Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. – Human Rights and Nonviolence, Ing’s Peace Project

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. – Human Rights and Nonviolence, Ing’s Peace Project

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., “I Have A Dream”  

Artwork by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

I did this artwork in 2010.  I enjoyed doing the research, reading Dr. King’s biography and his speeches.  Dr. King was a great writer and orator.  He could captivate the audiences with his great writing and presentation.  I would like everyone who views my artwork on Dr. King to be able to read and have some understanding of his feelings.   With his wit and energy he devoted himself to human rights and nonviolence.  It is not only his family that lost and mourned his death for the world has lost a great man.   Humanity had lost Dr. King’s ability to help bring progress to the world by achieving more civilized interaction for the human race as a whole.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Friday, January 15, 2016 

Martin Luther King – I Have A Dream Speech – August 28, 1963

Jan 20, 2011  SullenToys.com

I Have a Dream Speech Martin Luther King’s Address at March on Washington August 28, 1963. Washington, D.C. When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, “Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!”

President Barack Obama & His First Inauguration Speech Portrait and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., “I Have A Dream” two of my artworks displayed at Lincoln School auditorium for the cerebration of Dr. King’s Birthday event in 2015.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Friday, January 15, 2016 

For more information please visit please visit the following link:


Martin Luther King, Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

“Martin Luther King” and “MLK” redirect here. For other uses, see Martin Luther King (disambiguation) and MLK (disambiguation).

Martin Luther King, Jr.


Michael King, Jr.
January 15, 1929
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.


April 4, 1968 (aged 39)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.

Cause of death



Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial

Alma mater


clergyman, activist


Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)


African-American Civil Rights Movement, Peace movement




Baptist (Progressive National Baptist Convention)


Coretta Scott King (m. 1953–1968; his death)




Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.

King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia (the Albany Movement), and helped organize the 1963 nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history.

On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence. In 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches, and the following year he and SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing. In the final years of his life, King expanded his focus to include poverty and speak against the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled “Beyond Vietnam“.

In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the Poor People’s Campaign, when he was assassinated on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities.

King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor, and a county in Washington State was also renamed for him. The Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was dedicated in 2011.

For more information, please visit Wikipedia, the link is: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King,_Jr.

Dr. Martin Luther King’s Day

Happy Birthday Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Monday, January 17, 2022

Thanks to Linda Leonard-Nevels , School Library Media Specialist of Malcolm X Shabazz High School, Newark, New Jersey.  She came to our store.  After her shopping I took advantage to explain to her about my Peace Project.  Linda came back on Friday, October 1. 2014 and took six of my Peace Project posters to distribute to the teachers in her school for their students to write comments on my peace posters.  She returned three of my Peace posters with student comments on Friday, December 12, 2014.

Working on artwork for Malcolm X Shabazz High School’s Students comments on “What does Peace mean to you?” I realized that this month on Monday, January 19 is Dr. Martin Luther King’s Day.  I recalled that Dr. King received a Nobel Peace Prize on 1964.  I am sure these students know this.  I did research on Dr. King’s acceptance speech.  I was impressed with his speech.  Lately there is increasing conflict between the black youth and police.  So, I decided to do some artwork on Dr. King’s Nobel Prize Acceptance speech in the same project of the Malcolm X Shabazz High School’s Students Peace comments.

 I hope that young people today realize that it takes time for human progress and it takes all generations to be aware of human rights and put effort into improving the transition for all humanity to reach equality and harmony in our world.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Monday, January 19, 2015

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Day

Monday, January 17, 2022

Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech

December 10, 1964
Oslo, Norway

I accept the Nobel Prize for Peace at a moment when twenty-two million Negroes of the United States of America are engaged in a creative battle to end the long night of racial injustice. I accept this award in behalf of a civil rights movement which is moving with determination and a majestic scorn for risk and danger to establish a reign of freedom and a rule of justice.

I am mindful that only yesterday in Birmingham, Alabama, our children, crying out for brotherhood, were answered with fire hoses, snarling dogs and even death. I am mindful that only yesterday in Philadelphia, Mississippi, young people seeing to secure the right to vote were brutalized and murdered. And only yesterday more than 40 houses of worship in the State of Mississippi alone were bombed or burned because they offered a sunctuary to those who would not accept segregation.

I am mindful that debilitating and grinding poverty afflicts my people and chains them to the lowest rung of the economic ladder.

Therefore, I must ask why this prize is awarded to a movement which is beleaguered and committed to unrelenting struggle; to a movement which has not won the very peace and brotherhood which is the essence of the Nobel Prize.

After contemplation, I conclude that this award which I receive on behalf of that movement is profound recognition that nonviolence is the answer to the crucial political and moral question of our time — the need for man to overcome oppression and violence without resorting to violence and oppression.

Civilization and violence are antithetical concepts. Negroes of the United States, following the people of India, have demonstrated that nonviolence is not sterile passivity, but a powerful moral force which makes for social transformation. Sooner or later all the people of the world will have to discover a way to live together in peace, and thereby transform this pending cosmic elegy into a creative psalm of brotherhood.

If this is to be achieved, man must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love. The tortuous road which has led from Montgomery, Alabama, to Oslo bears witness to this truth. This is a road over which millions of Negroes are travelling to find a new sense of dignity.

This same road has opened for all Americans a new ear of progress and hope. It has led to a new Civil Rights bill, and it will, I am convinced, be widened and lengthened into a superhighway of justice as Negro and white men in increasing numbers create alliances to overcome their common problems.

I accept this award today with an abiding faith in America and an audacious faith in the future of mankind. I refuse to accept despair as the final response to the ambiguities of history. I refuse to accept the idea that the “isness” of man’s present nature makes him morally incapable of reaching up for the eternal “oughtness” that forever confronts him.

I refuse to accept the idea that man is mere flotsom and jetsom in the river of life unable to influence the unfolding events which surround him. I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality.

I refuse to accept the cynical notion that nation after nation must spiral down a militaristic stairway into the hell of thermonuclear destruction. I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word in reality. This is why right temporarily defeated is stronger than evil triumphant.

I believe that even amid today’s motor bursts and whining bullets, there is still hope for a brighter tomorrow. I believe that wounded justice, lying prostrate on the blood-flowing streets of our nations, can be lifted from this dust of shame to reign supreme among the children of men.

I have the audacity to believe that peoples everywhere can have three meals a day for their bodies, education and culture for their minds, and dignity, equality and freedom for their spirits. I believe that what self-centered men have torn down, men other-centered can build up. I still believe that one day mankind will bow before the altars of God and be crowned triumphant over war and bloodshed, and nonviolent redemptive goodwill will proclaim the rule of the land.

“And the lion and the lamb shall lie down together and every man shall sit under his own vine and fig tree and none shall be afraid.”

I still believe that we shall overcome.

This faith can give us courage to face the uncertainties of the future. It will give our tired feet new strength as we continue our forward stride toward the city of freedom. When our days become dreary with low-hovering clouds and our nights become darker than a thousand midnights, we will know that we are living in the creative turmoil of a genuine civilization struggling to be born.

Today I come to Oslo as a trustee, inspired and with renewed dedication to humanity. I accept this prize on behalf of all men who love peace and brotherhood. I say I come as a trustee, for in the depths of my heart I am aware that this prize is much more than an honor to me personally.

Every time I take a flight I am always mindful of the man people who make a successful journey possible — the known pilots and the unknown ground crew.

So you honor the dedicated pilots of our struggle who have sat at the controls as the freedom movement soared into orbit. You honor, once again, Chief (Albert) Luthuli of South Africa, whose struggles with and for his people, are still met with the most brutal expression of man’s inhumanity to man.

You honor the ground crew without whose labor and sacrifices the jet flights to freedom could never have left the earth.

Most of these people will never make the headlines and their names will not appear in Who’s Who. Yet when years have rolled past and when the blazing light of truth is focused on this marvelous age in which we live — men and women will know and children will be taught that we have a finer land, a better people, a more noble civilization — because these humble children of God were willing to suffer for righteousness’ sake.

I think Alfred Nobel would know what I mean when I say that I accept this award in the spirit of a curator of some precious heirloom which he holds in trust for its true owners — all those to whom beauty is truth and truth beauty — and in whose eyes the beauty of genuine brotherhood and peace is more precious than diamonds or silver or gold.


For more information, please visit the following link:


#MLK: Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech in Oslo, Norway, 1964 // #Nonviolence365

Dec 28, 2015

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change   12:01

Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Nobel Peace Prize Lecture from Oslo, 11 Dec. 1964 (full audio)

Jan 20, 2016  Nobel Prize   52:42

Audio: © NRK – Norsk Rikskringkasting AS / Text: © The Nobel Foundation 1964 Dr. Martin Luther King’s 1964 Nobel Peace Prize Lecture. “One of his most important speeches”, comments Dr. Clayborne Carson, Director of The King Institute at Stanford University, on the lecture.

The following are the Peace comments from Malcolm X Shabazz High School’s Students

Ing’s Peace Comments Poster 1

Ing’s Peace Project Poster 1

Comments  By Malcolm X Shabazz Hight School’s Students

 On “What does Peace mean to you?”

 Organize by Linda Leonard-Nevels, School Library Media Specialist, Malcolm X Shabazz High School, Newark, New Jersey

December 2014

Ing’s Peace Comments Poster 2

From Malcolm X Shabazz High School’s Students

Ing’s Peace Project Poster 2

Comments  By Malcolm X Shabazz High School’s Students

 On “What does Peace mean to you?”

 Organize by Linda Leonard-Nevels, School Library Media Specialist, Malcolm X Shabazz High School, Ms. Bongiovanni (English IV, 2014-2015),

Newark, New Jersey

December 2014

Ing’s Peace Comments Poster 3

From Malcolm X Shabazz High School’s Students

Dr. King and Gandhi’s Ing Artwork Display in Public for the First Time in 2021 and Kai, 5-year-old Street Artist on Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA

For more information, please visit the following link:

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Gandhi’s Ing Artwork Display in Public for the First Time in 2021 and Kai, 5-year-old Street Artist on Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA

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Happy New Year Everyone, Grandpa John and Grandson Kai Drawings

Happy New Year Everyone, Grandpa John and Grandson Kai Drawings

🙂  Happy New Year Everyone, Grandpa John and Grandson Kai Drawings 🙂

🙂 For the Love of family and all the creatures on earth for 2022 and always🙂

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Grandpa John and Grandma Ing cannot see our two grandsons that often.  Since the earliest lockdown, we call our daughter’s family, and spend time talking to them in the evening almost every day on Face-Time.  Our older grandson Kai is six years old, he started school in September, 2021.  Eventually the school had to close because of the problem of COVID-19.  Grandpa John has some ideas for learning activities to help Kai.  He gives Kai reading and drawing lessons.  They explore any kind of artwork that Kai and John enjoy.  Kai loves to do artwork but is less enthusiastic about reading.  Because he is a good kid, he agrees to the reading lesson before doing his artwork.  From time to time, he will request a vacation or holiday, to omit his reading lesson.

The following are the result of some artworks from Grandpa John and Grandson Kai to cheer up everyone for the new year.  We hope that will give everyone a smile and a happy moment.  We all need it. 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, January 11, 2022

🙂 🙂 Happy New Year Everyone for 2022 and always 🙂 🙂

After Finishing the reading, Grandson Kai, and Grandpa John, are ready to have a good time drawing.  Kai did a very fast drawing and he colored his artwork in a very short time.

Finally, Grandpa finished his drawing.  Kai Started the next drawing, he finished the drawing and was coloring his second art work.

After Kai finished coloring his second drawing, he went to get a roll of tape and a pair of scissors.  Then he turned his two drawings on the other sides, putting them together.  He cut the adhesive tape in short lengths and taped them on the back of his drawing in 4 places evenly in a horizontally position.  Next, he took out a long piece of tape, pressed it on the joining line of the artworks vertically.  Then he turned his artwork over to the drawing side, and drew a line from one figure to the other horizontally to visually join them as one artwork.  He did this process very quickly then lifted his drawing up to us, showing his finished artwork.  I really am impressed by the way he achieved his finished drawing.  I asked him, who taught you how to join your drawing?  “My teacher” Kai answered.  I am glad he learned something from school.  He went to school for only short period of time, then the school had to close because of the COVID-19 pandemic.    

Next day, started with reading time for Kai with Grandpa John before they enjoyed drawing.

In drawing time, Kai did his artwork very fast, showing us his first character.  After he did his second drawing, he joined them into one artwork in the same procedure he did before.

Kai is proudly exhibiting his artwork on his mother’s cabinet door.  Grandpa John also did an exotic character that he created on Sunday, January 2, 2022.

