, contact: licensing@veritone.com

Neil deGrasse Tyson explains significance of Richard Branson’s space flight

Jul 10, 2021  CNN

Astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson explains what Richard Branson’s space flight could mean for the future of space tourism. #CNN #News

Velshi: We Can Focus On Climate Change & Still Marvel At Space Travel

Jul 17, 2021  MSNBC

There are valid criticisms of the commercial space industry. But let’s separate the criticisms of Bezos, Branson, and Musk from the remarkable achievements we are witnessing. Where the critics are wrong is in thinking last week’s Virgin Galactic launch and next week’s Blue Origin launch aren’t important and meaningful advances. I share your sense of urgency about social justice, democracy, climate change, public education, poverty eradication and higher wages. We can fix all of those things and still marvel at a space launch and dream about traveling to space or being the engineers, scientists and pilots who get us there.» Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc

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EARTH SCIENCE, Studying Our Home Planet at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of technology, NASA, Richard Branson makes historic spaceflight, ABC News, CNET Highlights, and NBC News

EARTH SCIENCE, Studying Our Home Planet at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of technology, NASA, Richard Branson makes historic spaceflight, ABC News, CNET Highlights, and NBC News

EARTH SCIENCE: Studying Our Home Planet at JPL, California Institute of technology

EARTH: Assembly of Satellite to Track World’s Water Shifts From US to France

TECHNOLOGY: Deep Space Atomic Clock Moves Toward Increased Spacecraft Autonomy

How NASA’s Deep Space Atomic Clock Could Be the Next Space GPS, Jun 10, 2019  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

EARTH: Major Ocean-Observing Satellite Starts Providing Science Data

SOLAR SYSTEM: NASA Balloon Detects California Earthquake – Next Stop, Venus?

EARTH: Machine Learning Model Doubles Accuracy of Global Landslide ‘Nowcasts’

CLIMATE CHANGE: Local Lockdowns Brought Fast Global Ozone Reductions, NASA Finds

NASA Finds Local Lockdowns Brought Global Ozone Reductions, Jun 9, 2021 NASA Goddard

CLIMATE CHANGE: NASA Map Gives Most Accurate Space-Based View of LA’s Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Over the L.A. Metropolitan Area, Jun 4, 2021  JPLraw

EARTH: Satellites Show How Earth’s Water Cycle Is Ramping Up as Climate Warms

ROBOTICS: Robotic Navigation Tech Will Explore the Deep Ocean

JPL Robotics: Explore a gallery of cutting-edge robot prototypes being developed for future planetary exploration – VIEW GALLERY

EARTH.  Caldera Collapse Increases the Size and Duration of Volcanic Eruptions

Caldera Collapse Increases Size of Volcanic Eruptions, May 10, 2021  JPLraw

VIDEO. Water-Monitoring Satellite Moves Closer to Launch

Water-Monitoring Satellite Moves Closer to Launch

Jun 30, 2021  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Clean Room Sneak Peek: International SWOT Satellite (Live Q&A), May 20, 2021  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Study Identifies Methane ‘Super-Emitters’ in Largest US Oilfield, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Richard Branson makes historic spaceflight, Jul 11, 2021  ABC News

Watch Richard Branson’s message from space and full post-spaceflight conference, Jul 12, 2021  CNET Highlights

Richard Branson Holds News Conference After Historic Virgin Galactic Space Flight, 7.11.2021 NBC News

 

EARTH SCIENCE

Studying Our Home Planet at JPL

EARTH.

Assembly of Satellite to Track World’s Water Shifts From US to France

TECHNOLOGY.

Deep Space Atomic Clock Moves Toward Increased Spacecraft Autonomy

How NASA’s Deep Space Atomic Clock Could Be the Next Space GPS

Jun 10, 2019  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

NASA has perfected new navigation technology that would make self-driving spacecraft and GPS beyond the Moon a reality. The Deep Space Atomic Clock is the first atomic clock small and stable enough to fly on a spacecraft beyond Earth’s orbit. As NASA works to put humans on Mars and the Moon, the clock’s precise timekeeping will be key to these missions’ success. For more about the Deep Space Atomic Clock: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/td…

EARTH.

Major Ocean-Observing Satellite Starts Providing Science Data

SOLAR SYSTEM.

NASA Balloon Detects California Earthquake – Next Stop, Venus?

EARTH.

Machine Learning Model Doubles Accuracy of Global Landslide ‘Nowcasts’

CLIMATE CHANGE.

Local Lockdowns Brought Fast Global Ozone Reductions, NASA Finds

NASA Finds Local Lockdowns Brought Global Ozone Reductions

Jun 9, 2021 NASA Goddard

As the coronavirus pandemic slowed global commerce to a crawl in early 2020, emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) – which create ozone, a danger to human health and to climate – decreased 15% globally with local reductions as high as 50%, according to a study led by scientists at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. As a result of the lower NOx emissions, by June 2020 global ozone levels had dropped to a level that policymakers thought it would take at least 15 years to reach by conventional means, such as regulations. Music credit: Universal Production Music: Waiting For Results – Adam John Salkeld [PRS], Neil Pollard [PRS] Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center/Scientific Visualization Studio Katie Jepson (KBRwyle): Lead Producer Carol Rasmussen (NASA/JPL CalTech): Lead Writer Trent L. Schindler (USRA): Lead Visualizer Kazuyuki Miyazaki (JPL): Scientist Kevin W Bowman (JPL): Scientist Kathryn Mersmann (KBRwyle): Associate Producer Katie Jepson (KBRwyle): Editor This video can be freely shared and downloaded at https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/13871. While the video in its entirety can be shared without permission, some individual imagery is provided by pond5.com and is obtained through permission and may not be excised or remixed in other products. Specific details on stock footage may be found here https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/13871. For more information on NASA’s media guidelines, visit https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/guide… If you liked this video, subscribe to the NASA Goddard YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/NASAGoddard Follow NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center · Instagram http://www.instagram.com/nasagoddard · Twitter http://twitter.com/NASAGoddard · Twitter http://twitter.com/NASAGoddardPix · Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/NASAGoddard · Flickr http://www.flickr.com/photos/gsfc

CLIMATE CHANGE.

NASA Map Gives Most Accurate Space-Based View of LA’s Carbon Dioxide

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/nasa-map-gives-most-accurate-space-based-view-of-las-carbon-dioxide

Carbon Dioxide Over the L.A. Metropolitan Area

Jun 4, 2021  JPLraw

This animation shows the accumulation of five adjoining swaths of data over the Los Angeles metropolitan area that, when combined, create a map of carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations that covers about 50 square miles (80 square kilometers). Researchers have used the data, collected by NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 (OCO-3) instrument aboard the space station, to create one of the most accurate maps ever made from space of the human influence on CO2 abundances in the L.A. Basin. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

EARTH.

Satellites Show How Earth’s Water Cycle Is Ramping Up as Climate Warms

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/satellites-show-how-earths-water-cycle-is-ramping-up-as-climate-warms

 

ROBOTICS.

Robotic Navigation Tech Will Explore the Deep Ocean

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/robotic-navigation-tech-will-explore-the-deep-ocean

 

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/robotics-at-jpl

Robotics

ROBOT.

BRUIE

An under-surface rover designed to explore alien oceans.

Dec 22, 2020

ROBOT.

DuAxel

A versatile rover for accessing high-risk terrain.

Dec 16, 2020

ROBOT.

NeBula-SPOT

Explores complex environments without human guidance.

Dec 8, 2020

ROBOT.

Rollocopter

An innovative robot that can either roll or fly.

Nov 1, 2020

ROBOT.

A-PUFFER

A foldable robot that can access tight spaces.

Sep 30, 2020

ROBOT.

RoMan

A powerful robot designed to work in real-world environments.

Sep 1, 2020

ROBOT.

NeBula-Husky

A platform for testing autonomous exploration capabilities in underground environments.

Feb 27, 2020

ROBOT.

LLAMA

A fast-moving legged robot that can traverse challenging environments.

Aug 23, 2018

ROBOT.

RoboSimian

This is RoboSimian, an ape-like robot that traverses complex terrain and performs dexterous tasks..

Sep 27, 2015

ROBOT.

Freeclimber: LEMUR 3

A robot designed to crawl, walk, or climb in extreme terrains.

Dec 2, 2011

EARTH.

Caldera Collapse Increases the Size and Duration of Volcanic Eruptions

 https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/caldera-collapse-increases-the-size-and-duration-of-volcanic-eruptions

 

Caldera Collapse Increases Size of Volcanic Eruptions

Unlisted

May 10, 2021  JPLraw

In 2018, Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano experienced its largest eruption in over 200 years. JPL scientists used data from the rare event to better understand what causes large-scale eruptions like this. The culprit? The collapse of a volcano’s caldera – the large, crater-like depression at the volcano’s summit. Kilauea is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Because of this and its relative ease of accessibility, it is also among the most heavily outfitted with monitoring equipment – instruments that measure and record everything from earthquakes and ground movement to lava volume and advancement. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

 

EXPLORE MORE

VIDEO.

Water-Monitoring Satellite Moves Closer to Launch

Water-Monitoring Satellite Moves Closer to Launch

Jun 30, 2021  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Surface Water and Ocean Topography mission (SWOT) will help scientists monitor Earth’s ocean, as well as the amount of freshwater in its lakes and rivers when it launches in late 2022. After engineers put together the spacecraft’s payload of scientific instruments at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, the satellite now moves to Cannes, France, to complete integration before it will be launched in late 2022. Project manager Parag Vaze explains. SWOT is a collaboration between NASA and the French space agency Centre National d’Etudes Spatial (CNES), with contributions from the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA). To learn more about the mission, visit: https://swot.jpl.nasa.gov/ Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Clean Room Sneak Peek: International SWOT Satellite (Live Q&A)

May 20, 2021  NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Check out the new spacecraft we’re building. Targeting a late-2022 launch date, this SUV-size satellite will measure the height of Earth’s water. SWOT will help researchers understand and track the volume and location of water – a finite resource – around the world, making NASA’s first truly global survey of the planet’s surface water. SWOT is being jointly developed by NASA and CNES, with contributions from the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA). https://swot.jpl.nasa.gov/ Speakers: Parag Vaze, SWOT project manager, JPL Dr. Karen St. Germain, Earth science division director, NASA Marina Jurica, host Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Study Identifies Methane ‘Super-Emitters’ in Largest US Oilfield

Jun 02, 2021

Gas flaring during oil and gas production is a known source of methane emissions.

Pasadena, CA 91109

Credit: Leslie Von Pless

Fixing just the worst leaks in the Permian Basin oilfield’s infrastructure could cut methane emissions by 55 tons an hour, according to a study by NASA, University of Arizona, and ASU.

About half of the biggest sources of the potent greenhouse gas methane in the Permian Basin oilfield are likely to be malfunctioning oilfield equipment, according to a month-long airborne study by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the University of Arizona, and Arizona State University.

Repeatedly measuring the size and persistence of emission sources using sensor-equipped aircraft, researchers found that repairing only the 123 sources that they found leaking most persistently on their flights would reduce methane emissions by 55 tons (50 metric tons) an hour. That’s equivalent to 5.5% of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s estimates of all methane emissions from oil and gas production in the entire United States.

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The research team measured methane concentrations around “super-emitter” methane sources – those emitting more than 22 pounds (10 kilograms) of methane per hour – in the oilfield, which is located in Texas and New Mexico. They calculated the emission rates by combining observed methane concentrations with reported wind speeds. Using airborne imaging spectrometers that identify methane and other gases by their effects on reflected sunlight, the campaign located a total of 1,756 super-emitters in a 22,000-square-mile (57,000-square-kilometer) section of the immense oilfield. As they resurveyed the area throughout the month, the team recorded emissions each time a plume was visible, whether once or a dozen times.

“Multiple revisits of these sites are the best way to discriminate between unplanned and planned emissions,” said Daniel Cusworth, a JPL scientist and lead author of an analysis published today in the journal Environmental Science and Technology. Cusworth explained that while some regular operations in an oilfield, such as venting pressure-relief valves, release methane, plumes from these planned operations would probably be visible on only one or two consecutive flights. If an emission plume persists, by far the most likely cause is malfunctioning or broken oil and gas equipment. There’s no other industry in the region that could produce such large plumes, and there are more than 60,000 oil and gas wells as well as compressors, pipelines, and other types of equipment – all of which can potentially leak.

For their analysis, Cusworth and colleagues focused on 1,100 sources seen emitting methane plumes on at least three flights. Just 123 of these were classified as most persistent, with plumes visible on 50 to 100% of revisits. These few sources emitted about 29% of all the methane detected from the entire group. The 258 plumes in the next most persistent class produced an additional 23% of detected emissions; the researchers think these sources are leaks or a mixture of leaks and planned operations. They classified the remaining two-thirds of the sources as least persistent and most likely to be the result of planned operations. This last and largest class produced 48% of emissions.

Once methane sources have been located and verified on the ground by facility operators, there’s a good chance that leaks can be repaired, said Riley Duren of the University of Arizona, who designed and led the flight campaign. “We’ve done cooperative studies with oil and gas operators in California and the Permian where they independently report that 50% of the sources we’re finding are fixable.”

The campaign also recorded surprisingly large variations in the extent of emissions. In one part of the basin, emissions almost doubled over a five-day period and then dropped back almost to the original value over another 10 days. These large, unpredictable variations prove that a single snapshot of methane emissions from any location is inadequate for decision-makers to monitor and regulate emission sources, Duren said. “You need measurements daily or weekly,” he added. “That’s a big argument for using airborne and satellite remote sensing.”

The imaging spectrometers used in the study, NASA’s Next-Generation Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer and ASU’s Global Airborne Observatory, are able to pinpoint methane sources to within about 15 to 30 feet (5 to 10 meters) while flying at the altitude of a commercial airliner. When methane emission plumes were detected, researchers used a high-resolution camera to relate the plumes to individual pieces of equipment on the ground.

Data from this study can be viewed and downloaded at the team’s data portal.

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Jane J. Lee / Ian J. O’Neill

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

818-354-0307 / 818-354-2649

jane.j.lee@jpl.nasa.gov / ian.j.oneill@jpl.nasa.gov

Written by Carol Rasmussen

2021-112

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Support your local PBS station here: https://pbs.org/donate Tuesday on the NewsHour, the anniversary of the Tulsa massacre renews calls to address the massive and widening racial wealth gap in the U.S. Then, Latin America sees huge spikes in COVID cases across the region after an explosion of cases in Brazil. And, questions arise about applications and tuition for community colleges amid a precipitous drop in enrollment, especially among students of color. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS News Wrap: JBS meat plants downed globally after cyberattack https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KXB-7… Biden makes history with Tulsa visit https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lAP0k… What would reparations for Black Americans look like? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xv2im… COVID is driving political, economic crises in Latin America https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cv4t0… How community colleges are retooling to raise enrollment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uujC1… The ‘enormous’ pressures of professional sports https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2DiBS… Adichie on being unprepared for the ‘pain of absence’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kPkC… Cleveland barbershop offers haircut, and a COVID-19 vaccine https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4BZY… Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6

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Monday on the NewsHour, honoring those who gave all for our country, while celebrating the chance to gather once again for Memorial Day. Then, looking at the painful past and how the racial terror of the Tulsa massacre still resonates 100 years later. And, a new museum strives to remember — but not glorify —the toll of war. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS As COVID restrictions ease, here’s how the country marked Memorial Day https://youtu.be/NcLPVfETSaQ News Wrap: Miami Manhunt for 3 banquet hall shooters continues https://youtu.be/Tw1rsNVXrCI How a racist white mob ruined ‘Black Wall Street’ 100 years ago https://youtu.be/3kmRc1OX284 Tulsa’s Black community still waiting for ‘atonement, repair and respect’ https://youtu.be/lCq0iZJKW9w Why this Indianapolis school district will keep remote learning on the table this fall https://youtu.be/kKbtibd0Mh8 Amy Walter and Errin Haines on Texas voting law, filibuster rules, Biden agenda https://youtu.be/AEgjJ-EndZw  The dangers of reporting from Russia during the Cold War https://youtu.be/F-s50VxLa4I Massachusetts museum tells the hulking history of wars https://youtu.be/N5hJympHVfU Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us:

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May 28, 2021  PBS NewsHour

100 years ago Monday, a white mob descended on a Black neighborhood of Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing people and burning homes and businesses. The Tulsa massacre, as it came to be known, is being remembered in many ways — one of them, an art and history project known as the Greenwood Art Project. Jeffrey Brown has our report for our arts and culture series, CANVAS. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6

 

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Next week marks the 100-year anniversary of the Tulsa Race Massacre that ravaged a community known as “Black Wall Street.” The panel also discussed the 1917 East St. Louis Massacre, the gaps in our education, & what the major political and culture changes seen in the country over the past year. Panel: Trymaine Lee of MSNBC, Wesley Lowery of 60 Minutes+, Ayesha Rascoe of NPR, Sara Sidner of CNN Watch the latest full show and Extra here: https://pbs.org/washingtonweek Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2ZEPJNs Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonweek Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonweek

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It’s been 100 years since the Tulsa Race Massacre, a two-day attack on Black Americans in the thriving business district of Greenwood. Hear from survivors, descendants of victims and thought leaders in the CBS News special, “Tulsa 1921: An American Tragedy,” anchored by “CBS This Morning” co-host Gayle King.

