PBS News: July 2 -5, 2020, #WashWeekPBS Full Episode: President Trump’s Declaration of Grievance, Washington Week, The #WashWeekPBS Bookshelf: “Team of Five: The Presidents Club in the Age of Trump”, Why a ‘feverish’ Arctic will affect everyone on the globe, Opioids, Inc. (full film) | FRONTLINE – FRONTLINE PBS | Official, and Name Your Favorite Firework!
USA TODAY: John Bolton on his new book “The Room Where it Happened” – FULL INTERVIEW
CNN: US setting records as Covid-19 cases soar, Trump disregards public health warnings for speech at Mt. Rushmore, Stelter: Trump’s Mt. Rushmore speech won’t make sense to most people, GOP governor: The numbers are glaring warning signs,
MSNBC: Watch Rachel Maddow Highlights: July 1, ‘Trump Is A Threat To Our Nation’: Hundreds Of Ex-Staffers Under George W. Bush Endorse Biden, Speaker Pelosi: ‘The President Himself Is A Hoax’ | Stephanie Ruhle, Cal Perry On The Scene In South Dakota Prior To The Arrival Of President Trump | All In, Epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch on the Risks Americans Face with Reopening | All In, Elijah McClain’s ‘Greatest Crime Was Walking Home While Being Black’ | Stephanie Ruhle, and From Breonna Taylor To Elijah McClain, Rev. Al Sharpton Clues In On Cases Of Police Brutality
The Young Turks: District Attorney: No Injuries To Elijah McClain
DW News: Trump’s Mt. Rushmore 4th of July speech: Protesters want to ‘wipe out our history’
Brian Tyler Cohen: Top Trump official goes OFF THE DEEP END on national TV over COVID outbreak
CBS News: Photos show officers reenacting chokehold on Elijah McClain
ET Canada: Celebs React To ‘Justice For Elijah McClain’
The Daily Show with Trevor Noah: Jordan Klepper vs. Trump Supporters
The New York Times: Our Weekend Briefing, July 4, 2020 by Remy Tumin and David Scull
TED Talks: Katherine Eban A dose of realit about generic drugs and Rebecca Onie What if our health care system kept us healthy
Wikipedia: The History of America’s Independence Day
PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode July 5, 2020
Jul 5, 2020 PBS NewsHour
On this edition for Sunday, July 5, Fourth of July weekend sees a spike in COVID-19 cases, Jeff Greenfield on President Trump’s campaign strategy, opioid overdose is a hidden epidemic during the pandemic, and, ‘superspreaders:’ what they are and how they’re worsening the spread of COVID, according to scientists researching the disease. Hari Sreenivasan reports from Florida. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6
PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode July 4, 2020
Jul 4, 2020 PBS NewsHour
On this edition for Saturday, July 4, Americans celebrate the holiday weekend amid a surge in COVID-19 cases and Black Lives Matter protests, criticism against Chicago police’s holiday weekend security plan, and an Israeli-Palestinian orchestra celebrates 20 years of intercultural harmony. Hari Sreenivasan anchors from Florida. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6
PBS NewsHour full episode, July 3, 2020
Jul 3, 2020 PBS NewsHour
Friday on the NewsHour, the U.S. tops 50,000 new coronavirus infections for the second consecutive day as the Fourth of July weekend approaches. Plus: Hong Kong reels from China’s free speech crackdown, advertisers pressure Facebook to further regulate its content, a potential new name for the Washington, D.C., football team, Brooks and Capehart, a COVID-19 children’s book and in memoriam. Support your local PBS station here: https://pbs.org/donate WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS News Wrap: Khashoggi trial in absentia begins in Istanbul https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjwAA… Cities struggle to keep residents compliant as virus surges https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I2lUq… Why this pro-democracy Hong Kong activist fled his home https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6te5G… Will advertiser boycott force Facebook to change policy? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LuS1e… A tipping point for Washington, D.C., football team’s name https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8fe1U… David Brooks and Jonathan Capehart on coronavirus failures https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQe9T… A book that teaches children ‘Why We Stay Home’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HGBDL… In memory of 5 more U.S. victims of the coronavirus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqTol… Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us:
PBS NewsHour full episode, July 2, 2020
Jul 2, 2020 PBS NewsHour
Thursday on the NewsHour, the U.S. sees a record 50,000 new COVID-19 cases in a day as infections rise in 40 states. Plus: Nurturing the U.S. economy without fueling the pandemic, Hong Kong’s crackdown continues, President Trump’s rhetoric on race, a new twist in the Jeffrey Epstein sex abuse saga, a family textile business adapts to change and a Brief But Spectacular take on empowering community. Support your local PBS station here: https://pbs.org/donate WATCH TODAY’S SEGMENTS News Wrap: U.S. sees record 50,000 new virus cases in a day https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNXJ7… Paul Romer on halting the pandemic to save the U.S. economy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tB6uW… What China’s Hong Kong crackdown says about Xi Jinping https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bTIH… Is Trump’s strategy of stoking racial tensions succeeding? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ldUIj… How voters view Trump’s handling of racial unrest, COVID-19 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kuc8M… Ghislaine Maxwell’s arrest yields new twist in Epstein saga https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cj3Qu… How the pandemic is reshaping American manufacturing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCVm0… A Chicago electrical worker on empowering her community https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cA2kF… Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6
John Bolton on his new book “The Room Where it Happened” – FULL INTERVIEW | USA TODAY
Premiered Jun 26, 2020
John Bolton, the former national security adviser to President Donald Trump, talks with USA TODAY’s Washington Bureau chief Susan Page about his new book, “The Room Where It Happened.” RELATED: Watch Trump’s campaign rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma https://youtu.be/WcBTkokxAmc Bolton has gained national attention for his criticism of Donald Trump after spending nearly a year and half as the president’s top adviser on national security. Bolton continues his criticism and recounts for USA TODAY some instances in which he questioned Trump’s acumen, intelligence and dedication to issues of national security. Susan Page asks Bolton about the impeachment efforts led by House Democratic Party leadership, to which Bolton responds that he would have convicted Trump on Ukraine. But Bolton is not interested in supporting Joe Biden, or any other Democratic candidates in 2020. He plans to write-in a conservative of his own choosing. » Subscribe to USA TODAY: http://bit.ly/1xa3XAh » Watch more on this and other topics from USA TODAY: https://bit.ly/2VfvRjw » USA TODAY delivers current local and national news, sports, entertainment, finance, technology, and more through award-winning journalism, photos, videos and VR. #johnbolton #theroomwhereithappened #usatoday
#WashWeekPBS Full Episode: President Trump’s Declaration of Grievance
Jul 3, 2020 Washington Week
President Trump is speaking Friday night at Mount Rushmore, ahead of Independence Day.
The visit captures this president at this moment: turning to symbols from the past and rallying his base as his campaign faces mounting challenges. The panel also discussed reporting from multiple news organizations that Russia offered bounties to the Taliban to kill American and coalition troops in Afghanistan. Panel: Ayesha Rascoe of NPR, Weijia Jiang of CBS News, Peter Baker of The New York Times and Jonathan Swan of AXIOS
The #WashWeekPBS Bookshelf: “Team of Five: The Presidents Club in the Age of Trump”
Jul 3, 2020
On the Washington Week Extra, presidential historian Kate Andersen Brower discusses her newest book Team of Five: The President’s Club in the Age of Trump.