During a summer session, Jacob, one of Kai’s friends came to study drawing with John when Kai came to visit Grandpa John & Grandma Ing on a Thursday.  We are glad to have Jacob.  He is a good student and Kai enjoys having his friend do artwork and playing with him.

This is the latest of Jacob’s drawings with teacher, John on Thursday, October 7, 2021.  I like Jacob’s drawing; he is only 7 years old but he can follow John’s instructions very well.

Reading Lesson: Kai reading with Grandpa John, with some help from Mommy Mali.

Time to have fun drawing, after the reading lesson with Grandpa John

 Grandpa John’s Drawings

Kai’s Drawings

I think Kai got some idea for the baby dinosaur inside the mother dinosaur, by seeing his mother pregnant with his younger brother, Bodhi.

Kai’s drawings, Thursday, 12, 30, 2021

Kai’s drawings, Friday, 12, 17, 2021

Kai’s Sculptures, Saturday, 12, 18, 2021

Kai’s drawing of his father surfing on a wave, Monday, 12, 6, 2021.  Kai is 6 years and 3 months old.

Kai’s drawing of his mother, Mali’s portrait, Saturday, 12, 11, 2021

This is his mother laughing, hea, hea, hea,——— after she saw her portrait by her son, Kai.

Kai’s recent drawing this year, Thursday, January 6, 2022

John & Kai are drawing while Bodhi wants to participate.  He is watching intensively, Tuesday, 8, 31, 2021

Kai is helping his little brother, Bodhi to climb to the 2nd floor, Grandpa John’s exhibition room to seeing his Godzilla movie design.

Kai’s Godzilla movie design, Sunday, 12,26,2021

Bodhi is copying his older brother, Kai reading when he saw Kai was reading with Grandpa John, Monday, 12, 27, 2021.  Bodhi is 1 year and 9 months old.

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Ing’s Street Art, My Little Red Shoes, Elephant Bath, In the Midst of Troubles, I Seek Peace, and U.S. Supreme Court Justices on Eviction Part 2

Ing’s Street Art, “My Little Red Shoes”, “Elephant Bath”, “In the Midst of Troubles, I Seek Peace”, and “U.S. Supreme Court Justices on Eviction”

Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Part 2

 In the Midst of troubles, I Seek Peace


 In the midst of trouble

Global warming

Causes the fires in California and elsewhere


The weather turns more violence

Hurricane Ida caused destruction in Haiti

Louisiana and other places in its path to the North East


Strong winds, rain and floods

Whole cities had to evacuate

Millions homeless caused by the nature


What causes nature to be violent?

Who causes Global warming?


Humans blame nature

Causing the destruction


No one can be blamed but ourselves


Let us start again

To care for Nature

for our lives now

And generations to come


Where can I Find Peace Street?


I got lost.


Where do you want to go?


I want to go to Peace Street

Where I can find my mother

Father and my family


I want to go to Peace Street

Where I am happy

To see a peaceful Village


I want to go to Peace Street

Where children have a joyful time

With parents and family


I want to go to Peace Street

Where children are not afraid

Or cry for food

And no place to stay


I want to go to Peace Street

where everyone is happy

No fighting

No disaster


I want to go to Peace Street

Where there are no weapons produced

And sold to kill each other

For profit and wealth


I want to go to Peace Street

Where there are no corrupt politicians

And greedy rich people who keep

Everything for themselves

Leaving non for the poor


I want to go to Peace Street

Where people are kind

And helpful to one another


I want to go to Peace Street

To see beautiful nature

With no pollution

Clean oceans

With all the creatures

Living happily


Can you direct me to Peace Street?

I got lost

I am hungry

Where are my mother, father,

my husband, my daughter, my grandsons

and the others in my family?

I miss them

I am lonely


Please help to direct me to Peace Street

My life is short

I am lost

Where I can find Peace Street on Earth

I woke up this morning.  I felt sad, thinking about my family and other unfortunate people.  Biden had a policy to deport Haitian people who suffered in their country.  Most immigrants want to have an opportunity to work for survival of their families.  It is cruel to send people back to suffer and die while politicians try to find a way to gain credit for their future election to office.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, September 25, 2021


U.S. Supreme Court Justices on Eviction


Low-income people have difficulty to survive

Even to have enough money to buy food

 To feed themselves and their children


A few days ago, a report from the news media stated that

700,000 people in the US died from COVID-19


The epidemic of the virus may cause some people not to get jobs

Especially families that have children

No money to pay rent


Thanks to an eviction moratorium policy

From Biden’s administration

 Landlords were prevented from evicting families


This policy to help the poor

Is just a drop of water to quench the thirst

Of dying families


Now! Six Republican Supreme Court Justice Appointees

Declared that landlords can evict poor families

That cannot pay rent


Millions of poor families

With children are going to be homeless


In the midst of the COVID-19 epidemic

Powerful people receive

Benefits and salary from the tax payers of the country


These people use their power to cause the poor

Who cannot get jobs because the COVID-19 epidemic

To suffer even more than they were facing before


“Where is the justice?”

I want to ask these six Justices of the Supreme Court  

If it makes you happy to see children and their parents suffer?

These poor families who have difficulty to feed children and themselves

Now have no home to stay


Where is your humanity?

Where is your empathy toward the poor?

Where is your kindness for the poor?

Where is your morality toward these citizens?

We, the citizens of the country

Especially the unfortunate poor and homeless

 Who has no voice

Ask the Six Republican Appointed Justices of the Supreme Court

The above questions


What were you thinking when you made your decision?

You represent the Supreme Court of the land

 Are happy now that you have

Paid back the favor to billionaires that appointed you

To the Throne of Justice?


It is sad to see these humans

These so-called Supreme Court Justices walk the earth


“In the Midst of Troubles, I Seek Peace”

Where I can find Peace?

I could not control my tears for the evicted families

My heart is aching to hear such an order from this group of

United State Supreme Court Justices


Let me calm down

At least for my recording of the event

Let it be etched into history for future

Generations to learn

To cultivate the next generation

To be kind human beings

helping the unfortunate who

Suffer more than they


“In the Midst of Troubles, I Seek Peace”

I will calm myself

Get back to my garden

And continue doing my artwork


At least my minuscule contributions

Brings happiness to the others


Hearing people pass my little garden

And artwork saying

“The flowers are beautiful”

And commenting

“You changed your artwork.

I like the children in your painting”


“The painting is called, My Little Red Shoes”

I respond


Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, October 2, 2021


 Artwork by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, “My Little Red Shoes” in 1996. 

Daily Mail:

Supreme Court says letting the Biden administration keep the eviction moratorium in place could open the door to mandates for ‘free grocery delivery for the sick and vulnerable and free computers to let Americans work from home’

  • Conservatives on the Supreme Court said extending eviction moratoriums could lead to government mandates on ‘free grocery delivery and free computers’ 
  • ‘Could the CDC mandate free grocery delivery to the homes of the sick or vulnerable?’ the majority opinion reads from the six conservatives on the court
  • ‘Require manufacturers to provide free computers to enable people to work from home? Order telecommunications companies to provide free Internet?’
  • The Supreme Court voted 6-3 to block the eviction moratorium, allowing landlord to kick out renters who haven’t paid rent in the midst of the pandemic
  • Argued that preventing landlords from evicting tenants who breach their leases strips them of their ‘right to exclude’  
  • The six conservative justices elected to end the eviction freeze from the CDC and the three liberals justices voting it should stay
  • Said the CDC overextended its authority in imposing the moratorium 


PUBLISHED: 18:43 EDT, 30 August 2021 | UPDATED: 18:43 EDT, 30 August 2021

Conservatives on the Supreme Court said that allowing the eviction moratorium to continue could set a precedent for government mandated ‘free grocery delivery’ and ‘free internet’ for people to work from home.

‘Preventing [landlords] from evicting tenants who breach their leases intrudes on one of the most fundamental elements of property ownership—the right to exclude,’ the majority opinion reads from the Thursday decision.

The court’s decision will allow for landlords to evict tenants who have not paid rent in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic.

Questioned in the unsigned opinion from the six conservative justices was hypothetical situations for how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention could overreach its authority in the future, as they claim it did so in extending the moratorium.

‘Could the CDC, for example, mandate free grocery delivery to the homes of the sick or vulnerable?’ the majority opinion reads. ‘Require manufacturers to provide free computers to enable people to work from home? Order telecommunications companies to provide free high-speed Internet service to facilitate remote work?’

All this to say, the court feels that the CDC cannot decide for the sake of public health that other aspects of business can be impacted, like preventing landlords from collecting rent.

They also claim that congressional action is needed to extend the moratorium.

The Supreme Court elected to end the national eviction moratorium in a 6-3 vote on Thursday, claiming it would lead to a precedent of mandated ‘free grocery delivery for the sick’ or ‘free computers and internet’ to work from home

The decision again exhibited the power Republicans have with the court’s 6-3 conservative majority, which is now allowing evictions to resume across the U.S. as it blocks the Biden administration from continuing to enforce a temporary ban that was put in place because of the coronavirus pandemic.

The vote was split by party line with conservatives John Roberts, Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett voting to end the eviction moratorium, and liberals Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan voting to keep it.

The justices said in an unsigned opinion Thursday that the CDC, which reimplemented the moratorium on August 3, lacked the authority to do so under federal law without explicit congressional authorization.

‘It would be one thing if Congress had specifically authorized the action that the CDC has taken,’ the court wrote. ‘But that has not happened. Instead, the CDC has imposed a nationwide moratorium on evictions in reliance on a decades-old statute that authorizes it to implement measures like fumigation and pest extermination. It strains credulity to believe that this statute grants the CDC the sweeping authority that it asserts.’

Real estate groups in Georgia and Alabama had argued this point and told the high court that the moratorium caused property owners across the nation significant financial hardships, USA Today reports.

Property owners had to continue to pay expenses while not receiving payments from renters. They were also banned from evicting nightmare tenants, who were given free reign to make their neighbors’ lives a misery.

Court said the CDC did not have the power to extend the moratorium. Housing advocates protest on August 4 to allow the eviction moratorium to continue in New York

As of August 25, nearly 90 per cent of the federal funds meant to help landlords make up for the loss of funds had not been distributed, the U.S. Treasury Department said in a statement.

Roughly 3.5 million people in the United States said they faced eviction in the next two months, according to Census Bureau data from early August.

After the Thursday ruling, several progressive lawmakers pleaded with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer to act with the ‘highest levels of urgency’ to combat evictions.

The lawmakers asked the leaders in a Friday letter to work to revive the national eviction moratorium after the Supreme Court ruled congressional action is needed.

‘Millions of people who are currently at risk for eviction, housing insecurity, or face becoming unhoused desperately look to their elected representatives to implement legislation that will put their health and safety first and save lives,’ the letter reads.

The effort was led by Representative Ayanna Pressley and signed on by more than 60 Democrats, including fellow ‘squad’ members Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Cori Bush.

Bush, who was once homeless before running for office, led protesters in sleeping outside the Capitol earlier this summer when the moratorium faced its end before the CDC expanded it.

The Supreme Court had originally allowed the eviction freeze to continue to July in a 5-4 vote, but Kavanaugh, who voted to keep it, indicated that he would vote against any further extension.

Roberts followed suit and voted against the moratorium with Kavanagh on Thursday.

In his dissenting opinion, Breyer asserted that the court should not end the moratorium on an expedited basis.

‘Applicants raise contested legal questions about an important federal statute on which the lower courts are split and on which this court has never actually spoken,’ Breyer wrote. ‘These questions call for considered decision making, informed by full briefing and argument. Their answers impact the health of millions.’

The national eviction freeze was set in place at the start of the pandemic and continued on until July, when the Supreme Court previously upheld it in a 5-4 vote

The Biden administration’s extension of the eviction moratorium was heralded by members the ‘the Squad,’ including U.S. Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who had celebrated the announcement earlier this month.

She and fellow Democratic congress woman Cori Bush had demonstrated outside the Capitol in protest of the moratorium’s original deadline at the start of August.

Bush was hailed as a key figure who pushed Biden and his administration to extend the deadline after five continuous days of protest, tweeting about her accomplishment.

‘Squad’ member Ilhan Omar also acknowledged Bush’s efforts in spearheading the moratorium extension, The Hill reported.

U.S. Rep. Maxine Waters, a fellow democrat from California who sponsored a House bill to extend the eviction freeze, also thanked Biden ‘from the bottom of my heart and on behalf of millions of renters.

‘This extension of the moratorium is the lifeline that millions of families have been waiting for. From the very beginning of this pandemic, it was clear that eviction moratoriums not only kept people housed, but also saved lives,’ Waters said in a statement.