1 month ago

Rosewood 1923 an American tragedy, Clinton massacre 1875 an American tragedy, Ocoee massacre 1920 an American tragedy, Atlanta 1906 an American tragedy Chicago 1919 an American tragedy, New Orleans 1866 an American tragedy…. There many, many more American tragedies!

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White mobs destroyed “Black Wall Street” in 1921. But where are the victims’ bodies? Help our reporting on hidden histories. Submit a story idea here: http://bit.ly/2RhjxMy 100 years ago, a white mob destroyed an American neighborhood called “Black Wall Street,” murdering an estimated 300 people in Tulsa, Oklahoma. That incident — known as the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre — has been largely left out of US history books. Today, a century later, the city still has a lot of questions. For one, where are the bodies of the victims? As the city’s mayor re-opens the search for mass graves, we take a look at what happened back in 1921…and why finding these graves still matters to the people of Tulsa. For more reading, check out the links below: Vox’s reporting on an eyewitness account of the horrific attack: https://www.vox.com/2016/6/1/11827994… The Washington Post’s in-depth story on the massacre and the current challenges of gentrification: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/l… And to take a look through more digitized photos, audio, and documents from 1921, check out the Tulsa Historical Society’s collection: https://www.tulsahistory.org/exhibit/… Sign up for the Missing Chapter newsletter to stay up to date with the series: https://vox.com/missing-chapter Have an idea for a story that Ranjani should investigate for Missing Chapter? Send it to her via this form! http://bit.ly/2RhjxMy? Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what’s really driving the events in the headlines. Check out http://www.vox.com. Watch our full video catalog: http://goo.gl/IZONyE Follow Vox on Facebook: http://goo.gl/U2g06o Or Twitter: http://goo.gl/XFrZ5H

The Tulsa Race Massacre; Then and now

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Tulsa Public Schools

UPDATED April 2021: For a new video series, lesson plans, and more resources about the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre, continue the journey here: www.tulsaschools.org/tulsaracemassacre

 

Oklahoma Historical Society/Getty Images

HISTORY News: ‘Black Wall Street’ Before, During and After the Tulsa Race Massacre – PHOTOS

BY  MISSY SULLIVAN

At the turn of the 20th century, African Americans founded and developed the Greenwood district in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Built on what had formerly been Indian Territory, the community grew and flourished as a Black economic and cultural mecca—until May 31, 1921.

That’s when a white mob began a rampage through some 35 square blocks, decimating the community known proudly as “Black Wall Street.” Armed rioters, many deputized by local police, looted and burned down businesses, homes, schools, churches, a hospital, hotel, public library, newspaper offices and more. While the official death toll of the Tulsa race massacre was 36, historians estimate it may have been as high as 300. As many as 10,000 people were left homeless.

The incident stands as one most horrific acts of racial violence, and domestic terrorism, ever committed on American soil.

WATCH: The full episode of Tulsa Burning: The 1921 Race Massacre online now.

In May 2021, 100 years after the massacre, 107-year-old Viola Fletcher testified before Congress: “On May 31, of ‘21, I went to bed in my family’s home in Greenwood,” she recounted. “The neighborhood I fell asleep in that night was rich, not just in terms of wealth, but in culture…and heritage. My family had a beautiful home. We had great neighbors. I had friends to play with. I felt safe. I had everything a child could need. I had a bright future.”

Then, she said, came the murderous rampage, still vivid in her mind 100 years later: “I still see Black men being shot, Black bodies lying in the street. I still smell smoke and see fire. I still see Black businesses being burned. I still hear airplanes flying overhead. I hear the screams.”

Below, a selection of photos that show Greenwood before, during and after the tragedy:

Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of the Families of Anita Williams Christopher and David Owen Williams

North Greenwood Avenue in Tulsa (above), prior to the 1921 Tulsa race massacre, was a main thoroughfare of the Greenwood commercial district. This photograph was taken looking north down the avenue from East Archer Street. Between segregation laws that prevented Black residents from shopping in white neighborhoods, and the desire to keep money circulating in their own community, Greenwood residents collectively funneled their cash into local Black businesses. Greenwood became a robust and self-sustaining community, which boasted barber shops and salons, clothing stores, jewelers, restaurants, taverns and pool halls, movie houses and grocers, as well as offices for doctors, dentists and lawyers.

READ MORE: 9 Entrepreneurs Who Helped Build ‘Black Wall Street’

Greenwood: Tulsa’s Black Wall Street

GALLERY

At the time of the massacre, Greenwood was considered by many to be the wealthiest Black enclave in the nation. As the seven photos above show, it wasn’t uncommon to see its residents stylishly dressed. Some boasted new luxury motorcars.

READ MORE: Tulsa’s ‘Black Wall Street’ Flourished as a Self-Contained Hub in the Early 1900s

The incident began on the morning of May 30, 1921, after a young Black man named Dick Rowland, who worked shining shoes, rode the elevator of Tulsa’s Drexel building to use one of the few available segregated public restrooms downtown. After the female elevator operator screamed, Rowland fled the elevator and rumors quickly spread of an alleged sexual assault. The next day, he was arrested, leading to an armed confrontation outside the courthouse between a growing white crowd and Black men hoping to defend Rowland from being lynched. As things became heated and shots were fired, the vastly outnumbered African Americans retreated to the Greenwood district. The white group followed, and as the night unfolded, violence exploded.

Oklahoma Historical Society/Getty Images

Throughout that night and into June 1, much of Greenwood became enveloped in billowing dark smoke, as members of the mob went from house to house and store to store, looting and then torching buildings. Fleeing residents were sometimes shot down in the streets. Many survivors report low-flying planes, some raining down bullets or inflammables.

READ MORE: What Role Did Airplanes Play in the Tulsa Race Massacre?

GHI/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

Among the many buildings looted and torched by the white mob was the Mount Zion Baptist Church, above, an impressive brick structure that had opened its doors less than two months earlier. It was one of numerous houses of worship destroyed in the massacre.

Bettmann Archive/Getty Images

The east corner of Greenwood Avenue and East Archer Street, the epicenter of “Black Wall Street,” is shown above, in the early aftermath of the attack. Among the thoroughfare’s landmarks left in smoldering ruins were the Stradford Hotel and the Dreamland Theater.

Universal HIstory Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

By noon of June 1, Oklahoma Governor Robertson declared martial law and sent in the Oklahoma National Guard. Officials arrested and detained thousands of Black Tulsans, shepherding them to the local convention center and fairgrounds. Above, the rear view of a truck transporting Black people to detainment.

Oklahoma Historical Society/Getty Images

National Guard troops carrying rifles with bayonets escort unarmed Black men to detainment, above.

Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

Above, a truck is shown carrying soldiers and Black men during the Tulsa race massacre. Officials rounded up Greenwood’s Black residents, deeming them to be the primary threat to law and order—instead of any members of the white mob who had murdered and pillaged. Indeed, for decades after, the incident was erroneously characterized as a “race riot,” implying that it had been instigated by the Black community. No one was ever held to account for the destruction or loss of life.

LISTEN: ‘Blindspot: Tulsa Burning’ from The HISTORY® Channel and WNYC Studios

Library of Congress, American National Red Cross Photograph Collection

After being rounded up under martial law, traumatized Greenwood residents were kept under armed guard—some for hours, some for days. To be released, Black Tulsans had to be vouched for by an employer or white citizen.

Library of Congress, American National Red Cross Photograph Collection

At Tulsa’s American Red Cross hospital, victims of the massacre are shown still recovering from injuries months later. More than 800 people were treated for injuries.

Oklahoma Historical Society/Getty Images

According to the 2001 Tulsa Race Riot Commission report, the most comprehensive review of the massacre, in the year after the attacks, Tulsa residents filed riot-related claims against the city valued at over $1.8 million dollars. But the city commission, like insurance companies, denied most of the claims—one exception being when a white business owner received compensation for guns taken from his shop. Above, Black Tulsans salvaged what they could from their burned homes and businesses and began to rebuild on their own.

GHI/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

November 1921: With millions in property damage and no help from the city, the rebuilding of Greenwood nonetheless began almost immediately. 

GHI/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

Many Black Tulsa residents fled the city, and never returned. But many stayed and started from scratch—some housed in Red Cross tents until they could rebuild their homes and, later, community landmarks like the Dreamland Theater. In 2001, the Tulsa Race Riot Commission report recommended that survivors be paid reparations, calling it “a moral obligation.” The pursuit of restitution continues.

TAGS: BLACK HISTORY

BY  MISSY SULLIVAN

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.history.com/news/tulsa-massacre-black-wall-street-before-and-after-photos

 

HISTORY News: ‘Black Wall Street’ Before, During and After the Tulsa Race Massacre – PHOTOS

 

AP News: Hundreds gather at historic Tulsa church’s prayer wall

https://apnews.com/article/tulsa-race-massacre-centennial-bbfa1f6ad42b104d258c13999a2d7aa4

By PETER SMITH May 31, 2021

 

1 of 21

People pray during the dedication of a prayer wall at the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in the Greenwood neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church was largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

 

2Rev. Jesse Jackson meets people after the dedication of a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal

Church in the Greenwood neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla.

The church was largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing,

looting and leveling a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

3 of 21

People hold their hands on a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in the Greenwood neighborhood

during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church was largely destroyed when a white

mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling a 35-square-block area.

(AP Photo/John Locher)

 

4 of 21

People raise up their arms during the dedication of a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in

the Greenwood neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church

was largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling

a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

5 of 21

People pray as they hold their hands on a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in the Greenwood

neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church was largely destroyed

when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling a 35-square-block area.

(AP Photo/John Locher)

 

6 of 21

Clergy and religious leaders hold their hands on a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in

the Greenwood neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church

was largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling

a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

7 of 21

People pray at the dedication of a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in the Greenwood

neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church was largely

destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling

a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

8 of 21

Edna Osborne, center holds her head down in prayer during the dedication of a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African

Methodist Episcopal Church in the Greenwood neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31,

2021, in Tulsa, Okla. The church was largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921,

burning, killing, looting and leveling a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

9 of 21

Faith Hailey, left, and Brian Hailey touch hold their hands on a prayer wall outside of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal

Church in the Greenwood neighborhood during the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla.

The church was largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing,

looting and leveling a 35-square-block area. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

10 of 21

In this May 28, 2021, photo, Rev. Robert R.A. Turner, pastor of the historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church, prays in

the sanctuary of the church between meetings around centennial commemorations of the Tulsa Race Massacre in Tulsa, Okla.

Only the basement remained of the church, partially destroyed in the massacre in 1921 that destroyed the area known as Black Wall Street.

(AP Photo/John Locher)

 

11 of 21

People attend a joint service for the centennial of the Tulsa Race Massacre at First Baptist Church of North Tulsa, Sunday, May 30, 2021,

in Tulsa, Okla. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

12 of 21

A woman views a mural at 322 North Greenwood during the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre centennial Monday, May 31, 2021 in Tulsa, Okla.

Hundreds have gathered for an interfaith service dedicating a prayer wall outside historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in

Tulsa’s Greenwood neighborhood. Monday’s event comes on the centennial of the first day of one of the deadliest racist massacres in

the nation. (Mike Simons/Tulsa World via AP)

 

13 of 21

Meg Chang views the installation called “Society’s Cage” after the dedication of the Prayer Wall for Racial Healing at Vernon AME Church

Monday, May 31, 2021 in Tulsa, Okla. Hundreds have gathered for an interfaith service dedicating a prayer wall outside historic Vernon

African Methodist Episcopal Church in Tulsa’s Greenwood neighborhood. Monday’s event comes on the centennial of the first day of one

of the deadliest racist massacres in the nation. (Mike Simons/Tulsa World via AP)

 

14 of 21

Ana Nunez, right, and Connor Coney embrace as they visit a makeshift memorial beside stairs leading to a now empty lot near the historic

Greenwood district during centennial commemorations of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla.

(AP Photo/John Locher)

 

15 of 21

Raekeisha Watkins visits flowers left as a memorial for the Tulsa Race Massacre near the historic greenwood district during

centennial commemorations of the massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

16 of 21

Ana Nunez, right, and Connor Coney embrace as they visit a makeshift memorial beside stairs leading to a now empty lot near

the historic Greenwood district during centennial commemorations of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa,

Okla. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

17 of 21

Ana Nunez, left, and Connor Coney embrace as they visit flowers left at a memorial for the Tulsa Race Massacre near the historic

greenwood district during centennial commemorations of the massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla. (AP Photo/John Locher)

 

18 of 21

People hold hands after leaving flowers besides others at a makeshift memorial beside stairs leading to a now empty lot near

the historic greenwood district during centennial commemorations of the Tulsa Race Massacre, Monday, May 31, 2021, in Tulsa, Okla.

(AP Photo/John Locher)

 

19 of 21

A sign is pictured Oaklawn Cemetery in Tulsa, Okla., nearly 100 years after the Tulsa race massacre. Fencing has been erected

and markers placed in the ground in preparation for the start of mapping, site preparation and excavations of Tulsa race massacre

victims in mass graves beginning June 1, 2021. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)

 

20 of 21

The headstones of Reuben Everett, left, and Eddie Lockard, right, victims of the Tulsa race massacre, are pictured with flowers

Monday, May 31, 2021, at Oaklawn Cemetery in Tulsa, Okla., nearly 100 years after the massacre. Fencing has been erected

and markers placed in the ground in preparation for the start of mapping, site preparation and excavations of Tulsa race massacre

victims in mass graves beginning June 1, 2021. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)

 

21 of 21

The headstones of Reuben Everett, left, and Eddie Lockard, right, victims of the Tulsa race massacre, are pictured with flowers Monday,

May 31, 2021, at Oaklawn Cemetery in Tulsa, Okla., nearly 100 years after the massacre. Fencing has been erected and markers placed

in the ground in preparation for the start of mapping, site preparation and excavations of Tulsa race massacre victims in mass graves

beginning June 1, 2021. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)

TULSA, Okla. (AP) — Hundreds gathered Monday for an interfaith service dedicating a prayer wall outside historic Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church in Tulsa’s Greenwood neighborhood on the centennial of the first day of one of the deadliest racist massacres in the nation.

