Remembering Madeleine Albright, First Woman to Become Secretary of State of U.S.A. Part 1

Remembering Madeleine Albright, First Woman to Become Secretary of State of U.S.A. Part 1

Madeleine Jana Korbel Albright[1] (born Marie Jana Korbelová; May 15, 1937 – March 23, 2022)[2][3] was an American diplomat and political scientist who served as the 64th United States secretary of state in the Clinton administration from 1997 to 2001. A member of the Democratic Party, Albright was the first woman to hold the post.[4]

Albright immigrated with her family to the United States in 1948 from Communist Czechoslovakia. Her father, diplomat Josef Korbel, settled the family in Denver, Colorado, and she became a U.S. citizen in 1957.[5][6] Albright graduated from Wellesley College in 1959 and earned a PhD from Columbia University in 1975, writing her thesis on the Prague Spring.[7] She worked as an aide to Senator Edmund Muskie before taking a position under Zbigniew Brzezinski on the National Security Council. She served in that position until 1981, when President Jimmy Carter left office.[8]

After leaving the National Security Council, Albright joined the academic faculty of Georgetown University and advised Democratic candidates regarding foreign policy. After Bill Clinton‘s victory in the 1992 presidential election, Albright helped assemble his National Security Council.

Vice President Al Gore swears in Madeleine Albright as the nation’s first female secretary of state on Jan. 23, 1997.                  Diana Walker—Getty Images

President Clinton appointed her United States ambassador to the United Nations from 1993 to 1997, a position she held until elevation as secretary of state. Secretary Albright served in that capacity until Clinton left office in 2001.

Albright served as chair of the Albright Stonebridge Group, a consulting firm, and was the Michael and Virginia Mortara Endowed Distinguished Professor in the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.[9] 

Albright received the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama at the White House on May 29, 2012.                                                                 Alex Wong/Getty Images  

She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.S. president Barack Obama in May 2012.[10] Albright served on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations.[11]

Madeleine Albright in childhood

Early life and career

Albright was born Marie Jana Korbelová in 1937 in the Smíchov district of PragueCzechoslovakia.[12] Her parents were Josef Korbel, a Czech diplomat, and Anna Korbel (née Spieglová).[13] At the time of Albright’s birth, Czechoslovakia had been independent for less than 20 years, having gained independence from Austria-Hungary after World War I. Her father was a supporter of Tomáš Masaryk and Edvard Beneš.[14] Marie Jana had a younger sister Katherine[15] and a younger brother John (these versions of their names are Anglicized).[16]

When Marie Jana was born, her father was serving as a press-attaché at the Czechoslovak Embassy in Belgrade. The signing of the Munich Agreement in September 1938—and the German occupation of Czechoslovakia by Adolf Hitler‘s troops—forced the family into exile because of their links with Beneš.[17]

Josef and Anna converted from Judaism to Catholicism in 1941.[13] Marie Jana and her siblings were raised in the Roman Catholic faith.[18][19] In 1997, Albright said her parents never told her or her two siblings about their Jewish ancestry and heritage.[18]

The family moved to Britain in May 1939. Here her father worked for Beneš’s Czechoslovak government-in-exile. Her family first lived on Kensington Park Road in Notting Hill, London—where they endured the worst of the Blitz—but later moved to Beaconsfield, then Walton-on-Thames, on the outskirts of London.[20] They kept a large metal table in the house, which was intended to shelter the family from the recurring threat of German air raids.[21] While in England, Marie Jana was one of the children shown in a documentary film designed to promote sympathy for war refugees in London.[22]

After the defeat of the Nazis in the European theatre of World War II and the collapse of Nazi Germany and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, the Korbel family returned to Prague.[18] Korbel was appointed as press attaché at Czechoslovakian Embassy in Yugoslavia, and the family moved to Belgrade—then part of Yugoslavia—which was governed by the Communist Party. Korbel was concerned his daughter would be exposed to Marxism in a Yugoslav school, and so she was taught privately by a governess before being sent to the Prealpina Institut pour Jeunes Filles finishing school in Chexbres, on Lake Geneva in Switzerland.[23] She learned to speak French while in Switzerland and changed her name from Marie Jana to Madeleine.[24]