A group of Democratic lawmakers wrote a letter to Nancy Pelosi and Chuck Schumer urging them to act congressionally to extend the moratorium after the Supreme Court said the CDC overreached 

This was the second high court loss for the administration this week at the hands of the court’s conservative majority.

On Tuesday, the court effectively allowed the reinstatement of a Trump-era policy forcing asylum seekers to wait in Mexico for their hearings.

The new administration had tried to end the Remain in Mexico program, as it is informally known.

Earlier this month, the Supreme Court voted the same way to strike down part of New York’s eviction moratorium.

In the same 6-3 ruling, the Supreme Court ruled against allowing COVID-19 hardships to stand as a reason to ban landlords from kicking out tenants. The state’s rules allowed renters to simply state they’d suffered financial hardship and avoid eviction without providing any evidence.

New Yorkers renting apartments will also now no longer be able to stay in homes they’ve stopped paying rent on by claiming that doing so would endanger their health.

The pause on evictions expires at the end of August, meaning people could start getting kicked out of their apartments by the end of this month.

Incoming Governor Kathy Hochul criticized Thursday’s ruling, saying that she and state lawmakers would work to try and reinforce the moratorium.

Both parts of the law that have been cut were enacted when COVID decimated many of New York’s biggest industries – including hospitality and travel – leaving people who worked in them fearful of being made homeless.

The state has since largely reopened, and its economy appears to be on the path to recovery.

Demonstrators protesting evictions are arrested by NYPD

Eviction moratorium finally set to expire 18 months after it was created amid COVID first wave

The national eviction moratorium was put in place last September by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to provide aid for those struggling from the economic impacts of the coronavirus pandemic in March 2020.

The moratorium was supposed to end in December, but Congress voted to extend it until January 2021.

The Biden administration then pushed the deadline further, once in January and then again in March.

Although the moratorium was set to expire at the end of July, the spread of the delta variant and summer spikes in COVID-19 cases continued to leave millions vulnerable.

Data showed that in July, roughly 3.6 million people would face evictions by September if the moratorium was halted, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Household Pulse Survey.

The Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 decision to allow the deadline to extend one final time until the end of July.

The pressure came as landlords and property owners grieved over the loss of income rent while the federal aid set aside for them trickled in at a snail’s pace.

Of the $47 billion in rental assistance that was supposed to go to help tenants pay off months of rent, only about 10% has been distributed as of Aug. 25.

Some states like New York have distributed almost nothing, while several have only approved a few million dollars.

After weeks of protests to extend the eviction moratorium were held at the Capitol, the Biden administration extended the deadline one more time into August.

Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh, who voted to extend the deadline to July, had warned that he would switch his vote if the administration tried extending it again.

True to his word, Kavanaugh voted against the order on August 26, with Chief Justice John Roberts following suit.

The Supreme Court ultimately banned the eviction moratorium in a 6-3 decision.

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Supreme Court says extending eviction moratorium could open the door to ‘free grocery delivery’

In dissent, Justice Breyer wrote that “the public interest is not favored by the spread of disease or a court’s second-guessing of the C.D.C.’s judgment.”

The Biden administration and other moratorium proponents predicted that the decision would set off a wave of dire consequences.

“As a result of this ruling, families will face the painful impact of evictions, and communities across the country will face greater risk of exposure to Covid-19,” Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary, said in a statement.

The ruling also renewed pressure on congressional Democrats to try to extend the freeze over the opposition of Republicans.

“Tonight, the Supreme Court failed to protect the 11 million households across our country from violent eviction in the middle of a deadly global pandemic,” said Representative Cori Bush, a Missouri Democrat who slept on the steps of the Capitol this month to protest the expiration of the previous moratorium. “We already know who is going to bear the brunt of this disastrous decision: Black and brown communities, and especially Black women.”

But landlords, who have said the moratoriums saddled them with billions of dollars in debt, hailed the move.

“The government must move past failed policies and begin to seriously address the nation’s debt tsunami, which is crippling both renters and housing providers alike,” said Bob Pinnegar, the president of the National Apartment Association, a trade association representing large landlords.

It will most likely take a while for the backlog of eviction cases in many states to result in the displacement of renters. But tenant groups in the South, where fast-track evictions are common, are bracing for the worst.

In recent days, Mr. Biden’s team has been mapping out strategies to deal with the likely loss of the moratorium, with a plan to focus its efforts on a handful of states — including South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia and Ohio — that have large backlogs of unpaid rent and few statewide protections for tenants.

The administration had at first concluded that a Supreme Court ruling in June had effectively forbidden it from imposing a new moratorium after an earlier one expired at the end of July. While the administration had prevailed in that ruling by a 5-to-4 vote, one member of the majority, Justice Brett M. Kavanaugh, wrote that he believed the moratorium to be unlawful and that he had cast his vote to temporarily sustain it only to allow an orderly transition. He would not support a further extension without “clear and specific congressional authorization (via new legislation),” he wrote.

Congress did not act. But after political pressure from Democrats, a surge in the pandemic and new consideration of the legal issues, the administration on Aug. 3 issued the moratorium that was the subject of the new ruling.

The administration’s legal maneuvering might have failed, but it bought some time for tenants threatened with eviction. In unusually candid remarks this month, President Biden said that was part of his calculus in deciding to proceed with the new moratorium, which was set to expire Oct. 3.

Congress declared a moratorium on evictions at the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, but it lapsed in July 2020. The C.D.C. then issued a series of its own moratoriums, saying that they were justified by the need to address the pandemic and authorized by a 1944 law. People unable to pay rent, the agency said, should not be forced to crowd in with relatives or seek refuge in homeless shelters, spreading the virus.

The last moratorium — which was put in place by the C.D.C. in September and expired on July 31 after being extended several times by Congress and Mr. Biden — was effective at achieving its goal, reducing by about half the number of eviction cases that normally would have been filed since last fall, according to an analysis of filings by the Eviction Lab at Princeton University.

The challengers in the current case — landlords, real estate companies and trade associations led by the Alabama Association of Realtors — argued that the moratorium was not authorized by the law the agency relied on, the Public Health Service Act of 1944.

That law, the challengers wrote, was concerned with quarantines and inspections to stop the spread of disease and did not bestow on the agency “the unqualified power to take any measure imaginable to stop the spread of communicable disease — whether eviction moratoria, worship limits, nationwide lockdowns, school closures or vaccine mandates.”

What to Know About the Supreme Court Term

A blockbuster term begins. The Supreme Court, now dominated by six Republican appointees, returns to the bench to start a momentous term this fall in which it will consider eliminating the constitutional right to abortion and vastly expanding gun rights.

The big abortion case. The court seems poised to use a challenge to a Mississippi law that bars most abortions after 15 weeks to undermine and perhaps overturn Roe v. Wade, the 1973 decision that established a constitutional right to abortion. The ruling could effectively end legal abortion access for those living in much of the South and Midwest.

A major decision on guns. The court will also consider the constitutionality of a longstanding New York law that imposes strict limits on carrying guns outside the home. The court has not issued a major Second Amendment ruling in more than a decade.

A test for Chief Justice Roberts. The highly charged docket will test the leadership of Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr., who lost his position at the court’s ideological center with the arrival last fall of Justice Amy Coney Barrett.

A drop in public support. Chief Justice Roberts now leads a court increasingly associated with partisanship. Recent polls show the court is suffering a distinct drop in public support following a spate of unusual late-night summer rulings in politically charged cases.

The C.D.C. responded that the moratorium was authorized by the 1944 law. Evictions would accelerate the spread of the coronavirus, the agency said, by forcing people “to move, often into close quarters in new shared housing settings with friends or family, or congregate settings such as homeless shelters.”

The moratorium, the administration told the justices, was broadly similar to quarantine. “It would be strange to hold that the government may combat infection by prohibiting the tenant from leaving his home,” its brief said, “but not by prohibiting the landlord from throwing him out.”

The case was complicated by congressional action in December, when lawmakers briefly extended the C.D.C.’s moratorium through the end of January in an appropriations measure. When Congress took no further action, the agency again imposed moratoriums under the 1944 law.

In its Supreme Court brief, the government argued that it was significant that Congress had embraced the agency’s action, if only briefly.

The central legal question in the case was whether the agency was entitled to act on its own. In June, with the earlier moratorium about to expire, the court voted 5 to 4 in favor of the administration, allowing that measure to stand.

But that victory was distinctly provisional. Justice Kavanaugh, who voted with the majority, wrote that he had cast his vote reluctantly and had taken account of the then-impending expiration of the earlier moratorium.

“The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention exceeded its existing statutory authority by issuing a nationwide eviction moratorium,” Justice Kavanaugh wrote. “Because the C.D.C. plans to end the moratorium in only a few weeks, on July 31, and because those few weeks will allow for additional and more orderly distribution of the congressionally appropriated rental assistance funds, I vote at this time to deny the application” that had been filed by the challengers.

The other members of the court did not give reasons for their votes in the June ruling. But four of them — Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Neil M. Gorsuch and Amy Coney Barrett — voted to lift the earlier moratorium. Taken together with Justice Kavanaugh’s statement, that distinctly suggested that a majority of the justices would not look favorably on another extension unless it came from Congress.

The Biden administration initially seemed to share that understanding, urging Congress to act and saying it did not have the unilateral power to impose a further moratorium through executive action. When Congress failed to enact legislation addressing the issue, the moratorium expired.

Under pressure from Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other Democrats and wary of the rise of the Delta variant, the administration reversed course a few days later.

The new moratorium was not identical to the earlier one, which had applied nationwide. It was instead tailored to counties where Covid-19 was strongest, a category that currently covers some 90 percent of counties in the United States.

Mr. Biden was frank in discussing his reasoning, saying the new measure faced long odds but would buy tenants some time.

“The bulk of the constitutional scholarship says that it’s not likely to pass constitutional muster,” he said on Aug. 3. “But there are several key scholars who think that it may — and it’s worth the effort.”

Many states and localities, including New York and California, have extended their own moratoriums, providing another layer of protection for some renters. In some places, judges, aware of the potential for large numbers of people to be put out on the street even as the pandemic intensifies again, have said they would slow-walk cases and make greater use of eviction diversion programs.

Evictions, the Pandemic and the Courts

As Democrats Seethed, White House Struggled to Contain Eviction Fallout

Aug. 7, 2021

The Biden administration issues a new eviction moratorium as the virus surges.

Aug. 3, 2021

Federal Judge Strikes Down Moratorium on Evicting Renters

May 5, 2021

Adam Liptak covers the Supreme Court and writes Sidebar, a column on legal developments. A graduate of Yale Law School, he practiced law for 14 years before joining The Times in 2002. @adamliptak • Facebook

A version of this article appears in print on Aug. 27, 2021, Section A, Page 15 of the New York edition with the headline: Justices End Biden’s Eviction Moratorium, Leaving Thousands at Risk. Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | Subscribe

Boston, MA – August 12: Homes for All Massachusetts hosted a rally outside the State House in Boston on August 12, 2021 to voice support for a bill (H 1434 / S 891) up for a hearing later in the day that would temporarily pause evictions and foreclosures for 12 months following the end of the state of emergency. (Photo by Jonathan Wiggs/The Boston Globe via Getty Images)

Tenants rights groups block the north entrance to the Los Angeles County Superior Courthouse in protest of the coming mass evictions if Gov. Gavin Newsom does not replace the Judicial Council’s eviction moratorium Rule 1 and if AB 1436 is not passed on Friday, August 21, 2020. (Photo by Drew A. Kelley, Contributing Photographer)

Tenants’ right advocates march down the Alameda to the offices of the California Apartment Association in San Jose, Calif., Thursday, April 6, 2017. They are protesting against no-cause evictions, which allows landlords to evict tenants in retaliation without giving a reason, displacing families and destabilizing communities. (Patrick Tehan/Bay Area News Group)U.S. Supreme Court on Eviction

On the eviction moratorium, the Supreme Court turns the law on its head | Opinion

Published: Oct. 04, 2021, 5:15 p.m.

Patrick Hill, an author and associate professor at Rutgers University, says that since judicial review by the U.S. Supreme Court is based on an impoverished understanding of the law, its thoroughly confused decision against the eviction moratorium is not surprising. (AP Photo/Brittainy Newman, File)AP

By Star-Ledger Guest Columnist

By T. Patrick Hill

When the U.S. Supreme Court, on Aug. 26, ruled against President Biden’s extension of the moratorium on evictions, it sacrificed the safety and quite possibly the lives of hundreds of Americans to a legal ideology known as legal positivism or the understanding of law as justified simply because it is law, no matter its consequences.