National civil rights leaders, including the Revs. Jesse Jackson and William Barber, joined multiple local faith leaders offering prayers and remarks outside the church that was under construction and largely destroyed when a white mob descended on the prosperous Black neighborhood in 1921, burning, killing, looting and leveling a 35-square-block area. Estimates of the death toll range from dozens to 300.

Barber, a civil and economic rights activist, said he was “humbled even to stand on this holy ground.”

“You can kill the people but you cannot kill the voice of the blood.”

Although the church was nearly destroyed in the massacre, parishioners continued to meet in the basement, and it was rebuilt several years later, becoming a symbol of the resilience of Tulsa’s Black community. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2018.

As the ceremony came to an end, participants put their hands on the prayer wall along the side of the sanctuary while soloist Santita Jackson sang “Lift Every Voice and Sing.” Traffic hummed on a nearby interstate that cuts through the Greenwood District, which was rebuilt after the massacre but slowly deteriorated 50 years later after homes were taken by eminent domain as part of urban renewal in the 1970s.

Full Coverage: Tulsa Race Massacre

Among those who spoke at the outdoor ceremony were Democratic U.S. Reps. Barbara Lee of California, and Lisa Brunt Rochester and U.S. Sen. Chris Coons, both from Delaware. Rochester connected the efforts toward reparations in Tulsa with a wider effort: pending House legislation that would create a commission to study and propose reparations for African Americans.

“We’re here to remember, to mourn, to rebuild equitably,” Rochester said.

Through the course of a drizzly afternoon, visitors wearing rain gear walked along Greenwood Avenue, photographing historic sites and markers.

Many took time to read plaques on the sidewalk, naming numerous Black-owned buildings and businesses that were destroyed during the 1921 massacre, and indicating whether they had ever been rebuilt.

Monday’s slate of activities commemorating the massacre was supposed to culminate with a “Remember & Rise” headline event at nearby ONEOK Field, featuring Grammy-award-winning singer and songwriter John Legend and a keynote address from voting rights activist Stacey Abrams. But that event was scrapped late last week after an agreement couldn’t be reached over monetary payments to three survivors of the deadly attack, a situation that highlighted broader debates over reparations for racial injustice.

In a statement tweeted Sunday, Legend didn’t specifically address the cancellation of the event, but said: “The road to restorative justice is crooked and rough — and there is space for reasonable people to disagree about the best way to heal the collective trauma of white supremacy. But one thing that is not up for debate — one fact we must hold with conviction — is that the path to reconciliation runs through truth and accountability.”

On Monday night, the Centennial Commission planned to host a candlelight vigil downtown to honor the victims of the massacre, and President Joe Biden is scheduled to visit Tulsa on Tuesday.

___

For more AP coverage of the Tulsa Race Massacre anniversary, go to https://apnews.com/hub/tulsa-race-massacre

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Happy 4th Of July Everyone, Happy Juneteenth, Happy World, and Keep Peace in Your Heart

 

 🙂 Happy 4th Of July Everyone 🙂

🙂 Happy Juneteenth 🙂

🙂 Happy World 🙂

and

🙂 Keep Peace in Your Heart 🙂

 

Performance on the All Black Lives Matter Mural,

Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA, Sunday, July 5, 2020

  Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts  

 

 

 

Happy 4th Of July everyone

Happy Independence’s Day everyone

Happy Equality for All

Happy Juneteenth everyone

 

Be joyful to be an Immigrant on this special day

For we are all immigrants

We all come from somewhere else

Even native Americans

 

Who lived in America before humans?

Animals and plants coexist

 

Humans moved to America

Wars have taken place in America

Humans kill for power not just survival

 

But Peace prevails

Humans can and do coexist

People even mix for Peace and Love

 

We are all the same Human race

Togetherness, Kindness

And helping one another

Keeps us Alive

Why be greedy or selfish?

For we are born with nothing

And die with nothing

 

Keeping Peace in your Heart

Frees humanity to explore possibilities

With Happiness and Equality for all

 

Keep Peace in your Heart Always

 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, July 4, 2021

 

 On Sunday, April 4th, 2021 I sat under our rose tree in the garden with my work book and sketched some drawings.  The end result was a peace sign that I will use as one of my logos. It is a good opportunity, and the first time for me to launch my peace artwork on the 4th Of July.  By focusing on peace for the US and the world, came the message of, “KEEP PEACE IN YOUR HEART”, “LOVE” and “NATURE”. This concluded my wishes for myself and everyone on our planet.  

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, July 4, 2021

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All Black Lives Matter Mural on Halsey Street, Newark, New Jerse

All Black Lives Matter Mural,

Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey

Photographs by John Watts and Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

In the celebration of Juneteenth becoming a national holiday,“The day was recognized as a federal holiday on June 17, 2021, when President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law[7]  (Wikipedia)”,  I would like to congratulate the event by posting the, All Black Lives Matter, mural on Halsey Street, Newark, NJ.  The mural is located in front of Hahne & Company building.  It is in the same block as our building.  On Saturday, June 27, 2020, John and I step out of our building, seeing people working on the mural.  We both ran inside the house and took our equipment; John had his camera and I had my camcorder to record in video and photographs.  John was very clever; he went onto the flat roof of our building and was able to view and take photographs of the whole length of the mural.  I videoed and photographed the event on the street from the beginning to the end of the mural.  We enjoyed seeing the activity.  All types of people, Black, White, Brown and others joining together to accomplish the meaningful mural “All Black Lives Matter”.

 

For the occasion of the “All Black Lives Matter” mural, which was in the process of being made, I asked my husband, John Watts to display my two artworks of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Gandhi on our shop gate.  Both of these great leaders were practitioners of equal rights and non-violence which was the essence of the event. 

This is a lady who lives in one of the Hahne’s apartments.  Her living room is opposite our building, and she came down to view my artworks close up.

 

The mural was successfully achieved.  Everyone who participated was happy. The mural is the evidence of all humanity organizing and helping one another.  This expresses a need to accomplish the same goal as Equal Rights for all, recognizing that no person or race, should be abused or treated as less valued than others.  

John Watts and Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, June 29, 2021

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Americans Celebrate Juneteenth After It Becomes A National Holiday, PBS News, NBC News, NPR, The Atlantic, and The Public Domain Review

Americans Celebrate Juneteenth After It Becomes A National Holiday, PBS News, NBC News, NPR, The Atlantic, and The Public Domain Review

PBS NewsHour Weekend Full Episode June 17, 18 & 19, 2021

Meet The Press Broadcast (Full) – June 20th, 2021, NBC News

NBC News NOW Full Broadcast – June 17th & 18th, 2021, NBC News

Can You Hear Us Now: Juneteenth Edition, Jun 19, 2021  NBC News

NPR: Photos – Americans Celebrate Juneteenth After It Becomes A National Holiday

NPR: Slavery Didn’t End On Juneteenth. What You Should Know About This Important Day

The Atlantic: Black Joy-Not Corporate Acknowledgment – Is the Heart of Juneteenth 

 The Public Domain Review: Early Photographs of Juneteenth Celebrations

 

PBS NewsHour Weekend Full Episode June 19, 2021

Jun 19, 2021  PBS NewsHour

On this edition for Saturday, June 19, the nation’s newest federal holiday, Juneteenth, and Iran’s hard-line candidate, Ebrahim Raisi wins the presidential election. Also, inside Maryland’s truth and reconciliation process as part of the state’s reckoning with its racist, violent past. Hari Sreenivasan anchors from New York. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 

PBS NewsHour full episode, June 18, 2021

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Streamed live on Jun 18, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newshour Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/newshour Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/podcasts Newsletters: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/subscribe

PBS NewsHour full episode, June 17, 2021

Fundraiser

Jun 17, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Support your local PBS station here: https://pbs.org/donate Thursday on the NewsHour, the Affordable Care Act survives a third major Supreme Court argument. We talk to the secretary of health and human services about the challenges still ahead. Then, counterterrorism forces in Iraq search for remnants of the Islamic State — with civilians often caught in the middle. And, we examine the emotional toll gun violence takes on youth who have lost a loved one. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newshour Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/newshour Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/podcasts Newsletters: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/subscribe

Meet The Press Broadcast (Full) – June 20th, 2021

Jun 20, 2021   NBC News

Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Rob Portman (R-Ohio) discuss the future of bipartisanship and President Biden’s infrastructure plan. Fiona Hill breaks down the Biden-Putin summit. Ashley Parker, Cornell Belcher, Brad Todd and Amna Nawaz join the Meet the Press roundtable.» Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows.

NBC News NOW Full Broadcast – June 18th, 2021

Jun 18, 2021  NBC News

A look into the new Covid variant and what it’s mutation means for U.S. residents, fact checking the ongoing election audit in Maricopa County, AZ, as it enters the final stage of the controversial process, Juneteenth cooking traditions and the significance behind them.  » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews? NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows.

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – June 17th, 2021

Jun 17, 2021  NBC News

Cities and states across the west experiencing record high temperatures, Supreme Court rejects challenge to Affordable Care Act, and White House to develop antiviral Covid pills as delta variant spreads. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00 Intro 02:41 Record Breaking Heat Wave In The West 04:56 Obamacare Supreme Court Victory 07:23 Anti-Covid Pills 09:08 Biden’s Next Challenges 10:39 America The Vulnerable: No Access To Water 14:53 Juneteenth National Holiday 18:36 Inspiring America: Love Dad » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews Connect with NBC Nightly News online! NBC News App: https://smart.link/5d0cd9df61b80 Breaking News Alerts: https://link.nbcnews.com/join/5cj/bre… Visit NBCNightlyNews.com: https://nbcnews.to/2wFotQ8 Find Nightly News on Facebook: https://bit.ly/2TZ1PhF Follow Nightly News on Twitter: https://bit.ly/1yFY2s4 Follow Nightly News on Instagram: https://bit.ly/2tEncJD NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. #NBCNews #Obamacare #Covid

Can You Hear Us Now: Juneteenth Edition

Jun 19, 2021  NBC News

This is a rebroadcast which originally aired on June 19, 2020. NBC News Now and NBCBLK present ‘Can You Hear Us Now: Juneteenth’ an examination of how free African Americans really are, hosted by Trymaine Lee. » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. Connect with NBC News Online! NBC News App: https://smart.link/5d0cd9df61b80 Breaking News Alerts: https://link.nbcnews.com/join/5cj/bre… Visit NBCNews.Com: http://nbcnews.to/ReadNBC Find NBC News on Facebook: http://nbcnews.to/LikeNBC Follow NBC News on Twitter: http://nbcnews.to/FollowNBC Follow NBC News on Instagram: http://nbcnews.to/InstaNBC

NPR: Photos – Americans Celebrate Juneteenth After It Becomes A National Holiday

June 19, 20217:12 PM ET

ELENA MOORE Twitter

People watch the Juneteenth Parade in historic Galveston, Texas on Saturday — where 156 years ago news reached the city that slavery had been abolished.

Go Nakamura/Getty Images

Juneteenth celebrations are underway across the United States, commemorating the 156th anniversary of the date that is often considered the end of chattel slavery in the country.

Events this year come two days after Presidet Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law, which is the latest national holiday to be recognized since Martin Luther King Jr. Day in 1983.

 

POLITICS

Juneteenth Is Now A Federal Holiday

It dates to June 19, 1865, when Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger of the Union Army arrived in Galveston, Texas, to announce that enslaved people were now free. This came two months after the end of the Civil War and over two years after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which was supposed to free all slaves living in Confederate states.

The holiday has gone on to be a cause for celebration, remembrance and a call to action as Americans continue to reckon with the country’s history of systemic racism.

HISTORY

Slavery Didn’t End On Juneteenth. Here’s What You Should Know About This Important Day

Commemorative events ranging from festivals and celebrations to rallies and memorials are expected to take place throughout the weekend.

Galveston

People admire a new mural created for Juneteenth that chronicles what happened in Galveston 156 years ago. The mural was created as part of the city’s Juneteenth Legacy Project.

Go Nakamura/Getty Images

A Black Lives Matter banner is draped off the back of a pickup truck during a city’s parade.

Go Nakamura/Getty Images

Brooklyn

Activists unveil a new memorial honoring George Floyd in Flatbush Junction on Saturday morning. Terrance Floyd, center, the brother of George Floyd, attended and spoke at the event.

David Dee Delgado/Getty Images

Dancers of the P.U.S.H. (Practice Until Something Happens) dance team perform at a Juneteenth rally outside the Brooklyn Library.

David Dee Delgado/Getty Images

Tulsa

Marlon F. Hall leads a yoga class next to Interstate 244, which runs through the Tulsa neighborhood of Greenwood, the location of the Tulsa Race Massacre 100 years ago. Tulsa’s celebration of Juneteenth comes less than three weeks after the anniversary.

Michael B. Thomas/Getty Images

A father and son take a selfie while visiting Greenwood’s Black Wall Street Memorial on Saturday.

Michael B. Thomas/Getty Images

Louisville

Louisville residents march in honor of Juneteenth, steered by the River City Drum Corps. The crowd heads to the launch of the Roots 101 Museum’s newest art project, which spotlights the city’s history with slavery.

Jon Cherry/Getty Images

A woman displays an embroidered “1865” in her hair while attending the launch of a new art project at Louisville’s Roots 101 Museum on Saturday. The project, titled “On the Banks of Freedom,” explores Louisville’s participation in slavery and commemorates the lives of enslaved people whose names were not recorded.

Jon Cherry/Getty Images

Detroit

A mural displaying the words “Power To The People” is repainted in honor of Juneteenth by students studying at the University Prep Art Design. The mural was first painted last year for the holiday.

Ed White/AP

Atlanta

Participants walk in Atlanta’s Juneteenth parade, rain or shine.

Megan Varner/Getty Images

Food vendors gather together on Friday in Atlanta’s Castleberry Hill to honor Juneteenth. The event, named, “Celebration of Truth,” was hosted by The Black News Network.

Paras Griffin/Getty Images for Black News Chan

Boston

Acting Mayor Kim Janey, right, takes a photo as Bostonians gather together on Friday in Nubian Square. Janey is the first woman and first Black person to serve as mayor of Boston.

Elise Amendola/AP

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/19/1008368899/photos-americans-celebrate-juneteenth-after-it-becomes-a-national-holiday

 

NPR: Slavery Didn’t End On Juneteenth. What You Should Know About This Important Day

June 17, 20216:00 AM ET

SHARON PRUITT-YOUNG

 

Emancipation Day is celebrated in 1905 in Richmond, Va., the onetime capital of the Confederacy.

Library of Congress

It goes by many names. Whether you call it Emancipation Day, Freedom Day or the country’s second Independence Day, Juneteenth is one of the most important anniversaries in our nation’s history.

On June 19, 1865, Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger, who had fought for the Union, led a force of soldiers to Galveston, Texas, to deliver a very important message: The war was finally over, the Union had won, and it now had the manpower to enforce the end of slavery.

The announcement came two months after the effective conclusion of the Civil War, and even longer since President Abraham Lincoln had first signed the Emancipation Proclamation, but many enslaved Black people in Texas still weren’t free, even after that day.

That was 156 years ago. Here are the basics of Juneteenth that everyone should know.

What Juneteenth represents

First things first: Juneteenth gets its name from combining “June” and “nineteenth,” the day that Granger arrived in Galveston, bearing a message of freedom for the slaves there.

Upon his arrival, he read out General Order No. 3, informing the residents that slavery would no longer be tolerated and that all slaves were now free and would henceforth be treated as hired workers if they chose to remain on the plantations, according to the National Museum of African American History and Culture.

General Order No. 3 was the final execution and fulfillment of the terms of the Emancipation Proclamation. The people to whom this order was addressed were the last group of Americans to be informed that all formerly enslaved persons were now free.

National Archives

“The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired laborer,” the order reads, in part.

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It’s perhaps unsurprising that many former slaves did not stay on the plantations as workers and instead left in search of new beginnings or to find family members who had been sold away.