The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia took over the government in 1948, with support from the Soviet Union. As an opponent of communism, Korbel was forced to resign from his position.[25] He later obtained a position on a United Nations delegation to Kashmir. He sent his family to the United States, by way of London, to wait for him when he arrived to deliver his report to the UN Headquarters, then located in Lake Success, New York.[25]        

Madeleine Albright in her youth

Madeleine Korbel spent her teen years in Denver and in 1955 graduated from the Kent Denver School in Cherry Hills Village, a suburb of Denver. She founded the school’s international relations club and was its first president.[32] She attended Wellesley College, in Wellesley, Massachusetts, on a full scholarship, majoring in political science, and graduated in 1959.[33] The topic of her senior thesis was Zden?k Fierlinger, a former Czechoslovakian prime minister.[34] She became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1957, and joined the College Democrats of America.[35]

Madeleine Albright with her husband

While home in Denver from Wellesley, Korbel worked as an intern for The Denver Post. There she met Joseph Albright. He was the nephew of Alicia Patterson, owner of Newsday and wife of philanthropist Harry Frank Guggenheim.[36] Korbel converted to the Episcopal Church at the time of her marriage.[18][19] The couple were married in Wellesley in 1959, shortly after her graduation.[33] They lived in Rolla, Missouri, while Joseph completed his military service at nearby Fort Leonard Wood. During this time, Albright worked at The Rolla Daily News.[37]

The couple moved to Joseph’s hometown of Chicago, Illinois, in January 1960. Joseph worked at the Chicago Sun-Times as a journalist, and Albright worked as a picture editor for Encyclopædia Britannica.[38] The following year, Joseph Albright began work at Newsday in New York City, and the couple moved to Garden City on Long Island.[39] 

Madeleine Albright with her children

That year, she gave birth to twin daughters, Alice Patterson Albright and Anne Korbel Albright. The twins were born six weeks premature and required a long hospital stay. As a distraction, Albright began Russian language classes at Hofstra University in the Village of Hempstead nearby.[39]

In 1962, the family moved to Washington, D.C., where they lived in Georgetown. Albright studied international relations and continued in Russian at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, a division of Johns Hopkins University in the capital.[40]

Joseph’s aunt Alicia Patterson died in 1963 and the Albrights returned to Long Island with the notion of Joseph taking over the family newspaper business.[41] Albright gave birth to another daughter, Katharine Medill Albright, in 1967. She continued her studies at Columbia University’s Department of Public Law and Government.[42] (It was later renamed as the political science department, and is located within the School of International and Public Affairs.) She earned a certificate in Russian, an M.A. and a PhD, writing her master’s thesis on the Soviet diplomatic corps and her doctoral dissertation on the role of journalists in the Prague Spring of 1968.[43] She also took a graduate course given by Zbigniew Brzezinski, who later became her boss at the U.S. National Security Council.[44]


Joseph was a reporter for the Chicago Sun-Times. He became famous in 1961 after publishing a report on the scandalous meeting of Richard Nixon with his supporters (Joseph hid in the hotel bathroom and recorded the conversation). In 1970, the couple sold all News Day shares for $ 37.5 million.

After 23 years of marriage, on January 31, 1983, the couple divorced. After the divorce, Madeleine got a three-storied house in Georgetown, a wealthy suburb of Washington, and a farm in Virginia, as well as a large part of his fortune.                   

Madeleine Albright with Newspaper Staff at Wellesley College ca. 1958.

 Brooks Kraft LLC/Sygma/Getty Images         Time

Madeleine Albright began her political career early

Madeleine Albright was invited to work in the White House after the 1976 U.S. presidential election of Jimmy Carter. Madeleine’s former professor at Columbia University, Zbigniew Brzezinski, became National Security Adviser and recruited his student to work in the West Wing as the National Security Council’s congressional liaison.

As a Democratic Party activist, in 1984 she became a foreign policy advisor, working with Vice-Presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro when Walter Mondale ran for president. After that, she headed the Center for National Policy, which was created to strengthen the Democratic Party. At that time, Albright managed to broaden contacts and in 1988 became a foreign policy advisor, briefing Presidential candidate Michael Dukakis.

During the presidential debate of Dukakis and his adversary George W. Bush in Washington, Madeleine Albright met Bill Clinton, the then-governor of Arkansas. In 1989, she advised Clinton to join the Council on Foreign Relations (an influential U.S. non-governmental organization), which Clinton did not forget. After becoming president, he appointed Madeleine Albright U.S. Permanent Representative to the U.N.