In an eight-page unsigned decision, made with the concurrence of the six conservative justices and the dissent of the three liberal justices, the Court concluded that the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) which is responsible nationally for the public’s health, had exceeded its statutory authority by issuing the moratorium.

The statute, the Court correctly notes, is the 1944 Public Health Service Act which authorizes the Health and Human Services secretary (HHS) to “make and enforce such regulations as in his (sic) judgment are necessary to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable diseases … from one State or possession into any other State or possession.” Subsequently, this authority was placed in the hands of the CDC.

But from this point, the Court’s reading of the statute goes from bad to worse. Inexplicably, the statute appears to be suspect because, since enactment, it has rarely been used, and certainly not used to justify an eviction moratorium. Are we to conclude from this that the Court considers rarely invoked statutes as something less than law? But even when invoked, the statute has been confined, the Court insists, to measures like quarantining infected individuals, for example. But why should that logically justify the inference that an eviction moratorium exceeds the purposes of the statute?

And just because the statute has specifically included measures like fumigation, disinfection and pest extermination, that cannot be thought logically to mean it has specifically excluded other measures, such as an eviction moratorium. If the statute authorizes something as extreme as quarantining infected individuals in the interests of the public’s safety, why is it, as the Court puts it, a stretch to think an eviction moratorium would also be authorized?

Like any legislation, the statute may be thought to acknowledge that since we may not know, at any particular moment, everything there is to be known about controlling infectious disease, it is prudent to provide reasonably broadly for that inevitable moment when an infectious disease presents itself in radically unprecedented features.

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in more than 701,000 deaths in the U.S. so far. Yet, what is a major concern for the Court in its decision? The moratorium, it emphasizes, encroaches on “an area that is the particular domain of state law: the landlord-tenant relationship,” adding that earlier decisions of the Court have insisted on exceedingly clear language when congressional legislation might change the balance between state and federal power, in particular, governmental power over private property.

It is surely curious how, for the Court, the language of the 1944 statute is not sufficiently clear that it might be thought to include an eviction moratorium, but it is indeed sufficiently clear to exclude it. More curious is how, in the estimation of the Court, measures to control a raging pandemic, that is no respecter of state borders, are to play second fiddle to a narrow state-based interest.

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The best that the Court can bring itself to acknowledge how indisputable the strong interest of the American public is in resisting the spreading threat of COVID-19, but not so strong as to justifiably override the private property interests that make up the landlord-tenant relationship. These are the calculations of justices, like Samuel Alito and Clarence Thomas, who believe so much in what they do but understand so little of what that is, and, as a consequence, bring down upon our heads a perfect storm of irrationality that undermines the very essence of law and its purpose in society.

There can be no clearer demonstration of this than the Court’s declaration, upon closing its argument, that “… our system does not permit agencies to act unlawfully even in pursuit of desirable ends.” With what understanding of the law can it be said that to act, simply as one should, to protect human life from disease and even death is to act unlawfully? That can be only when the law is understood as a law unto itself, as self-justifying, and in no way accountable for its justification to ethics, from which all human law is ultimately derived.

Since judicial review by the U.S. Supreme Court is based on this impoverished understanding of the law, its thoroughly confused decision against the eviction moratorium is not surprising. Nevertheless, how mistaken to think that acting for the good of the public is to act unlawfully when actually it is to act ethically and must therefore be to act lawfully.

  1. Patrick Hill is an associate professor at Rutgers University and the author of the book, No Place for Ethics:Judicial Review, Legal Positivism and the Supreme Court of the United States.

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U.S. Supreme Court ends Biden’s Covid-19 eviction moratorium

Aug 27, 2021  Yahoo Finance

#EvictionMoratorium #moratoriumeviction #Biden Yahoo Finance’s Dani Romero reports on the U.S. Supreme Court blocking the Biden administration’s eviction moratorium. Watch the 2021 Berkshire Hathaway Annual Shareholders Meeting on YouTube: https://youtu.be/gx-OzwHpM9k Subscribe to Yahoo Finance: https://yhoo.it/2fGu5Bb About Yahoo Finance: At Yahoo Finance, you get free stock quotes, up-to-date news, portfolio management resources, international market data, social interaction and mortgage rates that help you manage your financial life. Yahoo Finance Plus: With a subscription to Yahoo Finance Plus get the tools you need to invest with confidence. Discover new opportunities with expert research and investment ideas backed by technical and fundamental analysis. Optimize your trades with advanced portfolio insights, fundamental analysis, enhanced charting, and more. To learn more about Yahoo Finance Plus please visit: https://yhoo.it/33jXYBp Connect with Yahoo Finance: Get the latest news: https://yhoo.it/2fGu5Bb Find Yahoo Finance on Facebook: http://bit.ly/2A9u5Zq Follow Yahoo Finance on Twitter: http://bit.ly/2LMgloP Follow Yahoo Finance on Instagram: http://bit.ly/2LOpNYz Follow Cashay.com Follow Yahoo Finance Premium on Twitter: https://bit.ly/3hhcnmV

CDC Announces Targeted Eviction Moratorium After Protests

Aug 4, 2021  NBC News

The CDC has announced a new targeted eviction moratorium after the previous moratorium expired, leaving more than 10 million Americans at risk of losing their homes. NBC News’ Leigh Ann Caldwell explains how the new moratorium differs from the expired one and how Democrats were able to influence the CDC’s decision.  » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews NBC News Digital is a collection of innovative and powerful news brands that deliver compelling, diverse and engaging news stories. NBC News Digital features NBCNews.com, MSNBC.com, TODAY.com, Nightly News, Meet the Press, Dateline, and the existing apps and digital extensions of these respective properties. We deliver the best in breaking news, live video coverage, original journalism and segments from your favorite NBC News Shows. Connect with NBC News Online! NBC News App: https://smart.link/5d0cd9df61b80 Breaking News Alerts: https://link.nbcnews.com/join/5cj/bre… Visit NBCNews.Com: http://nbcnews.to/ReadNBC Find NBC News on Facebook: http://nbcnews.to/LikeNBC Follow NBC News on Twitter: http://nbcnews.to/FollowNBC Follow NBC News on Instagram: http://nbcnews.to/InstaNBC #Eviction #Housing #CDC

NJ eviction moratorium to end soon for some tenants

For the last 1 ½ years, renters across New Jersey have been able to keep a roof over their head regardless of nonpayment of rent, thanks to an eviction moratorium in the state. But a new law is ending that protection as of Aug. 31 for people who make more than 80% of their county’s area median income. For those who make less than 80% of the area median income, the moratorium will be extended through Dec. 31.

Tenants who make more than 80% of the area median income and who are still struggling to pay rent will have to certify under penalty of law that their failure to pay is related to COVID-19. If they can prove that, the moratorium will be extended for them.

While housing advocates say the measure will provide some relief, landlords say it continues to put the brunt of the financial weight on them.

What to know about the eviction moratorium as it nears expiration again

Aug 25, 2021  PBS NewsHour

The clock is ticking away again for those who could face eviction this fall. The CDC’s pandemic moratorium on evictions is set to expire in early October — or possibly even sooner. The Biden administration is pushing states, cities, and counties to tap into more federal aid, and get it to those who need it. But as John Yang reports, new data shows those efforts are moving much slower than needed. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6

Oct 4, 2021   PBSNewsHour

The “Pandora Papers,” written by a worldwide consortium of journalists, reveal how world leaders and the mega-rich can hide billions of dollars in secret offshore accounts, which investigators say drain money from government treasuries and can undermine national security. Nick Schifrin talks to Drew Sullivan, co-founder and editor of the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, or OCCRP. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newsho

What are the Pandora Papers?

Oct 3, 2021  Washington Post

A massive trove of private financial records shared with The Washington Post exposes vast reaches of the secretive offshore system used to hide billions of dollars from tax authorities, creditors, criminal investigators and citizens around the world. Read more: https://wapo.st/3A0AVdi. Subscribe to The Washington Post on YouTube: https://wapo.st/2QOdcqK Follow us: Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonpost Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/washingtonp… Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonpost/ #WashingtonPost #PostDocs #PandoraPapers

The Pandora Papers: How the world of offshore finance is still flourishing | Four Corners

Oct 4, 2021  ABC News In-depth

In a major international investigation, Four Corners reveals the secrets of the Pandora Papers. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/c/abcnewsindepth For months, more than 600 journalists from around the world, including the ABC, the Washington Post and the BBC, have been working with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists on this top-secret investigation. One of the biggest data leaks in history, the papers reveal how the wealthy and powerful are continuing to use offshore tax havens to hide their ownership of assets and stash their cash – despite attempts to rein the industry in.  _________

Political Divisions Threaten President Biden’s Agenda | Washington Week | October 1, 2021

Oct 1, 2021  Washington Week PBS

Democrats clashed over the size of President Biden’s infrastructure package, as Congress passed a bill to avoid a federal government shutdown before the deadline. The panel also discussed America’s continued division over COVID vaccines and mandates, plus a look into the testimony from military leaders on the chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan. Panel: Laura Barrón-López of POLITICO, Natasha Bertrand of CNN, Garrett Haake of NBC News, Carl Hulse of The New York Times

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Remembering 9/11 and One World Trade Center, New York City, New York 

Remembering 9/11 and One World Trade Center, New York City, New York 

Memorial to World Trade Center 

John and I had planned for a while to take a trip to Swansea, Wales, UK to visit John’s older sister Phyllis.  Finally, we bought two tickets from Air India.  We were scheduled to leave Newark, NJ on September 10, 2001.  We always plan to stay more than three weeks’ vacation as we wanted to spend as much time with Phyllis as we can, since Mom, John’s mother passed away in summer 1994 and Phyllis was alone by herself.  So, we planned to stay with her until October 9, 2001, which was the day we returned home to Newark.  ————————————

“Do you know the World Trade Center collapsed?” 

The taxi man asked us while he took our luggage out from the trunk. 

“No!  It is impossible.  We just came from World Trade Center.”

We responded. 

“Two planes hit the twin towers.”

The taxi man gave us more information. 

After greeting Phyllis, we ran in the living room and turned on the TV and found out that there were no Twin Towers anymore.  We learned that the terrorists hijacked the airplanes and used planes as weapons to destroy the buildings and people on the plane and thousand more in the World Trade Center Towers.  We also learned about the disasters in Washington DC and Pennsylvania. ——————————————————

After we came back home to Newark, NJ from Swansea, the first thing I wanted was to visit the remains of WTC to join others who felt the sadness from the loss of so many people.  We also went to Jersey City by the peer at the bank of Hudson River opposite WTC to look at the empty spots where Twin Towers would have been. Our hearts ached and we were confused as to the cause of this destruction.  We liked to bring friends and family to view the NY skyline and watch the 4th of July fireworks by the Hudson River with the WTC in the background. 

I began doing the artwork relating to WTC, a few ceramic sculptures as a Memorial for the Twin Towers.  I kept my artwork to myself.  I showed them to only few people who were close to me.  I did not want to provoke negative feelings or bad memories in others.  I felt such sadness about this horrible event.  It is the same sadness for any horrible event such as Holocausts, the nuclear bombs in Japan, the killing field in Cambodia, in Rwanda and other places in the world.  We humans never learn to be civilized.  We seem so quickly to forget the horrible events that took place and then bad things happen again.  We kill each other directly and indirectly.  The indirect actions of corruption, greed and power hunger cause direct action to surface.  Innocent people will always end up suffering the effects.  Hopefully we will be wiser and able to learn from past events and improve our human race to be able to live with each other in peaceful coexistence. 

Twenty years have passed since the 9/11 events and I would like to share my artwork with others and express some of my thought on my Peace Project website. 

Many thanks to my daughter and son-in-law who subscribe the website for me and my husband who has the patients to correct my writing.  

The followings are the pictures of my sculptures I produced on March 16, 2002 I made especially as a memorial to the Twin Towers and the people who lost in these events:

The description of WTC memorial: 

Two towers stand erect, supported by two long panels.  Outside of two panels are animal designs in one side and the garden and plants on the other side.  The long path between the two towers inside panels is blank spaces which can be the area that the loved ones or any ones express their thought in writing.  And the corridor between two panels can be the place for children to play hide and seek. 

I made this small-scale Twin Towers sculpture as a replica for loved ones or any ones who comes to mourn, let go of sadness and to remember the loss.  I hope we can realize that we should enjoy and appreciate one and other while we are still alive.  