“It immediately changed the game for 250,000 people,” Shane Bolles Walsh, a lecturer with the University of Maryland’s African American Studies Department, told NPR.

Enslaved Black people, now free, had ample cause to celebrate. As Felix Haywood, a former slave, recalled: “Everybody went wild. We all felt like heroes … just like that, we were free.”

Slavery did not end on Juneteenth

When Granger arrived in Galveston, there still existed around 250,000 slaves and they were not all freed immediately, or even soon. It was not uncommon for slave owners, unwilling to give up free labor, to refuse to release their slaves until forced to, in person, by a representative of the government, historian Henry Louis Gates Jr. wrote. Some would wait until one final harvest was complete, and some would just outright refuse to submit. It was a perilous time for Black people, and some former slaves who were freed or attempted to get free were attacked and killed.

For Confederate states like Texas, even before Juneteenth, there existed a “desire to hold on to that system as long as they could,” Walsh explained to NPR.

Before the reading of General Order No. 3, many slave owners in Confederate states simply chose not to tell their slaves about the Emancipation Proclamation and did not honor it. They got away with it because, before winning the war, Union soldiers were largely unable to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation in Southern states. Still, even though slavery in America would not truly come to an end until the ratification of the 13th Amendment, the Emancipation Proclamation still played a pivotal role in that process, historian Lonnie Bunch told NPR in 2013.

“What the Emancipation Proclamation does that’s so important is it begins a creeping process of emancipation where the federal government is now finally taking firm stands to say slavery is wrong and it must end,” Bunch said.

People have celebrated Juneteenth any way they can

After they were freed, some former slaves and their descendants would travel to Galveston annually in honor of Juneteenth. That tradition soon spread to other states, but it wasn’t uncommon for white people to bar Black people from celebrating in public spaces, forcing Black people to get creative. In one such case, Black community leaders in Houston saved $1,000 to purchase land in 1872 that would be devoted specifically to Juneteenth celebrations, according to the Houston Parks and Recreation Department. That land became Emancipation Park, a name that it still bears.

Juneteenth is celebrated in Houston’s Emancipation Park, which was created specifically for such celebrations, in 1880.

Wikimedia Commons

” ‘If you want to commemorate something, you literally have to buy land to commemorate it on’ is, I think, just a really potent example of the long-lasting reality of white supremacy,” Walsh said.

Nevertheless, Black Americans found a way to continue to celebrate and lift one another up. Early on, Juneteenth celebrations often involved helping newly freed Black folks learn about their voting rights, according to the Texas State Historical Association. Rodeos and horseback riding were also common. Now, Juneteenth celebrations commonly involve cookouts, parades, church services, musical performances and other public events, Walsh explained.

People celebrate last year’s Juneteenth by riding horses through Washington Park in Chicago. This year, it is a federal holiday.

Natasha Moustache/Getty Images

It’s a day to “commemorate the hardships endured by ancestors,” Walsh said. He added, “It really exemplifies the survival instinct, the ways that we as a community really make something out of nothing. … It’s about empowerment and hopefulness.”

And there’s reason to be hopeful. After literal decades of activists campaigning for change, Congress has approved Juneteenth as a federal holiday.

 

CorrectionJune 19, 2021

A previous version of this story incorrectly said that Black community leaders bought the land for Emancipation Park in Houston in 1867. The land was purchased and park established in 1872.

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/17/1007315228/juneteenth-what-is-origin-observation

The Atlantic: Black Joy-Not Corporate Acknowledgment – Is the Heart of Juneteenth                                                                                                                    

Companies and state governments are finally recognizing Emancipation Day as an official holiday, but black Americans have honored its significance all along.

By Kellie Carter Jackson

Historically, Juneteenth has not been widely recognized outside of black communities. (Library of Congress)

JUNE 19, 2020

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In 2002 I was at the University of Iowa conducting research on the history of Emancipation Day celebrations in the state. I remember at one point being somewhat baffled by what Leslie Schwalm, the professor I was working with, had found: From 1865 to 1963, there were more than 200 Emancipation Day festivities in Iowa alone. I had always thought of the event as a Texas holiday.

While most enslaved people were freed by the Emancipation Proclamation put forth by Abraham Lincoln in 1863, those in Texas weren’t made aware of the decree until 1865. On June 19 of that year, Major General Gordon Granger landed at Galveston, Texas, with news that the war was over and the enslaved were now, finally, free. Scholars have debated the many reasons for the two-year delay, but one thing is clear: Black people in almost every state have celebrated June 19, or Juneteenth, for generations.

Children celebrate Juneteenth at Fair Park in Dallas, Texas, in 1952. (Marion Butts/Dallas Express / Dallas Public Library)

Historically, Juneteenth has not been widely recognized outside of black communities, and it’s taken some time for the general public to acknowledge the date officially. Over the past 40 years, 47 of 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia have come to recognize Juneteenth as a state holiday or a day of observance, but it’s not yet a federal holiday. And given the current nationwide protests against police brutality and systemic racism, major corporations such as Nike, Uber, Spotify, and J. C. Penney have designated Juneteenth as a paid holiday. Though holidays, symbols, statues, and flags matter, it will take more than increased recognition of Juneteenth to combat racism. If not followed with substantive change, the relatively recent scramble to acknowledge Juneteenth will just feel like virtue signaling, acts of solidarity that ring hollow.

Whether companies and governments get it right or not, black-led celebrations will remain the heart of Juneteenth. Early events venerated black Civil War veterans and were mainly held in private places that could be shielded from the white gaze. Later ones were marked by reunions, parades, and symbolic foods such as strawberry soda, red beans and rice, red velvet cake, and watermelon (the color red represents the perseverance of black ancestors). Black churches often spearheaded the day’s programming, which could include speeches from children who memorized quotes from their favorite black heroes, or singing of the black national anthem, “Lift Every Voice and Sing.” Post–World War II commemorations were not complete until someone read the Emancipation Proclamation aloud.

THE OAK PARK DRILL TEAM MAKES THEIR WAY THROUGH NORTH MINNEAPOLIS IN PARADE FORMATION AS PART OF JUNETEENTH CELEBRATIONS.

 

A drill team performs in a Juneteenth parade in Minneapolis in 1995. (Marlin Levison / Star Tribune / Getty)

Today, Juneteenth serves as an occasion for voter-registration drives and to support black-owned businesses or community fundraisers. This year in Houston, you can attend a virtual parade or take a Juneteenth bike ride. In Los Angeles, you can go on a four-mile walk to the Juneteenth monument at Ganesha Park. In New Orleans, you can visit Congo Square, a historical gathering place for enslaved and free people, or you can spend the day at the Whitney Plantation, the only plantation museum in Louisiana with a direct focus on the lives of enslaved people.

Despite the numerous ways to honor Juneteenth, one thing about the holiday endures throughout generations: the paradox of black people’s lived experiences. How could they at once celebrate freedom and acknowledge that the residue of slavery continues to influence their lives? The turn of the century represented the height of black minstrelsy, violent attacks on black communities, and the Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson, which made segregation the law of the land. John L. Thompson, the editor of the Iowa State Bystander, the state’s most prestigious black newspaper at the time, grappled with how to negotiate what he saw as a new era of American race relations. At an Emancipation Day celebration in 1898, Thompson asked the audience to “see the slave scarred veterans who are before me today and have witness to their once cruel and inhuman treatment,” noting that “all of this was done under our beautiful and so-called flag of the free.”

Now many black Americans are wrestling with how to celebrate Juneteenth amid the protests and the coronavirus pandemic. I came across a tweet that read, “Some of us fight racism by raising our black children to know joy. This matters too.” Black Americans have always held both jubilation and sorrow in their hands: Demonstrators will chant “I can’t breathe” and in the same space break out into a collective electric slide. As Imani Perry wrote for The Atlantic, “Racism is terrible. Blackness is not.

Miss Juneteenth 2015 waves to her fans in Denver, Colorado. (Kathryn Scott Osler / The Denver Post / Getty)

One of my colleagues at Rhodes College, the professor Charles McKinney, wrote recently to his black students: “We are not solely the history of fighting white folks. That is not who we are. We are double-dutch in summer. We are letting the air out of Big Mama’s house. We are Uncle Ray’s jokes on top of jokes. We are collards, second lines, and blue lights in the basement. We are swagger in the midst of chaos. We are reunions and step shows. We are the borough and the bayou. We are church till two, and the corner till four. We are a universe of experiences.”

And so, in the middle of a chaotic period in this nation’s history, Black Americans pause to celebrate. They will barbecue, and dance, and pray, and love, and live in the name of freedom. The rest of America can use the day off to work on its own freedom—from a shameful past and a violent present.

Kellie Carter Jackson is an assistant professor of Africana studies at Wellesley College, and the author of Force and Freedom: Black Abolitionists and the Politics of Violence. Twitter

 

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2020/06/juneteenth-has-always-been-worthy-celebration/613270/

 

The Public Domain Review: Early Photographs of Juneteenth Celebrations

 

Martha Yates Jones (left) and Pinkie Yates (right), daughters of Rev. Jack Yates, in a decorated carriage parked in front of the Antioch Baptist Church located in Houston’s Fourth Ward, 1908 — Source

Although Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, the Civil War then raging prevented it being enacted in much of the American South until months or even years later. Emancipation Day, or Juneteenth, is a celebration to mark the eventual country-wide realization of the decree — on June 19, 1865, when around 250,000 enslaved people were finally declared free in Texas — the last state in the US to be reached by the Union Army, commanded by General Gordon Granger, meaningfully accompanied, as historian Elizabeth Hayes Turner notes, by “two transports of colored troops”. Although Granger did not read out the Emancipation Proclamation itself on that day in Galveston, he did read out “General Order No. 3”, which began:

The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection therefore existing between them becomes that between employer and free laborer.

One year later, the first anniversary of Juneteenth — or “Jubilee Day” as it was then called — was celebrated in several places in Texas. The tradition soon took hold throughout the state. Communal barbecues, concerts, prayer services, parades, as well as baseball games, fishing, and rodeos, all featured in the festivities. Some former enslaved people and their descendants living in far-flung parts of Texas made a pilgrimage to Galveston, and many dressed in their finest clothes — partly in response to the pre–1865 statewide laws that had prevented enslaved people from dressing in any clothing not given to them by those who held them in slavery.

Many of the photographs that survive from these early decades of the celebration — including sets from Houston and Corpus Christi — depict elegantly dressed groups in horse-drawn carriages elaborately decorated with flowers down to the wheels. Another set from Austin — taken in 1900 by Grace Murray Stephenson — shows a group of older people, many or all of whom would have been born into slavery, dressed up for the day, as well as a very well-posed six-piece band, and a group of men decked out in Civil War uniforms (perhaps reenacting the Union’s entry into Galveston).

Of course, violence toward Black Americans did not magically evaporate with emancipation, and racial segregation and prejudice in some places made Juneteenth celebrations very difficult. Often forbidden from celebrating on public land, many gatherings had to be disparately held in remote rural areas or small church grounds, leading some Black Texan communities to band together and buy land specifically for celebrating Juneteenth (and other community occasions). The first such communally-bought land was Houston’s Emancipation Park, a ten-acre lot purchased in 1872 by the Colored People’s Festival and Emancipation Park Association led by the Baptist minister and formerly enslaved Jack Yates. You can see Reverend Yates pictured (far left) in the Juneteenth group shot below (and in the featured image above, two of his daughters in a decorated carriage).

Group on Emancipation Day, circa 1880s, in Houston’s Emancipation Park. Reverend Jack Yates, who led the community purchase of the Park in 1872, is pictured on the far left, and his daughter Sallie Yates dressed in black in the centre — Source

Following Houston’s example, in 1898, Mexia’s Nineteenth of June Organization bought an area of land on the banks of the Navasota River, now known as Booker T. Washington Park, which was said to draw up to 30,000 for the celebration. Another dedicated community-bought land was in Austin. The photographs we’ve featured of the city’s Juneteenth celebrations of 1900 took place in what was then called Wheeler’s Grove (now Eastwoods Park) but a few years later an association, led by the formerly enslaved Thomas J. White, purchased a plot for the purpose, also named Emancipation Park (although 30 years later the city of Austin seized it to build housing).

Over the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Juneteenth festivities became increasingly common outside of Texas — often brought to new places throughout the country by Black Americans who’d moved away from the state. In the 1950s, the holiday temporarily faded in popularity. This was to some extent due to the Great Migration, when many Black Americans found themselves in northern cities, working for bosses who did not recognize Juneteenth. (The US Congress has still not recognized it as a national holiday, although forty-seven states do at least acknowledge its existence.) It was also to some extent due to the changing political attitudes of the mid–twentieth century, when celebration of difference was sometimes seen as antithetical to integration.

During the last half century, however, Juneteenth has grown more and more popular again. In addition to the old traditions of parades, cookouts, and music, new traditions have sprung up — including readings of work by Black American writers such as Maya Angelou and Ralph Ellison (whose second, long, and long-unfinished novel was titled Juneteenth). The celebration of difference and the commemoration of the ongoing struggle for freedom, equality, and respect have become central to this second American Independence Day.

You can read more about Juneteenth —past, present, and future — here and browse our selection of historical photographs of Juneteenth celebrations from across the US below.

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://publicdomainreview.org/collection/juneteenth-photographs

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Biden and Putin praise Geneva summit talks but discord remains, NBC News, PBS News, Washington Week PBS, The Tonight Show, Late Night, Jimmy Kimmel Live, The Daily Show, Brian Tyler Cohen, The Late Show, Axios, and BBC News

Biden and Putin praise Geneva summit talks but discord remains, NBC News, PBS News, Washington Week PBS, The Tonight Show, Late Night, Jimmy Kimmel Live, The Daily Show, Brian Tyler Cohen, The Late Show, Axios, and BBC News

NBC News: Full Speech – Biden Delivers Remarks After Putin Summit in Geneva, Jun 16, 2021 and Putin Holds Press Conference After Meeting with Biden |

President Biden speaks after G-7 summit – 6/13 (FULL LIVE STREAM)

Streamed live on Jun 13, 2021  Washington Post

Exclusive: Full Interview with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Jun 14, 2021  NBC News

PBS NewsHour full episode, June 14, 16 & 18, 2021

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – June 16 & 17th, 2021

Special Report: Biden Holds Press Conference | NBC News

President Biden speaks after G-7 summit – 6/13 (FULL LIVE STREAM), Streamed live on Jun 13, 2021  Washington Post

President Biden & Vladimir Putin Face Off In Historic Summit, June 18, 2021,

 Washington Week PBS

Biden and Putin’s First Meeting, Republicans Vote No on Juneteenth Holiday: This Week’s News, Jun 18, 2021  The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon

Biden and Putin Meet, Jared Kushner’s Book Deal: Late Night’s News of the Week

Jun 18, 2021, and Joe Biden’s Summit with Vladimir Putin: A Closer Look, Jun 16, 2021  Late Night with Seth Meyers

Putin Meets with Biden After Years with His “Genius” KGBFF Trump & The Jimmy Kimmel LA Bowl!, Jun 16, 2021  Jimmy Kimmel Live

Reporter SHREDS Putin, leaves him stammering with brutal question, Jun 16, 2021  Brian Tyler Cohen

Biden’s Grim Meeting with Putin | The Daily Show, Jun 16, 2021  The Daily Show with Trevor Noah

Biden Stands Firm Against Putin, In Contrast To No. 45’s Bootlicking, Jun 16, 2021  The Late Show with Stephen Colbert

Axios AM & PM by Mike Allen ·Jun 16, 2021- “Red lines” summit and big thing: Feisty finish to Biden-Putin

BBC News: Biden and Putin praise Geneva summit talks but discord remains, published 6.16.2021, and In pictures: World leaders bask in Cornwall sun at G7 summit

Full Speech: Biden Delivers Remarks After Putin Summit in Geneva

Jun 16, 2021  NBC News

President Biden delivered remarks and took questions from reporters after meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva, Switzerland.» Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows.