US setting records as Covid-19 cases soar
Jul 5, 2020 CNN
CNN’s Phil Mattingly looks into the latest numbers of the coronavirus pandemic as case counts continue to rise throughout the nation. #CNN #News
Watch Rachel Maddow Highlights: July 1 | MSNBC
Jul 2, 2020 MSNBC
Watch the top news stories and highlights from The Rachel Maddow Show, airing weeknights at 9 p.m. on MSNBC. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc MSNBC delivers breaking news and in-depth analysis of the headlines, as well as informed perspectives. Find video clips and segments from The Rachel Maddow Show, Morning Joe, All In, Last Word, 11th Hour, and more. Connect with MSNBC Online Visit msnbc.com: http://on.msnbc.com/Readmsnbc Subscribe to MSNBC Newsletter: MSNBC.com/NewslettersYouTube Find MSNBC on Facebook: http://on.msnbc.com/Likemsnbc Follow MSNBC on Twitter: http://on.msnbc.com/Followmsnbc Follow MSNBC on Instagram: http://on.msnbc.com/Instamsnbc Watch Rachel Maddow Highlights: July 1 | MSNBC
Trump disregards public health warnings for speech at Mt. Rushmore
Jul 3, 2020 CNN
President Donald Trump will soon speak at Mt. Rushmore where masks are optional, and the crowd will not be social distancing. #CNN #News
Why a ‘feverish’ Arctic will affect everyone on the globe
Jun 25, 2020 PBS NewsHour
A historic heat wave is occurring in the Arctic, already the fastest-warming place on Earth due to the increasing accumulation of greenhouse gases. Dr. Merritt Turetsky, director of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research at the University of Colorado Boulder, has studied the Arctic for decades. She joins William Brangham to discuss causes and consequences of the Arctic’s rising temperatures. Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: https://to.pbs.org/2Jb8twG Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us:
Opioids, Inc. (full film) | FRONTLINE
Jun 18, 2020 FRONTLINE PBS | Official
Pushing opioids. Bribing doctors. Making millions. FRONTLINE and the Financial Times investigate how Insys Therapeutics profited from a fentanyl-based painkiller up to 100 times stronger than morphine — and how some Wall Street investors looked the other way. This journalism is made possible by viewers like you. Support your local PBS station here: http://www.pbs.org/donate “Opioids, Inc.” tells the inside story of how Insys profited from Subsys, a fast-acting fentanyl-based spray that’s been linked to hundreds of deaths. Tactics included targeting high-prescribing doctors and nurse practitioners known as “whales,” misleading insurers, and holding contests for the sales team: the higher the prescription doses they got doctors to write, the larger the cash prize — despite the dangers to patients. But as the documentary traces in unprecedented detail, the scheme fell apart: With federal prosecutors using anti-racketeering laws designed to fight organized crime, Insys became the first pharmaceutical company to have its CEOsentenced to prison timein federal courtin connection with the opioid crisis. #Opioids #OpioidCrisis #WallStreet Love FRONTLINE? Find us on the PBS Video App where there are more than 300 FRONTLINE documentaries available for you to watch any time: https://to.pbs.org/FLVideoApp
‘Trump Is A Threat To Our Nation’: Hundreds Of Ex-Staffers Under George W. Bush Endorse Biden
Jul 4, 2020 MSNBC
Kristopher Purcell, a member of 43 Alumni for Biden, explains why hundreds of Republican ex-staffers under George W. Bush are coming together to endorse Joe Biden and says, “Donald Trump is a threat to our nation.”» Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc MSNBC delivers breaking news, in-depth analysis of politics headlines, as well as commentary and informed perspectives. Find video clips and segments from The Rachel Maddow Show, Morning Joe, Meet the Press Daily, The Beat with Ari Melber, Deadline: White House with Nicolle Wallace, Hardball, All In, Last Word, 11th Hour, and more. Connect with MSNBC Online Visit msnbc.com: http://on.msnbc.com/Readmsnbc Subscribe to MSNBC Newsletter: http://http://MSNBC.com/NewslettersYo… Find MSNBC on Facebook: http://on.msnbc.com/Likemsnbc Follow MSNBC on Twitter: http://on.msnbc.com/Followmsnbc Follow MSNBC on Instagram: http://on.msnbc.com/Instamsnbc ‘Trump Is A Threat To Our Nation’: Hundreds Of Ex-Staffers Under George W. Bush Endorse Biden