Memorial to World Trade Center 

Time to mourn

Time to cry

Wipe the sadness away

Time to remember

Time to live

Get up and go

Work awaits

I will go on

Remembering the past

With heavy heart

When you are apart 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, September 11, 2011, 5:57 AM 

Lost Hope  

Little girl feels 

Little girl hurts 

To feel the pain so young 

Her innocent lost

Even though it hasn’t begun 

We all lost our innocent and freedom 

Innocent of hoping working hard 

We will be better some day 

But freedom lost 

Sudden someone comes

And take the hope away 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, September 04, 2011, 9:45 PM

On Tuesday, September 11, 2001 a total of 343 firefighters died with thousands of innocent civilians in the World Trade Center and other locations. Their lives were taken away by fanatic, brainwashed believers of a distorted version of their own religion.  If the hijackers believe in humankind and nature, they would not kill themselves and others.  So, one should always learn to questions what one is told to believe. 

I salute all the brave firefighters and others who risk their lives saving others.  May peace be with the brave firefighters, all their families and the others. 

Respectfully yours, 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Friday, August 8, 2003

 I wish it were!

Something that have wings

To save him

I love butterfly

Deep in my heart

I sent the butterfly

To catch him

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, September 15,2002

Order from the Top 

Sharp bayonet piercing on my back

As I am dying

Why do you kill me?

I don’t know you!

And you didn’t know me!

Oh! I forget

It’s an order from the top

If you didn’t kill me

I probably will kill you

Because I got order from the top also

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts Sunday, 8.28.2011, 6:27 PM

Mother liberty holds the twin towers

Close to her heart

Protecting World Trade Center

With her believe 

“Give me your tired, your poor,
Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”

Mother Liberty, do we still breathe free in this land of liberty?

Breathe free with fear for this event has come

Don’t shed your tears for this human race

The lesson learns might make us grow

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, August 30, 2011, 10:55 PM

What is the same and different between these two men?

One, they are both human beings

Two, they are both dead

Three, they are well known

Four, they both had a goal to be achieved

Five, one is nonviolent and other is violent

Six, one is spinning cotton on a wheel and other has a weapon

Seven, one is productive and other is destructive

Which do we prefer after we analyzing the lives of these two men?

History will record these two men’s actions when they were alive

I hope we can learn from these two people without vengeance and hatred

Let us teach our younger generations all over the world

To understand that we are all the same

If we harm others then we will harm ourselves in the end


Do not brainwash the youngsters!!!!!!!!!!! 

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Monday, 9.13.2011, 1 PM

Flowers from my little garden

Floating in the air

Let each beautiful one

Touching each soul

Seeing beautiful things

Rising to the sky

Just wait for a little while

I will be with you all

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Monday, 9.13.2011, 1:20 PM

World Trade Center Remembered


World Trade Center falls

Becoming colorful Twin Towers

Teaching us

They are here

And they are gone 

Thinking how good

When they are standing there

As we take things for granted

Even with the love ones 

Or the cleaning workers

Or the others that faithfully

Do their jobs for everyone

World Trade Center

 Becomes colorful

In our mind

 I didn’t do anything

Why you hate me this much?

What did I do wrong?

Or did my fellow countrymen

Cause the trouble to the others

That I do not aware of?


These questions and thought

Become active

In my brain neurons

Start charging for reasons 

Thanks to the Twin Towers

You make us think

I miss you


Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts Saturday, August 27, 2011, 3:40 PM

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World Trade Center Under the Same Moon

 World Trade Center Under the Same Moon


The moon rises over the night sky


We sit and hold hand tight

Looking at the moon gets brighter

And the sky turns dark

By the Hudson River


Once we stood here

Watching the moon

Over the World Trade Center

Our hand firmly together


The same moon

But now the new one rise

Under the same sky

And the shiny moon


Let us hope

Peace will come to mankind


No fighting, no killing


Let build new World Trade Center

Under the same moon


As our hands tightly grip

Bond us with each other

And bond us all


Let Peace stand strong

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, July 04, 2012, 1:55 A.M.

For more information, please visit the following link:


One World Trade Center 9.8.13 Part1

New York City, New York 

On Sunday, September 8th, 2013 

One World Trade Center 

Piecing through clouds

Up high in the sky

Tall and slender

With beauty and grace


People all over the world

Admiring they come

 One World Trade center

That is your name 


Trade without greed

Trade with fairness

Trade with love

Trade with integrity

That is what the new

World Trade Center should be

 Warm people hearts

With generosity and kindness

With these qualities

No one will want to take you down


Forget the past

Start the new

Let us all come together

With prosperity and peace for all  

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, September 11, 2013, 10:33 pm

Link to One World Trade Center 9.8.13 Part 1 page



One World Trade Center Part 2

New York City, New York 

On Sunday, September 8th, 2013 

 Link to One World Trade Center Part 2 Page:



One World Trade Center Part 3

New York City, New York 

On Sunday, September 8th, 2013 

Link to One World Trade Center Part 3 Page:


One World Trade Center Part 4

New York City, New York 

On Sunday, September 8th, 2013 

Link to One World Trade Center Part 4 page: 



One World Trade Center Part 5

New York City, New York 

On Sunday, September 8th, 2013 

Link to One World Trade Center Part 5  



One World Trade Center Part 6

New York City, New York 

On Sunday, September 8th, 2013 

Link to One World Trade Center Part 6 Page:


Photographs and artworks by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

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Happy 4th Of July Everyone, Happy Juneteenth, Happy World, and Keep Peace in Your Heart


 🙂 Happy 4th Of July Everyone 🙂

🙂 Happy Juneteenth 🙂

🙂 Happy World 🙂


🙂 Keep Peace in Your Heart 🙂


Performance on the All Black Lives Matter Mural,

Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA, Sunday, July 5, 2020

  Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts  




Happy 4th Of July everyone

Happy Independence’s Day everyone

Happy Equality for All

Happy Juneteenth everyone


Be joyful to be an Immigrant on this special day

For we are all immigrants

We all come from somewhere else

Even native Americans


Who lived in America before humans?

Animals and plants coexist


Humans moved to America

Wars have taken place in America

Humans kill for power not just survival


But Peace prevails

Humans can and do coexist

People even mix for Peace and Love


We are all the same Human race

Togetherness, Kindness

And helping one another

Keeps us Alive

Why be greedy or selfish?

For we are born with nothing

And die with nothing


Keeping Peace in your Heart

Frees humanity to explore possibilities

With Happiness and Equality for all


Keep Peace in your Heart Always


Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, July 4, 2021


 On Sunday, April 4th, 2021 I sat under our rose tree in the garden with my work book and sketched some drawings.  The end result was a peace sign that I will use as one of my logos. It is a good opportunity, and the first time for me to launch my peace artwork on the 4th Of July.  By focusing on peace for the US and the world, came the message of, “KEEP PEACE IN YOUR HEART”, “LOVE” and “NATURE”. This concluded my wishes for myself and everyone on our planet.  

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, July 4, 2021

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All Black Lives Matter Mural on Halsey Street, Newark, New Jerse

All Black Lives Matter Mural,

Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey

Photographs by John Watts and Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

In the celebration of Juneteenth becoming a national holiday,“The day was recognized as a federal holiday on June 17, 2021, when President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law[7]  (Wikipedia)”,  I would like to congratulate the event by posting the, All Black Lives Matter, mural on Halsey Street, Newark, NJ.  The mural is located in front of Hahne & Company building.  It is in the same block as our building.  On Saturday, June 27, 2020, John and I step out of our building, seeing people working on the mural.  We both ran inside the house and took our equipment; John had his camera and I had my camcorder to record in video and photographs.  John was very clever; he went onto the flat roof of our building and was able to view and take photographs of the whole length of the mural.  I videoed and photographed the event on the street from the beginning to the end of the mural.  We enjoyed seeing the activity.  All types of people, Black, White, Brown and others joining together to accomplish the meaningful mural “All Black Lives Matter”.


For the occasion of the “All Black Lives Matter” mural, which was in the process of being made, I asked my husband, John Watts to display my two artworks of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Gandhi on our shop gate.  Both of these great leaders were practitioners of equal rights and non-violence which was the essence of the event. 

This is a lady who lives in one of the Hahne’s apartments.  Her living room is opposite our building, and she came down to view my artworks close up.


The mural was successfully achieved.  Everyone who participated was happy. The mural is the evidence of all humanity organizing and helping one another.  This expresses a need to accomplish the same goal as Equal Rights for all, recognizing that no person or race, should be abused or treated as less valued than others.  

John Watts and Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Wednesday, June 29, 2021

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Ing’s Street Art: Elephant Bath, Bodhi First Time Plays Out Side the house with Brother Kai and Friend, Jacob

Ing’s Street Art: Elephant Bath, Bodhi First Time Plays Out Side the house with Brother Kai and Friend, Jacob

Ing’s Street Art: Elephant Bath,

Bodhi First Time Plays Out Side the house with Brother Kai and Friend, Jacob

Thursday, May 20, 2021 at Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey

Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts


As usual, my husband, John Watts helps me hang one of my artworks, Elephant Bath, on our shop gate.



While I am taking the photos, Kai, our five-year-old grandson, is helping me prevent the little one from walking to far away from our shop.  But Bodhi likes to walk away from us.



Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this is the first time that Bodhi has come out of the house.  He is interested in every thing.  He stops walking to watch grandpa John hang Grandma Ing ‘s artwork.



Bodhi decides to go in the house by himself.  He cannot walk upright climbing the steps, so he crawls up.  Kai runs in to help Bodhi.



For a short time, I see Bodhi coming out by the door.  Kai comes out and tries to get Bodhi back into the house.



Bodhi resists, but holds on to Kai’s arm to get himself down the next step.  Until he able to get to the side walk, he pulls his arm free from Kai and runs away.  Bodhi is only one year and two-month-old but very determined and physically strong.  He able to free himself from his brother.  I keep a close eye on my two grandsons’ activities, to be sure that they are not in danger.  But I like to observe their behavior and see how they solve problems.  



John is finished hanging my artwork.  I take a few of my tall trees to create a forest atmosphere, where elephants live.  I only hope that we remain and maintain the forests all over the world, instead of cutting them down for human consumption, leaving nothing for other creatures that live on this planet.



It is nice to see a policeman riding a horse on the street. 



Bodhi tries to get into the restaurant next door while Kai tries to prevent him.



After the hard work, John is resting in our backyard garden under the rose bush.  This is the first rose bloom of this year.  The first roses are much larger than the following blossoms.



My eyes passing a large pink rose, as I view John’s large sculpture next to the grapevines and avocado trees.



At 3:30 P.M. on the days that Kai and Bodhi stay with us, Kai sees his friend, Jacob.  They play with each other at the Rutgers campus.  This time I take Bodhi with me to join Kai and Jacob.



Bodhi is so happy to be walking outdoors.  If he could, he probably would run with Kai and Jacob.



Bodhi never stop walking.



Jacob is having a good time teasing Bodhi.



This person says Hello to Bodhi.  Bodhi stops walking and look back at that person.



Bodhi walks up to the Rutgers sign.  He is curious about the large red letters.  I think he may become another Rutgers student.  Bodhi’s father, his grandpa Jim and his mother graduated from Rutgers University, as did I, with degree in Chemistry in 1976.  Bodhi’s Grandpa John was teaching pottery classes at Rutgers in Newark for many years.    






Time to go home, Kai and Jacob help to get Bodhi’s carriage for me.  Bodhi is quite tired and wants to drink his milk.



The children are having very good time running playing hide and seek and other games.  Bodhi is having a good experience outdoors in a small park. 

With more people are having vaccination in USA, it seems like we are reaching a normalcy that we are too busy to appreciate until we lose it.



Hi Mali,

Please view the attachment, I hope you like it.  We were very busy today.  Your Daddy had to fix the leaking gas valve in the kitchen.  I spent time helping him move the stove & other things to clear the area.  Unfortunately, the microwave does not work.  I tried to finish your birthday card with little time to do so.

Happy Birthday Mali, look at the bright side, the kids will grow up along with you.  Then you will have more time to sleep and two pairs of helping hands.