United Kingdom Ambassador to the United Nations, Sir David Hannay, and US Ambassador to the UN Madeleine Albright vote during a Security Council meeting in New York to allow Iraq to export a limited amount of oil to cover the cost of humanitarian supplies for its population on April 14, 1995.  TIME

Timothy Clary—AFP/Getty Images

While working at the U.N. as the United States representative, she played a key role when Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic joined NATO. She is known for her involvement in the use of force during the conflict in the Balkans. Many people blame her for the mass killing of Serbs in Kosovo and call her the “executioner of Serbia.”

Madeleine Albright as U.S. Secretary of State

When Clinton began his second term in January 1997, following his re-election, he required a new Secretary of State, as incumbent Warren Christopher was retiring.[66] The top level of the Clinton administration was divided into two camps on selecting the new foreign policy. Outgoing Chief of Staff Leon Panetta favored Albright, but a separate faction argued, “anybody but Albright”, with Sam Nunn as its first choice. Albright orchestrated a campaign on her own behalf that proved successful.[67] When Albright took office as the 64th U.S. Secretary of State on January 23, 1997, she became the first female U.S. Secretary of State and the highest-ranking woman in the history of the U.S. government at the time of her appointment.[68] Not being a natural-born citizen of the U.S., she was not eligible as a U.S. presidential successor.[69]


President Bill Clinton with Secretary of State Madeleine Albright in 1999.Cynthia Johnson / Getty Images file      

Madeleine Albright has often sharply criticized the foreign policy of Russia, in particular, President Vladimir Putin:

“He is smart, but a truly evil man. A KGB officer, who wants to keep everything under control and believes that everyone conspires against Russia. It is not true. Putin had bad cards, but they were played well. At least, in the short-term. I think his goal is to undermine and split the E.U. He wants to drive NATO from his sphere of influence.”

President Bill Clinton confers with Albright before delivering the final statement at the Middle East Summit in the Egyptian resort town of Sharm el-Sheik, Egypt, on October 17, 2000 [File: Jerome Delay/AP Photo]      

When The Washington Post reported on Albright’s Jewish heritage shortly after she had become Secretary of State in 1997, Albright said that the report was a “major surprise”.[149] Albright said that she did not learn until age 59[150] that both her parents were born and raised in Jewish families. As many as a dozen of her relatives in Czechoslovakia—including three of her grandparents—had been murdered in the Holocaust.[18][19][151]

(Al Jazeera)

In the lead-up to the Iraq war in 2003, Albright said the invasion was justified, based on allegations that Baghdad possessed weapons of mass destruction. But she argued that the country did not pose an immediate threat to the US and called for keeping focus on defeating al-Qaeda.

She would later come out forcefully against the war. “Iraq is going to go down in history as the greatest disaster in American foreign policy,” she told Al Jazeera in a 2007 interview.

During efforts to press North Korea to end its nuclear weapons programme, which were eventually unsuccessful, Albright travelled to Pyongyang in 2000 to meet North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, becoming the highest-ranking US official to visit the country.

While hailed in some circles as a feminist icon, critics have criticised Albright’s support for US wars and sanctions.

“Madeline Albright was one of my earliest lessons in the bankruptcy of identity politics. It doesn’t matter if you are the first anything if your politics perpetuate the status quo of racial violence, imperial war making, and capitalist extraction/exploitation,” Palestinian-American author and activist Noura Erakat wrote on Twitter on Wednesday.

State Department spokesperson Ned Price called Albright a “trailblazer” on Wednesday.

“The impact that she has had on this building is felt every single day and just about every single corridor,” Price told reporters.

Nancy Pelosi, the speaker of the US House of Representatives, eulogised Albright as a “towering champion for peace, diplomacy and democracy”.

“Her historic tenure as our nation’s first woman to serve as our top diplomat paved the way for generations of women to serve at the highest levels of our government and represent America abroad,” Pelosi said.          (Al Jazeera)

Former President Barack Obama said in a statement, “Madeleine Albright helped bring peace to the Balkans, paved the way for progress in some of the most unstable corners of the world, and was a champion for democratic values. And as an immigrant herself, she brought a unique and important perspective to her trailblazing career.”