Putin Holds Press Conference After Meeting With Biden | NBC News

Streamed live 13 hours ago  NBC News

Watch live coverage as Russian President Vladimir Putin holds a press conference after his meeting with President Joe Biden in Geneva. » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows.

 

President Biden speaks after G-7 summit – 6/13 (FULL LIVE STREAM)

Streamed live on Jun 13, 2021  Washington Post

President Biden spoke and took questions June 13 about the Group of Seven’s commitments to tackling issues related to China, Russia, the coronavirus pandemic and climate change after attending a summit in Britain with other world leaders. Later in the day, he traveled to Windsor Castle to visit Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II. Read more: https://wapo.st/3wl9UQO. Subscribe to The Washington Post on YouTube: https://wapo.st/2QOdcqK Follow us: Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonpost Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/washingtonp… Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonpost/

 

Exclusive: Full Interview with Russian President Vladimir Putin

Jun 14, 2021  NBC News

In an NBC News worldwide exclusive, senior international correspondent Keir Simmons sits down with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow for a one-on-one interview, just days ahead of a critical summit with President Biden. » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows.

 

PBS NewsHour full episode, June 18, 2021

Streamed live 3 hours ago, 6.18.2021

PBS NewsHour

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PBS NewsHour full episode, June 16, 2021

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Jun 16, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Wednesday on the NewsHour, a look at President Joe Biden’s meeting with Vladimir Putin at a low point of relations with Russia. Then, we explore the competing infrastructure proposals making their way through Congress and the speed bumps blocking bipartisan agreement. And, despite widespread agreement on at least some immigration limits, an economist argues for completely open borders. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS Key takeaways from tense but ‘constructive’ US-Russia summit https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6hfio… Exploring the issues affecting US-Russia relations  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwB1X… News Wrap: Federal Reserve projects rate increases in 2023 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2-bV… 4 main issues fueling debate over Biden’s infrastructure plan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VuYpL… The ‘watershed moment’ for Evangelicals on race, sex abuse https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFf8V… Exploring the economic argument for a return to open borders https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRRpM… How a ‘quiet little cafe’ in Maine turned into a phenomenon https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQsjH… Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6

 

PBS NewsHour full episode, June 14, 2021

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Jun 14, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Support your local PBS station here: https://pbs.org/donate Monday on the NewsHour, the president works to rebuild alliances at the critical NATO summit. Meanwhile, the G7 summit ends with overtures toward reducing global climate change — but few concrete plans. Then, our Politics Monday team looks at Joe Biden’s trip overseas and if it could help his domestic agenda. And, how Afghans supporting U.S. forces are being left behind amid the withdrawal. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS Biden contrasts Trump, underscores US commitment to NATO https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAjBT… News Wrap: PM Naftali Bennett unseats Netanyahu in Israel https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rNQnY… 3 issues that will test US partnerships with EU allies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gUnZ… Afghan allies ‘begging’ for their lives amid Taliban attacks https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3EEDC… Are the G7 pledges to combat climate change enough?  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=czhvD… Tamara Keith and Lisa Lerer on Biden-Harris conduct abroad https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NFajI… A Brief But Spectacular take on unearthing family stories https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zDB6… Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6

 

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – June 17th, 2021

Jun 17, 2021   NBC News

Cities and states across the west experiencing record high temperatures, Supreme Court rejects challenge to Affordable Care Act, and White House to develop antiviral Covid pills as delta variant spreads. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00 Intro 02:41 Record Breaking Heat Wave In The West 04:56 Obamacare Supreme Court Victory 07:23 Anti-Covid Pills 09:08 Biden’s Next Challenges 10:39 America The Vulnerable: No Access To Water 14:53 Juneteenth National Holiday 18:36 Inspiring America: Love Dad » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews Connect with NBC Nightly News online! NBC News App: https://smart.link/5d0cd9df61b80 Breaking News Alerts: https://link.nbcnews.com/join/5cj/bre… Visit NBCNightlyNews.com: https://nbcnews.to/2wFotQ8 Find Nightly News on Facebook: https://bit.ly/2TZ1PhF Follow Nightly News on Twitter: https://bit.ly/1yFY2s4 Follow Nightly News on Instagram: https://bit.ly/2tEncJD NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. #NBCNews #Obamacare #Covid

 

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – June 16th, 2021

Jun 16, 2021  NBC News

President Biden and Russian President Putin meet face to face in critical summit, a dangerous heat wave hits the western U.S., and the delta variant is predicted to become the dominant U.S. strain. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00 Intro 02:05 Biden & Putin Historic Summit 08:21 Dangerous Heat Wave In The Western U.S. 10:23 COVID-19 Delta Variant Warning 12:47 Rural America Struggles Online 15:20 Housing Shortage 17:00 Transgender Student Rights 19:27 Lester Holt’s Final Thoughts » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews

Special Report: Biden Holds Press Conference | NBC News

Streamed live on Jun 14, 2021  NBC News

Watch live coverage as President Biden holds a press conference after his meeting with Turkish President Erdogan. » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. Connect with NBC News Online!

 

 

President Biden & Vladimir Putin Face Off In Historic Summit | Washington Week | June 18, 2021

Jun 18, 2021  Washington Week PBS

President Biden pressed Russian leader Putin on human rights, climate change, ransomware hacks & more at a summit in Geneva. The panel discussed what their conversation means for the U.S., plus the Supreme Court weighs in on the Affordable Care Act. Panel: Kaitlan Collins of CNN, Pete Williams of NBC News, Anne Gearan of The Washington Post, Garrett Haake of NBC News Watch the latest full show and Extra here: https://pbs.org/washingtonweek Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2ZEPJNs Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonweek Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonweek

 

Biden and Putin’s First Meeting, Republicans Vote No on Juneteenth Holiday: This Week’s News

Jun 18, 2021  The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon

President Biden and Vladimir Putin meet face-to-face for the first time during a high-stakes Geneva summit, and 14 House Republicans vote against making Juneteenth a national holiday. The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon. Stream now on Peacock: https://bit.ly/3gZJaNy Subscribe NOW to The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon: http://bit.ly/1nwT1aN Watch The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon Weeknights 11:35/10:35c Get more The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon: https://www.nbc.com/the-tonight-show JIMMY FALLON ON SOCIAL Follow Jimmy: http://Twitter.com/JimmyFallon Like Jimmy: https://Facebook.com/JimmyFallon Follow Jimmy: https://www.instagram.com/jimmyfallon/

 

Biden and Putin Meet, Jared Kushner’s Book Deal: Late Night’s News of the Week

Jun 18, 2021 Late Night with Seth Meyers

All the news and jokes you missed from the week of June 14. Late Night with Seth Meyers. Stream now on Peacock: https://bit.ly/3erP2gX Subscribe to Late Night: http://bit.ly/LateNightSeth Watch Late Night with Seth Meyers Weeknights 12:35/11:35c on NBC. Get more Late Night with Seth Meyers: http://www.nbc.com/late-night-with-se… LATE NIGHT ON SOCIAL Follow Late Night on Twitter: https://twitter.com/LateNightSeth Like Late Night on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/LateNightSeth Follow Late Night Instagram: http://instagram.com/LateNightSeth Late Night on Tumblr: http://latenightseth.tumblr.com/ Late Night with Seth Meyers on YouTube features A-list celebrity guests, memorable comedy, and topical monologue jokes.

 

Joe Biden’s Summit with Vladimir Putin: A Closer Look

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Putin Meets with Biden After Years with His “Genius” KGBFF Trump & The Jimmy Kimmel LA Bowl!

Jun 16, 2021  Jimmy Kimmel Live

Joe Biden spent the day in Geneva for a much anticipated summit with Vladimir Putin, we revisit the one compliment from Putin that Trump never stopped talking about, Joe Exotic is launching a line of cannabis products from prison, Trump’s son-in-law Jared Kushner has signed on to write a definitive recounting of the Trump Administration and they already secured a respected director to make the film version, the Unintentional Joke of the Day courtesy of Cy Young Award winner Pedro Martinez, and Jimmy makes a huge announcement that the first ever bowl game named after a human being will be hosted on Saturday, December 18th – The Jimmy Kimmel LA Bowl! SUBSCRIBE to get the latest #Kimmel: http://bit.ly/JKLSubscribe Watch Mean Tweets: http://bit.ly/KimmelMT10

 

Reporter SHREDS Putin, leaves him stammering with brutal question

Jun 16, 2021  Brian Tyler Cohen

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Biden’s Grim Meeting With Putin | The Daily Show

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Biden Stands Firm Against Putin, In Contrast To No. 45’s Bootlicking

Jun 16, 2021  The Late Show with Stephen Colbert

President Biden’s firm hand in dealing with Vladimir Putin marked a departure from the nauseating acquiescence our previous president displayed when meeting with the Russian leader. #Colbert #Comedy #Monologue Subscribe To “The Late Show” Channel: http://bit.ly/ColbertYouTube Watch full episodes of “The Late Show”: http://bit.ly/1Puei40 Like “The Late Show” on Facebook: http://on.fb.me/1df139Y Follow “The Late Show” on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1dMzZzG Follow “The Late Show” on Instagram: http://bit.ly/29wfREj Watch The Late Show with Stephen Colbert weeknights at 11:35 PM ET/10:35 PM CT. Only on CBS. — The Late Show with Stephen Colbert is the premier late night talk show on CBS, airing at 11:35pm EST, streaming online via Paramount+, and delivered to the International Space Station on a USB drive taped to a weather balloon. Every night, viewers can expect: Comedy, humor, funny moments, witty interviews, celebrities, famous people, movie stars, bits, humorous celebrities doing bits, funny celebs, big group photos of every star from Hollywood, even the reclusive ones, plus also jokes.

Mike Allen <mike@axios.com> Wed, Jun 16, 2021, 6:53 AM

 

 

Axios AM                       by Mike Allen ·Jun 16, 2021

 

Happy Wednesday! Smart Brevity™ count: 1,190 words … 4½ minutes. Edited by Zachary Basu.

 

 

2. “Red lines” summit

Courtesy TIME
After a bitter blast from Russia’s Vladimir Putin and tough talk from President Biden, both sides agree: Don’t count on much from today’s summit.

·  “We’re not expecting a big set of deliverables out of this meeting,” a senior Biden administration official told reporters on Air Force One from Brussels to Geneva. “No breaking of bread.”

·  “I’m not sure that any agreements will be reached,” Putin foreign policy adviser Yuri Ushakov said.

Biden said this week at his NATO press conference that in areas where he and Putin don’t agree, he’ll “make it clear what the red lines are.”

·  Biden and Putin will greet each other about 7 a.m. ET in Villa La Grange, a mansion in a 75-acre park overlooking Lake Geneva.

·  A Putin news conference is scheduled for noon EDT, followed by a Biden news conference.

Graphic: MSNBC’s “Morning Joe”

Former Russian diplomat Vladimir Frolov told Reuters that Putin wants respectful treatment like members of the Soviet Politburo got in the 1960s-1980s, with “a symbolic recognition of Russia’s geopolitical parity with the U.S.”

·  In contrast to President Trump’s 2018 meeting with Putin in Helsinki, which included a meeting accompanied only by interpreters, Biden and Putin aren’t expected to have any solo dealings.

Go deeper: “Making history: The scramble to document presidents’ summits.”

 

Mike Allen <mike@axios.com>   Wed, Jun 16, 4:37 PM
1 big thing: Feisty finish to Biden-Putin

 

Presidents Biden and Putin shake hands before the summit. Photo: Peter Klaunzer via Getty Images
President Biden arrived in aviator shades, tossed his jacket off and tried a one-liner about invading Russia that he clarified as a joke.

·  In classic Biden fashion, the president used a post-summit news conference to explain a shorter-than-expected meeting with Vladimir Putin that produced few immediate results, Axios’ Margaret Talev, Glen Johnson, Dave Lawler and Zachary Basu report.

Between the lines: There were parallels with Biden’s early approach to his dealings with Congress. He sought common ground while making clear he’ll muscle ahead when they can’t work together.

·  “My agenda is not against Russia” but for the U.S., Biden said in Switzerland.

·  There were “no threats,” no hyperbole — just “simple assertions.” The relationship is “not about trust,” but self-interest and verification.

·  “I did what I came to do,” Biden said, using words like “practical,” “mutual interest” and “benefit the world” — while saying he wanted Putin to hear directly from him what the U.S. considers out of bounds.

·  He said he addressed election interference, cyberattacks, Ukraine, trade, the fate of imprisoned Americans, and the treatment of jailed Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny. If Navalny dies, Biden said, it would be “devastating for Russia.”

In a flash of exasperation at a skeptical question shouted by CNN’s Kaitlan Collins as he left the stage, Biden snapped that when it comes to Putin, “I am not confident he will change his behavior.”

·  Biden later offered a more nuanced explanation to reporters: There’s “a value to being realistic,” he said, while putting on “an optimistic face.”

Speaking Russian at a 55-minute news conference just before Biden’s, Putin called the summit “constructive,” and noted the countries had agreed their ambassadors would imminently return to their posts in Moscow and Washington.

·  “Many of our joint positions are divergent,” Putin said. “I think both sides manifested a determination to try and understand each other and try and converge our positions.”

Go deeper … Fact check: Putin offers baseless claim on cyberattacks (AP)

2. Being there

Photo: Sergei Bobylev via Getty Images

Above: The press view of Putin’s post-summit news conference.

Below: Biden poses with staffers before heading home.

Photo: Brendan Smialowski/AFP via Getty Images

 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-57504755

BBC News: Biden and Putin praise Geneva summit talks but discord remains

Published 6.16.2021

media caption Biden Putin Summit: Decoding the world leaders’ body language

The presidents of the US and Russia have praised their talks in Geneva but have made little concrete progress at the first such meeting since 2018.

Disagreements were stated, said US President Joe Biden, but not in a hyperbolic way, and he said Russia did not want a new Cold War.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said Mr. Biden was an experienced statesman and the two “spoke the same language”.

The talks lasted around three hours, less time than was scheduled.

Mr. Biden said they did not need to spend more time talking and there was now a genuine prospect to improve relations with Russia.

As a gift to the Russian leader, Mr. Biden brought Mr. Putin a custom-made pair of aviator sunglasses, a style favoured by the US president, and a crystal sculpture of a bison. It is unclear whether Mr. Putin gave Mr. Biden a gift. In 2018, the Russian leader gave former President Donald Trump a soccer ball after a meeting in Helsinki, Finland.

The two sides agreed to begin a dialogue on nuclear arms control. They also said they would return ambassadors to each other’s capitals – the envoys were mutually withdrawn for consultations in March, after the US accused Russia of meddling in the 2020 presidential election.

However, there was little sign of agreement on other issues, including cyber-security, Ukraine and the fate of Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, who is currently serving a two-and-a-half-year sentence in a penal colony.

Mr Biden said there would be “devastating consequences” for Russia if Navalny died in prison.

media caption.WATCH: “If you don’t understand that you’re in the wrong business”

What did the leaders discuss?

Before the summit, both sides said relations were at rock bottom.

Mr. Putin hinted at a possible deal on exchanging prisoners, saying he believed compromises could be found.

On cyber-attacks, Mr. Putin brushed away accusations of Russian responsibility, saying that most cyber-attacks in Russia originated from the US.

Mr. Biden said he told Mr. Putin that critical infrastructure, such as water or energy, must be “off-limits” to hacking or other attacks.

“I looked at him and said how would you feel if ransomware took on the pipelines from your oil fields? He said it would matter,” Mr. Biden said, adding that if Russia violated these “basic norms” the US would retaliate.

The two sides differed sharply on human rights, including the right to protest.

Mr. Putin dismissed US concerns about Navalny, who recently undertook a 24-day hunger strike.