Mom & Daddy  

Sunday, 6.6.2021

Yesterday was our daughter birthday.  She is Kai and Bodhi’s mother.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Tuesday, June 8, 2021

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Have A Happy Earth Day Everyone, Greeting from Kai and Bodhi with the blooming flowers in our garden, Washington Post, NASA, PBS News, NBC News, NowThis News, NASA Johnson, AXIOS, Google Doodles, BBC News, and The New York Times

Have A Happy Earth Day Everyone, Greeting from Kai and Bodhi with the blooming flowers in our garden, Washington Post, NASA, PBS News, NBC News, NowThis News, NASA Johnson, AXIOS, Google Doodles, BBC News, and The New York Times

Biden hosts world leaders for virtual climate summit

Streamed live on Apr 22, 2021  Washington Post, 8:20:10, 1st Day

Biden hosts world leaders for virtual climate summit

Streamed live 17 hours ago, 4.23.2021  Washington Post , 3:36:35, 2nd Day

Climate change: Wikipedia

NASA Science Live: Connected by Earth

Streamed live 9 hours ago, 4.22.2021  NASA

Our Planet, Our Home? An Earth Day Perspective

Apr 22, 2021  NASA

Earth Day Q&A with Astronauts in Space | Hosted by Shawn Mendes

Streamed live 12 hours ago, 4.22.2021  NASA

PBS NewsHour full episode, Apr. 22 &23, 2021

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – April 22nd, 2021

What Can We Do To Help Protect Polar Bears? | Nightly News: Kids Edition, Premiered 12 hours ago, 4.22.2021  NBC News

Derek Chauvin Verdict, Biden’s Climate Summit, and More | KnowThis

Premiered 10 hours ago, 4.23.2021, NowThis News

4K Earth Views Extended Cut for Earth Day 2021

Apr 22, 2021  NASA Johnson

Axios PM: 5 new climate pledges

Greta Thunberg, climate experts testify before House on fossil fuel subsidies

Streamed live 16 hours ago, 4.22.2021  PBS NewsHour

Earth Day 2021 Doodle: Apr 21, 2021, GoogleDoodles

President Biden pledges 50% cut in US carbon emissions at global climate summit – BBC News

Apr 22, 2021  BBC News, 5:39

It’s time to ‘get serious’ about climate change, Boris Johnson @BBC News? live ? BBC

Apr 22, 2021  BBC, 10:49

The New York Times: Biden’s Intelligence Director Vows to Put Climate at ‘Center’ of Foreign Policy, April 22, 2021

🙂 Have A Happy Earth Day Everyone 🙂

Greetings from our two grandsons, five-year-old Kai, and, one-year-old Bodhi, with the flowers blooming in our garden.

Kai, our 5-year-old Grandson brought the tangerine plant outdoors to the garden on Thursday, April 19, 2021.  We keep our plants inside the apartment during winter.    Now that the weather is about 55 – 60-degree Fahrenheit, I decide to move some of the plants outdoors to the garden. 

Kai was surprised to see the Bleeding-Heat plant brooming.  Daffodils are the first flowers blooming in our garden.  The Bleeding-Heart Plant produced the second blooming of flowers.

This is the first time that Bodhi sees the flowers bloom.  He was very excited to see new things in his one-year-old life.  He wanted to pull the flowers as a young baby accustom to do.  This Bleeding-Heart Plant is a gift from his mother to us many years ago.  We always enjoy to see these beautiful flowers blooming in the early spring.  Because of staying so long inside during winter and the COVID-19 lockdown, we are eager to be outdoor in our garden.  It is really such a pleasure for us to see our daughter’s plant blooming into beautiful flowers.

WATCH: Biden hosts world leaders for virtual climate summit

Streamed live on Apr 22, 2021  Washington Post, 8:20:10, 1st Day

President Biden is convening world leaders for a two-day virtual climate summit to urge the world’s major economies to strengthen their climate ambitions. Read more: https://wapo.st/3gAg2zx?. Subscribe to The Washington Post on YouTube: https://wapo.st/2QOdcqK? Follow us: Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonpost? Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/washingtonp…? Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonpost/?

WATCH: Biden hosts world leaders for virtual climate summit

Streamed live 17 hours ago, 4.23.2021  Washington Post , 3:36:35, 2nd Day

President Biden is convening world leaders for a climate summit to urge the world’s major economies to strengthen their climate ambitions. Read more: https://wapo.st/3tLAscI?. Subscribe to The Washington Post on YouTube: https://wapo.st/2QOdcqK? Follow us: Twitter: https://twitter.com/washingtonpost? Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/washingtonp…? Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/washingtonpost/?

Daffodils, the first flowers to bloom in our garden. I took photo of these flowers on Friday, April 2, 2021

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Climate change : Wikipedia

Climate change includes both global warming driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns.


NASA Science Live: Connected by Earth

Streamed live 9 hours ago, 4.22.2021  NASA

This year at NASA, EarthDay is about connections—to our planet and to each other. Our planet is home to over 7 billion people of diverse backgrounds and experiences, but we are all #ConnectedByEarth?. Join NASA climate experts to learn about the connections between human activity and climate change. Dr. Kimberley R. Miner will host this episode and is a climate scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). While she’s been at JPL since July 2020, she has been studying and exploring the Earth since…forever! Dr. Miner loves working outside, asking questions about nature and protecting the animals and plants all around us. She loves that being an Earth Scientist lets her do all these things. Dr. Lesley Ott is a climate scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center where she’s worked since getting her PhD 15 years ago. She studies the processes that control greenhouse gas concentrations and always loves seeing the ways that springtime changes in vegetation show up in satellite data. Ms. Equisha Glenn is a graduate student research assistant at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA GISS) and is finishing her PhD in Civil Engineering. Growing up, Ms. Glenn used to watch TV shows about the environment and loves how diverse Earth is, yet everything works together. Ms. Glenn is passionate about bridging the gap between data, climate and end users to help build a more resilient future for cities and society.

AllNational Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S.A.PlanetsScienceRelatedFrom NASALiveRecently uploadedWatched

Our Planet, Our Home? An Earth Day Perspective

Apr 22, 2021  NASA

We are all connected to and by Earth — whether it’s the trees and plants that give us the oxygen we breathe, the snow-capped mountains that provide the water we drink, or the breathtaking geophysical forces that shape the land beneath our feet. NASA has over 20 satellites measuring the height of oceans and inland water, clouds and precipitation, carbon dioxide and much more. By understanding our changing world, we improve lives and safeguard our future. https://images.nasa.gov/details-Our%2…? Video Credits: Producer/Editor: Amy Leniart Writer: Jim Wilson Co-Writers: Karen Fox, Amy Leniart, Tylar Greene

Our backyard garden is small.  We have only few daffodils.  But I am happy to see the flowers bloom.

 Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Earth Day Q&A with Astronauts in Space | Hosted by Shawn Mendes

Streamed live 12 hours ago, 4.22.2021  NASA

Need Earth Day plans? ? We’ve got you covered. On April 22 at 11 a.m. EDT, NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins, Shannon Walker, Victor Glover, Mark Vandehei, and Soichi Noguchi of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency will go LIVE from space for a special Earth focused Q&A with guest host Shawn Mendes! The International Space Station live stream will feature your questions sent in from around the world! Don’t miss this opportunity to hear how NASA Earth and astronauts use space to monitor the health of our planet, what life is like on the orbiting lab, and more!

PBS NewsHour full episode, Apr. 23, 2021

Apr 23, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Friday on the NewsHour, Dr. Anthony Fauci discusses the latest on the Johnson & Johnson vaccine and U.S. inoculations. Then, the many obstacles to the Biden administration’s major push for a transition to electric vehicles. A potential lifeline of federal funding for healthcare and infrastructure is within reach for tribal lands. And, political insight from David Brooks and Jonathan Capehart. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS News Wrap: CDC lifts pause on the Johnson & Johnson vaccine https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f68Jr…? Fauci on brief J&J pause, ‘breakthrough’ infections and more https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SkCpj…? Why an electric future may be hard to achieve https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EsOHs…? Why Native Americans are excited about the future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhJ0i…? Brooks and Capehart on Chauvin verdict, Biden climate plan https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTu94…? 5 wonderful people lost to COVID-19 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IJomc…? Plans to create a ‘Super League’ in soccer backfire https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V8HSP…? Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6?

PBS NewsHour full episode, Apr. 22, 2021

Apr 22, 2021  PBS NewsHour

Thursday on the NewsHour, President Joe Biden announces ambitious targets for reducing carbon emissions as part of the fight against climate change. Then, India records the highest one day number of new COVID-19 infections of any nation since the pandemic began. And, how single-use items like masks, and gloves, are piling up in landfills, wreaking havoc on the environment. WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS U.S. seeks to lead by example during global climate summit https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2CcnF…? News Wrap: Senate passes bipartisan hate crimes bill https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mplhk…? India records highest global single day COVID infections https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wwf1D…? Has the U.S. set realistic goals to combat climate change? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7uX3X…? Pandemic pollution: Disposable masks are hurting the earth https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0iUC…? Examining the history of police shootings of Black Americans https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xXDp5…? How a camp for disabled children changed lives https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWKgq…? A Brief But Spectacular take on chronic fatigue syndrome https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_6QEF…? Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6?

NBC Nightly News Broadcast (Full) – April 22nd, 2021 | NBC Nightly News

Apr 23, 2021  NBC News

Growing debate over CDC guidance on wearing masks outdoors, Daunte Wright remembered in emotional Minneapolis funeral service, and alternate juror in Chauvin case speaks out after guilty verdict. Watch “NBC Nightly News With Lester Holt” at 6:30 p.m. ET / 5:30 p.m. CT (or check your local listings). 00:00? Intro 02:09? CDC ‘Looking’ At Revising Outdoor Mask Guidance 02:53? U.S Vaccine Supply Beginning To Outpace Demand 03:24? MLB Team Opening Fully Vaccinated Section At Stadium 03:36? 22 Fully Vaccinated People Infected At Nursing Home 04:00? CDC Panel Meets Tomorrow To Discuss J&J Vaccine Pause 04:30? India Hits World Record 314,000+ Daily Covid Cases 04:56? Daunte Wright Remembered At Emotional Funeral Service 06:39? Alternate Chauvin Juror: ‘I Would Have’ Voted Guilty 08:47? New Fallout After Police Shoot Black Teen Holding Knife 11:10? Biden Pledges To Cut U.S. Carbon Emissions In Half By 2030 12:42? Americans Flee Extreme Weather Amid Climate Change 14:46? Russian Military Plane’s Close Encounter With U.S. Boats 17:08? Inside Covid Vaccine Trials In Young Children » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews?

What Can We Do To Help Protect Polar Bears? | Nightly News: Kids Edition, Premiered 12 hours ago, 4.22.2021  NBC News

Ask The Doc: Dr. John Torres answers viewers’ weekly questions. Lift off: NASA launches tiny Mars chopper ‘Ingenuity’ on a historic flight. We introduce you to Blizzard the polar bear and share fun facts about the fuzzy guy! Inspiring Kids series continues: We give you an update on twins Max and Miles who are planting seeds of kindness this spring. » Subscribe to NBC News: http://nbcnews.to/SubscribeToNBC? » Watch more NBC video: http://bit.ly/MoreNBCNews? NBC News is a leading source of global news and information. Here you will find clips from NBC Nightly News, Meet The Press, and original digital videos. Subscribe to our channel for news stories, technology, politics, health, entertainment, science, business, and exclusive NBC investigations. Connect with NBC News Online! Visit NBCNews.Com: http://nbcnews.to/ReadNBC? Find NBC News on Facebook: http://nbcnews.to/LikeNBC? Follow NBC News on Twitter: http://nbcnews.to/FollowNBC? Follow NBC News on Instagram: http://nbcnews.to/InstaNBC? What Can We Do To Help Protect Polar Bears? | Nightly News: Kids Edition

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Derek Chauvin Verdict, Biden’s Climate Summit, and More | KnowThis

Premiered 10 hours ago, 4.23.2021, NowThis News

After a year of racial reckoning sparked by George Floyd’s murder, the Derek Chauvin guilty verdict flooded the nation with an emotional sense of relief. We’re covering this story and more on this week’s segment with Zinhle Essamuah. » Subscribe to NowThis: http://go.nowth.is/News_Subscribe? » Sign up for our newsletter KnowThis to get the biggest stories of the day delivered straight to your inbox: https://go.nowth.is/KnowThis? 0:00? Intro 0:20? Helicopter Makes Historic Landing 1:38? Rescue Mission Underway 2:30? Surpassing 200M Vaccines Administered 3:44? Biden Hosts Climate Summit 5:40? Derek Chauvin Found Guilty Former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin was found guilty of second- and third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter in the death of George Floyd. This week, Derek Chauvin was led out of the courtroom in handcuffs after the jury laid down his guilty verdict. President Joe Biden is hosting a two-day Earth Day climate summit with 40 world leaders. The U.S. surpassed 200 million COVID-19 vaccine shots. Rescuers are scrambling to find an Indonesian submarine and its 53 crew members lost at sea. And, the tiny Ingenuity helicopter made history on Mars, flying over the planet for 39 seconds before nailing the perfect landing. #DerekChauvin? #ClimateChange? #COVID19? #KnowThis? #News? #NowThis?