Obama also recounted an interaction he said Albright had with an Ethiopian man at a naturalization ceremony.

Obama said the “man came up to Madeleine and said, ‘Only in America could a refugee from Africa meet the Secretary of State.’ She replied, ‘Only in America could a refugee from Central Europe become Secretary of State.'”   ABC News

Madeleine Albright, 1st female secretary of state, dead at 84

Madeleine Albright’s family said the former secretary of state died Wednesday from cancer.

Alex Wong/Getty Images, FILE   ABC News

Albright died from cancer in Washington, D.C., on March 23, 2022, at the age of 84.[157][158][159] Many political figures paid tribute to her, including presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, Barack Obama and Joe Biden, and former British prime minister Tony Blair.[120]

US President Joe Biden paid tribute to Albright, saying she was a “force for goodness, grace, and decency – and for freedom”. 

 Diana Walker/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images

Georgetown Univiversity professor Madeleine Albright, foreign policy adviser to presiden…Read More   ABC News

U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Madeleine Albright testifies before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the Peace Powers Act and the National Security Revitalization Act in 1995.

Joyce Naltchayan/AFP via Getty Images

Albright proved adept at making complicated foreign policy accessible to the public.     NPR

Secretary of State Madeleine Albright displays the instruments of accession that brought Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic into NATO.

Cliff Schiappa/AFP via Getty Images

As secretary of state, Albright promoted the eastward expansion of NATO and the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.     NPR

Douglas Graham/Congressional Quarterly/Getty Images

Secretary of State Madeleine Albright at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearin…Read More ABC News

Madeleine Albright and Representative Barbara Mikulski greet each other at the commemorative ceremony of the NATO Summit in Washington on April 23, 1999. 

Stephen Jaffe—AFP/Getty Images          TIME

Secretary of State Madeleine Albright being interviewed by John F. Kennedy Jr. for George Magazine, 1998.

 David Hume Kennerly—Getty Images  TIME

Albright with Benjamin Netanyahu (left) and Yasser Arafat at the Wye River Memorandum, 1998  Wikipedia

With NATO officers during NATO Ceremony of Accession of New Members, 1999 Wikipedia

BasilioC – Own work

Madeleine Albright at the World Economic Forum Wikipedia

Albright holds a bat before throwing out the first pitch before the game between the Kansas City Royals and the Baltimore Orioles during opening day at Camden Yards in 2002.

Ted Mathias/AFP via Getty Images   NPR

Albright remained an active professor at Georgetown University, training the next generation of diplomats.       

Madeleine Albright, seen here in 2009, served as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and secretary of state.

Spencer Platt/Getty Images             NPR

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry greets Albright, February 6, 2013 Wikipedia

Madeleine Albright, photographed in her sitting room, opposite her office in Washington, D.C., on Sept. 12, 2016.

Luisa Dörr for TIME

Bob Schieffer and Madeleine Albright at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2017 Wikipedia

from Austin – DIG14155-46


Madeleine Albright’s teaching continues — through these books  


How Madeleine Albright used jewelry as a diplomatic tool

Pins and broaches worn by former Secretary Albright are seen at the Mint Museum on Sept. 3, 2012, in Charlotte, N.C.

Brendan Smialowski/AFP via Getty Images     NPR

Madeleine Albright’s brooches

An interesting fact is her impressive collection of pins. In 2009-2010, she exhibited them at the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City. Most of them have no artistic or jewelry value, but attract people as a symbol of a new approach to diplomacy.

Madeleine Albright is naturally straightforward. But, as a diplomat, she could not always express her opinion, communicating with an opponent. Madeleine is a woman who came up with her diplomatic language, “brooch language.” 

In addition to English, Russian, and Czech, Albright spoke French, German, Polish, and Serbo-Croatian.[152] She also understood spoken Slovak.[153]

Albright mentioned her physical fitness and exercise regimen in several interviews. In 2006, she said she was capable of leg pressing 400 pounds (180 kg).[154][155] Albright was listed as one of the fifty best-dressed over 50s by The Guardian in March 2013.[156]

Madeleine Albright: My Life With Pins

Nov 15, 2012  Newfields

Madeleine Albright: My Life With Pins While serving as the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and as Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright became known for using jewelry as a tools for diplomacy. Hear her discuss her collection of more than 200 pins, from the gold serpent brooch she wore in response to a poem published by Saddam Hussein’s press, to gifts—like the pin she received from the family of a woman who died as a result of Hurricane Katrina. The program includes an audience Q&A with Secretary Albright moderated by Maxwell Anderson, The Melvin & Bren Simon Director and CEO of IMA. This event took place on November 11, 2010 at the Indianapolis Museum of Art.