He said Navalny had ignored the law and knew he would face imprisonment when he returned to Russia after having sought medical treatment in Germany. Navalny says he was poisoned with a nerve agent on Mr. Putin’s orders – an accusation Mr. Putin denies.

He said Russia did not want disturbances on its territory comparable to the Capitol riots or the Black Lives Matter movement.

Mr. Biden dismissed Mr. Putin’s comments about Black Lives Matter as “ridiculous”, and said human rights would “always be on the table”.

media caption.The Russian president discusses the US president’s calls for “stable and predictable” relations

Asked why Russia would want to co-operate with the US, Mr. Biden said it was “in a very, very difficult spot right now”.

“They are being squeezed by China. They want desperately to remain a major power,” he told reporters, shortly before leaving Geneva.

At one point during his press conference, the US president appeared to nod in response to a reporter who asked if he trusted Mr. Putin. But the White House sent a tweet out soon after saying Mr. Biden was “very clearly not responding to any one question, but nodding in acknowledgment to the press generally”.

When a CNN journalist asked why Mr. Biden was confident Mr. Putin would change his behaviour, the US president became visibly irritated, retorting: “If you don’t understand that, you’re in the wrong business.” He later apologised for being a “wise guy”.

BBC Moscow correspondent Sarah Rainsford says Mr. Putin was keen to underline several times that Russia was a nuclear power – an important country, with an economy smaller than that of the US, but one that still mattered and that was why Mr. Biden had come to talk to him.

A worthy adversary

What is the metric for success following this summit? I think that Joe Biden will see a success as the fact that they engaged in detailed conversations about the knottiest issues around.

I think Mr. Biden – for a domestic audience – also wanted to prove that the ‘America is back’ tour also means ‘I’m not Donald Trump’. And I think he was very keen to underline this in his news conference that I attended a little while ago.

But as Mr. Biden goes back to the US now on Air Force One, he said: “We will respond if Russia doesn’t do what we want, on cyber, on human rights and the rest of it.” But respond how? That’s the bit of it that is unclear.

And I’m sure Mr. Putin returning to Moscow will be thinking: “Well, he said all these things, but what’s he going to do about it?” Mr. Putin has seen down Western leaders before. Maybe he will think that Mr. Biden is a different sort of American president.

But I think that Mr. Putin is going to test his boundaries, and Mr. Biden will eventually have to decide how he is going to respond.

For more information, please visit the following link:

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BBC News – In pictures: World leaders bask in Cornwall sun at G7 summit

Published 6.14.2021

Related Topics  G7 summits

The G7 summit in the resort of Carbis Bay in Cornwall, in the south-west of England, has seen the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the US and UK gather in person for the first time since the pandemic.

Here are pictures from the event.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTSIMON DAWSON/NO 10

image caption The second day of the G7 summit on Saturday took place amid blue skies and summery temperatures – and appropriately wrapped up with a beachside barbecue. Carrie and Boris Johnson’s one-year-old son, Wilfred, was introduced to the guests.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTANDREW PARSONS/NO 10

image caption A display by the RAF’s Red Arrows captivated the G7 leaders.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption Members of the public also turned out to watch the Red Arrows over Carbis Bay.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption Boris Johnson hosted a press conference at the end of the summit – outlining a pledge to donate one billion doses of Covid vaccines to poorer countries.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption After leaving Cornwall, US President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden met the Queen for tea at Windsor Castle.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption Earlier on Sunday, they were pictured attending Mass at a church in St Ives, near the G7 summit venue.

image caption The prime minister was up early on Sunday morning, taking a dip in the sea ahead of the final days of talks.

image caption The prime minister was greeted by his wife Carrie after the swim.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTANDREW PARSONS/NO 10

image caption The tensions of Saturday’s discussions on Northern Ireland appeared to be put aside as French President Emmanuel Macron and Boris Johnson chatted at the barbecue.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTANDREW PARSONS/NO 10

image caption The discussions among the leaders continued earlier in the day – against the stunning backdrop of the Cornish coast.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTSIMON DAWSON/NO 10

image caption Carrie Johnson and US First Lady Jill Biden – as well as France’s Brigitte Macron – visited the open air Minack Theatre on the cliffs at Porthcurno.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption Sunday’s business began with the PM meeting South African President Cyril Ramaphosa.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTEPA

image caption World leaders gather on the beach in Carbis Bay for a photo on Friday, the first day of the summit. Pictured (left to right): Justin Trudeau, Canada’s prime minister; Charles Michel, president of the European Council; US President Joe Biden, Yoshihide Suga, Japan’s prime minister; Boris Johnson, the UK’s prime minister; Mario Draghi, Italy’s prime minister; Emmanuel Macron, France’s president; Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission and Angela Merkel, Germany’s chancellor.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTREUTERS

image caption Most of the discussions over the three day summit are taking place behind closed doors.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTEPA

image caption Mr Johnson greeted France’s President Mr Macron with an elbow bump as their spouses, Carrie Johnson (right) and Brigitte Macron (left), looked on. Global coronavirus vaccinations and climate change are due to be the focus of the summit between the leaders of the seven nations.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTREUTERS

image caption And US President Biden and French President Macron also made the most of the sunny weather on Saturday by posing outside as they met for talks.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption Later on, protesters took part in a mass paddle at Gyllyngvase Beach near Falmouth, as part of a campaign by Surfers Against Sewage.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption Separately, climate change protesters organised by Extinction Rebellion walked through Falmouth’s town centre.

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US Pres Biden meets French Pres Macron at G7, Jun 12, 2021  Associated Press

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PBS NewsHour full episode, June 11, 2021

Jun 11, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Friday on the NewsHour, President Biden meets with other leaders face-to-face to discuss global vaccination efforts and an initiative to increase taxes on the world’s wealthiest, how the Trump administration sought cell phone data from Democratic members of Congress and their families, and two street artists on either side of the sectarian divide in Northern Ireland turn walls into messages. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6

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Jun 11, 2021  NBC News

An NBC News exclusive interview with Russian President Vladimir Putin, President Biden meets with G7 leaders, and Johnson & Johnson told to destroy 60 million vaccine doses. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00 Intro 02:04 NBC News Exclusive: Vladimir Putin Interview 07:46 Royal Welcoming For Biden 09:39 60 Million Vaccine Doses Ruined 11:40 Trump DOJ Under Investigation 13:44 Texas Boat Rescue 15:02 Westminster Dog Show 16:35 Class Of 2021 » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews Connect with NBC Nightly News online! NBC News App: https://smart.link/5d0cd9df61b80 Breaking News Alerts: https://link.nbcnews.com/join/5cj/bre… Visit NBCNightlyNews.com: https://nbcnews.to/2wFotQ8 Find Nightly News on Facebook: https://bit.ly/2TZ1PhF Follow Nightly News on Twitter: https://bit.ly/1yFY2s4 Follow Nightly News on Instagram: https://bit.ly/2tEncJD NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. #NBCNews #Putin #Vaccines

President Joe Biden’s First Overseas Trip | Washington Week | June 11, 2021

Premiered 6 hours ago  Washington Week PBS

President Biden is on his first trip abroad, promoting democracy as he meets with the G7 ahead of a meeting next week with Russia’s Vladimir Putin. The panel discussed the challenges abroad, as well as Vice President Harris’s trip to Central America to deal with immigration. Ed O’Keefe of CBS News co-moderates. Panel: Jonathan Martin of The New York Times, Anna Palmer of Punchbowl News, Vivian Salama of The Wall Street Journal Watch the latest full show and Extra here: https://pbs.org/washingtonweek Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2ZEPJNs Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonweek Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonweek

BBC News: In Pictures-G7 leaders meet at the seaside

Published 6.11.2021

G7 summits

The G7 summit in the resort of Carbis Bay in Cornwall, in the south-west of England, has seen the leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the US and UK gather in person for the first time since the pandemic.

Here are pictures from the event.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTEPA

image captionWorld leaders gather on the beach in Carbis Bay for a photo on Friday, the first day of the summit. Pictured (left to right): Justin Trudeau, Canada’s prime minister; Charles Michel, president of the European Council; US President Joe Biden, Yoshihide Suga, Japan’s prime minister; Boris Johnson, Britain’s prime minister; Mario Draghi, Italy’s prime minister; Emmanuel Macron, France’s president; Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission and Angela Merkel, Germany’s chancellor.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTREUTERS

image caption The leaders began their talks on Friday. Most of the discussions over the three days will take place behind closed doors.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTEPA

image caption Prime Minister Boris Johnson greeted France’s President Emmanuel Macron with an elbow bump as their spouses, Carrie Johnson (right) and Brigitte Macron (left), looked on. Global coronavirus vaccinations and climate change are due to be the focus of the summit between the leaders of the seven nations.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY

image caption All eyes were on the Queen as she joined leaders for a reception at the Eden Project on Friday evening.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption A head of the summit, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and wife Carrie met US President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden. After the meeting, Mr Johnson told the BBC the alliance between the US and the UK should be known as the “indestructible relationship”.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption For some, life has continued more or less as normal in St Ives, Cornwall, this week. Tourists bought fish and chips, and locals took their paddle boards out for a spin. But there is one key difference, as this picture hints at: the neighbouring village of Carbis Bay is hosting some of the world’s most powerful leaders.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption Extra security saw police officers on a rigid inflatable boat in St Ives.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption Also in St Ives, a local bakery got into the spirit of the event with commemorative G7 pasties.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTAARON CHOWN / PA MEDIA

image caption The Duchess of Cambridge was also in town, here with First Lady Jill Biden, looking at the work of children at Connor Downs Academy in Hayle, West Cornwall.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption Mr. Biden and his wife First Lady Jill Biden at Cornwall Airport, Newquay, on Wednesday.

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption The couple, who are on the first foreign trip of Mr. Biden’s presidency, were accompanied by Boris and Carrie Johnson, on a visit to the beach on Thursday.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption Mrs. Biden and Mrs. Johnson took their shoes off on the sand at Carbis Bay, as Wilfred Johnson – Mr. and Mrs. Johnson’s son – looked on.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption They were soon to be joined by other leaders including French President Emmanuel Macron and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau – depicted here on the sand in Newquay by activists from the group Avaaz, calling for the distribution of the Covid-19 vaccine around the world.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau wore a face covering when he arrived on Thursday.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption As did Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, who arrived on Friday.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption French President Emmanuel Macron and his wife Brigitte Macron also arrived on Friday.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption The G7 leaders aren’t the only prominent figures in attendance. President of the European Council Charles Michel wore a face covering adorned with the ring of stars on the EU flag when he arrived.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTPA MEDIA

image caption As did European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen.

 

IMAGE COPYRIGHTGETTY IMAGES

image caption Police lined the street outside a pub decorated with the flags of the G7 countries, as delegates left the Tregenna Castle in Carbis Bay.

 

All pictures are subject to copyright.

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 AP News: Biden urges G-7 leaders to call out and compete with China

By JONATHAN LEMIRE, AAMER MADHANI and JILL LAWLESS39 minutes ago 6.12.2021

 

1 of 8

Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson, center, with from left, Italy’s Prime Minister Mario Draghi, Australia’s Prime Minister Scott Morrison, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa, South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in, US President Joe Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron, Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and President of the European Council Charles Michel during the G7 summit in Cornwall, England, Saturday June 12, 2021. (Leon Neal/Pool via AP)

 

2 of 8

Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson, left, and US President Joe Biden during the G7 summit in Cornwall, England, Saturday June 12, 2021. (Leon Neal/Pool via AP)

 

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President Joe Biden and French President Emmanuel Macron visit during a bilateral meeting at the G-7 summit, Saturday, June 12, 2021, in Carbis Bay, England. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

4 of 8

German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrives at an official welcome at the G7 summit in Carbis Bay, Cornwall, England, Saturday, June 12, 2021. (Leon Neal/Pool Photo via AP)

5 of 8

A security boat patrols off the coast of Carbis Bay, England, Saturday, June 12, 2021, as the G-7 summit takes place. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

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Climate Protestors march in potato sacks with signs during a demonstration in Falmouth, Cornwall, England, Saturday, June 12, 2021. Leaders of the G7 gather for a second day of meetings on Saturday, in which they will discuss COVID-19, climate, foreign policy and the economy. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant

7 of 8

Climate activists from Oxfam, wearing giant heads depicting the leaders of the G7, sit on beach chairs as they participate in an action on Swanpool Beach in Falmouth, Cornwall, England, Saturday, June 12, 2021. Leaders of the G7 gather for a second day of meetings on Saturday, in which they will discuss COVID-19, climate, foreign policy and the economy. Leaders depicted from left, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, U.S. President Joe Biden and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

8 of 8

U.S. President Joe Biden on Saturday met with French President Emmanuel Macron on the sidelines of the G-7 Summit in Cornwall. The meeting came on the second day of the summit, being held in south western England, hosted by Britain. (June 12)

during the G7 summit in Cornwall, England, Saturday June 12, 2021. (Leon Neal/Pool via AP)

 

US Pres Biden meets French Pres Macron at G7

Jun 12, 2021  Associated Press

U.S. President Joe Biden on Saturday met with French President Emmanuel Macron on the sidelines of the G-7 Summit in Cornwall. The meeting came on the second day of the summit, being held in south western England, hosted by Britain. (June 12) Subscribe for more Breaking News: http://smarturl.it/AssociatedPress Website: https://apnews.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/AP Facebook: https://facebook.com/APNews Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/APNews/ ? You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/you…

CARBIS BAY, England (AP) — Leaders of the world’s largest economies unveiled an infrastructure plan Saturday for the developing world to compete with China’s global initiatives, but they were searching for a consensus on how to forcefully to call out Beijing over human rights abuses.

Citing China for its forced labor practices is part of President Joe Biden’s campaign to persuade fellow democratic leaders to present a more unified front to compete economically with Beijing. But while they agreed to work toward competing against China, there was less unity on how adversarial a public position the group should take.

Canada, the United Kingdom and France largely endorsed Biden’s position, while Germany, Italy and the European Union showed more hesitancy during Saturday’s first session of the Group of Seven summit, according to two senior Biden administration officials. The officials who briefed reporters were not authorized to publicly discuss the private meeting and spoke on condition of anonymity.

The communique that summarizes the meeting’s commitments was being written and the contents would not be clear until it was released when the summit ended Sunday. White House officials said late Saturday that they believed that China, in some form, could be called out for “nonmarket policies and human rights abuses.”

In his first summit as president, Biden made a point of carving out one-on-one-time with the leaders, bouncing from French president Emmanuel Macron to German chancellor Angela Merkel to Italian prime minister Mario Draghi, a day after meeting with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson as if to personally try to ward off memories of the chaos that his predecessor would often bring to these gatherings.

Macron told Biden that collaboration was needed on a range of issues and told the American president that “it’s great to have a U.S. president part of the club and very willing to cooperate.” Relations between the allies had become strained during the four years of Donald Trump’s presidency and his “America first” foreign policy.

Merkel, for her part, downplayed differences on China and the Nord Stream 2 pipeline which would transport natural gas from Russia to Germany, bypassing Ukraine.

“The atmosphere is very cooperative, it is characterized by mutual interest,” Merkel said. “There are very good, constructive and very vivid discussions in the sense that one wants to work together.”

White House officials have said Biden wants the leaders of the G-7 nations — the U.S., Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Japan and Italy — to speak in a single voice against forced labor practices targeting China’s Uyghur Muslims and other ethnic minorities. Biden hopes the denunciation will be part of a joint statement to be released Sunday when the summit ends, but some European allies are reluctant to split so forcefully with Beijing.

China had become one of the more compelling sublots of the wealthy nations’ summit, their first since 2019. Last year’s gathering was canceled because of COVID-19, and recovery from the pandemic is dominating this year’s discussions, with leaders expected to commit to sharing at least 1 billion vaccine shots with struggling countries.