4K Earth Views Extended Cut for Earth Day 2021

Apr 22, 2021  NASA Johnson

Everything that happens on the International Space Station revolves around one thing: Earth, sixteen times a day! So for Earth Day 2021, NASA offers a gift you can’t get anywhere else with this leisurely view of our home planet, from 250 miles up, rendered in extraordinary ultra-high definition video. Hit play, relax and enjoy. This 4K footage was recorded between 2019 and 2020. _______________________________________ FOLLOW THE SPACE STATION! Twitter: https://twitter.com/Space_Station? Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ISS? Instagram: https://instagram.com/iss/? HD Download: https://archive.org/details/jsc2021m0…? 2021_210422-

Axios PM: 5 new climate pledges

By Mike Allen ·Apr 22, 2021

Mike Allen mike@axios.com

Good afternoon: Today’s PM — edited by Justin Green — is 497 words, a 2-minute read.

·  Stocks fell modestly today after reports that President Biden wants to nearly double the capital gains tax paid by wealthy Americans.

·  Sen. Tim Scott will deliver the GOP’s rebuttal to Biden’s joint address to Congress.

Please join Axios’ Joann Muller and Erica Pandey tomorrow at 12:30 p.m. ET for conversations about electric and autonomous vehicles with Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg and San Francisco-Marin Food Bank executive director Tanis Crosby. Sign up here.

  1. 5 new climate pledges, 4.22.2021

German Chancellor Angela Merkel takes part in the virtual international climate summit with President Biden. Photo: Kay Nietfeld/Pool via Getty Images
1.      Canada: Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said Canada would increase its target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from 40% to 45% of its 2005 levels by 2030.

2.     Japan: Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said Japan would cut its emissions by 46% from 2013 levels by 2030.

3.     South Korea: President Moon Jae-in pledged to end all new public financing for overseas coal projects, and will submit new emissions targets later this year.

4.     Brazil: President Jair Bolsonaro pledged to end illegal deforestation by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

5.     China: President Xi Jinping said his country — the world’s largest consumer of coal — will attempt to “strictly limit increasing coal consumption” over the next five years.

Go deeper: More details on the pledges, via Axios’ Jacob Knutson.

WATCH LIVE: Greta Thunberg, climate experts testify before House on fossil fuel subsidies

Streamed live 16 hours ago, 4.22.2021  PBS NewsHour

Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG? Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour? Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6?

Earth Day 2021 Doodle

Apr 21, 2021, GoogleDoodles

This year’s annual Earth Day Doodle highlights how everyone can plant the seed to a brighter future—one sapling at a time. Happy Earth Day 2021! Learn more: http://www.google.com/doodles/earth-d…? ——- To follow Google Doodles on YouTube, subscribe to: @GoogleDoodles? Follow Google Doodles on Twitter at: https://twitter.com/GoogleDoodles?

President Biden pledges 50% cut in US carbon emissions at global climate summit – BBC News

Apr 22, 2021  BBC News, 5:39

President Biden has opened a major global climate summit with a call to other world leaders to step up to the challenge. Joe Biden pledged to cut US emissions by at least half from 2005 levels by the end of this decade but he warned that his country couldn’t take action alone. He told world leaders that scientists were calling this the “decisive decade” for tackling climate change and action was needed now. The latest data shows China is the world’s biggest producer of carbon dioxide, emitting 28% of global output. China is second biggest, producing 15% with India producing 7%. Sophie Raworth presents BBC News at Ten reporting by science editor David Shukman and North America editor Jon Sopel. Please subscribe HERE http://bit.ly/1rbfUog? #BBCNews?

It’s time to ‘get serious’ about climate change, Boris Johnson @BBC News? live ? BBC

Apr 22, 2021  BBC, 10:49

Subscribe and ? to OFFICIAL BBC YouTube ? https://bit.ly/2IXqEIn? Stream original BBC programmes FIRST on BBC iPlayer ? https://bbc.in/2J18jYJ? ? Subscribe and ? @BBC News ? https://bit.ly/3a1zyip? ? Stream BBC News live on BBC iPlayer ? https://bbc.in/3b64IVP? ? Coronavirus / Covid-19 ? https://bbc.in/3luQp33? ? Follow BBC News live updates here ? https://bbc.in/2JmUswL? It’s Thurdsday 22 April. Our top stories this morning 0:00? The US will attempt to re-assert its global leadership on climate change as President Joe Biden hosts 40 leaders at a virtual summit in the White House. Get the full story ? https://bbc.in/3ekUuEk? Get the latest news, sport, business and weather from the BBC’s Breakfast team live on iPlayer daily from 6am. BBC Breakfast | BBC News | BBC #BBC? #BBCiPlayer? #BBCNews? #BBCNewsLive? #BBCCoronavirus? #Coronavirus? #Covid?-19 #CoronavirusOutbreak? #Corona? #CoronavirusUK?

The New York Times: Biden’s Intelligence Director Vows to Put Climate at ‘Center’ of Foreign Policy,

Last Updated 

April 22, 2021, 10:01 p.m. ET 5 hours ago

Avril Haines, the director of national intelligence, struck a note of urgency in telling world leaders that climate change must be “fully integrated” with national security. President Biden committed the United States to cutting emissions by half by the end of the decade at a virtual Earth Day summit.

President Biden speaking on Thursday during a virtual summit on climate change from the East Room of the White House.Credit…Pool photo by Al Drago

Here’s what you need to know:

Biden’s intelligence director tells world leaders climate is now ‘at the center’ of U.S. foreign policy.·

Biden wants to slash emissions. Success would mean a very different America.·

China’s leader, Xi Jinping, promises to ‘strictly limit’ coal.·

Here’s what Canada, Russia and other countries have committed to so far today.·

The virtual summit makes history, but proves even world leaders aren’t immune to tech issues.·

Fossil fuel industries react carefully to Biden’s emissions pledge.·

Biden plans to nominate ocean scientist Rick Spinrad to head NOAA, the country’s premier climate science agency.

Biden’s intelligence director tells world leaders climate is now ‘at the center’ of U.S. foreign policy. 

Avril Haines, the director of national intelligence, speaking on Capitol Hill last week.Credit…Pool photo by Graeme Jennings

Avril Haines, President Biden’s director of national intelligence, told world leaders on Thursday that climate change was no longer a peripheral issue but now “at the center” of U.S. foreign policy, with far-reaching impacts on force deployments and the stability of hard-hit regions.

Ms. Haines, speaking at this week’s virtual global climate conference, struck a tone of urgency at variance with the attitudes of many of her predecessors, who downplayed the role of rising sea levels, droughts, crop failures, fires, diseases and more frequent severe weather events.

“To address climate change properly it must be at the center of a country’s national security and foreign policy,” she said, echoing the words of Lloyd J. Austin III, the defense secretary, who addressed the conference a few minutes earlier.

“It needs to be fully integrated with every aspect of our analysis in order to allow us not only to monitor the threat but also, critically, to ensure that policymakers understand the importance of climate change on seemingly unrelated policies,” Ms. Haines said.

Her comments came after NATO officials announced they would likely agree on a climate “action plan” to reduce emissions by military units and conduct an alliance-wide assessment of the potential threats arising from climate disruptions.

On Thursday, the C.I.A. announced it was adding a new category covering the environment to its World Factbook. The agency’s unclassified guide will now provide the latest country data on climate, air pollutants, infectious diseases, food security, waste and other environmental topics.

Ms. Haines began by saying that the intelligence services had long recognized the importance of climate change — and praised efforts by the C.I.A. over the last three decades to identify the geopolitical impact of climate-based changes in Russia, Asia, Africa and the Arctic.

“We have not always made it a key priority,” she added.

The Biden administration has promised to put a new focus on climate change at the nation’s intelligence agencies. Top intelligence officials all pledged in their confirmation hearings to increase their agencies’ focus on climate.

A pair of recent intelligence reports have presented a grim picture of climate change. The annual worldwide threat assessment, which looks at short-term challenges, said extreme weather caused by climate change would increase the potential for surges in migration and cause instability around the globe.

The changes will “exacerbate political instability and humanitarian crises,” the annual threat report said.

The intelligence agencies issued even more dire warnings with the quadrennial Global Trends report issued on April 8, which argued that climate change would contribute to instability, strain military readiness and encourage new political movements. It said that all societies would be forced to adapt to a warmer planet through changes both small and complex, including the building of massive new sea walls and the relocation of cities and towns.

The report said the physical effects of climate change would intensify over the next 20 years, particularly in the 2030s, and the impact would fall disproportionately on poor parts of the world.

Some Republicans have expressed reservations at expanding the intelligence community’s focus on climate change. At a hearing last week, Ms. Haines argued that while there was partisan division over the issue, intelligence analysts have been examining the issue for decades during administrations of both parties.

“It’s just become increasingly accepted as something that is part of the national security landscape,” she said.

— Glenn Thrush and Julian E. Barnes

U.S. says it will sharply cut emissions and increase funds to vulnerable countries to fight climate change.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel takes part in the virtual international climate summit with President Biden on Thursday.Credit…Pool photo by Kay Nietfeld

President Biden on Thursday declared America “has resolved to take action” on climate change, and the White House said it would substantially increase the money it offers to developing countries to address the issue.

In a show of renewed resolve after four years of the Trump administration’s unvarnished climate denial, Mr. Biden formally pledged that the United States would cut its emissions at least in half from 2005 levels by 2030. His administration also announced it intends to double by 2024 the amount of money it offers to help developing countries, compared with what the United States spent annually in the second half of the Obama administration.

Barely three months into Mr. Biden’s presidency, the contrast with his science-denying predecessor, President Donald J. Trump, could not have been more striking.

“The signs are unmistakable, the science is undeniable and the cost of inaction keeps mounting,” Mr. Biden said.

John Kerry, President Biden’s global climate change envoy, said he believes the United States will meet and possibly even surpass the new goal.

Speaking at the conclusion of the first day of the summit, Mr. Kerry called the goal “ambitious but appropriate and achievable” and said the market is moving faster than expected in creating renewable energy and new breakthroughs are likely on the horizon in battery storage and other areas.

“Is it doable? Will we probably exceed it? I expect yes,” Mr. Kerry said.

Asked what the Biden administration can do now to prevent a future president from gutting the climate plans as President Trump did to the Obama administration, Mr. Kerry noted that he fielded that question in virtually every diplomatic discussion over the past three months.

“You destroyed your credibility, you left the Paris Agreement, how can we trust you?” Mr. Kerry said other leaders asked him. He insisted the private sector will cement clean energy policies into reality even if Mr. Bidens’ policies stall or are someday overturned.,

“No politician, I think, can change what is now happening in the marketplace.”

The Biden administration said it plans to offer an estimated $5.7 billion a year by 2024. In a statement, the White House said that it would “work closely with Congress to meet these goals.”

Between 2013 and 2016, U.S. international climate finance was around $2.5 billion a year, including in the form of export credit and loans, based on government data from that time.

Joe Thwaites from the World Resources Institute said the foreign aid pledges were not especially ambitious. “The climate finance plan the Biden administration launched today starts to play catch up after the U.S. was largely absent for the last four years — when many other developed countries already doubled their climate finance, and some committed to doubling again before 2025,” he said.

The two-day summit comes at a time when scientists are warning that governments must take decisive action to prevent global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees above preindustrial levels. The consequences of exceeding that threshold includes mass species extinctions, water shortages and extreme weather events that will be most devastating to the poorest countries least responsible for causing global warming.

Officially, nations that are party to the Paris agreement are obligated to announce their new targets for emissions cuts in time for a United Nations conference in Scotland in November.

In an executive order announced late Thursday morning, the White House also said it would “seek to” end investments in “carbon-intensive” fossil fuel projects abroad. It was also not clear if that referred to money for gas pipelines and terminals. The United States is a leading exporter of gas, and development aid has been used to promote the expansion of gas, including in Africa.

Mr. Kerry said in his remarks that no country alone would be able to finance the transition to a green economy, adding that private banks and asset managers would have to align their investments accordingly.

The summit is the first of its kind to be convened by a United States president, and Mr. Biden is joined by other world leaders like Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia, and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada.

While the summit is an international one, Mr. Biden’s speech was also aimed at a domestic audience, focusing not just on America’s obligation to help cut its global emissions but on the jobs he believes are available in greening the U.S. economy.

“The countries that take decisive actions now” to tackle climate change, Mr. Biden said, “will be the ones that reap the clean energy benefits of the boom that’s coming.”

Mr. Biden’s target of 50 percent to 52 percent by the end of the decade calls for a steep and rapid decline of fossil fuel use in virtually every sector of the American economy and marks the start of what is sure to be a bitter partisan fight over achieving it.