Madeleine Albright, first woman to become secretary of state, dies at 84

Mar 23, 2022  PBS NewsHour

From the very heights of government and diplomacy, to fierce advocacy for democracy and refugees, Madeleine Albright set a new and trailblazing standard. The first woman to become secretary of state died Wednesday afternoon in Washington, but leaves an impressive legacy. Nick Schifrin reports and Judy Woodruff speaks with former President Bill Clinton by phone to discuss her life and career. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: Newsletters:

Remembering the life and legacy of Madeleine Albright

Mar 23, 2022  PBS NewsHour

Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who died Wednesday after a battle with cancer, was known by most everyone in Washington, D.C. in the world of politics, statecraft, and journalism. Susan Rice, one of Albright’s longtime friends and one of her successors as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, joins Judy Woodruff to discuss her legacy. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us:

‘Irreplaceable’ | Madeleine Albright’s friends remember her contributions to DC

Mar 23, 2022  WUSA9

Albright instructed students at Georgetown University for 40 years all the while attending and serving local churches in the District. » Subscribe to WUSA9: FOLLOW US ON SOCIAL MEDIA – Twitter: Facebook: Instagram: NEWS TIPS – Email: » Subscribe to WUSA9: FOLLOW US ON SOCIAL MEDIA – Twitter: Facebook: Instagram: NEWS TIPS – Email:

Mika On Madeleine Albright: I Will Miss Her Deeply

Mar 24, 2022  MSNBC

Madeleine Albright, the first woman to serve as the U.S. secretary of state, died Wednesday at the age of 84, her family said in a statement. Mika Brzezinski and the Morning Joe panel remember Albright’s life and legacy. » Subscribe to MSNBC: About: MSNBC is the premier destination for in-depth analysis of daily headlines, insightful political commentary and informed perspectives. Reaching more than 95 million households worldwide, MSNBC offers a full schedule of live news coverage, political opinions and award-winning documentary programming — 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Connect with MSNBC Online Visit Subscribe to MSNBC Newsletter: Find MSNBC on Facebook: Follow MSNBC on Twitter: Follow MSNBC on Instagram: Mika On Madeleine Albright: I Will Miss Her Deeply

Madeleine Albright Says ‘See Something, Say Something, Do Something’

Apr 10, 2018  The Late Show with Stephen Colbert

Former Sec. of State and ‘Fascism: A Warning’ author Madeleine Albright tells Stephen the warning signs of a strongman. Subscribe To “The Late Show” Channel HERE: For more content from “The Late Show with Stephen Colbert”, click HERE: Watch full episodes of “The Late Show” HERE: Like “The Late Show” on Facebook HERE: Follow “The Late Show” on Twitter HERE: Follow “The Late Show” on Google+ HERE: Follow “The Late Show” on Instagram HERE: Follow “The Late Show” on Tumblr HERE: Watch The Late Show with Stephen Colbert weeknights at 11:35 PM ET/10:35 PM CT. Only on CBS. Get the CBS app for iPhone & iPad! Click HERE: Get new episodes of shows you love across devices the next day, stream live TV, and watch full seasons of CBS fan favorites anytime, anywhere with CBS All Access. Try it free! — The Late Show with Stephen Colbert is the premier late night talk show on CBS, airing at 11:35pm EST, streaming online via CBS All Access, and delivered to the International Space Station on a USB drive taped to a weather balloon. Every night, viewers can expect: Comedy, humor, funny moments, witty interviews, celebrities, famous people, movie stars, bits, humorous celebrities doing bits, funny celebs, big group photos of every star from Hollywood, even the reclusive ones, plus also jokes.