Stelter: Trump’s Mt. Rushmore speech won’t make sense to most people
Jul 4, 2020 CNN
President Donald Trump used the backdrop of Mount Rushmore the night before the Fourth of July to deliver a speech to his base. CNN’s Brian Stelter examines the message of his speech. #CNN #News
GOP governor: The numbers are glaring warning signs
Jul 4, 2020 CNN
Experts are urging caution as Americans gather to celebrate the 4th of July. CNN’s Polo Sandoval reports. #CNN #News
Trump’s Mt. Rushmore 4th of July speech: Protesters want to ‘wipe out our history’
Jul 4, 2020 DW News
US President Donald Trump has kicked off Independence Day celebrations at an event in South Dakota. Fireworks lit up the sky over the Mount Rushmore monument which, in a controversial move, Trump chose as the venue for this year’s festivities. In a divisive speech, he criticized recent protests against racial injustice as “a merciless campaign to wipe out our history.” Trump made little reference to the coronavirus pandemic, though his speech came on a day the US saw another record rise in cases, with more than 57,000 new infections. Subscribe: https://www.youtube.com/user/deutsche… For more news go to: http://www.dw.com/en/ Follow DW on social media: ?Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/deutschewell… ?Twitter: https://twitter.com/dwnews ?Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/dw_stories/ Für Videos in deutscher Sprache besuchen Sie: https://www.youtube.com/channel/deuts… #Coronavirus #Trump #MountRushmore
Cal Perry On The Scene In South Dakota Prior To The Arrival Of President Trump | All In | MSNBC
Jul 3, 2020 MSNBC
MSNBC Correspondent Cal Perry is on the ground in South Dakota amidst protests for President Trump’s visit to mark the Fourth of July. Aired on 7/3/2020. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc MSNBC delivers breaking news, in-depth analysis of politics headlines, as well as commentary and informed perspectives. Find video clips and segments from The Rachel Maddow Show, Morning Joe, Meet the Press Daily, The Beat with Ari Melber, Deadline: White House with Nicolle Wallace, Hardball, All In, Last Word, 11th Hour, and more. Connect with MSNBC Online Visit msnbc.com: http://on.msnbc.com/Readmsnbc Subscribe to MSNBC Newsletter: http://MSNBC.com/NewslettersYouTube
Epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch on the Risks Americans Face with Reopening | All In | MSNBC
Jul 3, 2020 MSNBC
As coronavirus cases continue to grow across the country, Harvard epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch discusses the risks of reopening and trajectory of the spread. Aired on 7/3/2020. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc MSNBC delivers breaking news, in-depth analysis of politics headlines, as well as commentary and informed perspectives. Find video clips and segments from The Rachel Maddow Show, Morning Joe, Meet the Press Daily, The Beat with Ari Melber, Deadline: White House with Nicolle Wallace, Hardball, All In, Last Word, 11th Hour, and more.
Top Trump official goes OFF THE DEEP END on national TV over COVID outbreak
Jul 3, 2020 Brian Tyler Cohen
BREAKING: A top Trump official just went off the deep end on national TV over the COVID outbreak. Demand White House officials stop wasting time defending Trump’s lies, sign here ? http://odaction.com/btcwhlies Subscribe for more and follow me here: PODCAST: https://apple.co/36UvEHs (or search for “No Lie with Brian Tyler Cohen” on your preferred podcast platform) TWITTER: https://twitter.com/briantylercohen INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/briantylerc… FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/briantylercohen PATREON: https://www.patreon.com/briantylercohen Please sign up for updates on my new projects below: https://www.briantylercohen.com/sign-up/ Sources: https://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-persp… https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/08/he… https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsand… https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/us-…
Photos show officers reenacting chokehold on Elijah McClain
Jul 3, 2020 CBS News
Several officers in Aurora, Colorado, have been fired over a photo that reenacted a chokehold their colleagues used on Elijah McClain, who died in police custody in 2019.