The allies also took the first steps in presenting an infrastructure proposal called “Build Back Better for the World,” a name echoing Biden’s campaign slogan. The plan calls for spending hundreds of billions of dollars in collaboration with the private sector while adhering to climate standards and labor practices.

It’s designed to compete with China’s trillion-dollar “Belt and Road Initiative,” which has launched a network of projects and maritime lanes that snake around large portions of the world, primarily Asia and Africa. Critics say China’s projects often create massive debt and expose nations to undue influence by Beijing.

Britain also wants the world’s democracies to become less reliant on the Asian economic giant. The U.K. government said Saturday’s discussions would tackle “how we can shape the global system to deliver for our people in support of our values,” including by diversifying supply chains that currently heavily depend on China.

Not every European power has viewed China in as harsh a light as Biden, who has painted the rivalry with China as the defining competition for the 21st century. But there are some signs that Europe is willing to impose greater scrutiny.

Before Biden took office in January, the European Commission announced it had come to terms with Beijing on a deal meant to provide Europe and China with greater access to each other’s markets. The Biden administration had hoped to have consultations on the pact.

But the deal has been put on hold, and the European Union in March announced sanctions targeting four Chinese officials involved with human rights abuses in Xinjiang. Beijing responded with penalties on several members of the European Parliament and other Europeans critical of the Chinese Communist Party.

Biden administration officials see an opportunity to take concrete action to speak out against China’s reliance on forced labor as an “affront to human dignity.”

While calling out China in the G-7 communique would not create any immediate penalties for Beijing, one senior administration official said the action would send a message that the leaders were serious about defending human rights and working together to eradicate the use of forced labor.

An estimated 1 million people or more — most of them Uyghurs — have been confined in reeducation camps in China’s western Xinjiang region in recent years, according to researchers. Chinese authorities have been accused of imposing forced labor, systematic forced birth control, torture and separating children from incarcerated parents.

Beijing rejects allegations that it is committing crimes.

Johnson, the summit host, also welcomed the leaders from “guest nations” South Korea, Australia and South Africa, as well as the head of the United Nations, to the summit to “intensify cooperation between the world’s democratic and technologically advanced nations.”

The leaders planned to attend a barbecue Saturday night, complete with toasted marshmallows, hot buttered rum and a performance by a sea shanty troupe.

India was also invited but its delegation is not attending in person because of the severe coronavirus outbreak in the country.

Biden ends the trip Wednesday by meeting in Geneva with Russia’s Vladimir Putin. The White House announced Saturday that they will not hold a joint news conference afterward, which removes the opportunity for comparisons to the availability that followed Trump and Putin’s 2018 Helsinki summit, in which Trump sided with Moscow over his own intelligence agencies. Only Biden will address the news media after the meeting.

Putin, in an interview with NBC News, said the U.S.-Russia relationship had “deteriorated to its lowest point in recent years.”

He added that while Trump was a “talented” and “colorful” person, Biden was a “career man” in politics, which has “some advantages, some disadvantages, but there will not be any impulse-based movements” by the U.S. president.

___

Lemire reported from Plymouth, England. Associated Press writers Danica Kirka and Sylvia Hui in Falmouth, England, contributed to this report.

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Ing’s Street Art: Elephant Bath, Bodhi First Time Plays Out Side the house with Brother Kai and Friend, Jacob

Ing’s Street Art: Elephant Bath, Bodhi First Time Plays Out Side the house with Brother Kai and Friend, Jacob

Ing’s Street Art: Elephant Bath,

Bodhi First Time Plays Out Side the house with Brother Kai and Friend, Jacob

Thursday, May 20, 2021 at Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey

Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

 

As usual, my husband, John Watts helps me hang one of my artworks, Elephant Bath, on our shop gate.

                                                    

 

While I am taking the photos, Kai, our five-year-old grandson, is helping me prevent the little one from walking to far away from our shop.  But Bodhi likes to walk away from us.

 

 

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this is the first time that Bodhi has come out of the house.  He is interested in every thing.  He stops walking to watch grandpa John hang Grandma Ing ‘s artwork.

 

 

Bodhi decides to go in the house by himself.  He cannot walk upright climbing the steps, so he crawls up.  Kai runs in to help Bodhi.

 

 

For a short time, I see Bodhi coming out by the door.  Kai comes out and tries to get Bodhi back into the house.

 

 

Bodhi resists, but holds on to Kai’s arm to get himself down the next step.  Until he able to get to the side walk, he pulls his arm free from Kai and runs away.  Bodhi is only one year and two-month-old but very determined and physically strong.  He able to free himself from his brother.  I keep a close eye on my two grandsons’ activities, to be sure that they are not in danger.  But I like to observe their behavior and see how they solve problems.  

 

 

John is finished hanging my artwork.  I take a few of my tall trees to create a forest atmosphere, where elephants live.  I only hope that we remain and maintain the forests all over the world, instead of cutting them down for human consumption, leaving nothing for other creatures that live on this planet.

 

 

It is nice to see a policeman riding a horse on the street. 

 

 

Bodhi tries to get into the restaurant next door while Kai tries to prevent him.

 

 

After the hard work, John is resting in our backyard garden under the rose bush.  This is the first rose bloom of this year.  The first roses are much larger than the following blossoms.

 

 

My eyes passing a large pink rose, as I view John’s large sculpture next to the grapevines and avocado trees.

 

 

At 3:30 P.M. on the days that Kai and Bodhi stay with us, Kai sees his friend, Jacob.  They play with each other at the Rutgers campus.  This time I take Bodhi with me to join Kai and Jacob.

 

 

Bodhi is so happy to be walking outdoors.  If he could, he probably would run with Kai and Jacob.

 

 

Bodhi never stop walking.

 

 

Jacob is having a good time teasing Bodhi.

 

 

This person says Hello to Bodhi.  Bodhi stops walking and look back at that person.

 

 

Bodhi walks up to the Rutgers sign.  He is curious about the large red letters.  I think he may become another Rutgers student.  Bodhi’s father, his grandpa Jim and his mother graduated from Rutgers University, as did I, with degree in Chemistry in 1976.  Bodhi’s Grandpa John was teaching pottery classes at Rutgers in Newark for many years.    

  

 

🙂 FRIENDS 🙂

 

 

Time to go home, Kai and Jacob help to get Bodhi’s carriage for me.  Bodhi is quite tired and wants to drink his milk.

 

 

The children are having very good time running playing hide and seek and other games.  Bodhi is having a good experience outdoors in a small park. 

With more people are having vaccination in USA, it seems like we are reaching a normalcy that we are too busy to appreciate until we lose it.

 

 

Hi Mali,

Please view the attachment, I hope you like it.  We were very busy today.  Your Daddy had to fix the leaking gas valve in the kitchen.  I spent time helping him move the stove & other things to clear the area.  Unfortunately, the microwave does not work.  I tried to finish your birthday card with little time to do so.

Happy Birthday Mali, look at the bright side, the kids will grow up along with you.  Then you will have more time to sleep and two pairs of helping hands.

Love,

Mom & Daddy  

Sunday, 6.6.2021

Yesterday was our daughter birthday.  She is Kai and Bodhi’s mother.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, June 8, 2021

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PBS News, NBC News, TED-Electronic pills that could transform how we treat disease, You are your microbes & More, Live Science-Human brain, and Colossal

PBS News, NBC News, TED-Electronic pills that could transform how we treat disease, You are your microbes & More, Live Science-Human brain, and Colossal

PBS NewsHour full episode, May 28, 2021 

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – May 27th, 2021 

TED: Khalil Ramadi Electronic pills that could transform how we treat disease?  2021-05-25

TED: Bianca Tylek – The multibillion dollar us prison industry and how to dismantle it?

TED: Rohan Pavuluri – How to empower people to solve their own legal problems?

TED: Peter Paccone – How do us supreme court justices get appointed?

TED: Steven Allison – Earth’s original inhabitants and their role in combating climate change, 2021-04-19

TED:  Henna Maria Uusitupa – How the gut microbes you reborn with affect your lifelong health?

TED: Dan Knights – How we study the microbes living in your gut#t-513930?

TED: Rob Knight – How our microbes make us who we are#t-1025438?

TED-Ed: Jessica Green and Karen Guillemin – You are your microbes.

Live Science – Human brain: Facts, functions & anatomy                                                                                                                                                  by Tanya Lewis – Staff WriterAshley P. Taylor – Live Science Contributor

Colossal – Jewels in the Night Sea: Luminous Plankton Captured in the Dark Waters off the South Coast of Japan, AUGUST 17, 2018  KATE SIERZPUTOWSKI

PBS NewsHour full episode, May 28, 2021

May 28, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Friday on the NewsHour, Republican senators block the push for an independent investigation into the mob attack on the capitol on January 6. The western U.S. faces a critical shortage of water as the threats of wildfires loom on the horizon. Then, David Brooks and Jonathan Capehart analyze the failure to investigate the insurrection, how QAnon is breaking up families, and the Biden budget. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS Why a commission to investigate Jan. 6 was not established https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0nWu… News Wrap: News Wrap: Air travel to see pre-pandemic highs this weekend https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1KJX… Remembering the victims of the San Jose mass shooting https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mVouo… Former NJ Gov. Kean ‘sad’ that GOP blocked Jan. 6 commission https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEYD2… 2021 could be one of the driest years in a millennium https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-qDYi… 15% of Americans believe outlandish QAnon conspiracies https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Zd75… Brooks and Capehart on Jan. 6 commission vote, Biden budget https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYbv-… In memory of 5 amazing Americans lost to COVID https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XX-KN… How art is retelling the powerful stories of Tulsa massacre https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4UNG… Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newshour Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/newshour Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/podcasts Newsletters: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/subscribe

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – May 27th, 2021

May 27, 2021  NBC News

The latest on the deadly San Jose rail yard shooting, Ohio announces the first winner of $1 million vaccine lottery, and a California health official urges caution for Memorial Day weekend. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00 Intro 01:59 San Jose Shooting 04:25 Memorial Day Travel Rush 08:00 Mother Of Capitol Hill Officer Urges Commission 09:52 Cybersecurity Crackdown 11:29 Anti-Asian Hate Crimes 13:27 Tulsa Confronts Trauma Of Massacre 16:52 Lost Submarines Of WWII » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews Connect with NBC Nightly News online! NBC News App: https://smart.link/5d0cd9df61b80 Breaking News Alerts: https://link.nbcnews.com/join/5cj/bre… Visit NBCNightlyNews.com: https://nbcnews.to/2wFotQ8 Find Nightly News on Facebook: https://bit.ly/2TZ1PhF Follow Nightly News on Twitter: https://bit.ly/1yFY2s4 Follow Nightly News on Instagram: https://bit.ly/2tEncJD NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. #NBCNews #MemorialDay #Tulsa

Could a small jolt of electricity to your gut help treat chronic diseases? Medical hacker and TED Fellow Khalil Ramadi is developing a new, noninvasive therapy that could treat diseases like diabetes, obesity, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s with an electronic pill. More targeted than a traditional pill and less invasive than surgery, these micro-devices contain electronics that deliver “bionudges” — bursts of electrical or chemical stimuli — to the gut, potentially helping control appetite, aid digestion, regulate hormones — and even stimulate happiness in the brain.

This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Khalil Ramadi · Medical hacker

Khalil Ramadi builds medical technologies that leverage the connection between the brain and the gut.

MORE RESOURCES

WATCH

TED Fellows: Shape Your Future

This groundbreaking selection of talks from the TED Fellows are snapshots of influential, new ideas from leading voices in medicine, human rights, conservation, astrophysics, education and beyond. Dive in to discover what (and who) is shaping your future.

More at ted.com/shapeyourfuture ?

A phone call to a US prison or jail can cost up to a dollar per minute — a rate that forces one in three families with incarcerated loved ones into debt. In this searing talk about mass incarceration, criminal justice advocate and TED Fellow Bianca Tylek exposes the predatory nature of the billion-dollar prison telecom industry and presents straightforward strategies to dismantle the network of corporations that has a financial interest in seeing more people behind bars for longer periods of time.

This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Bianca Tylek · Criminal justice advocate

Bianca Tylek is dismantling the US prison industry.

ThePrisonIndustry

MORE RESOURCES

The Prison Industry: How it started. How it works. How it harms.

Worth Rises

Blurb (2021)

WATCH

TED Fellows: Shape Your Future

 

This groundbreaking selection of talks from the TED Fellows are snapshots of influential, new ideas from leading voices in medicine, human rights, conservation, astrophysics, education and beyond. Dive in to discover what (and who) is shaping your future.

More at ted.com/shapeyourfuture ?

TAKE ACTION

PARTICIPATE

Donate to Worth Rises to join the fight against the prison industry.

Learn more ?

JOIN

Take action for prison phone justice to connect families and their incarcerated loved ones.

Learn more ?

LEARN

Demand that Tom Gores either sell Securus or the Detroit Pistons.

Learn more ?

28,892 views

TED Fellows: Shape Your Future | May 2021

If you can’t afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you, right? Not in US civil court. From high legal fees to confusing paperwork and expensive lawyers, it can be difficult to settle civil matters. Entrepreneur and TED Fellow Rohan Pavuluri is working to streamline cumbersome legal processes with an app that empowers people to solve their own legal problems.

This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Rohan Pavuluri · Civil rights entrepreneur

Rohan Pavuluri helps American families navigate an increasingly complex and expensive legal system.

There’s a job out there with a great deal of power, pay, prestige, and near-perfect job-security. And there’s only one way to be hired: get appointed to the US Supreme Court. But how do US Supreme Court Justices actually get that honor? Peter Paccone outlines the difficult process of getting a seat on the highest bench in the country. [Directed by Hernando Bahamon, narrated by Addison Anderson, music by Manuel Borda].

MEET THE EDUCATOR

Peter Paccone · Educator

ABOUT TED-ED

TED-Ed Original lessons feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators.

TED-Ed | November 2016

Every environment on the planet — from forested mountaintops to scorching deserts and even the human gut — has a microbiome that keeps it healthy and balanced. Ecologist Steven Allison explores how these extraordinarily adaptable, diverse collections of microorganisms could help solve big global problems like climate change and food insecurity — and makes the case for getting to know Earth’s original inhabitants in fascinating ways.

This talk was presented to a local audience at TEDxUCIrvine, an independent event. TED’s editors chose to feature it for you.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Steven D. Allison · Ecologist

For Steven Allison, it’s no longer sufficient to just study the natural world — we must make sure our world stays ecologically sound for generations to come.

TAKE ACTION

PARTICIPATE

Volunteer or donate to restore habitat with groups like The Nature Conservancy.

Learn more ?

ABOUT TEDX

TEDx was created in the spirit of TED’s mission, “ideas worth spreading.” It supports independent organizers who want to create a TED-like event in their own community.

Find a TEDx event near you ?

TEDxUCIrvine | October 2020

Your lifelong health may have been decided the day you were born, says microbiome researcher Henna-Maria Uusitupa. In this fascinating talk, she shows how the gut microbes you acquire during birth and as an infant impact your health into adulthood — and discusses new microbiome research that could help tackle problems like obesity and diabetes.

This talk was presented at a TED Institute event given in partnership with DuPont. TED editors featured it among our selections on the home page. Read more about the TED Institute.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Henna-Maria Uusitupa · Microbiome researcher

Henna-Maria Uusitupa investigates innovative solutions to minimize health risks that infants might have due to disruptions in microbiota development.

 ABOUT TED INSTITUTE

Every year, TED works with a group of select companies and foundations to identify internal ideators, inventors, connectors, and creators. Drawing on the same rigorous regimen that has prepared speakers for the TED main stage, TED Institute works closely with each partner, overseeing curation and providing intensive one-on-one talk development to sharpen and fine tune ideas. The culmination is an event produced, recorded, and hosted by TED, generating a growing library of valuable TED Talks that can spur innovation and transform organizations.