Bill Clinton: Madeleine Albright Represented The Best Of America

Mar 24, 2022  MSNBC

Former President Bill Clinton joins Morning Joe to discuss the life and legacy of first female Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, who died at the age of 84. » Subscribe to MSNBC: About: MSNBC is the premier destination for in-depth analysis of daily headlines, insightful political commentary and informed perspectives. Reaching more than 95 million households worldwide, MSNBC offers a full schedule of live news coverage, political opinions and award-winning documentary programming — 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Connect with MSNBC Online Visit Subscribe to MSNBC Newsletter: Find MSNBC on Facebook: Follow MSNBC on Twitter: Follow MSNBC on Instagram: Bill Clinton: Madeleine Albright Represented The Best Of America

Hillary Clinton and Madeleine Albright Speak at the Women in Public Service Institute


On Monday, June 11, 2012, the inaugural Women in Public Service Institute opened at Wellesley College. The two-week program for emerging women leaders is part of a global project launched by the U.S. Department of State and women’s colleges of the Seven Sisters—Barnard, Bryn Mawr, Mount Holyoke, Smith, and Wellesley—with a goal to get world leadership from 17.5% female to “50% by 2050.” Speakers included: Former Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright ’59, introduced by Ambassador Michele Sison ’81 U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton ’69, introduced by Wellesley College President H. Kim Bottomly A text transcript of Secretary Clinton’s remarks is available at…. Learn more about the opening ceremonies: Learn more about the Institute:…

Wellesley College, Politics and Prose, GrassRoots Community Network, ASPEN INSTITUTE,

Madeleine Albright, “Fascism: A Warning”

Apr 18, 2018  Politics and Prose

Madeleine Albright discusses her book, “Fascism: A Warning”, at a Politics and Prose event at Sixth and I in Washington, DC on 4/16/18. Presidential Medal of Freedom honoree Madeleine Albright is the first woman ever to serve as U.S. Secretary of State. Over her long career as a diplomat, Albright watched Fascism rise and endure. In Fascism: A Warning, she shows us how its legacy shapes today’s world. Albright believes that the momentum toward democracy that swept the world when the Berlin Wall fell has gone into reverse. Extremists on the right and left are taking power all over the globe, and we must join forces to resist in order to avoid repeating the horrors of the past. In this call to arms, Albright gives us the lessons we should take from the past, the questions we need to ask in the present, and the tools we can use to fight for our future. Albright is in conversation with Jeffrey Goldberg, editor in chief of The Atlantic and a recipient of the National Magazine Award for Reporting… Founded by Carla Cohen and Barbara Meade in 1984, Politics and Prose Bookstore is Washington, D.C.’s premier independent bookstore and cultural hub, a gathering place for people interested in reading and discussing books. Politics and Prose offers superior service, unusual book choices, and a haven for book lovers in the store and online. Visit them on the web at Produced by Tom Warren


The Crisis with Russia – Implications for the U.S. and Europe with Madeleine Albright

Mar 24, 2022  GrassRoots  Community Network

Filmed on 08/08/2014 Also featuring Robert Gates,Condoleezza Rice, and Nicholas Burns. This talk is part of The Aspen Institute- McCloskey Speaker Series. GrassRoots TV is the country’s first and oldest community cable television station. to contribute! Don’t forget to SUBSCRIBE, HIT LIKE and leave a COMMENT to let us know if you enjoyed this video, it is important to us and the community for you to become part of the conversation. Thanks for tuning in! Subscribe for more videos: Facebook:… Twitter: Soundcloud:… Web:

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Blitzed: Nazis On Drugs (WW2 Documentary) | History Documentary | Reel Truth History

Reel Truth History Documentaries  Published on Jun 28, 2019

In 1938 a drug called Pervitin was created in Nazi Germany. This stimulant was a methamphetamine based pill, was available in every pharmacy and didn’t require a prescription. This drug was distributed to German soldiers during the course of WW2 and Hitler was no exception to these drug highs receiving drug cocktails from his personal physical Theodor Morell. This film explores the use of drugs in WW2 and looks at the potential effects that drugs could have had on Hitler, soldiers and the war itself. Distributed by DRG To be the first to watch more full length documentaries, subscribe here:… Welcome to Reel Truth History, the home of gripping and powerful documentaries. Here you can watch both full length documentaries and series that explore some of the most comprehensive pieces of world history.