Celebs React To ‘Justice For Elijah McClain’
Jun 25, 2020 ET Canada
During “ET Canada Live”, Roz Weston, Graeme O’Neil and guest co-host Elamin Abdelmahmoud discuss the “Justice For Elijah McClain” call for action and the celeb reaction from Ellen DeGeneres and Klay Thompson. SUBSCRIBE to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/ETCanada…
Elijah McClain’s ‘Greatest Crime Was Walking Home While Being Black’ | Stephanie Ruhle | MSNBC
Jun 26, 2020 MSNBC
Colorado’s governor has appointed a special prosecutor to investigate the death of Elijah McClain- 10 months after he died after an interaction with police. His family’s attorney Mari Newman joins Stephanie Ruhle to discuss the latest. Aired on 06/26/2020. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc
District Attorney: No Injuries To Elijah McClain
Jun 26, 2020 The Young Turks
Colorado will investigate the death of Elijah McClain. Cenk Uygur and Ana Kasparian discuss on The Young Turks. Keep Hope (and TYT) Alive: http://tyt.com/go Read more here: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/arti… “The Colorado governor has reopened the investigation into the death of Elijah McClain, who died after being placed in a chokehold by cops and being sedated with ketamine. Governor Jared Polis announced Thursday he has ordered prosecutors to reopen the inquiry into the black unarmed 23-year-old’s death after being ‘moved’ by speaking to the victim’s mother. He said the state ‘owe[s] it to his family to take this step’ and warned that charges could be brought against the officers involved – after the Colorado District Attorney earlier defended his decision not to charge the cops.” Hosts: Cenk Uygur, Ana Kasparian Cast: Cenk Uygur, Ana Kasparian
From Breonna Taylor To Elijah McClain, Rev. Al Sharpton Clues In On Cases Of Police Brutality
Jun 28, 2020 MSNBC
In this moment of protest, Rev. Al Sharpton gives an update on the individual cases that have sparked the new civil rights movement. » Subscribe to MSNBC: http://on.msnbc.com/SubscribeTomsnbc About: MSNBC is the premiere destination for in-depth analysis of daily headlines, insightful political commentary and informed perspectives. Reaching more than 95 million households worldwide, MSNBC offers a full schedule of live news coverage, political opinions and award-winning documentary programming — 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Jordan Klepper vs. Trump Supporters | The Daily Show
Jul 4, 2020 The Daily Show with Trevor Noah
What’s better than Jordan Klepper at a Trump rally? Here’s a compilation of his greatest hits: #TheDailyShow #JordanKlepper #TrevorNoah Subscribe to The Daily Show: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwWh… Follow The Daily Show: Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheDailyShow Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thedailyshow Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thedailyshow Watch full episodes of The Daily Show for free: http://www.cc.com/shows/the-daily-sho… Follow Comedy Central: Twitter: https://twitter.com/ComedyCentral Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ComedyCentral Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/comedycentral About The Daily Show: Trevor Noah and The Daily Show correspondents tackle the biggest stories in news, politics and pop culture. The Daily Show with Trevor Noah airs weeknights at 11/10c on Comedy Central.
Investigative journalist Katherine Eban set out to report on a seemingly straightforward question: Are generic drugs really identical to their brand-name counterparts? The answer sparked a decade of interviews, meetings with whistleblowers, on-the-ground reporting across four continents and digging into confidential FDA documents. In this alarming talk, she takes us inside overseas manufacturing plants and exposes the fraud behind many low-cost generic medicines.
This video was produced by TEDMED. TED’s editors featured it among our daily selections on the home page.
ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Katherine Eban · Investigative journalist
Katherine Eban’s articles on pharmaceutical counterfeiting, gun trafficking and coercive interrogations by the CIA have won international attention.
Bottle of Lies: The Inside Story of the Generic Drug Boom
Dangerous Doses: A True Story of Cops, Counterfeiters, and the Contamination of America’s Drug Supply
Mariner Books (2006)
Rebecca Onie asks audacious questions: What if waiting rooms were a place to improve daily health care? What if doctors could prescribe food, housing and heat in the winter? At TEDMED she describes Health Leads, an organization that does just that — and does it by building a volunteer base as elite and dedicated as a college sports team.
This video was produced by TEDMED. TED’s editors featured it among our daily selections on the home page.
ABOUT THE SPEAKER
Rebecca Onie · Health innovator
Rebecca Onie is a nationally recognized leader in the intersection of social determinants, population health and health care delivery
MORE RESOURCES FURTHER READING
Progress amidst large shifts in the US healthcare system
More funding and increased interest in addressing patients’ nonmedical needs has helped Rebecca Onie’s organization expand. Read more at the TEDMED blog.