Learn more about TED Institute

TED@DuPont | September 2019

There are about a hundred trillion microbes living inside your gut — protecting you from infection, aiding digestion and regulating your immune system. As our bodies have adapted to life in modern society, we’ve started to lose some of our normal microbes; at the same time, diseases linked to a loss of diversity in microbiome are skyrocketing in developed nations. Computational microbiologist Dan Knights shares some intriguing discoveries about the differences in the microbiomes of people in developing countries compared to the US, and how they might affect our health. Learn more about the world of microbes living inside you — and the work being done to create tools to restore and replenish them.

This video was produced by TEDMED. TED’s editors featured it among our daily selections on the home page.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Dan Knights · Computational microbiologist

Dan Knights develops computational methods for doing precision medicine with gut bacterial communities, or microbiomes, and he applies those methods to study human disease.

TEDMED 2017 | November 2017

Rob Knight is a pioneer in studying human microbes, the community of tiny single-cell organisms living inside our bodies that have a huge — and largely unexplored — role in our health. “The three pounds of microbes that you carry around with you might be more important than every single gene you carry around in your genome,” he says. Find out why.

This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.

ABOUT THE SPEAKER

Rob Knight · Microbial ecologist

Rob Knight explores the unseen microbial world that exists literally right under our noses — and everywhere else on (and in) our bodies.

MORE RESOURCES

Follow Your Gut

Rob Knight

TED Books (2015)

FURTHER READING

How the microbiome shapes our world

Rob Knight talks to biologist Jonathan Eisen and biodiversity scientist Jessica Green about the latest research on complex microbial ecosystems — out in the world and inside our guts.

More at ideas.ted.com ?

From the microbes in our stomachs to the ones on our teeth we are homes to millions of unique and diverse communities which help our bodies function. Jessica Green and Karen Guillemin emphasize the importance of understanding the many organisms that make up each and every organism. [Directed by Celine Keller and Paula Spagnoletti, narrated by Jessica Green].

MEET THE EDUCATOR

Jessica Green · Engineer and biodiversity scientist

Jessica Green wants people to understand the important role microbes play in every facet of our lives: climate change, building ecosystems, human health, even roller derby — using nontraditional tools like art, animation and film to help people visualize the invisible world.

ABOUT TED-ED

TED-Ed Original lessons feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators.

1,801,761 views

TED-Ed | January 2013

Live Science: Human brain: Facts, functions & anatomy

By Tanya Lewis – Staff WriterAshley P. Taylor – Live Science Contributor 

The human brain is the command center for the human nervous system.

A medical illustration of the human brain from ‘Quain’s Elements of Anatomy, Eighth Edition, Vol.II’ (by William Sharpey MD, LLD, FRS L&E, Allen Thomson, MD, LLD, FRS L&E, and Edward Albert Schafer) depicts the right half of the brain, 1876. (Image credit: Vintage MedStock/Getty Images)

The human brain is the command center for the human nervous system. It receives signals from the body’s sensory organs and outputs information to the muscles. The human brain has the same basic structure as other mammal brains but is larger in relation to body size than the brains of many other mammals, such as dolphins, whales and elephants.

HOW MUCH DOES A HUMAN BRAIN WEIGH?

The human brain weighs about 3 lbs. (1.4 kilograms) and makes up about 2% of a human’s body weight. On average, male brains are about 10% larger than female brains, according to Northwestern Medicine in Illinois. The average male has a brain volume of nearly 78 cubic inches (1,274 cubic centimeters), while the average female brain has a volume of 69 cubic inches (1,131 cubic cm). The cerebrum, which is the main part of the brain located in the front area of the skull, makes up 85% of the brain’s weight.

HOW MANY BRAIN CELLS DOES A HUMAN HAVE?

The human brain contains about 86 billion nerve cells (neurons) — called “gray matter,” according to a 2012 study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The brain also has about the same number of non-neuronal cells, such as the oligodendrocytes that insulate neuronal axons with a myelin sheath. This gives axons (thin strands through which electrical impulses are transmitted between neurons) a white appearance, and so these axons are called the brain’s “white matter.”

OTHER COOL FACTS ABOUT THE BRAIN

  • The brain can’t multitask, according to the Dent Neurologic Institute. Instead, it switches between tasks, which increases errors and makes things take longer.
  • The human brain triples in size during the first year of life and reaches full maturity at about age 25.
  • Humans use all of the brain all of the time, not just 10% of it.
  • The brain is 60% fat, according to Northwestern Medicine.
  • The human brain can generate 23 watts of electrical power — enough to fuel a small lightbulb.

Do Scientists Understand The Human Brain?  | Video

“We might someday figure out how the brain works” says NYU neuroscientist Gary Marcus, co-author of “The Future of the Brain”, in this exclusive interview with Live Science’s Bahar Gholipour. Marcus breaks down the latest advancements in neuroscience and explains where these discoveries are coming from.

ANATOMY OF THE HUMAN BRAIN

The largest part of the human brain is the cerebrum, which is divided into two hemispheres, according to the Mayfield Clinic. Each hemisphere consists of four lobes: the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital. The rippled surface of the cerebrum is called the cortex. Underneath the cerebrum lies the brainstem, and behind that sits the cerebellum.

The frontal lobe is important for cognitive functions, such as thought and planning ahead, and for the control of voluntary movement. The temporal lobe generates memories and emotions. The parietal lobe integrates input from different senses and is important for spatial orientation and navigation. Visual processing takes place in the occipital lobe, near the back of the skull.

The brainstem connects to the spinal cord and consists of the medulla oblongata, pons and midbrain. The primary functions of the brainstem include relaying information between the brain and the body; supplying most of the cranial nerves to the face and head; and performing critical functions in controlling the heart, breathing and levels of consciousness (it’s involved in controlling wake and sleep cycles).

Human brain anatomy.  (Image credit: Mark Garlick/Getty Images)

Between the cerebrum and brainstem lie the thalamus and hypothalamus. The thalamus relays sensory and motor signals to the cortex. Except for olfaction (sense of smell), every sensory system sends information through the thalamus to the cortex, according to the online textbook, “Neuroanatomy, Thalamus” (StatPublishing, 2020). The hypothalamus connects the nervous system to the endocrine system — where hormones are produced — via the pituitary gland.

The cerebellum lies beneath the cerebrum and has important functions in motor control. It plays a role in coordination and balance and may also have some cognitive functions.

The brain also has four interconnected cavities, called ventricles, which produce what’s called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This fluid circulates around the brain and spinal cord, cushioning it from injury, and is eventually absorbed into the bloodstream.

In addition to cushioning the central nervous system, CSF clears waste from the brain. In what’s called the glymphatic system, waste products from the interstitial fluid surrounding brain cells move into the CSF and away from the brain, according to the Society for Neuroscience. Studies suggest this waste clearance process mostly happens during sleep. In a 2013 Science paper, researchers reported that when mice were asleep, their interstitial spaces expanded by 60%, and the brain’s glymphatic system cleared beta-amyloid (the protein that makes up Alzheimer’s disease’s hallmark plaques) faster than when the rodents were awake. Clearing potentially neurotoxic waste from the brain or “taking out the trash” through the glymphatic system could be one reason that sleep is so important, the authors suggested in their paper.

Is The Human Brain Just a Computer? One Neuroscientist Thinks So

In recent years, much of the scientific community has backed away from the ‘computational engine’ comparison, citing the brain’s extreme complexity. But NYU neuroscientist Gary Marcus, co-author of “The Future of the Brain,” thinks “we’ve given up too soon,” in this chat with Live Science’s Bahar Gholipour. PLAY SOUND

IS BRAIN SIZE LINKED TO INTELLIGENCE?

Overall brain size doesn’t correlate with level of intelligence for non-human animals. For instance, the brain of a sperm whale is more than five times heavier than the human brain, but humans are considered to be of higher intelligence than sperm whales. A more accurate measure of an animal’s likely intelligence is the ratio between the size of the brain and body size, although not even that measure puts humans in first place: The tree shrew has the highest brain-to-body ratio of any mammal, according to BrainFacts.org, a website produced by the Society for Neuroscience.

Among humans, brain size doesn’t indicate a person’s level of intelligence. Some geniuses in their field have smaller-than-average brains, while others have brains that are larger than average, according to Christof Koch, a neuroscientist and president of the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle. For example, compare the brains of two highly acclaimed writers. The Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev’s brain was found to weigh 71 ounces (2,021 grams), while the brain of French writer Anatole France weighed only 36 ounces (1,017 g).

Brain size doesn’t indicate a person’s intelligence.   (Image credit: Shutterstock)

The reason behind humans’ intelligence, in part, is neurons and folds. Humans have more neurons per unit volume than other animals, and the only way they can all fit within the brain’s layered structure is to make folds in the outer layer, or cortex, said Dr. Eric Holland, a neurosurgeon and cancer biologist at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington.

“The more complicated a brain gets, the more gyri and sulci, or wiggly hills and valleys, it has,” Holland told Live Science. Other intelligent animals, such as monkeys and dolphins, also have these folds in their cortex, whereas mice have smooth brains, he said.

How the brain is integrated also seems to matter when it comes to intelligence. A genius among geniuses, Albert Einstein had an average size brain; researchers suspect his mind-boggling cognitive abilities may have stemmed from its high connectivity, with several pathways connecting distant regions of his brain, Live Science previously reported.

Humans also have the largest frontal lobes of any animal, Holland said. The frontal lobes are associated with higher-level functions such as self-control, planning, logic and abstract thought — basically, “the things that make us particularly human,” he said.

WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE LEFT BRAIN AND RIGHT BRAIN?

The human brain is divided into two hemispheres, the left and right, connected by a bundle of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum. The hemispheres are strongly, though not entirely, symmetrical. Generally, the left brain controls the muscles on the right side of the body, and the right brain controls the left side. One hemisphere may be slightly dominant, as with left- or right-handedness.

Related: What’s the difference between the right brain and the left brain?

The popular notions about “left brain” and “right brain” qualities are generalizations that are not well supported by evidence. However, there are some important differences between these areas. The left brain contains regions that are involved in language production and comprehension (called Broca’s area and Wernicke’s area, respectively) and is also associated with mathematical calculation and fact retrieval, Holland said. The right brain plays a role in visual and auditory processing, spatial skills and artistic ability — more instinctive or creative things, Holland said — though these functions involve both hemispheres. “Everyone uses both halves all the time,” he said.

The human brain has two hemispheres, which are popularly considered to be responsible for completely different set of skills, but there’s little scientific research to support that notion.  (Image credit: Dimitri Otis/Getty Images)

BRAIN INITIATIVE

In April 2013, President Barack Obama announced a scientific grand challenge known as the BRAIN Initiative, short for Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies. The $100-million-plus effort aimed to develop new technologies to produce a dynamic picture of the human brain, from the level of individual cells to complex circuits.

Like other major science efforts, such as the Human Genome Project, the significant expense is usually worth the investment, Holland said. Scientists hope the increased understanding will lead to new ways to treat, cure and prevent brain disorders.

The project contains members from several government agencies, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), as well as private research organizations, including the Allen Institute for Brain Science and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

In May 2013, the project’s backers outlined their goals in the journal Science. In September 2014, the NIH announced $46 million in BRAIN Initiative grants. Industry members pledged another $30 million to support the effort, and major foundations and universities also agreed to apply more than $240 million of their own research toward BRAIN Initiative goals.

When the project was announced, President Obama convened a commission to evaluate the ethical issues involved in research on the brain. In May 2014, the commission released the first half of its report, calling for ethics to be integrated early and explicitly in neuroscience research, Live Science previously reported. In March 2015, the commission released the second half of the report, which focused on issues of cognitive enhancement, informed consent and using neuroscience in the legal system, Live Science reported.

The Brain Initiative has achieved several of its goals. As of 2018, the NIH has “invested more than $559 million in the research of more than 500 scientists,” and Congress appropriated “close to $400 million in NIH funding for fiscal year 2018,” according to the initiative’s website. The research funding facilitated the development of new brain-imaging and brain-mapping tools, and helped create the BRAIN Initiative Cell Census Network (BICCN) — an effort to catalog the brain’s “parts’ list.” The BICCN released its first results in November 2018.

Beyond a parts list, the BRAIN Initiative is working to develop a detailed picture of the circuits in the brain. For example, in 2020, BRAIN Initiative researchers published a study in the journal Neuron, reporting that they had developed a system, tested in mice, to control and monitor circuit activity at any depth in the brain. Previous efforts could only examine circuits close to the surface of the brain. Also in 2020, the initiative’s Machine Intelligence from Cortical Networks (MICrONS) program, an effort to map circuits in the cortex, launched a website where researchers can share their data, including electron microscopy images of circuits.

Since 2019, the initiative has sponsored a photo and video contest in which initiative researchers are invited to submit eye-catching depictions of the brain. Check out the 2020 winners on the Brain Initiative website.

DOES THE BRAIN STAY ALIVE AFTER A PERSON DIES?

April 2019 marked a milestone for both the initiative and neuroscience research at large: BRAIN Initiative researcher Nenad Sestan, of the Yale School of Medicine, published a report in the journal Nature, revealing that his research team had restored circulation and some cellular functions to pig brains four hours after the animals’ deaths, Live Science previously reported. The results challenged the prevailing view that brain cells are suddenly and irreversibly damaged shortly after the heart stops beating. The researchers did not observe any signs of consciousness in the brains, nor were they trying to; on the contrary, the researchers injected pig brains with chemicals that mimicked blood flow and also blocked neurons from firing. The researchers emphasized that they did not bring the pig brains back to life. They did, however, restore some of their cellular activity.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

This article was updated on May 28, 2021 by Live Science contributor Ashley P. Taylor.

For more information, please visit the following link:

https://www.livescience.com/29365-human-brain.html

Jewels in the Night Sea: Luminous Plankton Captured in the Dark Waters off the South Coast of Japan

 Colossal – Jewels in the Night Sea: Luminous Plankton Captured in the Dark Waters off the South Coast of Japan

AUGUST 17, 2018  KATE SIERZPUTOWSKI

Larval fish of Dendrochirus, all images copyright Ryo Minemizu

Japanese marine life photographer Ryo Minemizu focuses his lens on some of the tiniest and most abundant life forms in our oceans. His series Phenomenons explores the diverse beauty and extravagant colors of plankton, and is shot amongst the dark waters of the Osezaki sea near Mount Fuji and other coasts around Japan, the Philippines and Maldives. To capture the small creatures Minemizu sets his shutter speed to just a fraction of a second, while ensuring that his own movements don’t disturb the surrounding organisms.

“Plankton symbolize how precious life is by their tiny existence,” he explains. “I wanted other people to see them as they are in the sea, so it was my motivation from the beginning to shoot plankton underwater, which is quite a challenge. Most plankton are small, and their movements are hard to predict.”

His solo exhibition Jewels in the Night Sea begins a three-city tour at Canon Gallery in Ginza, Tokyo from August 20-29, 2018. It will then move to Cannon galleries in Nagoya and Osaka from September 6-12 and September 20-26, 2018. You can see more of Minemizu’s underwater photography on Instagram and Twitter. Select prints from his Phenomenons series are available in his online shop. (via This Isn’t Happiness)

Abdominal fin of an unconventional trough pattern is large enough to ensure buoyancy. Body length: 35mm

Unknown a larval Gymnapogon

This fish resembles a color and a way to swim like a flatworm/body length 20mm

Batesian mimicry, larval fish of Soleichthys

Unlike as now that being shed by the tide, when it comes to adults it is not moving at the bottom of the deep sea.

Larval Tripod fish

A kind of Paralepididae, which is approaching with interest in the light.

The Paralepididae

Hyperiidea on Nausithoe jellyfish

Larval Barred soapfish

The paddle of zoea larva of Lysmata

Megalopa larva of Eplumula phalangium

Larva of Pleurobranchaea

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