Category   Entertainment

TED Talks: The next global agricultural revolution,

Conventional meat production causes harm to our environment and presents risks to global health, but people aren’t going to eat less meat unless we give them alternatives that cost the same (or less) and that taste the same (or better). In an eye-opening talk, food innovator and TED Fellow Bruce Friedrich shows the plant- and cell-based products that could soon transform the global meat industry — and your dinner plate.

This talk was presented at an official TED conference, and was featured by our editors on the home page.

About the speaker

Bruce Friedrich · Food innovator

TED Fellow Bruce Friedrich plans to compete with the meat industry on its own terms — by creating alternatives to conventional meat that taste the same or better and cost less.

Learn more about the Good Food Institute and be a part of the next agricultural revolution.

Learn more ? follow Follow Bruce Friedrich on Twitter.

Click 1000: The Future of Television – BBC Click

BBC Click  Published on Jul 8, 2019

This is the 1,000th episode of Click. But we’ve also created a special show that gives you complete control over what you watch. Check it out at Subscribe HERE Find us online at Twitter: @bbcclick Facebook:

Category  Science & Technology

24 Hour Live and pre-recorded Programming

12 Jul 2019 – The UN Web TV Channel is available 24 hours a day with selected live programming of United Nations meetings and events as well as with pre-recorded video features and documentaries on various global issues.

Monday, 15 July 2019

All indicated times are New York time (GMT-4) Email Subscription Full Live Schedule

10:00 am

(Part 9) SDGs Learning, Training & Practice (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) 2019.

Security Council: 1) The situation in the Middle East (8572nd meeting). 2) Threats to international peace and security (8573rd meeting).

General Assembly (Informal plenary): Gender equality and women’s leadership for a sustainable world (HLPF 2019 Event).

12:00 pm

Daily Press Briefing by the Spokesperson of the Secretary-General.

12:30 pm

Press Conference: The President of the General Assembly, María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka (UN Women) and Helen Clark, former Prime Minister of New Zealand on gender equality and women’s leadership for a sustainable world.

01:00 pm

Press Conference: Launch of the report, “The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019”.

01:15 pm

Investing into Climate Smart Economies: Energy Efficiency for SDG 13 (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

Building National Capacities for Conflict Prevention: High Level Partner Event of the Joint UNDP-DPPA Programme (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

Inclusive national policies in the face of climate change: towards a rights-based approach to the implementation of SDG 13 (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

The 2030 Agenda under the Japanese presidency of the G20 (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

03:00 pm

(Part 10) SDGs Learning, Training & Practice (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

Youth Skills Day 2019.

Learning to Learn for Life and Work – On the occasion of Youth Skills Day 2019.

2019 High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF 2019) – 15th and 16th meeting.

Press Conference: Alejandra Candia, Vice Minister of Social Development of Chile who will speak on the “Voluntary National Review of Chile”.

What is Democracy? Stepping Up Engagement Around Goal 16 (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

Strengthening the Work of the UN on Tax Cooperation for Sustainable Development (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

03:30 pm

Gender Diversity Beyond Binaries.

06:30 pm

Accelerating progress on the SDGs through the implementation of the Global Action Programme (GAP) on Food Security and Nutrition in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) (HLPF 2019 Side Event).

The UN Technology Bank for the LDCs – Driving the SDGs through Science, Technology and Innovation (HLPF 2019 Side Event).


Live, breaking and in-depth news from Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Europe and the Americas.

FRANCE 24 Live – International Breaking News & Top stories – 24/7 stream

FRANCE 24 English  Started streaming on Jul 4, 2019

Watch FRANCE 24 live in English on YouTube for free Subscribe to France 24 now Watch France 24 live news: all the latest news live broadcasted from Paris, France. Le DIRECT France 24 en français : France 24 EN VIVO en Español: ????? 24 ???? ??????? Like us on Facebook:… Follow us on Twitter: FRANCE 24 INTERNATIONAL NEWS 24/7

Category News & Politics

Six of the 50 Azalea Trail Maids gather under oak trees. The dresses come in six different colors, but only the queen of the court wears pink.   Adair Freeman Rutledge

The Dress Hasn’t Changed, But The Girls Have

July 7, 20197:00 AM ET   Lindsey Feingold

Photo Stories From NPR

They marched in President Barack Obama’s 2009 inauguration parade.

They appeared at processions ranging from the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City and Disney’s Easter Parade in Orlando, Fla., to the Rose Bowl Parade in Pasadena, Calif.