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Join the movement for better healthcare with Health Leads.
The History of America’s Independence Day and Name Your Favorite Firework!
Photo of the “original Rough draught” of the Declaration of Independence courtesy of the Library of Congress.
“Taxation without representation!” was the battle cry in America’s 13 Colonies, which were forced to pay taxes to England’s King George III despite having no representation in the British Parliament. As dissatisfaction grew, British troops were sent in to quell the early movement toward rebellion. Repeated attempts by the Colonists to resolve the crisis without military conflict proved fruitless.
On June 11, 1776, the Colonies’ Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia and formed a committee whose express purpose was drafting a document that would formally sever their ties with Great Britain. The committee included Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman and Robert R. Livingston. Jefferson, who was considered the strongest and most eloquent writer, crafted the original draft document (as seen above). A total of 86 changes were made to his draft and the Continental Congress officially adopted the final version on July 4, 1776.
The following day, copies of the Declaration of Independence were distributed, and on July 6, The Pennsylvania Evening Post became the first newspaper to print the extraordinary document. The Declaration of Independence has since become our nation’s most cherished symbol of liberty.
Bonfires and Illuminations
On July 8, 1776, the first public readings of the Declaration were held in Philadelphia’s Independence Square to the ringing of bells and band music. One year later, on July 4, 1777, Philadelphia marked Independence Day by adjourning Congress and celebrating with bonfires, bells and fireworks.
The custom eventually spread to other towns, both large and small, where the day was marked with processions, oratory, picnics, contests, games, military displays and fireworks. Observations throughout the nation became even more common at the end of the War of 1812 with Great Britain.
In June of 1826, Thomas Jefferson sent a letter to Roger C. Weightman, declining an invitation to come to Washington, D.C. to help celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. It was the last letter that Jefferson, who was gravely ill, ever wrote. In it, Jefferson says of the document:
“May it be to the world, what I believe it will be … the signal of arousing men to burst the chains … and to assume the blessings and security of self-government. That form, which we have substituted, restores the free right to the unbounded exercise of reason and freedom of opinion. All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. …For ourselves, let the annual return of this day forever refresh our recollections of these rights, and an undiminished devotion to them.”
– Thomas Jefferson
June 24, 1826 Monticello
Congress established Independence Day as a holiday in 1870, and in 1938 Congress reaffirmed it as a paid holiday for federal employees. Today, communities across the nation mark this major midsummer holiday with parades, firework displays, picnics and performances of “The Star-Spangled Banner” and marches by John Philip Sousa.
Name Your Favorite Firework!
Each year A Capitol Fourth strives to bring you the best fireworks display of any July Fourth celebration. But, did you know there are more than a dozen different types of aerial fireworks? Here are 10 examples of the pyrotechnics that you might see at this year’s celebration.
The most common type of firework, the peony shell is characterized by a spherical break of colored stars that burn without generating a trail of sparks, or tail effect.
Similar to a peony, a chrysanthemum has a spherical break of colored stars, though its stars leave behind a trail of sparks.
The willow resembles a chrysanthemum, but with long burning silver or gold stars that produce a soft, dome-shaped weeping willow-like effect.
As a type of peony or chrysanthemum, a diadem has a cluster of stationary stars at its center.
This shell contains a few large comet stars, which in bursting create large tendrils that give it the appearance of a palm tree.
A crossette produces stars that each break apart into four smaller stars, creating a crisscross effect.
The horsetail shell is identifiable by its break, which resembles a short tail.
A ring shell emits stars in a halo-like shape. Smiley faces, stars and other such identifiable shapes are common variants.
A Roman candle is a long cylinder that can discharge either a single large star or a series of them between short intervals.
Photo courtesy of Matt Buck via Wikimedia Commons.
With a fuse that sets off a variety of effects in succession, a cake is essentially many Roman candles fused together. Cakes vary widely in size, though some can contain over 1,000 shots.
Photo courtesy of KSDigital via Wikimedia Commons.