One of Mr. Biden’s biggest political obstacles is international: Republicans say the United States should not be asked to sacrifice if the world’s largest emitters will swallow U.S. efforts in their pollution.

Christopher Flavelle contributed reporting.

Biden wants to slash emissions. Success would mean a very different America.

By 2030, half of the country’s electricity would come from renewable sources such as wind.Credit…Bing Guan/Reuters

President Biden’s new pledge to slash the United States’ greenhouse gas emissions over the coming decade is long on ambition and short on specifics, but experts say that success would require rapid and sweeping changes to virtually every corner of the nation’s economy, transforming the way Americans drive to work, heat their homes and operate their factories.

In several recent studies, researchers have explored what a future America might look like if it wants to achieve Mr. Biden’s goal: cutting the nation’s planet-warming emissions at least 50 percent below 2005 levels by the year 2030.

By the end of the decade, those studies suggest, more than half of the new cars and S.U.V.s sold at dealerships would need to be powered by electricity, not gasoline. Nearly all coal-fired power plants would need to be shut down. Forests would need to expand. The number of wind turbines and solar panels dotting the nation’s landscape could quadruple.

It’s achievable in theory, researchers say, but it’s an enormous challenge. To get there, the Biden administration would probably need to put in place a vast array of new federal policies, many of which could face obstacles in Congress or the courts. And policymakers would have to take care in crafting measures that do not cause serious economic harm, such as widespread job losses or spikes in energy prices, that could lead to blowback.

“It’s not an easy task,” said Nathan Hultman, the director of the University of Maryland’s Center on Global Sustainability. “We won’t be able to sit back and hope that market forces alone will do the job.”

In two recent studies, Mr. Hultman and his colleagues modeled possible paths to achieving at least a 50 percent reduction in emissions by 2030. The changes would be far-reaching:

·         By 2030, half of the country’s electricity would come from renewable sources such as wind, solar or hydropower, up from one-fifth today.

·         New natural gas plants would be built largely with technology that can capture carbon dioxide instead of releasing it into the atmosphere — technology that is still in its infancy.

·         Virtually all of the 200 remaining coal plants in the U.S. would shut down unless they, too, can capture their emissions and bury them underground.

·         By 2030, two-thirds of new cars and S.U.V.s sold would be battery-powered, up from roughly 2 percent today.

·         All new buildings would be heated by electricity rather than natural gas.

·         The nation’s cement, steel and chemical industries would adopt stringent new energy-efficiency targets.

·         Oil and gas producers would slash emissions of methane, a potent heat-trapping gas, by 60 percent.

·         The nation’s forests would expand, and farming practices would be reworked, so that they pull 20 percent more carbon dioxide out of the air than they do today.

— Brad Plumer


Biden Wants to Slash Emissions. Success Would Mean a Very Different America.

Hitting the targets could require a rapid shift to electric vehicles, the expansion of forests nationwide, development of complex new carbon-capture technology and many other changes, researchers said.

April 22, 2021

China’s leader, Xi Jinping, promises to ‘strictly limit’ coal.

China’s president, Xi Jinping, delivered a speech during the opening of the Boao Forum for Asia on Tuesday. Mr. Xi promised Thursday that China would limit coal consumption.Credit…Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

President Xi Jinping of China said his country would “strictly limit increasing coal consumption” in the next five years and phase it down in the following five years.

That’s significant because China is, by far, the world’s largest coal consumer and is continuing to expand its fleet of coal-fired power plants. Coal is the dirtiest fossil fuel.

Mr. Xi repeated his pledge from last year to draw down carbon emissions to net zero by 2060. And, in a pointed reminder to his host, President Biden, he said that the industrialized countries of the West had a historic responsibility to act faster to reduce emissions.

The United States is history’s largest emitter. China is today’s largest emitter.

Mr. Xi added a conciliatory note by saying “China looks forward to working with the international community, including with the United States” on addressing climate change.

Neither China nor India, whose prime minister, Narendra Modi, spoke after Mr. Xi, made any new commitments to ramp up their climate ambitions. Mr. Modi repeated India’s pledge to expand its fleet of renewable energy projects, urged people to make lifestyle changes to address climate change, and announced a vague new partnership with the United States on green energy projects.

India’s once-galloping economy has slowed sharply and the country is currently in the throes of a deadly coronavirus surge.

— Somini Sengupta

Here’s what Canada, Russia and other countries have committed to so far today.

A video monitor in the East Room of the White House showed the heads of state participating in the virtual climate summit on Thursday.Credit…Al Drago for The New York Times

Beyond the big two of the United States and China, here’s an overview of what some American allies and adversaries have said so far at President Biden’s virtual climate summit with world leaders on Thursday.

·         Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pledged that Canada would reduce its greenhouse gas emissions 40 percent to 45 percent from 2005 levels by 2030, a step up from its previous target of a 30 percent reduction in the same time frame. This is a significant increase in ambition for an economy that is still highly dependent on oil extraction, and a sign that Mr. Biden’s decision to increase the United States’ target is having an influence on his closest allies.

·         Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India reiterated his country’s promise to install 450 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity by 2030, but made no new commitments. He argued that India’s per capita emissions were far smaller than those of other major emitters and said, “We, in India, are doing our part.”

·         Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga announced that Japan would cut emissions 46 percent below 2013 levels by the end of the decade, a significant show of solidarity with the United States.

·         President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia, the world’s fourth largest greenhouse gas polluter, made only a vague pledge to “significantly reduce the net accumulated emissions in our country by 2050.” He highlighted a carbon pricing pilot program that he said would allow the Sakhalin region to become carbon neutral by 2025, but he said nothing about construction of the Nord Stream 2, a major natural gas pipeline that is opposed by both climate advocates and United States national security advisers.

·         President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil pledged to eliminate illegal deforestation by 2030, a promise that was met with extreme skepticism by those in the environmental community who have seen the destruction of the Amazon skyrocket under his watch. Mr. Bolsonaro also vowed that Brazil would become carbon neutral by 2050, a decade earlier than it had previously said it would. Ending deforestation by 2030, he claimed, would cut Brazil’s emissions 50 percent.

Coral Davenport, Lisa Friedman and Somini Sengupta contributed reporting.

— Maggie Astor

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My two grandsons, Bodhi and Kai enjoyed to be in the garden. That make me very happy. I wish children all over the world would be able to enjoy nature.  Parents and other adults should cultivate and take care of nature for younger generations to have a chance to appreciate a beautiful and peaceful world.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Saturday, April 24, 2021

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Gandhi’s Ing Artwork Display in Public for the First Time in 2021 and Kai, 5-year-old Street Artist on Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Dr. King and Gandhi’s Ing Artwork Display in Public for the First Time in 2021 and Kai, 5-year-old Street Artist

On Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA

 Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts and Ing’s grandson Kai

My husband, John Watts is helping me put up two of my artworks.

Kai took these Photographs for Grandpa John & Grandma Ing.

Due to the pandemic of COVID-19, Kai has to wear a mask when he is outside of the house.  All concerned citizens all over the world should wear a mask when they are in public if they are concerned about catching COVID-19.  People who have the virus will not spread germs to the other people if they wear masks.

 The United States is very lucky to have Joe Biden as the new president in 2021.  He is concerned about the spread of the virus that will harm and kill more.  He believes in science, and vigorously worked to acquire and distribute the vaccine to all eligible citizens.  The result is a reduction of people getting COVID-19, and the reduction of people dying from the virus.  The previous president, Donald Trump, does not believe in science, and shows this by his example of not wearing a mask.  His followers, most of them Republicans, voted for him, support him, and follow his example, by condemning the use of masks, refusing to wear them, and not practicing social distancing. 

Mr. Trump had, and continues to have, rallies that pack people next to each other by the thousands. Most of the audience are not wearing masks, while, Mr. Trump, speaks at a podium that has a plexiglass screen to prevent the COVID-19 virus droplets reaching him.  Also Mr. Trump and his wife quietly received the COVID-19 vaccine without letting his followers know, and all his children also received the COVID-19 vaccine

By the end of Trump’s administration, over 500,000 (Five hundred thousand) people died as a result of his actions.  The most puzzling aspect of this is that about 70,000,000 (seventy million) people voted for Trump, most of them Republicans, for his second term.  Belief without reason can cause great harm to the believer and if seventy million people or more do so, this can cause the collapse of social order.  If Mr. Trump became the president in a second term, no one could foresee how many more US citizens would die.  The US economy could be far worse with many millions more unemployed, and a dramatic rise in the homeless population in the country. 

I wish to keep my writing as a record on my website for my grandchildren and other generations.  My intention is to make others aware that believing blindly in anything without reasoning and education can destroy all of us.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, April 18, 2021     

I wanted to see my grandson’s face so I asked him to pull his mask down.

Two of my artworks, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Gandhi, are posted on our shop gate for the public.  It is being posted for the first time this year, 2021.

We saw a fire truck passing by.

Kai the Street Artist:

The 5-Year-Old Street Artist on Thursday, March 25, 2021, Halsey Street, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Photographs by Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts

Kai was starting to do his drawing.  He searched for the color markers.  Then with confidence, he drew the line of the object that he had in mind.

Kai quickly drew his first character without any hesitation in a short period of time.

“Is it dinosaur, Kai?” I asked him.  He shook his head.  I asked, “Godzilla?”  Kai said “Yes”

“I will draw The Gigan monster.”  Kai said.

“The story of the monsters – it’s the mighty Godzilla movie”, Kai said.

Kai drew a snake monster between Godzilla and the Gigan monster.

Kai told me that he was drawing The Three Headed King Ghidorah, who is the ultimate nemesis of Godzilla.

While Kai was working on his drawing, this person was walking by and gave a nice comment to the young artist.  I appreciate his comment to encourage Kai and also, he keeps the side walk clean.  All people who do the sanitation work are important.  If the bathroom in the office building is filthy and smells bad, it will make the work place unpleasant.   We should have Sanitation Day to thanks the people who keep the places clean.

Kai drew the Mothra monster in the adult stage, then he drew the Mothra monster as a baby in the caterpillar stage.

Kai looked at grandma and said nothing.  I thought he might be a little tired.  I asked him if he would like a glass of milk, but he said no.

Kai colors the Rodan monster in red and Godzilla in green.

Halsey Street is quiet, the restaurant next door is still closed due to COVID-19.

“It’s very hot!”  Kai said.  “Take your jacket off.”, I recommended.

Kai said, “Grandma, look at these!”  He lifted off the patch that cover the fox eyes on his shirt and I said “Peek A Boo!” He was so proud of his foxy design shirt.

Then Kai went back to drawing the King Kong character on his artwork.

For a while Kai turned sideways.

Then he jumped out of his seat and ran up the steps.  He put up his hands and made some noise.  I asked him what kind of animal is that.  “Chicken!” Kai responded.

He ran back and forth in front of our shop, passed his artwork, to the entrance of the building next door.  He did this a couple times.

 Kai went back to his chair and looked at his artwork for a while, then he jumped up and ran again.  I guess he needed to regenerate some energy before he resumed his artwork. Or he is just a five-year-old kid that want to have some fun, most of the time.

Kai went back to color his artwork after he had his fun of running like a chicken.

The Three headed King Ghidorah is in yellow.  But Kai insisted it is gold.

“King Kong has to be brown”, Kai declared.

This young boy came with his mother.  He stopped to see Kai’s drawing.  Kai got out of his chair and let the boy sit as he gently asked the boy, “Would you like to draw?”  The boy said yes.  His mother told me that he is four years old.

I told Kai to get a mask for him.  The boy and his mother did not wear masks.  Then I went to get drawing paper for the boy.  His mother stood not very far from us talking on the phone to someone.  After finishing her phone call, she said that she is going to take her son for lunch at a restaurant nearby and she will bring him right back.

Kai waited for the boy to come back and do drawing with him.  But the boy and his mother never come back.  Kai went back to color his artwork and said “I wish he is coming back.  I like him.”  I felt sad for my grandson that the boy did not come back.  I guess that Kai was hoping for a new friend.

Kai said “I finished my artwork Grandma.”  I said to him “I like your drawing and your story.  You can show your artwork to your Mommy and Daddy.”  His Grandpa John also loves his artwork.

I asked Kai to pose with his artwork.  He felt good for his achievement.  I am glad that Kai enjoys doing artwork.  As his Grandma, it makes me very happy to see his happiness and playfulness.  We adults have to gently give encouragement to the youngsters in our family and all others as well.  Children today will replace us, and become adults tomorrow.  Loving and kindness to all can form a peaceful and harmonic family and society.

Ing-On Vibulbhan-Watts, Sunday, April 18, 2021 

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