They are the Azalea Trail Maids — the embodiment of old school Southern hospitality with a modern twist.

Photographer Adair Rutledge, a native of Mobile, Ala., returned to her hometown to learn more about how some girls are redefining what it means to be a symbol of the South — while they wear a 50-pound, custom-made antebellum dress.

To be one of the 50 Azalea Trail Maids, you have to be chosen — and only those with impressive resumes get the honor. The girls Rutledge profiled were valedictorians, National Merit Scholarship winners and even in ROTC. And the interview process is extensive. “A lot of them take classes and rehearse for years,” Rutledge says.

The selective process and preparation is meant to prepare them to be ambassadors for their town — a modern version of the Southern belle.

Once chosen, they represent Mobile for a year. When wearing the dresses, which can cost up to $6,000, they usually don’t speak; their duty is to smile, wave and have their photo taken.

Rutledge hopes her project will help people work through what seem like contradictions: very accomplished women wearing Southern plantation-era gowns while representing Alabama’s third-largest city.

“There’s sort of a disconnect between what the dress represents historically and these multicultural, highly accomplished modern young women who wear it now,” she says. “They’re not exact replicas, but they are modeled after the attire of the white Southern plantation-era elite, which means that they are the gowns that were once worn by the wives of slave owners. … I really want people to be asking these questions around gender and identity and race and the tensions that are created from being a young Southern black woman wearing an antebellum hoop skirt.”

For more information please visit the following link:

A Collaboratively Painted ‘Mural of Brotherhood’ Stretches for Over a Mile on Mexico’s Border

June 26, 2019  Laura Staugaitis

All photographs courtesy of Enrique Chiu

Over the past two and a half years, nearly 4,000 volunteers have converged on the US/Mexico border to assist artist Enrique Chiu with painting a mural. Chiu began the project on Election Day in 2016, and once his collaborative project is complete, the “Mural of Brotherhood” will span a mile of Mexico’s border frontage in Tijuana. Shorter segments will also be created in other regions to connect the project to the southern edge of the border. The wide range of styles, including written phrases and more illustrative narratives reflects the diversity of those who have worked alonside Chiu to complete the expansive mural.

Chiu was born in Mexico and has spent 14 years living in the U.S., both as a child and as an adult. However, he re-rooted himself in Tijuana’s vibrant arts scene ten years ago. In an interview with Hyperallergic Chiu explained, “the murals spread messages of peace to people crossing the border by car or on foot,” and are “intended to be a final glimpse of hope for migrants risking danger as they cross northward.”

A recently released documentary by Alejandro Arguelles Benitez follows the project. You can watch the trailer below, and track the progress of the mural on Instagram. (via Hyperallergic)

A Child Peers Over the US/Mexico Border Wall in a Giant New Photographic Work by JR

September 7, 2017   Christopher Jobson

French artist JR just unveiled a new work in progress at the US/Mexico border. The large

photographic piece depicts a child peering over a border fence from the Mexican side, apparently in reference to Trump’s effort to rescind the DACA program which protects the children of undocumented immigrants from being deported. The artist is known for his towering photographic installations backed by scaffolding such as his pieces at the Louvre and the Rio Olympics.

JR will be in LA tonight at Blum & Poe for a discussion with curator Pedro Alonzo about “immigration in the artist’s practice.” Admission is free.

Watch ABC News Live

ABC News (Australia) Started streaming on Jul 6, 2019

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Category  News & Politics

Kai & Ing Joined Painting on Wednesday, 7.10.19 and Kai’s First Time at Newark Museum on Friday, 7.12.19

Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Kai and Ing joined painting on Wednesday, July 10, 2019

Kai and Ing joined painting on Wednesday, July 10, 2019

Kai colored the Lizard for his Mommy and Daddy on Friday, July 12, 2019

Kai was played with toy trains on the Mezzanine at the Newark Museum.

There is a great artwork on the wall to inspire children and adults who visit the room.

Kai played with Lego blocks on the wall.

Kai went into the room that has light rods in different colors from the ceiling.  He seems to be amazed to see his multiple image on the wall of mirrors around him.


One of the museum teachers gave me the information about their activities for children.

“Go see it in the galleries” Newark Museum’s Promotion Poster

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Monday, July 15, 2019

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